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About bolewts58

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  1. #2 is the WWI Veteran's Eastern Front Cross. #3 is likely a Prussian long service decoration (probably 9 or 12-year medal, issued 1913-1920). #7 is the Baden WWI Veteran's Commemorative Cross. After 1933 he would only be allowed to wear the EKII and the LS medal + a Hindy.
  2. bolewts58

    Another EK2 identification

    CD is Carl Dillenius, Pforzheim. Although this is not a typical Dillenius core.
  3. Fantastic! Thank you very much to both spolei and speedytop for your help. This all makes sense as he was previously in Hannover Pionier Batl. 10 and afterwards was in an Eisenbahn-Bau Kompagnie in Panzerzug III, Freikorps Hulsen responsible for armor-plating the train and other construction duties.
  4. Normally, I don't have a problem reading Kurrentschrift. But, I'm having trouble with some of the text, especially in the middle of the page because of the handwriting. It seems he was taking some kind of course which maybe had something to do with machining and perhaps types of airplane engines. But, that is a wild guess because there are too many gaps that I can't fill in. I may be way off. Is there anyone who can please give me a hand? thanks Brian
  5. It looks period to me. It's not 3rd Reich. It's possible it's an Iron Division cap badge or Freikorps Brüssow collar badge. But, it could also be Wehrwolf from the 1920s. Hard to say.
  6. No way to definitively know if it's Freikorps or not because these were in use from before WWI through to the 30s by several military and paramilitary organizations.
  7. Didn't Blass have a strong connection with Klietmann which is why he had access to Godet material?
  8. Not the Grune Fangschnur if that's what you mean. That went under the epaulette at the shoulder and under the arm. The knot with the horse and 2 acorns was at the junction of the epaulette and shoulder.
  9. Agree. In many ways, it was more complex and layered with more than two sides and many competing ideologies and grievances. The Freikorps continued to exist in different forms, well past its use date because veterans and those that were too young to serve in WWI wanted to continue the camaraderie and esprit du corps of the trenches. That the Wehrwolf, Stahlhelmbund and SA grew so quickly was mostly to do with this desire for belonging rather than any hardcore political beliefs. This is why I take exception to the two English works on the subject, Robert G.L. Waite's Vanguard of Nazism and Nigel H. Jones' Hitler's Heralds because they put too much faulty emphasis on the direct line between the Freikorps and the Nazis. At best, I'd say that most members of the Freikorps drifted into the SA as a way to continue the Sturmsoldaten ethos rather than any zeal for the Nazi party's aims.
  10. On April 10, 1919 the Senate of Leipzig University in reaction to the occupation of the University of Munich by the Soviet revolutionary council on April 7 decided at a meeting of the general student assembly to end the semester on April 12 and close the university, so that the students could provide a volunteer unit to the existing Reichswehr formations in case of need. On May 11, 1919, Leipzig was occupied by order of the Reich government and with the consent of the Saxon state government by the Freikorps of General Maercker, after the assassination on April 12 of the Saxon War Minister Gustav Neuring by disgruntled war veterans of the soldier's council and the subsequent general strike of the USPD (Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany) and the communist Spartakusbund that began laying siege to the city on April 14. A combination of Maercker's Freikorps, Reichswehr and some students formed into a loose volunteer unit disarmed the security service of the Workers' and Soldiers Council temporarily arrested its leaders. The university was occupied with troops, weapons, and ammunition and an ad hoc volunteer regiment started to form consisting of students, civil servants and city employees. On May 23 general Maercker officially formed the Zeitfreiwilligenregiment Leipzig which had a strength of 2,000 under the command of Oberst a.D. Schieblich, Major a.D. Bramsch, and Oberst Bierey. About a third were students. Most citizens supported the regiment because they feared a left-wing coup. The University Senate and the War Ministry endeavored to facilitate the deployment of students by providing university space and the university continued to facilitate study such as interim semesters and simplified emergency examinations. The temporary volunteers were promised financial support from the state. Throughout the rest of 1919, there were frequent strikes and riots due to high unemployment. By January 1920, the regiment had grown to a strength of 3,377. When there was another general strike in Leipzig against the Works Council Act, the Zeitfreiwilligenregiment Leipzig was the main unit to intervene and break up the demonstrations. When Kapp/Lüttwitz staged a Putsch against the Berlin government in March 1920, a general strike was also proclaimed in Leipzig. Saxon Commanding general, Generalmajor Max Senft von Pilsach ordered Zeitfreiwilligenregiment Leipzig to join Reichswehr Regiment 37 to put down the strike. There was heavy fighting in the city center that resulted in many casualties and the destruction of the "Volkshaus". The Zeitfreiwilligenregiment Leipzig was accused of excessive violence by the demonstrators, despite asserting they were operating directly under orders from the government to maintain peace and order. The regiment was subsequently dissolved in late Spring 1920.
  11. I finally got a pair of the collar badges for Zeitfreiwillen-Regiment Leipzig. They're not scarce, but hard to find in a matching pair.
  12. The biggest red flag IMO is the use of all caps. A knowledgeable typesetter/engraver would know better than to use all capital letters with this font. It's simply never done and a huge design error.
  13. Why is this posted here? Shouldn't it be posted on one of the Third Reich forums?
  14. Thanks for the information. I stand corrected in that they existed and were used in Spain. But, as I said they are very often sold on German eBay as German and that's from where I drew my incorrect conclusion.