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  2. Hi Ace... the map above shows part of a map of the districts each regiments recruited from. It shows Koszeg in Szombathely District. So Koszeg provided men to I.R.83. Infantry Regiment 83 of the Austro-Hungarian Army (KuK) The Combined/common army. aka General Von Schikofsky No 83 so, as it happens, your Great Grandfather served alongside my Grandfather in the 83rd! hope this is correct and helpful cheers tony
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  4. OMSA doesn't use the term "fake", but uses the following categories: "Original" means medals authorized by, or produced under contract to, the issuing entity during the period for which the award was authorized or awarded to the recipients of the medal. "Restrike" means medals authorized by, or produced under contract to, the issuing entity after the period for which the award was authorized, and produced using the original dies or molds used to produce the original medals. "Re-Production" means medals authorized by, or produced under contract to, the issuing entity after the period for which the award was authorized, and produced using new dies or molds. "Copy" means a substantially identical duplicate of an authorized medal not authorized by, or under contract to, the issuing entity, which is marked or identified as a copy to prevent confusion with the authorized medal, or otherwise clearly distinguishable from an original, restrike, or re-production. Copies may include contemporary wearing copies, private purchase medals, and collector copies. "Counterfeit" and "Repro" means a substantially identical duplicate of an authorized medal not produced by, or under contract to, the issuing entity, which is not marked as a copy or otherwise easily distinguishable from an original, restrike, or re-production and which a reasonable person could confuse with the authorized medal. "Forgery" - means a medal which has been altered for the purpose of fraudulently increasing its value, for example, by spuriously numbering, naming or renaming a medal, fitting a medal with bars to which the recipient was not entitled, or altering the class of the medal by adding parts, gilding, plating, etcetera. "Specimen" - means original, restrike, or re-production medals originally produced for display, exhibition, or presentation rather than award, and clearly distinguishable from original, restrike, or re-production medals, for example, by being marked "SPECIMEN", "COLLECTOR COPY", or "FOR EXHIBIT ONLY". "Novelty item" means a medal like object which incorporates some design elements of an authorized medal, but which differs substantially in size, shape, color, composition, and/or weight from the authorized medal so that a novice collector would not confuse the novelty item with the authorized medal. Objects that fall into this category can include jewelry, paperweights, coasters, and the like. Lambert
  5. No, they are not official and they are not (awarded) decorations. Everybody could buy them. Uwe
  6. Very nice rack! Yes, Labar's book is the bible of Japanese bayonets for sure. Been awhile since I've acquired any new militaria, But I've got a collection of bayonets myself. I find it rather enjoyable to catalog them. I know it's taboo for some collectors, but whenever I get an earlier piece with screws, I always disassemble them to catalog the markings you find on the backsides of the grips panels and tang. That is, it the screws are willing to turn, I won't mung them up just to take them apart, I'm very careful....
  7. I returned myself after a fortnight away. quietly working away, will endeavor to post something new when I refine the research a bit. Meanwhile, I look forward to anything Siege of Tsingtau related...
  8. Ha, ha! Good to see you guys are still here!
  9. Hello Simon thanks for that as well the link kind regards Caz
  10. As I used to remark on a regular basis, in response to the mantra 'It's rare!', 'So is leprousy. But nobody will give much money to get it.'
  11. Fingers crossed Simon, although the problem is i'm not very good at selling as I like to hang on to them particularly if I find them interesting, so this maybe another one for the keep pile
  12. Imagine it is pretty rare so fingers crossed on that retirement plan Simon
  13. Veteran Can't answer any of your questions, sorry but wondered if you were aware of the Life Saving Awards Research Society who may be able to help you, the link to their site is below. Good luck Simon
  14. Hello all A long time has elapsed since this post was initiated. I recently found a book which relates the awarding of the Lloyd's Medal to Dr. Kovache. Here it is should anyone be interested : Jim GAWLER. "LLOYD's MEDALS 1836-1989. Awards for courage and exceptionnal services". Hart Publishing Toronto 1989. It seems that this Silver Medal for Saving Life at Sea was presented in 1974 at Lloyd's. It was the last to bear this title, further awards being Lloyd's Medals for saving life. A total of 275 silver Life saving medals were issued between 1836 and 1989 over a period of 153 years, making it a truly scarce award. The reason why a British award should have been made to a Frenchman serving on a French ship for saving the lives of Greek sailors remains a mystery. Could it be because the tanker and its cargo could be saved ? Or was it because the action was in South African waters ? Suggestions would be most welcome. Veteran
  15. Thanks Dave for providing the data. Unfortunate it does not fit directly with my theory that Walter might have gotten his award very late during the War(due to an annerkennung for an un-specified Lt dR Hübner). So the hunt continues Gunnar
  16. I know apart from the spelling everything else looks correct to me. I've had loads of miss spelt silk postcards but not seen a miss spelt sweetheart brooch before. Love the picture of the tattoo by the way, and it could be be the case of the maker not knowing how the motto was spelt. maybe it's so uber rare I will be able to retire on it...
  17. That is strange, have never seen that Motto before and having had a quick web search can find nothing similar. The badge looks well made and if my eyes are correct is plain backed with no maker mark. As Chris says must be the badge makers interpretation of the spelling perhaps making the item from a written description as opposed to seeing the real item. We need an ex tankie's opinion I think. Simon
  18. Hi, I am guessing that as sweetheart badges were privatly made there was room for error.... a bit like walking out of a tattoo artist wirh "No Ragrets" tattoed on your back...
  19. Hi I was at an antiques fair the other week and I came across this sweetheart brooch I believe to be WW1 of the royal tank regiment, I though tit was nice and being the end of the day didn't think to much of it until I got it home and found out the motto is spelt incorrectly it reads 'Fear Nought' when the motto as I understand it is 'Fear Naught'. It looks original to me although someone as come along with some brass cleaner to clean it up but I'm thrown by the miss spelling. would really welcome other peoples views on this. Thanks
  20. Am interesting campaign....
  21. There should actually be many more dates to be be found on the China Incident War Medal citations. The earliest is 23 April 1938, as the first round of awards for the war dead in the incident was announced at 8:15 PM that night. These awardings of the fallen continued every few weeks and the one on 2nd October 1942 was already the 41st. The first round of awards for the fallen in the Greater East Asia War came on 16th Jan. 1942, which was at the same time the 58th round of awarding for the China Incident. In contrast, the predominantly seen 29th April 1940 date was the first and only prize-giving date for the living. It simply means that most citations that come up for sale were those awarded to the living. One also needs to bear in mind that the dates on the citations have nothing to do with the actual timing of the medal being handed over to the recipient, which is typically 1 to 1.5 years later than the citation date. The citation date is only a nominal award date for the records. So it did not matter that the medal was not even instituted yet at the time of the early citation dates. The medal's design back in 1938 actually showed the crow on the medal with 3 legs, which got reduced to 2 legs only in the final launch due to pressure from the Legislation Bureau. If you want to learn more about the meaning of the citation dates read this If you want to learn more about the China Incident War Medal development read this
  22. Great photos !!! Thank you !
  23. Dan, Thanks for your reply, mine was the hooked quillion type but can't remember the maker, will try to find some old photos and have a look. Excellent collection from what can be seen in the photo by the way. Simon
  24. Hello Caz, PUO refers to Pyrexia of unknown origin, (usually meaning Trench fever) Regards Simon The website Long,long trail has a useful list of abbreviations which can be found here Simon
  25. A few more - portraits of former participants in the Voluntary Corps (1877-1878)
  26. Hello I have a service record for an officer and have noticed he was a disability listed P.U.O. Can anyone tell me what this stands for regards Caz
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