bolewts58

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About bolewts58

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  1. I don't dispute that this is a Freikorps Grenzschutz MG unit which happens to have the name Berthold. But, it isn't the same as Detachment Berthold (more correctly Eiserne Schar Berthold) which wasn't formed until April 1919 by ace Rudolph Berthold. At the time of this photo, Berthold was at home convalescing from a plane crash in August 1918.
  2. I believe this is the case. I've seen a number of post 1918 awards to soldiers with no combat experience during the war, but with extensive Freikorps period experience. However, I believe that many of these recipients tended to be members of the regular army/Reichswehr and not the more unofficial Freikorps units, unless those units were attached to and later absorbed into the Reichswehr.
  3. That's a nice Militärpass. Freiwillige Schutztruppe Wilhelmshaven is a scarce unit.
  4. Gilles is correct. It's Freie Nachrichten-Truppen.
  5. I just picked up a Militärpass and Soldbuch to a Sturm-Soldat. He served in the Sturm Abteilung der 207 ID and then in the Sturm Kompagnie der 89 Reserve Infanterie-Brigade. He also served in a Freikorps Grenzschutz Ost company and won the EKI, II and Grenzschutz Ost Deutsch-Ritterkreuz. Here is the front page of his Soldbuch. I will post both pieces when I get them. Does anyone have any information on these two Sturm units?
  6. That's a very interesting and rare badge.
  7. Strictly speaking, it's not a Freikorps as it wasn't formed by Heiss, himself, but by the Reichswehr Oberkommando in Bavaria, with Heiss as an army captain being given its command. But, as it served during the Freikorps period, it falls into the realm of Freikorps and Freikorps collecting, much in the same way that Einwohnerwehren (Civil Defense Militias) fall under the umbrella of the Freikorps period, even though they were mostly government organized units.
  8. Grenzschutzkommando Schönsee was the district headquarters of the border defense forces in Bavaria near the Czechoslovakian border from December 1918 until June 1919. Grenzschutzbataillon Heiss was commanded by Hauptmann Adolf Heiss, who joined the Bavarian Army in 1903, served in WWII and was made commander of Grenzschutzbataillon Heiss in December 1918. Grenzschutzbataillon Heiss became part of the Reichswehr in June 1919 and was garrisoned in Nürnberg as "Heimatschutzbataillon Heiss" as a security force when workers demonstrated on March 17, 1920 during the Kapp-Lüttwitz Putsch. On October 11, 1920, Hauptmann Heiss transformed Heimatschutzbataillon Heiss into the paramilitary group, "Wehrverband Reichsflagge", which eventually reached a strength of 20,000. Heiss was pensioned from the Reichswehr in 1923. Heiss merged Wehrverband Reichsflagge with the Stahlhelm in 1927, when he was reactivated as a Major in the Reichswehr. Heiss was promoted to Oberstleutnant in 1939 and to Oberst in 1942. He was MIA on the Eastern front near Posen in January 1945.
  9. That's not been my experience and I both buy and sell on eBay Germany. I have had a number of disputes and it's my experience that eBay Germany favors certain sellers over others and overall rarely helps buyers. I have complained to the parent company in the US a number of times, about the nefarious practices of eBay Germany. But, they claim they have little to no authority over subsidiary branches of the company. IMO, eBay Germany is disreputable and it is very much "buyer beware" (and sometimes seller beware, as well) when dealing with them. I'm sorry Chris that you've been put through this. It's bad enough being ripped off by a seller. But, when the company doesn't really provide any recourse, it's particularly hard to take.
  10. Its not Sütterlin, but Kurrentschrift. Sütterlin was a modernized, simplified form of Kurrentschrift, only introduced into German schools in 1915 and which didn't enter wide use until the late 20s. It was taught as the primary handwriting form until 1941 until banned by the Nazis. It was re-introduced after the war as a secondary cursive form (Latin cursive being the primary) and taught in some parts of Germany until the 1970s.
  11. The writing is all Kurrenschrift and I think contemporary to the period, although quite sloppy, even if it was embellished a bit by someone or the guy himself. Kurrentschrift is difficult to do and is pretty much a lost art, today. I'm sure there are people who still know how to write this way. But, it's not so common. But as far as the awards go, whether an observer or ground crew, he still would have gotten the Silesian Eagle I and II, based on service in FA409. Also, Gunnar, I wasn't attacking you. I was just reacting to your original statement which had no explanation. Now that you've explained in some detail, you raise a number of very valid points.
  12. of course the more opinions the better...So, maybe not definitive, but with believable evidence. Chris you have a point. The awards after the EKII look as if they were added later by another hand. This doesn't bother me too much. They could have just been an addendum of missing information. The Grenzschutz-Flieger Abteilung 409 stamp looks correct to me and I do know what they are supposed to look like. Honestly, there aren't too many people around who know what these stamps look like to try to fake them. But, it would be good to have it in hand to examine everything. The one thing that does bother me is all the ink staining at the bottom. If there are some issues, it seems odd to me that anyone would tamper with or outright fake a Stammrolle. They're not worth all that much (even this one) compared to the work involved.
  13. You make a reckless statement like that, but don't provide one bit of evidence. The information on the document fits the historical record, is logical and as far as I'm concerned it's 100% genuine. So, what (if anything) is your proof? It better be pretty definitive.
  14. IMO a genuine cross in 14k gold (585 is the European mark for 14k meaning 58.5% gold).