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Gordon Craig

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  1. Ladies and Gentlemen, A question on the Cross of Charity. My reference material says that this award was instituted "on 7 (19) June 1913 and was bestowed upon men and women, Serbian or Foreign, for having alleviated the suffering of the sick and wounded during and after the the conclusion of the First and Second Balkan Wars." It then goes on to illustrate the 1912 and the 1913 dated crosses and to describe the physical differences of the two crosses. It does not mention why there are two different Crosses of Charity. Does anyone know why there were two different Crosses of Charity? Regards, Gordon
  2. Gordon Craig

    Post-1947 Indian Groups

    Deben, First a question. How do you know this group is missing a Sangram medal? If you have some provenance that Sep. Sukhdev Singh was awarded it, I would suggest that you mount the medals that you have and display it with an unnamed Sangram medal. Other wise just mount what you have and display it that way. My two cents worth. Regards, Gordon
  3. Gentlemen, I have found the answer to my questions on ehrenzeichen-orden.de and I'l post an online translation of what this site says about each medal. The first form Recognition Medal of the King Karl Jubiläumsstiftung 1893 This recognition medal was donated in 1893 by King William II donated. It was 2 years after the founding of the King Karl Jubilee Foundation, which was built on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the reign of King Charles. The aim of the foundation was to support farms, small businesses and home industries. Among other things, funds were provided for start-up entrepreneurs. The Recognition Medal was awarded to persons who have provided services for many years and successfully in the sense of the Foundation. The awards were made by the Home Office, which was empowered by the king. This award was further awarded after 1921 in a modified form. The punch cutter of the medal was Karl Schwenzer, Round medal made of silver with raised edge. Above a soldered, ordinary eyelet with band ring. On the band a rectangular, hollow embossed bronze clasp. Behind a wide soldered metal strip for pulling the tape. On the metal strip a horizontal pin. Front: The inscription on the margin: - WILHELM - II - KOENIG - VON - WUERTTEMBERG -. In the middle, the right-looking portrait of King Wilhelm II. Under the neck section small the punch cutter - K. SCHWENZER -. The bronze clasp worked openwork, consists of a rectangular frame. Centered on the frame an oval shield with small eyelets on top, bottom and sides. In the recessed field, surrounded by a smooth edge, the crowned letter - W - increases. Laterally, the frame is limited by roundish embellishments. Above and below the frame is limited by ornaments in the form of a rope or rope. Above the rope are hanging triangular decorations. Back: In the upper 4/5 of the margin the inscription: - KOENIG (-) KARL (-) JUBILAEUMS (-) FOUNDATION -. From below 2 crossed dense oak leaves branches half round to about the middle. About it the 4-line writing: - FOR - / - LONGSTICKS - / - FAITH - / - SERVICES -. On the clasp a horizontal pin. The band pulled through and sewn. Obverse: Recognition Medal of the King Karl Jubiläumsstiftung 1893 Reverse: Recognition Medal of the King Karl Jubiläumsstiftung 1893 donated: 1893 by King William II Awarded: 1893 - 1921 Dates: Material: silver (medal), bronze (clasp) Size: 26 mm medal, 18.5 x 36.8 mm clasp Weight: 19.5 g estimated collector price: 100 - 110 € silver / bronze 110 - 130 € silver plated in tombac OEK number: 3022, 3022/1 The second form; Medal of the King Karl Jubilee Foundation Freistaat Württemberg This medal was donated on 2 November 1920 by the State Ministry of the Free State of Württemberg. After World War I and the formation of the Free State, the Constitution of the Foundation was changed. The purpose of the foundation remained basically the same. In addition to supporting and promoting agriculture, home industry and small businesses, a medal should continue to be given in a modified form. Workers and employees should be awarded after many years of loyal work in the same company. Workers in commercial enterprises could be awarded after 35 years and agricultural workers after 25 years of service. Civil servants and employees in private companies were excluded. Foreigners could also be awarded. The proposed maximum of 6 medals per year was obviously not respected. The medals were made of silver or silver-plated white metal. The size of the clasp also varies slightly. Round medal made of silver with raised edge. Above a soldered, ordinary eyelet with band ring. On the band a rectangular, hollow embossed bronze clasp. Behind a wide soldered metal strip for pulling the tape. On the metal strip a horizontal pin. Front: At the margin the inscription: - KOENIG - KARL - JUBILAEUMSSTIFTUNG -. In the middle, the right-looking portrait of King Charles. The bronze clasp worked openwork, consists of a rectangular frame. The edge is bounded on the outside and inside by a narrow edge. On it arranged oak leaves. Tied up crosswise at the top and bottom. In the corners are decorated clips. Back: At the edge a tight down crosswise tied oak leaf wreath. In the enclosed field the 4-line font: - FOR - / - LONG TERM - / - FAIR - / - SERVICES -. Obverse: Medal of the King Karl Jubilee Foundation Freistaat Württemberg Back: Medal of the King Karl Jubilee Foundation Freistaat Württemberg donated: 2 November 1920 by the State Ministry Awarded: 1921-1934 Dates: Material: silver, bronze Size: 26 mm medal, 17 x 36.5 mm clasp Weight: approx. 18 g estimated collector price: 50 - 60 € in bronze 40 - 50 € silver plated OEK number: 3113
  4. WURTTEMBERG. Medal of Recognition of the King Karl Jubilee Foundation, silver, 1st version (WÜRTTEMBERG. Annerkennungs-Medaille der König-Karl-Jubiläums-Stiftung, Silber, 1. Form) 1893-1921 [DE340] Quantity Available: 0 Click to enlarge Circular silver medal with loop for ribbon suspension; the face with the head of King Wilhelm II facing right, circumscribed ‘WILHELM II KOENIG VON WUERTTEMBERG, signed ‘K SCHWENZER’ (for Karl Schwenzer of Stuttgart); the reverse inscribed ‘FÜR LANGJÄHRIGE TREUE DIENST’ (For long and faithful service), circumscribed ‘KOENIG-KARL-JUBILAEUMS-STIFTUNG’ (King Karl’s Jubilee Foundation) above a wreath of oak; on original ribbon mounted for wear, with bronze rectangular buckle, an oval escutcheon centrally with the crowned cipher of King Wilhelm II. The Jubilee Foundation was created in 1891 on the occasion of the silver jubilee of King Karl with an endowment of 528,000 marks under the management of the Interior Ministry to improve the welfare of the rural needy and to support new small businesses and home industries. Two years later, in 1893, the medal was instituted to recognise long and faithful service in such enterprises. It is quite rare. A very good example. Gentlemen, What can you tell me about this award? The text and pictures above, of the first type medal, is from a web site selling this particular medal. I am dealing with another chap for the second issue of this medal that is different in numerous aspects. Different suspension, reverse etc. The second issue was apparently awarded from 1922 until 1934? Before I complete the deal for the cased second issue I'd like to gather some more accurate information on this award. Thanks in advance for your participation. Regards, Gordon
  5. Gordon Craig

    My Austrian military set

    1812 Overture, Thanks. Regards, Gordon
  6. Nikos, Thanks for adding to this thread. Very useful information and that is a great navy miniature bar. Regards, Gordon Jeff, Sounds like a very interesting bar. Looking forward to seeing it. Regards, Gordon
  7. Gordon Craig

    Legion of Merit to Greek Officers

    Jeff, We meet again. Interesting question. Here is a list of recipients of the Legion of Merit that I found on line but it does not include any senior Greek officers. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Recipients_of_the_Legion_of_Merit Officer: General or flag officer below the equivalent of a U.S. military chief of staff; colonel or equivalent rank (e.g., Navy or Coast Guard captain) for service in assignments equivalent to those normally held by a general or flag officer in U.S. military service; or military attachés. This list of those who would receive this level of the award indicates that your Greek officer would be at least a Colonel. You probably know this info already and it doesn't answer your question but I have included it anyway. I would suggest that you contact the Athens War Museum with your question. http://warmuseum.gr/en Regards, Gordon
  8. Jeff, Your welcome. I have been thinking for some time that I needed to put my thoughts on Greek awards into some sort of coherent form and your question prompted me to do so. Looking forward to seeing your naval bar. Not too many of those around. Regards, Gordon
  9. Jeff, Now on to your second question. "Also with Orders, were recipients required to wear all levels of the same order they received on their ribbon bars." Another good question and I can say yes at least in the example I will show from my files. I would love to have bought this matching medal and ribbon bar but the vendor would only sell them with the uniform and I did not wish to pay the asking price. This medal bar only shows the Order of Phoenix once but it is shown twice on the ribbon bar. The same thing goes for the Oder of George the 1st. The War Cross of 1940 is treated differently. It is only shown once on the medal bar but has a crown on it on the ribbon bar. This probably indicates a second award for bravery. Greek medal and ribbon bars can be very confusing and thanks for your questions. They have helped me sort things out in my own mind. Regards, Gordon
  10. Jeff, A difficult question to answer. And one I have pondered. For instance, the Order of Phoenix has a military division and you can often find this order on military medal bars without swords. But obviously awarded to a military person. This would be shown on the military persons ribbon bar with crossed swords. You can also find this order on medal bars with swords. My personal thoughts are that the order, shown on the medal bar with crossed swords, was awarded for acts of bravery. Or it could mean that it was awarded during war time.The same thing appears to have happened to the Order of George the 1st. Here is a picture of a medal bar, and its matching ribbon bar, from my collection, that illustrates some of what I have said above. So yes, some awards could be presented during peace time and show swords on the ribbon bar. You need both bars to be able to know the whole story.
  11. Gordon Craig

    French officer, help with medals

    von Thronstahl, The uniform appears to be for a diplomat. Medals from a number of different countries would tend to support this fact. Regards, Gordon
  12. Gordon Craig

    Unknown Officer and Sailor - Serbian? WW1?

    You could be correct. The army uniform certainly looks Serbian and so does the naval one. Here is a picture of Serbian sailors of the River Flotilla on the monitor Bodrog. Unfortunately, this is the best uniform picture that I can find. I am unable to translate the cap tally for you. Regards, Gordon
  13. In English as requested. Name: Name: Honorable Medal for 40 Years of Faithful Service Honor Medal for 40 Years of Faithful Service Original Title: Original Name: Ehrenmedaille für 40jährige treue Dienste Date of establishment: Date of Establishment: 18.08.1898 Date of termination: Date of Termination: DD.MM.1918 Structure: Structure: - - Note: Note: - - Sources: Sources: Procházka, Roman von: Österreichisches Ordenshandbuch, München 1974 URL: https://forum.valka.cz/topic/view/25919#412335 Version: 0 seh1 MOD 7 years ago Name: Name: Honorable Medal for 40 Years of Faithful Service Honor Medal for 40 Years of Faithful Service Original Title: Original Name: Ehrenmedaille für 40jährige treue Dienste Date of establishment: Date of Establishment: 18.08.1898 Date of termination: Date of Termination: DD.MM.1918 Components: Components: - - Gem: Badge: - - Jewel photo avers: Badge Photo Obverse: Gem Revers: Badge Photo Reverse: Star: Star: - - Star Photo avers: Star Photo obverse: - Star Photo Reverse: Star Photo Reverse: Strip: Ribbon Bar: - - Photo: Photograph: Note: Note: - - Sources: Sources: Procházka, Roman von: Österreichisches Ordenshandbuch, München 1974 URL: https://forum.valka.cz/topic/view/25919#412336 Version: 0 seh1 MOD 7 years ago Honorable Medal for Forty Years of Faithfulness Honors were given by Franz Joseph I. on August 18, 1898, in the 50th anniversary of his government. The medal was intended for all military and civilian persons, except for active officers who have completed 40 years of service on that day or will be able to do so in the future. The medal is round, bronze, with a diameter of approx. 35 mm, its weight is about 20 g. On the face there is a bust of the emperor in the golden engraver's coat and a description of FRANC. IOS. IDG IMP. AVSTR. REX BOH ETC. ET REX AP. HVNG (Franz Joseph I of the grace of Emperor of Austria, the King of Bohemia, etc., and the Apostolic King of Hungary), outside partly framed by oak trees. On the reverse side, there is the XXXX ANNORUM (40 years), around the beams, around the SIGNUM LABORIS FIDELITER PERACTI. At the edge of the medal is the decorative framing. Military personnel wore a golden triangular ribbon with a wider black side stripe. Civilians wore a red triangle ribbon medal of about 40 mm. Sources: Koláčný, Ivan: Orders and honors of the Habsburg monarchy, Elka Press, Prague, 2006 URL: https://forum.valka.cz/topic/view/25919#212314 Version: 0 Regards, Gordon And a translation from another site. Home > History > Honorable Medal for 40 Years of Faithful Service Honorable Medal for 40 Years of Faithful Service The Honorary Medal for Forty Years of Faithful Service (German Ehrenmedaille für 40jährige treue Dienste) was founded by Franz Joseph I on August 18, 1898, in the 50th anniversary of his reign. The medal was intended for all military and civilian persons, except for active officers who have completed 40 years of faithful service on the given day or are in the future in the future. On the front side is a bust of the emperor in the coat of knight of the Golden Fleece and a description of FRANC. IOS. IDG IMP. AVSTR. REX DEUS ETC. ET REX AP. HVNG (Franz Joseph I of the grace of the Austrian Emperor, the King of Bohemia etc., and the Apostolic King of Hungary), partly outside framed by oak wreath. On the reverse side, there is an XXXX ANNORUM (40 years) banner, surrounded by the SIGNUM Label FIDELITER PERACTI. Military personnel wore decorations on a breast triangular ribbon of yellow color with a wider black side stripe. The civilians wore a medal on a red triangular ribbon with a width of about 40 mm. Source: text part taken from forum.valka.cz picture part of J & M collection archive © 2012 Honorable Medal for 40 Years of Faithful Service Honorable Medal for 40 Years of Faithful Service Více zde: https://fji.webnode.cz/seznam-radu-a-vyznamenani/cestna-medaile-za-40-let-verne-sluzby/ Regards, Gordon
  14. Gordon Craig

    Named Crimea Period Order of the Mejidie - Viscount Kirkwall

    Owain, Thanks for the update. Regards, Gordon
  15. Gordon Craig

    Named Crimea Period Order of the Mejidie - Viscount Kirkwall

    Owain, Very nice award. To me, the naming and modification really add to the interest of this piece. Regards, Gordon
  16. Gordon Craig

    My Austrian military set

    1812 Overture, Very nice presentation of your Austrian collection. Would you please post pictures fothe covers of your reference books as well. Regards, Gordon
  17. Gordon Craig

    Swiss Parka

    Hi, I've never seen an article of Swiss cammo with a national patch sewn to it. Regards, Gordon
  18. Farkas, Interesting photo of a Reichsmarine group. The cap tall probably reads SCHIFFSSTAMMDIVISION DER NORDSEE. I've attached some photos from the same era. Latin lettering was used on the cap tallies until 1930 when it changed to script type. Regards, Gordon
  19. Walle, These badges are not expensive. DRACO has one for sale at US$105.00 (see link below) and their prices are usually higher than most other dealers. https://www.dracomedals.com/czech-republic-czechoslovakia-/czechoslovakia-ww2-infantry-marksman-badge-czech-army-decoration-wwii-1939-1945.html Regards, Gordon
  20. Gordon Craig

    Ethiopian Combat Infantry Clasp ?

    Jah-Jim, Perhaps you would also comment on these variations of this particular badge from pictures that I have found on the net. Regards, Gorson
  21. Gordon Craig

    Ethiopian Combat Infantry Clasp ?

    Jah-Jim, Here is my badge from the Eritrea fighting, I would be grateful if you would translate the Amharic writing on the badge for me. In post #2 of this thread there are a bronze badge and a silver badge. Were there two levels to this badge? Regards, Gordon
  22. BalkanCollector Very interesting historical document and medal. Thanks very much for posting this info. Regards, Gordon
  23. sftrooper86, I agree with Hunyadi but I would like to see a picture of the back of the medals so that we can have a look at what kind of device the medals were mounted on. Regards, Gordon
  24. Gordon Craig

    Help Finding Medals

    ssmcanada, Most medals issued by India were named to the recipient so it would be difficult to replace the missing ones. You could search for unnamed ones and have them named to your great grandfather. The most likely place to find replacement Indian medals is on ebay.com. Here s a link that you may find useful. https://www.ebay.com/bhp/india-medal As for the medals issued by Great Britain, you could apply to have them reissued but I can not direct you to the correct place to do that. Good luck in your hunt for these medals. Regards, Gordon
  25. Gordon Craig

    2 Orders of Hungarian Freedom

    nickstrenk, The first one pictures, silver with a straight ribbon. Translation from Hungarian; VIII. The Hungarian Order of Freedom was founded by law. This award was donated to 1953 and re-donated between November 1957 and April 1958. The early type of silver and bronze honors already implies the future dominant symbol, the five-star star. 3978 donations were made. There were those who received both the silver and bronze grades.
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