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bolewts58

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Everything posted by bolewts58

  1. Normally, I don't have a problem reading Kurrentschrift. But, I'm having trouble with some of the text, especially in the middle of the page because of the handwriting. It seems he was taking some kind of course which maybe had something to do with machining and perhaps types of airplane engines. But, that is a wild guess because there are too many gaps that I can't fill in. I may be way off. Is there anyone who can please give me a hand? thanks Brian
  2. Fantastic! Thank you very much to both spolei and speedytop for your help. This all makes sense as he was previously in Hannover Pionier Batl. 10 and afterwards was in an Eisenbahn-Bau Kompagnie in Panzerzug III, Freikorps Hulsen responsible for armor-plating the train and other construction duties.
  3. It looks period to me. It's not 3rd Reich. It's possible it's an Iron Division cap badge or Freikorps Brüssow collar badge. But, it could also be Wehrwolf from the 1920s. Hard to say.
  4. No way to definitively know if it's Freikorps or not because these were in use from before WWI through to the 30s by several military and paramilitary organizations.
  5. Didn't Blass have a strong connection with Klietmann which is why he had access to Godet material?
  6. Not the Grune Fangschnur if that's what you mean. That went under the epaulette at the shoulder and under the arm. The knot with the horse and 2 acorns was at the junction of the epaulette and shoulder.
  7. Agree. In many ways, it was more complex and layered with more than two sides and many competing ideologies and grievances. The Freikorps continued to exist in different forms, well past its use date because veterans and those that were too young to serve in WWI wanted to continue the camaraderie and esprit du corps of the trenches. That the Wehrwolf, Stahlhelmbund and SA grew so quickly was mostly to do with this desire for belonging rather than any hardcore political beliefs. This is why I take exception to the two English works on the subject, Robert G.L. Waite's Vanguard of Nazism and Nigel H. Jones' Hitler's Heralds because they put too much faulty emphasis on the direct line between the Freikorps and the Nazis. At best, I'd say that most members of the Freikorps drifted into the SA as a way to continue the Sturmsoldaten ethos rather than any zeal for the Nazi party's aims.
  8. On April 10, 1919 the Senate of Leipzig University in reaction to the occupation of the University of Munich by the Soviet revolutionary council on April 7 decided at a meeting of the general student assembly to end the semester on April 12 and close the university, so that the students could provide a volunteer unit to the existing Reichswehr formations in case of need. On May 11, 1919, Leipzig was occupied by order of the Reich government and with the consent of the Saxon state government by the Freikorps of General Maercker, after the assassination on April 12 of the Saxon War Minister Gustav Neuring by disgruntled war veterans of the soldier's council and the subsequent general strike of the USPD (Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany) and the communist Spartakusbund that began laying siege to the city on April 14. A combination of Maercker's Freikorps, Reichswehr and some students formed into a loose volunteer unit disarmed the security service of the Workers' and Soldiers Council temporarily arrested its leaders. The university was occupied with troops, weapons, and ammunition and an ad hoc volunteer regiment started to form consisting of students, civil servants and city employees. On May 23 general Maercker officially formed the Zeitfreiwilligenregiment Leipzig which had a strength of 2,000 under the command of Oberst a.D. Schieblich, Major a.D. Bramsch, and Oberst Bierey. About a third were students. Most citizens supported the regiment because they feared a left-wing coup. The University Senate and the War Ministry endeavored to facilitate the deployment of students by providing university space and the university continued to facilitate study such as interim semesters and simplified emergency examinations. The temporary volunteers were promised financial support from the state. Throughout the rest of 1919, there were frequent strikes and riots due to high unemployment. By January 1920, the regiment had grown to a strength of 3,377. When there was another general strike in Leipzig against the Works Council Act, the Zeitfreiwilligenregiment Leipzig was the main unit to intervene and break up the demonstrations. When Kapp/Lüttwitz staged a Putsch against the Berlin government in March 1920, a general strike was also proclaimed in Leipzig. Saxon Commanding general, Generalmajor Max Senft von Pilsach ordered Zeitfreiwilligenregiment Leipzig to join Reichswehr Regiment 37 to put down the strike. There was heavy fighting in the city center that resulted in many casualties and the destruction of the "Volkshaus". The Zeitfreiwilligenregiment Leipzig was accused of excessive violence by the demonstrators, despite asserting they were operating directly under orders from the government to maintain peace and order. The regiment was subsequently dissolved in late Spring 1920.
  9. I finally got a pair of the collar badges for Zeitfreiwillen-Regiment Leipzig. They're not scarce, but hard to find in a matching pair.
  10. The biggest red flag IMO is the use of all caps. A knowledgeable typesetter/engraver would know better than to use all capital letters with this font. It's simply never done and a huge design error.
  11. Why is this posted here? Shouldn't it be posted on one of the Third Reich forums?
  12. Thanks for the information. I stand corrected in that they existed and were used in Spain. But, as I said they are very often sold on German eBay as German and that's from where I drew my incorrect conclusion.
  13. Sorry. Not even close. I'm not sure what this weird, distorted, ugly ape-like skull is or if it's even German. It certainly isn't Freikorps. If German, it could be some sort of comical carnival piece. I can't see it being German military. The Freiwilligen-Kompagnie Elisabeth skull is basically a large version of the Brunswick skull (like the one on the left in the comparison photo on the black background). Also, as an aside, the two skulls looking at each other in the second from the bottom photo are fantasy pieces. These turn up all the time on eBay as either Freikorps or Minenwurfer sleeve badges. But, no such badge ever existed in either WWI or during the Freikorps period IMO. Given the popularity of skulls, all kinds of fakes, fantasies and general crap are saturating the market.
  14. It's true that Plakette can mean badge or sign in certain cases. But, it's not a common military usage of the term and I don't think it was used that way 100 years ago. The medal has the word "bewährten" (proven, guard or preserve). The phrase Ihrem bewährten MITKÄMPFER für GESETZ u. RECHT which literally means "Your proven campaigner for law and right" probably should be translated as "Your defender of law and the legal system". I think this supports the medal being Die Bewährungsmedaille or The Defence Medal of the Deutsche Schtuzdivision. In any case, I don't know that we're going to solve this until either this medal shows up in a group with this document or vice versa the Erinnerungsplakette shows up in a group with the document. Such is the problem with having a very incomplete record with regards to Freikorps awards and insignia and the fact that even with existing references there are mistakes. For example, Haarcke's catalogue and Bichlmaier and Hartung's catalogue, both of which are used as bibles by dealers and less experienced collectors have several mistakes in each. Even von Salomon's Das Buch vom deutschen Freikorpskämpfer has mistakes.
  15. The Erinnerungsplakette was awarded to both Deutsche Schutzdivision and Landesschützenkorps because they both joined together when Reichswehr-Brigade 25 merged into Reichswehr-Brigade 4 in October 1919. That's when the Plakette was proposed and they began to issue it starting in November or December 1919. I think they put the dates 1919 1920 anticipating it would be awarded throughout the coming year. But, go ahead and ask if the medal can be called a Plakette. I highly doubt it. Plakette as far as I know means plaque and nothing else.
  16. Ok. I surrender. I'm always open to some new information. There are lots of things Verkuilen didn't know as he was active at a time when there was a lot less information available. I don't think the document is for this medal. This is "Die Bewährungsmedaille", not the Erinnerungsplakette. I still think the most likely candidate is the large zinc table plaque.
  17. If it's real, I believe it is a hat badge for the Askari colonial troops in Africa. Here's an Askari fez from the Imperial War Museum with the same badge.
  18. bolewts58

    G.K.S.D. collar tab

    Very nice. Not only Garde cavalry, but an officer. You're right that one seldom finds any Freikorps collar badges sewn on the original collar tab. I have a few and consider that their scarcity pretty well doubles the value of the badge.
  19. The badges like yours and Eric's that I've seen and handled are all die-struck: some from zinc, some from tombac, some from some sort of white metal. It's the details which I have already described above which I don't like. But one detail I forgot to mention is that the sword hilt on originals is longer and tapers more gradually down to the ball tip. On yours, Eric's and the other two you posted, the hilt is fatter and shorter. The badges that the Club first sold in the mid-2000s were just like yours and Eric's. It's surprising that the ones they are selling now are of significantly poorer quality. But, that's also true of a lot of the other stuff they sell. The quality has gotten worse. IMO, there's no reason that this badge would have ever been made with a pin. They certainly weren't worn as a collar badge that way. There are two types: either with prongs or drilled holes for sewing (2 in the lower crossguard and 1 in the tip of the sword). They were likely only produced once and both came from the same die - a different die than the one your badge comes from. In 50 years of collecting Freikorps, I have never heard of them being struck again from another die or issued as any sort of commemorative. So, I guess at this stage, we're going to have to agree to disagree unless a photo shows up with the badge being worn as a pinback that matches yours. In any case, I would really like to own that document. It's very cool.
  20. 'abschiedszeichen' in this case means more or less what you said in brackets: gesture/sign/token of farewell and IMO simply refers to what the Plakette represented - basically a "thank you for your service" commemorative. The document only refers to one award, which as I've stated is the zinc plaque. At the risk of being too dogmatic, I also stand by my opinion that all the badges except the pair I posted are fake. I no longer have those as I traded them a long time ago for something rarer. I believe Weitze currently has the same pair for sale. I've just bought another single. When it arrives, I'll attempt to weigh it. Although I'm not sure how accurate my scale is.
  21. Yes, you're right. I initially thought it was just the Kyffhäuser-Denkmünze für 1914/18. But, the ribbon is not the same. But looking at it again it is correct for the Awaloff Cross. The last ribbon I believe is for the Gallipoli Star. The ribbon bar is upside down in the frame.
  22. The center faded ribbon is for the Baltic Cross. The stripes should be a medium blue color.
  23. Lots of Germans got this cross as they made up most of the Russian West Army. He possibly might have flown with one of the Freikorps Flieger Abteilung (FA 427 or 429) in The Russian West Army. But, as there are few records available except concerning which German air aces were in what Freikorps, I might only be able to find out his squadron, if I knew what unit he was in during WWI by doing some cross-referencing and a bit of detective work, which I'm happy to do. But, it's a long shot unless you have some paperwork.
  24. As I thought. This is quite a nice example of the Maltese Cross of the Russian West Army, which is much rarer than the Randow Cross. This is consistent with his Baltic service and much more interesting than if he had just been in Detachement von Randow. Here's a picture of Pavel Bermondt-Avalov wearing the same cross.
  25. I'd like to see a better picture of the Randow Cross as I think it may not be a Randow Cross, but the Maltese Cross of the Russian West Army. They are very similar. But, the Russian West Army Cross is thicker in the middle and has a wider silver frame.
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