Egyptian Zogist

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  1. Hello everyone! I was wondering, does anyone have any information about the uniforms and insignia of the Kingdom of Egypt (1922 - 1953)? I have a huge collection of photographs of officers and soldiers, some drawings, and photos of badges but I'm having trouble figuring out what uniform is what, colors, orders of dress, etc. Especially for the Royal Guards. Does anyone have any information about this topic?
  2. Owain, Did you find anything there that was militaria or vexillology related at all? I'd like to go the B.A. but those are pretty much the only topics I'd be interested in finding books or documents about. There is an entire room of orders, medals and decorations in the ِAbdeen Palace museum complex. If I get a chance to go I'll try to take pictures. There are also watercolors (I think that's what they are) of Egyptian military uniforms of the monarchy period. Picture of the orders and medals section, from
  3. Hello everyone. I found this very beautiful item online. The Royal Household Order, from the former Kingdom of Hawaii. It was sold for $23,000 at Goldberg Auctioneers. *(I realize there was an older thread concerning the Kingdom of Hawaii, but I see that it was asking about medals specifically, not orders. I hope my creating a new thread is alright with the forum admins. Let me know if it's not!)*
  4. Do you think it might be related to Afghanistan's Order of the Durrani Empire? It's the only other order I've seen whose design includes a cross with an Arabic (or to be precise a language using Arabic script) inscription. Images from Christopher Buyer's Royal Ark site ( :
  5. It's from Sudan. The obverse features the Sudanese coat of arms and the word Duty ("الواجب" 'el wajib"). The reverse says the Democratic Republic of Sudan ("جمهورية السودان الديمقراطية" 'Jumhuriyat el Sudan el Dimoqratiya'). It would appear to be the Medal of Duty, as shown here with ribbon: Picture of medal from Coat of arms from
  6. I noticed it also has a lowered Egyptian flag (on the right side). I don't know how I feel about that!
  7. The cypher on that medal is actually Fouad I (فؤاد الأول) who succeeded his brother Hussein Kamil as sultan in 1917, later becoming King after the end of the British protectorate over Egypt in 1922.
  8. This is the Tunisian Order of Glory (Nichan el Iftikhar) from the reign of Ahmed II, Bey of Tunis, who ruled from 1929 to 1942. From what I understand, this order bore the cypher of the ruler whose reign it was issued in. Here examples of what each ruler's cypher looked like: The cypher says "AHMAD BEY" (أحمد باي). This example appears to be missing the enamel. Maybe it's some sort of trial cast? Interesting find! Here's an older post I found on this forum that has some more information about this order, hope it's helpful!
  9. Another very nice piece! I've actually seen one of these before in the royal collections museum in the Abdine Palace complex. The inscription is actually "العدل أساس الملك" meaning "justice is the foundation of kingship/governance". This motto is still seen today in courts in Egypt, whether on judges' benches or as architectural decor in court rooms. Here it is, below the scales/sword of justice design: Always looking forward to seeing more posts! Here is a very nice portrait of a judge wearing this badge. I haven't been able to identify the subject of the portrait, though. I also think the design is influenced by the coat of arms of Louis-Philippe's so-called 'July Monarchy' in France (1830 - 1848), note the 'tablet of law' and the 'main de justice'. (image from
  10. Well, according to The Royal Ark [ an amazing resource on non-European (with the exception of Albania) ruling dynasties incl. orders and decorations], the Khedive Abbas Hilmi II was "Installed at the Citadel, Cairo, 26th March 1892". The date on the medal is 12 (or 13, I can't see the numeral clearly) Muharram, 1325. According to a Hegira/Gregorian date converter I found online, 13 Muharram 1325 is 26th February 1907. So, a month's difference. Oddly, though, the anniversary date appears to have been based on the Gregorian date of the khedive's enthronement (or close enough to it), but the Hegira equivalent (of the date of the anniversary in 1907) is what is inscribed on the medal.
  11. Hello! That is a very interesting piece you've got there! The Hejaz (الحجاز) is the western (Red Sea) coast of what is today Saudi Arabia. It is the location of the holy cities of Mecca and Medina, and is the destination of those participating in the Muslim "Hajj" pilgrimage. Here is a lithograph (I think?) of the Khedive Abbas Helmy II arriving at Medina and being received by the Ottoman authorities. While Egypt did have a hereditary ruler at the time, it was nominally a province of the Ottoman Empire, as was the Hejaz. The reverse of the medal shows the Mohammed Aly Mosque, located in the medieval citadel of Cairo. This iconic mosque was built by Mohammed Aly Pasha, the founder of the dynasty of the khedives, and later Kings Fouad and Farouk. I can barely make out a few words from the inscription of the bottom of the medal, but I see it says "الاحتفال بعيد جلوس الخديوي" that is, "the celebration of the anniversary of the Khedive's enthronement" and a couple of words I can't make out, and finally "العودة من الأقطار الحجازية" the return from the Hejazian lands/regions. The date is at the bottom, but unfortunately I can't make out the year, but the rest of it says Tuesday 13th (or 12th I can't tell) Muharram. The year would then, obviously, be the Hegira date, not AD. Very beautiful piece! Sorry I couldn't be of more help. EDIT: I found the actual dies for this medal being sold, according to that site " Pair of indeterminate iron embossing dies with high relief . The front shows the ruler in an ornamental frame with landmark Egypt ( Sphinx and pyramids ). The reverse presents a view of a Mosque ( Mohammed Ali Mosque in Cairo ) within an ornamental frame , above Horus falcon , bottom two lines of Arabic script. The front bears the signature "S. G. un ". The back is called the year 1325 AH ( = 1907 AD ) in the inscription. Weight : 1.45 kg and 1.65 kg, Diameter : 78.26 mm and 78.80 mm . " Also, hope this isn't too off topic, but I found a rather interesting bookplate that appears to have belonged to Pierre Crabites and his wife Charlotte: Source:
  12. It says "Forsan el Jaww" (فرسان الجو) "Knights of the Air". Sorry I can't garner any more information from it!
  13. I vaguely remember seeing a medal of this same "order". I will try to dig it up again and post it. I remember it had this same "amateur" Arabic script. Found it! House Order Medal of Khedive Abbas Hilmi II. Gilt Bronze, Measuring 34mm in Diameter. (from "Kelisli"'s Flickr albums)
  14. The top says "الأمة مصدر السلطات" "The Nation is the Source of Authority", which is a phrase seen in many Arab constitutions, and was one of the slogans of Egypt's pro-independence Wafd Party. The lower half says "مجلس الشيوخ" "Senate", literally the Council of 'Shiekh's but I believe in the sense of elders, not Arab/tribal shiekhs. This is the translation used when referring to the United States Senate, as well as current and former Senates in various Arab countries.
  15. Hey everyone! I found the orders of dress for the Royal Egyptian Navy from 1925, from the Standing Orders for the royal yacht El Mahroussa. I found these scans on the Facebook page of the Rare Books and Special Collections section of the Alexandria Library. I'm going to translate them as best as I can, but for now, here are the orders of dress listed for naval officers: 1. Full ("Grand") Dress Uniform - Winter 2. Full Dress Uniform - Summer 3. Lesser Winter Dress Uniform - with epaulets 4. Lesser Winter Dress uniform without epaulets 5. "Daily" uniform - Winter 6. Lesser Dress uniform - Summer 7. "Daily" uniform - Summer There are also general rules, such as that the King's ADC wears an aiguillette on the right shoulder, while staff officers wear it on the left. I wish there were drawings included, but it does make some of the uniforms I've seen in photos and videos make more sense.
  16. Amazing!!! Most of these branch insignia are still in use, without the crown of course. My grandfather was a Lt. Col. in the Maintenance corps. I have his collar insignia, the same as the one you uploaded, but with little discs with a crescent and three stars soldered over the crown (added after the revolution of 1952). From the back you can still see the outline of the crown. I'll try to post a picture. If only we could locate some uniform manuals or orders of dress! Amazing find, Chris!
  17. My grandfather received a medal for his work for the Ministry of Social Solidarity from the governor of Domiat (Damietta) made with a similar mold, I guess you'd say. It was on a keychain though, not a ribbon.
  18. Spain. This eagle, called the "Eagle of St. John" is the emblem of the Spanish army. (Not sure if it is used by other branches of the armed forces or not) Digital rendition from Wikipedia:
  19. Owain, I found an extract of the original decrees for founding various orders, decorations, and medals, as well as the hierarchy of noble titles from 1915 to 1919 (reigns of Hussein Kamel and Fouad I's first few years as a sultan), in Arabic and French, with descriptions of the designs of these awards. "Grades et Decorations Institues Par Sa Hautesse Le Sultan" - digitally archived at the Alexandria Library It has a lot of interesting information, including something that I had heard from different sources but never actually seen in writing, namely, that blue and red were the livery colors of the House of Mohamed Aly (the ruling dynasty).
  20. This is a pin from El Ahly sporting club (still i existence today). The Arabic text says "El Ahly l'El Riyada el Badaniya" meaning El Ahly (National) [Club] for Physical Sports. Red is the club color, and the crescent and three stars were the heraldic symbol of Egypt from the 19th century to 1958. I've never seen this design, so I don't know if it's an unofficial pin or maybe an early design. Here is the logo of the club from the monarchy that I've seen before (in color), and the evolution of the logo in the present one:
  21. Wow! Awesome! I've never seen any book solely about phaleristics in Arabic. I'll try to get any of my relatives in Egypt to try and find me a copy.
  22. Another amazing photo, Chris! I was wondering, do you have any photos or information about the uniforms of the Royal Guard infantry? I've seen several different styles of uniforms worn by officers and two of them described as "court dress" for Army officers in general (not just the Royal Guard). 1. The uniform in my post (with the braided shoulder cords with rank insignia and cords across the chest), which I've seen in white and black. 2. This uniform, also in white and black (Khedive Abbas Hilmi II) (worn during the 1930s to 1950s tho, even hough its a 19th century design). 3. Another uniform, which I don't have a picture of, because it was someone's family photo, but it was like this uniform that Prince William is wearing Duke and Duchess of Cambridge with ribbons hanging off like that across the front.
  23. He was a department director and later deputy minister in the Ministry of Social Affairs (officially of "Ministry of Social Solidarity").
  24. I think this is an award from the provincial administration of el Fayoum. My grandfather had similar awards of similar quality from the governorate of Dumiat (Damietta) and from the Ministry of Social Affairs. It's governmental of course (as in, not a privately issued award) but I don't think it would have as much value as a military medal or an order. It's a nice piece, but I don't think it's very valuable.
  25. It's from Egypt. The front says "Governorate of Fayoum" (province in Egypt) on the eagle, with the symbol of the province (water wheel). I can't see what the inscription on top says, could you take a closer picture? The reverse says "With kindest wishes (regards), Governorate of Fayoum". The case has the name of the manufacturer (a jeweler or silversmith): Habib Mikha'il Habib, 7 Maksar el Khashab Street, in El Mouski (area of old Cairo), Telephone Number: 9023939". Based on the two stars, I think this is the period of the United Arab Republic, (1958 - 1971). It's not from the present also, because landline phone numbers in Cairo are much longer now If I could read the inscription above the eagle I could tell for sure what it says.