The Princely Hohenzollern grades were a bit different than the usual setup. The pinback cross, usually an Officer's Cross in many orders, is actually the 1st Class for this Order. It grades below the Grand Cross but above the Commander's Cross. It was awarded 561 times from 1852 to 1965.
Just a comment - The 1870 bar combination is a bit unusual as the large units that were at Orleans were not at Weissenburg. It could be a staff officer or someone in a position that called for him to move around between units but, it is a bit of a red flag.
FWIW, my understanding is that the only wartime jeweler for these was Bernard Knauer. They used the mark "B. KNAUER" up to the early '20's, usually on the underside of the pin. The mark was changed to simply "KNAUER" sometime in the early '20's. Although marks can easily be reproduced, I understand that pieces marked only "KNAUER" without the "B" are, at best, 1920's or 1930's replacements.
Raising this old topic, I recently got this pair as part of a larger lot. I thought I would get your opinions. They are the Frankfurt Medal for 1814 (est. in 1846) and the Frankfurt Medal for 1815 (est. in 1816). Both are beautifully struck and are the correct weight. Any opinions would be appreciated as I haven't seen enough of these to develop a good feel yet.
A few years back, I picked up the mounted Pre-1905 Bavarian MVO Knight paired with a Stanislas ribbon. I would eventually like to complete the pair but, I have a question. I assume that this was probably a Bavarian military officer serving in some kind of diplomatic capacity in the 1880-1900 time frame. On the Stanislas, did swords indicate a wartime award or simply that the recipient was in the military? In the case of a foreign recipient, under what circumstances would swords be appropriate?
The book by Peter Ohm-Hieronymussen shows the numbers for Strelitz as 56 for the Gold Cross and 71 for the Silver Cross for all years between 1864 and 1918.
Lugvigsen's book only gives the 1914 to 1918 numbers for Schwerin as 23 Gold and 21 Silver with no breakdown by grade for the 50 years prior. However, I think that it is safe to assume that the total for all years would be in the hundreds for Schwerin.