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  • Brian Wolfe

    An Apology - of sorts

    By Brian Wolfe

    I often describe myself as slightly paranoid, which then seems to make others think I have some sort of philological issues.  I don’t believe I am being “watched” for example.  That would, in my opinion, suggest that I hold some degree of celebrity in my mind; this would also, if it were the case, indicate that I think that I am somehow a fellow of above average interest to others.  I must admit that if I were any less interesting people would fall asleep during a hand shake with me. Perhaps what I should say is that I strive to be more careful than average when it comes to making purchases and in believing everything I am told.  Purchases such as left-handed baseball bats and non-flammable candles may be easy enough to avoid.  However I have lost count of all of the collectables I have purchased and then a few days later wondered how I could have made such unwise choices. A few examples of what I allude to are, prices being far too high or items that really didn’t fit into my collecting themes.    The problem of knowing when you are being told something other than the truth can at times be difficult.  There are some physical signs which must not be taken on individual basis, such as someone rubbing their nose or excessive blinking of the eyes.  These so-called signs, on their own, can be explained away as having nothing to do with attempted deceit. Collectively such signs, along with other indications may be used, in law enforcement as an example, to accept the statement or doubt what you are being told.   The most difficult “stories” to determine their truthfulness is when the person telling the story actually believes it to be the truth.  This and the manner in which the story is delivered and the interpretation of what has been said may end in one doubting the story as being the truth.  Two examples come to mind.  If you hear someone say that smoking can be bad for you and you need to take measures to avoid smoking, you may think of someone inhaling smoke from a cigarette, which fits the caution; or something else.  If you are standing too close to your BBQ and your clothing is starting to smoke then surely you need to take measures (stepping back) to avoid bursting into flames.  My second, and last example, comes from the television comedy, Saturday Night Live (SNL) that first appeared in 1975 which is famous for their rather juvenile humour appealing to the adolescent mind.  I became rather old and stuffy about 40 years ago and therefore stopped watching SNL.  One of the sketches involved a group of people telling an individual on a beach that “You can’t look at the sun too long”.  Most of us would take this as a warning and realize staring at the sun could be detrimental to your vision and not misinterpret this as you can’t get over the majesty of the sun, for example.  Of course the poor fellow being advised took the first interpretation with disastrous results. No, my retelling of this story is not very funny however, as has been said, “You had to be there to see it”.   One of the stories  that has floated around guns shows and places where people interested in military history gather, at least here in Canada, is the topic of this blog.  Yes, I know it has taken me a long time to get to the point...as usual.  Why say something in a couple of dozen words when a plethora of paragraphs can achieve the same results? That’s a rhetorical question of course.   The story is that one can turn an FN FAL C1,or C1A1, rifle from a semi-automatic to a full automatic weapon by inserting a piece of match book in the correct place in the internal workings.  This I have always held as being complete garbage. Any of those reading this who have served in the Canadian Armed Forces in the past and used the FN FAL C1 and the FN C2 please hold off on your hate mail until the end of this blog.    The Canadians used the FN FAL C1, a semi-automatic battle rife with the 7.62X51mm NATO round from 1953, being the first to officially adopt the FN FAL, until 1984 when it was replaced by the 5.56x45mm NATO C7 rifle and the C8 carbine both based on the American US AR-15.  The British and Commonwealth Nations used the same rifle as Canada but called it the L1A1. I have read that the rifle was commonly known as the FAL however in my area of Ontario at least, we refer to it as simply the “FN”.    Here’s where the claim of using the FN C1, inserting a piece of match book to turn it into an automatic weapon, becomes argument.  In each case where this has come up in the past I have tried to delve more deeply into this claim by asking if the service person is saying that with the insertion of a matchbook into the FN C1 they have changed it from a battle rifle (semi-automatic) into an assault rifle (full auto).  Without exception the answer is “yes”.  The problem in my mind, I have just recently discovered, is not whether you can modify an FN C1 with a foreign object to malfunction and discharge the weapon in rapid succession but have you actually “changed” this battle rifle into an assault rifle.  A basic definition of an assault rifle is that it is a carbine sized firearm using a large capacity magazine capable of sustained full automatic fire.  The FN FAL, even fitted with a large capacity magazine, falls short of being an assault rifle on two of the most important requirements that I have stated, even with the matchbook modification.   To all of the servicemen in my past who have engaged me in this argument, and there have been quite a few, I apologize.  You are correct in that you can make an FN FAL C1 malfunction to fire several rounds in rapid, automatic-like, succession.  On the other hand I would offer the suggestion that this could be done with almost any semi-automatic rifle.    On the other hand (you knew there would be an “on the other hand”) to all servicemen in my past who have engaged me in argument you failed miserably in qualifying your claim fully.  You did not, I must repeat, did not, change this battle rifle into an assault rifle, and especially to one fellow who claimed to have changed the FN FAL C1 into the C2A1, the squad automatic weapon (SAW),  as the C2 has a much more robust barrel to withstand the heat generated by sustained rapid fire.  Some of our members might note that they have seen an FN FAL C1 with a selective fire option and you would be correct.  There were some FN FAL C1 rifles fitted with the selective fire option and used only by the Royal Canadian Navy to give boarding parties the option of a full automatic weapon without the weight of the C2A1.     In past blogs I have managed to attempt to prove and at times disprove some claims.  I’ve disproved some claims about the Battle of Crecy and the crossbow. We then proved the capabilities of the crossbow in experiments that were undertaken with minor casualties. These experiments also brought to light that during an apology for a range mishap the suggestion that, “It is only a cat”, is best left unsaid. I think we successively supported claims regarding the possibility of an accidental discharge of the STEN gun.  Now we have supported the claim that the FN FAL C1 can be made to fire with the insertion of a foreign object; yet without actually fully admitting that I was wrong.  It’s a win, win situation!    I will continue with my version of paranoia and look for myths that I can prove or disprove, while being on guard against my own poor purchase decisions.    The post has just arrived and I need to close now and open the shipment of prefabricated postholes I purchased on eBay.   Ever vigilant   Regards Brian      
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    Hi Gents,

    I have been searching for some time to locate a clean WW2 Iron Cross Class 1, hopefully in original case and marked. Pin or screwback is fine.
    The problem appears to be that there are 1000's scattered over the Internet and as I wish to avoid buying a lemon, was hoping that a member maybe able to assist in some way ?

    I am not stuck on a specific LOD, but any help on where I should be looking and realistically expected to pay would be really appreciated.

    My grandfather was in the German forces serving with the 'Afrika Korps' and sadly perished during the conflict in the early 1940's. My little boy is now fascinated with the history of WW2 and I am hoping to locate the right medal that can stay in the family for future generations.

    In anticipation of any assistance
    Regards
    Marco
    :unsure:

  1. gallery_14912_305_78117.jpg

    Old artprints I found at a fleemarket. Enjoy

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    tigerslord
    Latest Entry

    Dear All

    I am Grand son of Muhammad Ismail Khan who served as RDF in Kachhawa Horse in 19 30 / 40.I need photos of Kachhawa Horse unit.
    I am very thankful to you all for support

    My Email is: ahmed.khan313@yahoo.com

    Regards

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    Robert A
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    Hi every one, I have a question, there are conflicting information on the net regarding the French Import mark of swan for objects containing silver. Online encyclopedias mention it came into existence in 1893 and was in use till mid 1960's, in this web site some mention it came into existence in 1864 and was in use till 1892-93, can someone please enlighten me as to the actual date it came into use and when did it stopped being used by the French authorities. Many thanks for any help you can forward me.

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    Surreyroamer
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    Anyone reconise this?

  2. Chris Boonzaier
    Latest Entry

    Kaiserscross.com topped 16 000 visits for the month of October !

    Only 2 000 were me!

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    blogentry-14469-0-39597000-1351657013_th Members might be interested in a new book, called MOOROSI: A South African king's battle for survival that I have written and which has just been published. It tells the detailed story of a little-known, but intriguing, war that took place in southern Lesotho (then Basutoland) in 1879 between the Cape Colony and the BaPhuthi people, led by King Moorosi. The war was followed by the Basotho War, or the Gun War, which began a year later. MOOROSI also includes descriptions of other wars that took place on the Eastern Cape border of the Cape Colony in 1877 and 1878.

    The book describes how the Moorosi war arose from conflict between the Cape Colony and the BaPhuthi people, leading to the siege of Mount Moorosi, a flat-topped mountain fortress surrounded by steep cliffs on three sides. The accessible fourth side was fortified with stone walls and guarded by the heavily-armed BaPhuthi people, who built a village on the mountaintop. The assault on Mount Moorosi presented a challenge in military strategy to the colonial forces who found it more formidable than they had ever thought it would be. Three colonial soldiers won the Victoria Cross for their actions during the war; how they won them is told in detail in the book.

    Although the book is categorized as historical fiction, almost all the story is true and represents the results of seven years of research during which I consulted rare books and government documents from the time of the war, spent many hours in archives in South Africa and Lesotho, and visited the historical sites around which the action takes place.

    I was born and raised in South Africa. My interest in cultural conflict, colonial Africa and the Moorosi battle in particular began when I traveled through Lesotho on horseback in my early 20s and when I subsequently worked as a journalist at several South African newspapers and news magazines, covering cultural conflict in Southern Africa during the apartheid years.

    While studying as a journalism student at Columbia University in the mid-60s, I not only wrote a thesis on cultural conflict but also attended lectures and wrote papers relating to the Vietnam War, which directly affected many of my fellow students. After moving to the United States in 1980, I studied conflict around the world, including the two wars in which the United States has recently been involved, while working as a journalist in the Seattle area.

    I believe MOOROSI is an excellent case study in war, mirroring many of the issues that we see in today's conflicts around the world.

    The book is accompanied by pictures illustrating the events before and during the war. Please see: http://www.moorosi.com

    MOOROSI is listed on the amazon website at: http://www.amazon.co...351655372&sr=8- where it is available in print and Kindle editions.

  3. who has information about german military activities in 1. world war in finland about 2. MG-Company and leutnant Otto Waischwillat?

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    Doing research on Major John Francis Purcell (Cape Mounted Rifles) I discovered that you have been contacted
    by his grandson. I have in my possession family letters, photographs, and other personal ephemera which I feel
    should go back to the family. Unfortunately I only discovered your web site today and have already put these items
    on Ebay. I hope there is a way that he can view these items.

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    Hi,
    I have in my possession a half pint pewter mug given to my grandfather. It is engraved with the words: Branscombe contingent H. Hansford 1914-1919.
    It appears that these mugs were given to the men of Branscombe village, devon when they returned from the war. They were also given to the families of those that didn't return.
    If anyone knows anything about these mugs or has seen one please contact me.

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    pmuehleis
    Latest Entry

    Being new to this site please excuse for anything that may be repetitive. I have some clarification concerning Reinhold Ritter von Benz. As a member and later leader of Jasta 78b his military career started in the infantry. I have seen some posts which suggest his (Blue Max ) Maximillian Joseph Orden was awarded posthumously. In fact it was awarded on Sep. 28,1915 as Leutnant 17. Bayerische Infanrieregiment. This after already receiving the Military Merit Order of Bavaria. Due to serious wounds he was unable to continue service in the infantry. Later he joined the air wing of Jasta 78b. One of his early planes was an Albatross then later a Fokker D VII Nr. 4461/18. This is the aircraft in which he was shot down and killed on Aug 13,1918, near Vaxainville, France.
    He was buried in the military cemetery at Reillon, France. There is some suggestion on various internet sites that a Fokker D VII with a "K" inside a white star is that of Karl Kallmunzer. This unfortunately for all you model enthusiasts is incorrect. Karl Kallmunzer was indeed a member of Jasta 78b and he did have a "K" on his plane but but it was on an Albatross and it was in a circle. He was in fact shot down in that same plane. You may ask why someone with the name Benz would have a "K" on his plane. This is information only his family would know and therefore the confusion. The "K" on Benz's plane was actually for his girlfriend Katie.
    How do I know ? He was my grand uncle and his papers and photos are now all in my possession. I have 4 photos taken during different times of him and his plane, a group photo of him with the rest of Jasta 78b as well as several documents of his death , and burial.
    I hope this helps. I know some of you have been looking for more info on Jasta 78b.

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    My great-grandfather is Lukas Kirsten. His daughter is Marianne v. Watzdorf-Kirsten, my grandmother. His grand daughter, Angela Schroeder, is my mother. My name is Alexandra Kennedy Corwin.

    I have photos/documents left to me in albums. I have his sword.

    If anyone knows of medals and so forth linked to him or know of descendants, please let me know. When my grandmother migrated to the US in the 60s, she left Germany behind. I do not know of any other family.

    here is Lukas Kirsten's information:

    LukasKirsten: born 21 May 1874 Crimmitschau, killed in action 10 December 1917 near Warneton,

    Saxon cavalry officer, participant in China Campaign 1900-01 and Southwest Africa 1904-06

    Sekondeleutnant
    Oberleutnant 28.6.99 C
    Rittmeister 15.9.05
    Major zD

    Went to zD status from Ulanen Rgt 21 19 January 1914. Recalled for WW1 and served in infantry units as a battalion and regimental commander, being KIA as commander of Saxon Inf Rgt 177.

    Received the Saxon St Henry Order-Knight for China 19.1.1901, as well as Prussian Crown Order 4X and Austro-Hungarian Military Merit Cross 3 with War Decoration and Japanese Order of the Rising Sun 6th Class. He may have received his Italian Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus-Knight for China.

    In Southwest Africa he received Saxon Merit Order-Knight w/Xs and Prussian Red Eagle Order 4 w/Xs.

    Until 1914: Saxon XXV Years Long Service Cross

    WWI: both classes of Prussian Iron Cross, Swords to Saxon Albert Order-Knight 1st 19.10.15 (when he got a Knight 1st WITHOUT swords—must have been before the war started in 1914) and Crown to that grade 27.6.16. Turkish Imtiaz Medal in Silver with Sabers Bar was apparently a “courtesy” award from a visiting Ottoman Pasha.

    Commander grade of the Saxon Order of Saint Henry 12 October 1916 as commander of Saxon Infantry Regiment 103.

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    I have a group of medals to a Trooper Churchill of the 2nd King Edwards Horse, one of the medals is a privatly awarded medal, which I assume is from the Regiment as the ribbon is their colours. The inscription on the medals reads for bravery in the Field in Irland the other 2 medals are the war and Victory medals to Sgt. Churchill. I have been able with some help from a friend to possibly put him in Dublin during the Easter Rising but can find no real mention of his name.
    Can anyone help with any information please.

  4. Dr Thomas Coutts Morison MRCSE LAC JP, son of Sir Alexander Morison, volunteered to serve as a civilian Staff-Surgeon during the Crimean War. He died unmarried in 1863 in Rockhampton in the Colony of Queensland (Australia), and apparently among his possessions when he died was a Crimean War period Order of the Medjidie. I'm looking for some information on this from the people that really know the Medjidie.

    Morison’s insignia is a silver star comprising seven triple quills with seven small crescents and five-pointed stars between them, the whole measuring 43 mm in diameter (one of the tips has been broken off). Is there any way to distinguish a 4th Class insignia from a 5th Class, just from the star?


    The gold central disc bears the Sultan’s tughra, the Royal Cipher of the Ottoman Sultan Abdülmecid I, after whom the Order is named. Around this is a gold-bordered circle of red enamel bearing the words in Arabic script for “Devotion”, “Loyalty” and “Truth” and the Islamic year 1268 AH (1852) on four red enamel plaques. There is a suspension loop present, fitted at the rear, but the entire central disc is out of position by 90º clockwise. Is this unusual, or likely to be a fault in the assembly of the original medal?

    This insignia lacks the typical suspension (a red-enamelled crescent and star suspender with green enamelled edges); this has been removed and the star instead has a horizontal brooch mount on the reverse. The reverse bears a fitted concave silver disc which is engraved to: “Thomas Coutts Morison Staff Surgeon P.M.O. Sultan’s Coʃsacks”, which I think reflects the writing style of the day.

    Any comments or feedback would be greatly appreciated.
    Paul

  5. Over on another forum, the cry usually goes up three weeks before the actual date of the medal auction: "The catalogue is online!"

    The first thing one does, if one happens to live in Canada, is check the five-hour time difference between here and the UK, to make sure that most of the British collectors are safely in bed and won't be using up all the website's bandwidth.

    Then the apprehension starts: What will they have up this time? Will there be anything for me on there? What if there's *too much* for me on there this time? Do I have enough money in the Fund to pick up something shiny?

    I open the search function on the catalogue and enter my terms. Then I click and wait. The list of items within my interests shows up and I start scrolling down. That's nice; so is that ... then one particular listing catches my eye.

    I know those medals. I've seen them before. Not just once, but twice, offered for sale from various medal dealers. Every time I've gotten the money together to snag them, they end up being sold, only to reappear a few months later in another shop window. The price, oddly enough, has stayed somewhat constant, allowing for time, inflation, and expenses.

    There's nothing wrong with the set, or so I think. Those medals which are named are named properly. Those which aren't are authentic. The pictures all appear to be of the same medals, just taken in different environments, showing the whims of the individuals to photograph them in their own way. The dealers are reputable, as is the auction house.

    I've got a canny bid in on this set and would like to win it. But even if I don't, I have a feeling I'll be seeing them again shortly...

    But why do they keep coming back?

    I've seen this happen before, with Rex Cosh's set of 10. They went through two or three auction houses and a dealer before I snagged them. I've seen it with some other sets. One dealer sells to another, who sells the set. Then they appear a year or two later on E-bay, only to wind up across the pond in the UK, for sale again from yet another dealer, now all nicely mounted together rather than loose.

    What keeps some sets in the purgatory of cycling around and around?

  6. I am trying to discover if Thomas Coutts Morison's Medjidie medal is genuine. I have details of his enlistment in the Turkish Contingent in London in 1855, and I know from letters found in Australia that he served in the Crimea with Count Zamoyski's Sultan's Cossacks. I can find no record in the various London Gazettes of his having been awarded the medal but I have seen pictures of a medal which has been auctioned at various times in recent years, and it is engraved on the back with Thomas Coutts Morison, PMO (Principal Medical Officer) Sultan's Cossacks, and has been turned into a brooch. Does anyone know if the Sultan issued medal to the Contingent separately to those gazetted for British army officers? Morison's medal was part of his possessions when he died in Rockhampton, New South Wales. I suspect he may have obtained a medal and had it engraved for himself, but be interested to know if the Turks awarded any medals to British citizens in the Turkish Contingent, not gazetted in London.

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    I have these two believe police hats, looking for help to identify where they are from. The blue with red band has tag inside "By appointment of her majesty the queen etc.

    The white hat has a typed piec of paper inside "POL WISLER HEINRICH".

    Any help would be great in finding out where these hats are from.

  7. "Those heroes that shed their blood and lost their lives...

    You are now living in the soil of a friendly country.Therefore rest in peace.

    There is no difference between the Johnnies and the Mehmets to us where they lie side by side here in this country of ours…

    You, the mothers, who sent their sons from faraway countries wipe away your tears; your sons are now lying in our bosom and are in peace, after having lost their lives on this land they have become our sons as well."

    Ataturk, 1934

  8. Hello again,

    Well, my enthusiasm totally overrides my ability to get these badges organised. It's such a big job and I get a little lost just trying to sort through them. Although I have been quiet here, I have been noting a lot of posts and have identified a few of my pieces just from others' photos......so thankyou!

    I'm also reading "Tobruk" by Peter Fitzsimons. It's heavy reading....very interesting, but I read in bed at night, generally crime novels that you don't have to pay too much attention to, but THIS book!! I find that I have to reread the previous page every time I pick it up. I just don't want to miss anything and I'm taking notes as I go so I can try and match up some photos to the events. So, while I can knock over a cheap thriller in a few nights, this one is taking a lot of time. I've learned a lot though.

    I will tell you a funny story, a little embarassing, but it will give you an idea of exactly how much of a beginner I am at this military stuff (some might even say I'm a real girl!)... So, I'm going through the badges one night, putting aside ones that have words on them so I can google.. I come across one that is just one word, curved like a badge that goes on a sleeve (I have Harry's Australian one so I'm thinking I know what I'm doing here). Anyway, this one says "LESTINIAN"..... I'm thinking French...it sounds French right? So I Google....nothing. I go to Google translate....nothing. Now I'm getting frustrated. It seems it should be the easiest one of all to find, but no, nothing! So I give up on that one, I'll deal with that later, maybe post it on GMIC....

    Then, I'm browsing a few days later, and I see a post, with a picture, and it hits me..... I look at the badge again, taking a close look at the end, right before the "L"...two little nubs.....

    Yep, that's right, I'm sure you guessed it..... It's "PALESTINIAN"..... the "PA" has just broken off !!!

    So, be warned (again)... I'm new to this !!

    Here are a couple more of Harry's photos, just a few random ones from the album.

    Kind regards to you all

    Tracy



  9. CHAPTER 2
    ----------------


    Sir Thomas Hills was enjoying breakfast with his wife. The fire was burning well
    and for a day in late November 1796, the sky was clear - just a heavy frost on
    the ground.

    He was reading the Times newspaper for the day earlier - it having been brought
    by the morning coach as it passed through Little Wells. They were both concerned
    about how Britain's Royal Navy was doing in the war against France and Spain.
    British troops were also in action - but, mainly in the West Indian Islands.

    The Hills family had owned the Manor and it's enormous area of land for over
    four hundred years and had held the hereditary title of 'Sir' through the purchase
    of a Baronetcy in the days of King James the 1st. Not only was Sir Thomas the
    Squire of this enormous holding - which included a total of four villages - he was
    also the Seniort Magistrate extending into other areas around. Duties that he took
    very seriously.

    Little Wells- was the main village - being on the road for travel between Dover and
    London. The other three villages in his ownership were - Wells on the Hill - 350
    residents ; Lower Wells - 290 residents and Wells Magna. This was the largest
    village and being on the River Meade, had a larger population with it's fishermen
    - some 500 villagers in all. Little Wells had about 400 people.

    Strangely, the Church at Little Wells housed the Vicar - Revd. Mark Dolton. The others
    also were Parishes in their own right and had small churches - but the Reverend
    conducted the Services for all four.

    There was a reason for this - Sir Thomas' Father was no lover of the Church and had
    decided one vicar was enough to deal with. However, they were individual Parishes
    and therefore, each had it's own Parish Constable. For Wells on the Hill - Constable
    Hilton ; for Lower Wells - Constable Smith. They were both in their late forties and
    whilst willing, were not as active as they should have been.

    Wells Magna was a different matter. Sir Thomas had picked a younger and more active
    man - and this was needed with the larger population and the smuggling carried out by
    the fishermen. Constable Henry Green was only 26 years of age and a big and powerful
    man. He knew that he had the support of the Squire and kept a strong watch over his
    area.

    Sir Thomas himself, was only 25 years of age and had been married seven years. He and
    his wife had two healthy children - George, now 6 years and the little daughter, Emily - 4
    years old. He was a great supporter of King George 3rd. - who had been on the Throne
    since 1760. However, the King had an ailment that affected his brain and was not always
    stable. He was fine at this time and his people thought highly of him - he was known as
    Farmer George.

    Being from an aristocratic background , Sir Thomas had the right of entry to the King's
    Levees and would attend as often as he could. The Prince of Wales had established his
    own Court at Carlton House and a wise courtier made a point of calling on him as well.

    Seeing that Thomas had finished , his wife rang the small silver bell and the Butler , Macleod
    came-in immediately. Time to get the day going.

    Macleod had been with the family over twenty years and had a staff of 43 house servants -
    of different talents - to maintain the Manor. Many of the Estate farms were let out to tenant
    farmers - but, there were another 270 labourers on the Manor Farms that were directly
    employed.

    'Sir' - announced Macleod - 'Constable Green has brought two prisoners for judgement'.
    This was fairly unusual - the Manor had one of the outbuildings converted to serve as a
    Courtroom and where longer trials could be heard. For shorter trials each village had a
    room next to the Constables' houses.

    'What is the offence ?' Sir Thomas asked.

    'I'm not sure Sir - however, the Constable has two of his Bailiffs to hold them'. 'Alright -
    have them put in the cell , and warn the Head Gamkeeper that two of his men should stand
    to help.'

    Sir Thomas went out to speak to Constable Green and was shocked to hear that the two men
    had been drunk the previous evening and had attacked a passing foot traveller. They had
    killed him with a broken bottle.

    Deaths were not a common happening and were outside the jurisdiction of a Magistrate.
    He would have to hold a hearing and then remand the two prisoners to the Fleet Prison in
    London. They would be tried in London and no doubt hanged. Attending to this took the
    remainder of the morning and a decision had to be ,made for the escort of the prisoners to
    London. He finally decided that a small waggon from the Manor would convey them and
    return the Constable and his Bailiffs the following day. They were given sufficient money for
    the night and he then signed the Commital documents made out by his clerk.

    The remainder of the afternoon - after a light lunch - was spent with the High Steward going
    through financial matters. Everything was well and very little was owed by the tenantry.

    One of the customs that he - and his wife, Alice - liked to follow when they were at the Manor
    was a late afternoon horseride. The Manor was surrounded with over 15 acres of the Home
    Park and this was specially set out to include the lovely countryside and views. However,
    like everything in their lives there was great formality. Lady Hills was accompanied by her Lady
    companion and three grooms followed the couple.

    They were gently cantering down one of the rides when Sir Thomas saw a figure in the bushes
    some distance to the right - the side that the village of Little Wells stood. He gestured to his
    grooms and two of them rode around the figure to block escape.

    When he was nearer, the figure stood and was recognised as young Matt Tiller - the new Petty
    Constable for the village.. 'Hello Matt - are you on duty?' asked the Squire. ' Well, yes Sir -
    in a manner of speaking. I heard that a party of men from the village were going to see if they could
    snare a deer on your estate - I thought I should come and have a look '

    'Well done Matt - that's the action we need. Did you have any idea where they would go ?'
    'No Sir - they were overheard talking about the forest area below the Home Park - but, I wasn't
    sure which side.'

    This spurred Sir Thomas into action. 'Alice - you return to the Manor with Lady Violet - Mr. Ives -
    send one of the grooms as escort and alert the Chief Gamekeeper to take 20 men and come round
    in front of where we are now - that should cut-off their escape route.'

    'Matt - get up behind me. Are you armed ?' 'Only my truncheon Sir'. Both of the grooms carried
    two pistols and the Squire had two heavy cavalry pistols in holsters either side of his saddle. Matt did
    not have a uniform - no policeman did - however, Sir Thomas liked to see them well dressed in blue
    coats and - from his own money - provided a single cross belt over the left shoulder.. This had a
    brass badge identifying the wearer as the Parish Constable of Little Wells. He was only the Petty -
    or, assistant to Mr. Stokes - however, there had been no time to have a new one made for him.
    The cross belt could also carry a sword on occasions when one was required.

    They waited for 30 minutes to let the Gamekeepers get into position, They then spread out into a
    long line - well, as long as three men could and still see each other - and then set off slowly
    towards the edge of the forest. As they came out of a particularly thick area of brush, they spotted
    a number of men ahead of them - obviously 'beating ' the forest to disturb and make the animals run.
    Ahead of them they could see other men holding nets to catch anything running towards them.

    One of the grooms had a hunting horn over his shoulder and was told to start the ' Alert'. At once
    the shrill notes broke the calm, the whole party ahead of them scattered and started running in the
    direction of the village. Too late ! The large party of mounted gamekeepers - spread in a line -
    started to close-in on them and they were herded together like sheep.

    Matt was off the Squirte's horse like lightening and with truncheon drawn ran over to the men. He looked
    at them closely - to get an identification fixed in his mind - and then told them they were under
    arrest for poaching. This was a hanging offence and some of the prisoners started crying - and one
    screamed. Most of the others were tougher and stayed quiet.

    Sir Thomas Hills - apart from being the Landowner - took charge as a Magistrate and he ordered that
    the men be closely guarded and brought before him in the Manor Court in one hour. He then returned
    to the Manor with his two grooms.

    Matt, being a sworn constable, was actually senior to the gamekeepers - however, he recognised his
    own youth and lack of experience and assisted the keepers. Altogether there were eight grown men - three
    boys of about twelve years of age and four dogs of a hunting type. All were taken to the cells attached
    to the Manor Court and at the appointed time were taken-in to stand in front of Sir Thomas. Papers
    had been made out formally charging them with poaching on private land.

    For a small Country Court - there were, of course, no Lawyers. The Magistrate's word would be final- although theoretically - they did have a right for an appeal. But these were uneducated people - most of whom
    could not even sign their names.

    Matt - as the Constable - gave evidence of what he had heard and what he saw at the scene. The Head
    Gamekeeper also gave his evidence. Finally, each man was allowed to speak to the Court and try to
    explain his actions.

    The Magistrate sat quietly when all had finished. He was not a hard man and did not want to invoke the death
    penalty - particularly since no game had been killed. Also youngsters were involved.

    After some ten minutes - and whilst he made notes in his register - he sat-up and warned the prisoners to listen
    carefully.

    Firstly, he allowed the three youngsters to be released - with a warning of much harsher punishment on
    any future occasion. He then dealt with the eight adults. Five were given two months detention with
    hard labour on the Estate farms. Two were ordered 24 lashes - they were obviously some of the
    organisers. The last was the leader - he was ordered to transportation for five years - let some other
    place have him. Finally the four dogs were ordered to be destroyed.

    Matt was then called before Sir Thomas Hills and praised for his quick thinking and immediate action.
    After just two weeks in the new job , this was praise indeed.


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    anyone know what this badge was for? First time posting here so hope I've done it right.

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    Gents

    I'm sorry but having pressed our man at work as to whether the real names could be published, his Granny (the Widow of the Author), has changed her mind and would rather that nothing be published. I've therefore honoured her new wishes and have deleted everything.

    Really sorry guys but that's that

    Best and all

    Spaz :(

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    Does anyone have any info about the U.S.A.'s 40 & 8 Medals with bars?

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    Some of you may remember my situation with my Mom. Due to health reasons I moved her from Austin, Texas to West Richland, Washington on May 28th. She has a house now with my daughter living with her as a primary care giver. We had not been able to finalize the sale of her house in Austin so that has been hanging over us for the last 4 months.

    Well-Saturday (10/22) I fly to Austin to close on the house :jumping: on the 26th and THEN, get to have my RAV 4 back! Of course, I then have a week or so to drive back to Washington (but just think of the opportunities to collect more "stuff" along the way as well. :love:

    Just wanted to share. Hope I can get a few more shots to enter before the contest closes.

    Have a GREAT weekend folks
    God Bless (and thanks for your continued prayers for me and my Mom [she is doing much better])

    Ed

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