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Everything posted by bolewts58

  1. It's Schloss Gödens. https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schloss_Gödens It says "Memory of company excursion to Schloss Gödens".
  2. Hi elbavaro Yes I am aware of the mistake in IDing this badge which I based on the wrong ID in Haarcke's catalogue. It's actually called the Ehren- und Erinnerungszeichen der Befreier Münchens 1919 and was likely the last official Freikorps award as it was awarded beginning in 1938. Here is a pic of the document and of the monument built in 1942 by the Nazis in honor of the liberation of Munich in May 1919.
  3. Nice group of docs. Given his service, he would have also likely been awarded the Loewenfeld Cross I and II.
  4. I noticed this photo in an old post from 2010 (#719) wrongly identifying this group as Freikorps Caspari. Freikorps Caspari had nothing to do with the Iron Division or the Baltic. Nor, did they have a veteran's organization of former members as all Freikorps Caspari members either went into Reichswehr Brigade 10 or the Bremen Security Police in June 1919. This photo is in fact of veterans of the Baltic Landwehr/Deutsche Legion/Iron Division which fell under the umbrella of the Verein Ehemaliger Baltikumkämpfer founded in 1922, which became the Reichsverband Baltikumkämpfer in 1933. The black sword on a white shield was originally the insignia of the Baltic Landwehr and was adopted later by the Deutsche Division and Iron Division during the Riga campaign. Here is an example of the sleeve badge seen in the photo.
  5. Correct. But, they can't rightly be called 57er as some collectors do, as that only refers to the redesigned and issued replacements of Third Reich awards. But, still as a result of the 1957 re-issue of TR awards, there was a renewed demand for replacement pieces from the Imperial period. Afterall, WWI German vets would have only been in their late 50s early 60s at that point. The Stahlhelmbund had been re-founded in 1951 and there were a lot of reunions of both WWI and WWII vets that started happening in the early 1960s. So, there was a market for replacement pieces for lost awards or maybe just for newer and shinier versions of the often worn-out awards the vets still had, so they would look their best at a reunion parade. Therefore, as stated, the cross can be viewed as a post-1945 private-purchase replacement and therefore original, just not period.
  6. Based on the hardware on the back, this is likely at best a post-1945 replacement piece. It's definitely not 1920s, 30s or even 40s, but more likely at least 1950s or 60s. For example, Friedrich Sedlaczek company has these listed in their 1960 catalog.
  7. Since it's lacking the clips that would definitely identify it as a car pennant, it could just as easily be part of bunting or a desk flag. I've seen them used in all 3 ways.
  8. If genuine, it's likely a flag that was used as bunting. Probably not a car flag. These are heavily reproduced. So, it would be good to see close-ups of the stitching and the material used.
  9. Freiw. Btl. 26 became part of Freiwilligens Regiment/Detachment Klüfer commanded by Major Theodor Karl von Klüfer. The unit's collar badge was a bent silver bear claw.
  10. This just sold for 207 EUR on eBay. Although the crown seems slightly smaller and the cross on top of the orb is a bit shorter, it appears to be an original Rohr sleeve badge. Any other opinions?
  11. My guess would be that it's something to do with a hunt club. Maybe a 25 year membership pin.
  12. It's real and appears to be a silvered version sold by Friedrich Sedlaczek, Berlin. But, there's no such thing as a Baltic Cross 1st class. The Baltic Cross came in one class, either as a pinback or on a ribbon for wear on a bar.
  13. Here's another photo of a member of Freiwilliges Landesjägerkorps wearing a MGSS badge with the black backing (usually black velvet), as was a custom among many Freikorps units. I personally believe that the MGSS badge continued to be awarded by the Freikorps and the Provisional Reichswehr and was usually worn with a black backing, instead of a Feldgrau backing.
  14. Agree. The buyer of this card has together with a handful of others driven up the prices on Freikorps postcards in the last few months and ruined the market. Cards that 6 months ago were selling for 30-100 EUR are now selling for double or triple that. It's become crazy.
  15. He may have gone to a "Fliegerschule' late in the war, in December 1918 or even as a volunteer in early 1919. The pilot schools continued to train through to September 1919. There were around 35 or so Freikorps 'Flieger Abteilungen' operating in the Baltic, Silesia and on the borders of Prussia. I'll post the pictures from eBay, in case the link goes dead. A bit of the history of Kampfgeschwader Sachsenberg: The German 1st Guard's Reserve Division had an aviation unit attached to it called the Kampfgeschwader Sachsenberg. This regiment was formed on the basis of a demobilized field regiment of marine aviation (Marinefeldjagdgeschwader). It contained three squadrons: FA 413 (reconnaissance), FA 416 (fighter) and FA 417 (assault). Lieutenant Gottshard Sachenburg was a former naval pilot of the Kaiser's army and had shot down in 1917-1918 more than 30 British aircraft. This regiment also had such celebrated aces as Joseph Jacobs (47 aerial victories) and Teodor Osterkamp. The Sachenburg command counted upwards of 50 experienced pilots and observers. Its 30 crews flew the newest all-metal monoplanes of the Junkers D-1 and CL-1 types. These machines were produced for the German Air Force at the close of the World War . The regiment also had the very well proven wooden biplanes, like the Halberstadt, DFW, LVG , Rumpler,Fokker D-VII and D-VIII types! Sachenberg later wrote that thanks to the endurance of the phenomenal Junkers his regiment worked without interruption or breakdowns during their few months in the Baltic. The all metal Junkers were exclusive to the Germans. The Reds, Whites or even the Anglo-French Interventionist force had nothing comparable. The Sachenburg regiment contained the best pilots and aircraft in the Civil War. Because of this, they had no rivals with which to seriously fight. After eight months on the front; February to September 1919, they had not been in one air battle! By March 1919, their central base was an airfield in Vaynode (more west of Libau), where during the WW1 the enormous hangars for zeppelins were built. Sachenburg made use of them as airplane hangars. From there the German air unit moved to Alt-Auts and Petersfeld (more south of the River Dobel). Here, the Germans flew reconnaissance and bombardment sorties on the Red forces. As far as it is known, they lost at least two Junkers, one of which force landed in a village behind enemy lines due to engine trouble and the other (faulty and worn) was simply abandoned during the retreat to the airfield at Alt-Auts. The Reds took both aircraft to Moscow for careful study.
  16. A very fine group. You're correct that non-combattant Silesian Eagles are comparatively hard to find in relation to those awarded to military personnel. But, I have one awarded to a locomotive engineer and have had awards to doctors, civil servants and the wife of a factory owner.
  17. The doc is dated 1915. If nothing else, that would be a red flag.
  18. 100% original and likely Third Reich era manufacture. It looks to be zinc. If so, it was probably produced between 1943-1945. I like it!
  19. The badge worn by Btn Lichterfelde 15 RW Brig is different than this star and smaller.
  20. bolewts58

    Bavarian Volkspartei...

    Well in the Freikorps wheel-house. The BVP had a para-military wing, "Bayernwacht" that was a successor to "Einwohnerwehr Bayern". Their armbands and lion badge turn up often for sale and in Freikorps collections.
  21. I just picked up this small document grouping to an early Freikorps fighter which includes his Militärpass, Wound Badge doc and scarce Freikorps "Noske" Ausweis. Karl Drewes was recruited into Oldenburg Infantry Regt. 91 on 15.3.16 and transferred to 1. Hannover Inf. Regt. 74 on 24.9.16 and saw most of his WWI action in this unit, including in the 3. Machinegun Company of the regiment from late 1917. He spent most of the war from mid-1916 in the thick of it on the Western Front including fighting at Champagne, Verdun, Hohe 344 and the 1918 Spring Offensive. He received the EKII on 27.1.18, the Black Wound badge on 26.9.18 and was briefly in hospital in Oct. 1918. He was briefly attached to the staff of Artillery Regt. 275 in September 1918. He left hospital sometime in October and managed to finish the war back on the front line. When 1. Hannover Inf. Regt. 74 demobilized in December 1918, he volunteered with others from the regiment for the Freikorps and joined the Freiwilliges Landesschützenkorps on 18.12.18. Generally, Freikorps passes are hard to come by. But, what's particularly scarce about this grouping is that his pass has entries for the very first Freikorps actions in early 1919. As part of Landesschützen Batl. 7 (aka Abteilung 7), Drewes was in 3. Landesschützen-Brigade "Gerstenberg" commanded by Oberst (later Generalmajor) Wilhelm Gerstenberg. As part of Landesschützen-Brigade "Gerstenberg", Drewes fought against the Spartacists in Berlin from 3.1.- 24.1.19, the communists in Bremen from 4.2.-22.2.19, in the Ruhr region from 6.3-6.6.19 and in Remscheid from 7.6.-15.6.19. He left service immediately afterwards, when the Freiwilliges Landesschützenkorps became Reichswehr-Brigade 4 in late June 1919. He would have been entitled to the Eiserner Roland des Bremer Bürgerausschusses. Although, as far as I can see in the pass, there's no mention of it. The "Noske Ausweis" was issued in Spring 1919 by Gustav Noske, first Minister of Defense of the Weimar Republic to all Freikorps fighting against the Spartacists, the soldier and worker councils and communists who had taken over several cities in Germany from December 1918. After June 1919, there was a second Noske Ausweis (in red) issued to the newly formed Reichswehr. While not rare, the first Freikorps Noske Ausweis (in blue) is scarce or at least very hard to find as most were exchanged for the new Reichswehr Ausweis when the Freikorps transitioned to the Preliminary Reichswehr, or simply wore out and were discarded. Pictured is the document grouping and the page from the pass, detailing Drewes' Freikorps actions that includes ink stamps for Landesschützen Batl. 7. The Ausweis has remnants of what appears to be an original Noske signature in blue pencil above the photo of Drewes.
  22. That is a great Ausweis GreyC to an uncommon cavalry unit in the Freiwilligen Landesjägerkorps.
  23. bolewts58

    Freikorps Epp Badges

    As mentioned, the green piping denoted an original volunteer. There was also green/gold twisted piping for original officer volunteers and gold piping for other officers who were not original volunteers. The piping was added when Freikorps Epp became Reichswehr Brigade 21 in the Übergangsheer. FYI, the elongated badge I showed came with photos (one shown) and the Militärpass of Unteroffizier Wilhelm Forch who served in Königlich Bayerisches 1. Infanterie-Regiment „König“ during the war and then after was in Bayerisches Schützenkorps/Freikorps Epp through to service in the Reichswehr.
  24. bolewts58

    Freikorps Epp Badges

    There was no one distinct size and you find widely varying shapes from elongated diamonds to square diamonds. In terms of material, there are diamonds in black velvet and black wool. When worn as a tradition badge by the SA, you also find light blue and red diamonds. I believe the elongated plain, black diamonds are the most official version. Here are two I own. As you can see, there are quite different. The smaller square diamond has the green cord the denoting an original volunteer from March 1919 when the Freikorps was formed in Ohrdruf. The larger elongated diamond is black velvet and is 9 x 5.5 cm. The smaller square one with green cord is black wool and is 6.2 x 5.7 cm.