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Gordon Craig

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About Gordon Craig

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    People's Republic of Hungary Host

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  1. Igor,

    Re your OUTLET thread.  What are you looking for in trade for the items you post on your thread.  The stars are of particular interest to me.  Hungarian, St. Sava etc.  If we can not reach a trade deal would be willing to sell?



    1. Igor Ostapenko

      Igor Ostapenko

      Hi Gordon , 

      I need bulgarian awards from 1880-1886 yy period 

      Do you have some for exchenge ? 




    2. Gordon Craig

      Gordon Craig


      Sorry I do not collect Bulgarian awards so I do not have anything to trade in this area.




  2. hoopa, The answer to your question; no documents are given for campaign medals long service etc. Docs are only given for bravery awards. Regards, Gordon
  3. hoopa, This url will take you to the Canadian Forces site that describes the Canadian awards you are interested in. It does not mention any documents being presented with the medal. I know the designer of the medal and I'll ask him this coming week if he knows if there were any docs presented. http://www.forces.gc.ca/en/honours-history-medals-chart/medal-gcs-swa.page Regards, Gordon
  4. Gordon Craig

    Turkish Nurse Safiye Hüseyin Elbi with TWM

    demir, A great thread on an important person. I read it with increasing interest and have passed it on to a collegue who collects awards to nurses. Regards, Gordon
  5. Gordon Craig

    Purple Heart

    David, I am not aware of any regulation that would allow the award of the American Purple Heart to a member of an allied military service. For provenance of the award of the Purple Heart to your relative you would need the award certificate as proof. Or as has been said above, contact one of the many American societies online that keep records of Purple Heart awards. As for researching British Medals I suggest that you contact The British Medals Forum at http://www.britishmedalforum.com/ and ask for their assistance. Regards, Gordon
  6. Gordon Craig

    Austrian uniforms

    I concur with Trooper D and would be willing to contribute as well. Regards, Gordon
  7. Gordon Craig

    Searching for tank metal figurines

    Andre, What scale are you looking for? What country? What model of tank? Regards, Gordon
  8. Gordon Craig

    Armoured train in the Yougoslavian conflict?

    Your welcome. Regards, Gordon
  9. Gordon Craig

    Armoured train in the Yougoslavian conflict?

    Morar Andrei, From Wiki again re your question. Post war[edit] After World War II, many M18s were sold to other countries. These were rebuilt and refurbished by Brown & Root in northern Italy in the late 1940s and early 1950s, and bear data plates that indicate those rebuilds. One of the users was Yugoslavia, which kept them in reserve until the early 1990s. A number of these vehicles were later used by the Military of Serbian Krajina and Army of Republika Srpska during the Yugoslav wars. One example was used on an armored train named the "Krajina express" (Krajina Ekspres).[30] The Military of the Republic of China also operated several M18s until their chassis and hulls were worn out, at which point the turrets were salvaged and installed onto surplus hulls of M42 Duster anti-aircraft vehicles to produce Type 64 light tanks. The Greek Army received 127 M18s from 1952 till 1954. Initially these were organized in three Tank Destroyer Regiments numbered 397, 398 and 399. In 1959 the Tank Destroyer Regiments were reorganized in three Tank Destroyer Battalions with the same numbers. Most of the M18s were retired in the end of 60s but a few of them remained in service till the middle 70s for training. [31] The hulls of the M18s were dismantled and the turrets were used as gun emplacements in the northern borders of Greece and the Aegean islands.[32]One M18 is preserved in the Greek Army Tank Museum.[33] The Venezuelan military still operates M18s, with 75 still in reserve service. An unknown number of these vehicles were modernized by a Yugoslavian firm in 1991. An M18 is on display at the Army Heritage and Education Center in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. M18 Hellcat "Amaz N Grace" is on loan to the Museum of American Armor in Old Bethpage, New York, from the US Military Museum. Regards, Gordon
  10. Gordon Craig

    Armoured train in the Yougoslavian conflict?

    Morar Andrei Thanks for the additional info on this armoured train. Very interesting. Regards, Gordon
  11. Gordon Craig

    Armoured train in the Yougoslavian conflict?

    Morar Andrei, Below I have copied some info from a WIKI article on armoured trains. Possibly this is the train mentioned in it. The complete article can be found here; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armoured_train#Later_uses Later uses[edit] A RT-23 Molodets in the Saint Petersburg railway museum In the First Indochina War, the French Union used the armoured and armed train La Rafale as both a cargo-carrier and a mobile surveillance unit.[22][23] In February 1951 the first Rafale was in service on the Saigon-Nha Trang line, Vietnam[24][25] while from 1947 to May 1952 the second one which was escorted by onboard Cambodian troops of the BSPP (Brigade de Surveillance de Phnom Penh) was used on the Phnom Penh-Battambang line, Cambodia.[26] In 1953 both trains were attacked by the Viet-Minh guerrillas who destroyed or mined stone bridges when passing by.[27] Fulgencio Batista’s army operated an armoured train during the Cuban revolution though it was derailed and destroyed during the Battle of Santa Clara. Facing the threat of Chinese cross-border raids during the Sino-Soviet split, the USSR developed armoured trains in the early 1970s to protect the Trans-Siberian Railway. According to different accounts, four or five trains were built. Every train included ten main battle tanks, two light amphibious tanks, several AA guns, as well as several armoured personnel carriers, supply vehicles and equipment for railway repairs. They were all mounted on open platforms or in special rail cars. Different parts of the train were protected with 5–20 mm thick armour. These trains were used by the Soviet Army to intimidate nationalist paramilitary units in 1990 during the early stages of the Nagorno-Karabakh War.[28][29] Towards the end of the Cold War, both superpowers began to develop railway-based ICBMs mounted on armoured trains; the Soviets deployed the SS-24 missile in 1987, but budget costs and the changing international situation led to the cancellation of the programme, with all remaining railway-based missiles finally being deactivated in 2005. An improvised armoured train named the "Krajina express" (Krajina ekspres) was used during the war in Croatia (part of the Yugoslav wars) of the early 1990s by the army of the Republic of Serbian Krajina (a self-proclaimed republic of Serbs living within Croatia that sought to remain in Yugoslavia). Composed of three fighting cars and three freight cars hooked to the front to protect it from mine blasts,[30] the train carried a M18 Hellcat with a 76mm cannon, a 40mm Bofors, a 20mm cannon, twin 57mm rocket launchers and a 120mm mortar, plus several machine guns of between 12.7 and 7.62 mm.[31] During the siege of Bihac in 1994, it was attacked on a few occasions with antitank rocket-propelled grenades and 76mm guns and hit by a 9K11 Malyutka missile, but the damage was minor, as most of the train was covered with thick sheets of rubber which caused the missile's warhead to explode too early to do any real damage.[30] The train was eventually destroyed by its own crew lest it fall into enemy hands during Operation Storm, the Croatian offensive which overran the Srpska Krajina. The Army of Republika Srpskaoperated a similar train that was ambushed and destroyed in October 1992 at the entrance to the town of Gradačac by Bosnian Muslim forces that included a T-55 tank. The wreckage was later converted into a museum.[32] The Croatian Army deployed a two-wagon armoured train built in Split with a shield composed of two plates, one 8mm and the other 6mm thick, with a 30-50mm gap filled with sand between them. The vehicle was armed with 12.7mm machine guns.[33] One armoured train that remains in regular use is that of Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-il, which the former received as a gift from the Soviet Union and the latter used heavily for state visits to China and Russia as he had a fear of flying. Pro-Russian militants in the Donbass region of Ukraine were pictured operating a homemade armoured train in late 2015.[34]
  12. Gordon Craig

    Distinction Badges of the HUPR Military

    cimbineus, Thanks for posting the Kivalo/Erdemes Sporto badges. I have seen the third type before but not the other two levels. Regards, Gordon
  13. Gordon Craig

    Distinction Badges of the HUPR Military

    nickstrenk, Sorry if I confused you with my terms on my reference to the Order of the Flag. In Hungarian it is actually "A Magyar Népköztársaság Zászlórendjének which my translation to English says "Flag of the Hungarian People's Republic". Cimbineus has posted some excellent pictures of the various classes of the order. Keep up the good posts! Regards, Gordon
  14. Gordon Craig

    Distinction Badges of the HUPR Military

    nickstrenk, Very nice picture. A great addition to the Hungarian forum. Especially the Order of the Flag. This particular grade was only awarded for a very short space of time. Regards, Gordon
  15. Gordon Craig

    Distinction Badges of the HUPR Military

    nickstrenk, Thanks for adding your Hungarian badges. Too bad that we have lost the badges posted by cimbineus. He has an especially good collection. Regards, Gordon