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  1. Igor, What Graf mentioned is pure [yet plausible] speculation, please don't take it literally, as most of us have been speculating in this thread lately. Being high-ranking officers would not mean that they were given special issues of orders for bravery. This is proven by the above photos and my similar research (which can actually indicate that lily crosses were being worn by ranks as low as majors). As I said before, I am prone to think that these are private issues. However, I cannot understand the logic of having brass/bronze orders with lily - I assume that if people can afford a private issue order, they'd understandably order it in solid silver instead.
  2. I think I found it. General Kantardziev appears to be wearing a 'lily' order (images 1 and 2). According to Wikipedia, he has been given the award for his deeds in the war with Serbia in 1885. Actual decoration took place after the conflict ended (perhaps in 1886). Another general - Ivan Popov is pictured under number 3 and the corresponding zoomed-in image of his order under number 4. Unfortunately, there are no better quality images out there in the internet, so I cannot be certain for either of these cases. What are your thoughts?
  3. Bulgarian Red Cross Medal

    Paja, Even though the award is not fully in front view on this image, I think it is Russian award instead.
  4. I am pretty sure no.2 is featured in Pavlov's book, too. Unsure whose is that order though. Also, in Petrov's book there's [what appears to be] a silver sample with lily of the '1915' type, so that is yet another variation.
  5. Hi all, Thanks Graf, I did notice myself that the pattern looks similar and I am prone to think that these are French-made issues but unless I see a maker's marking on a 'lily' order, I'd consider it as 'to be confirmed'. I've made this comparison collage of the 'lily' IV class orders. From the images I've seen here, at museums and online, there are at least 6 variations with lilies (depending on the swords; shape of the lily, lion etc.; material used; size; notches etc. ) Quite a lot of variance out there... Ilieff
  6. It's probably due to the close family relations with the King, rather than any particular merits, even though that, as per the Order statute, it can be given to people with great merits to humanity, in general. It's a bit slippery when it comes to philanthropy, you know
  7. Hi new world, Information in this regard is present in most of the books on Bulgarian orders, including Pavlov's one (Who is actually citing Petrov). In T.Petrov's books, it is also mentioned of the 'legend' of how the 1st class 1st grade (Grand cross) was 'unintentionally' created when it was presented to Emperor Alexander II of Russia. In order to prevent any confusion, think of the 1st Class 1st Grade as 'Grand Cross'. Due to the low number of official 1st class 1st grades (I only know of 4 examples), any conclusions will be pure speculation. T.Petrov had access to the two earlier samples kept at the Military Museum in Sofia, while Prince Romanov had access to the King's collection which includes the two badges worn by King Ferdinand. Due to this fact, both authors give different measurements to the size of Grand cross badges. I, personally, consider that there are no major differences between the badges of the two grades (Stars are a different story). Of course, there are minimal variances in size, material and style but this is due to the different manufacturers, rather than intentionally set sizes and shapes. In WW1, the King has officially unified the sizes of both grades (as per Pertov again) to 61mm. However, I have no idea what's the logic behind this, as practically nobody can be awarded the 1st Grade anyway. It might be just a way to set a unified size for the 2nd Grade going forward. Thanks,
  8. Hi, Actually, the order sash should be worn over the left shoulder (the rest of the Bulgarian Grand cross awards are instead worn over the right shoulder). However, there are earlier images of King Simeon (as a teenager), wearing it over the right shoulder. I assume it was down to the lack of knowledge and suitable advisors at that time. As for the sash and collar combination - it is an interesting choice indeed, but not the only example (as per image below). Plus, being the grand master of the order itself, King Simeon can do as He pleases. Lastly - the breast star with swords and diamonds. That is also an interesting choice. My assumption is that there is no other suitable breast star to go with the collar, as the other diamond Alexander star is most probably used by Queen Margarita (Giovanna before her, etc). By the way, both stars can be seen on my website.
  9. Hi all, I wanted to share this recent photograph with you without having to open another thread, sorry for the off-topic. Official portrait of King Simeon on the occasion of His 80th jubilee.
  10. hi new world, I get your point. Perhaps we see it from different perspectives, hence we got to different conclusions. You said it right - the book is already 15 years old and a large portion of the information has been deemed as out-of-date. I'd like to see these mistakes corrected in the new edition (even though it cannot be purchased freely either). In terms of it being the best catalogue out there - it's only partialy true. It really depends on what you intend to use it for. If you collect generic awards, like e.g. Ferdinand/Boris Orders of Merit, then it's perfect. However, if you are interested in the earlier Battenberg awards, like Igor; the history of the system itself or, say, the Red cross badges in particular - then Pavlov's book is of little use. In essence, it's a good reference but I don't think we should overrate it, simply because it has no other 'rivals' out there. Can you please explain what do you mean by 'Pavlov's classification system'? I think I am confused. Please note, I am not undermining Pavlov's work. I admire his attempt to cataloguize the whole system of distinctions and I wish him well.
  11. Prof. Pavlov's book is too overrated. Its price has been high since it's launch in 2002/2003 and I am sure such high price has been artificially maintained (one way or another). Do not forget that Pavlov is a professor in Economics and [should] knows how to sell his stuff.
  12. I've just came across this interesting example, sold at ebay.at. At first, it appears to be a generic cross with missing ribbon. However, when I looked closer, it is a bit different. The obverse is generic - the usual horizontally positioned crowns and central medallion. However, the reverse is identical to the 'rare' model shown in Prince Romanoff's book. If my assumption is correct, then we have an example of a third type of this cross or at least a sub-type of either of the known ones. @Petar Keserdzhiev , could you please post an image of the reverse so we can compare? Thanks,
  13. Thank you for the scans, Petar. Igor, information about Battenberg period awards (in general) is next to zero. I doubt that any of the current books can provide you with a detailed knowledge in this regard.
  14. This is a great find, Petar. As far as I know, apart from the position of the crowns, there are also visible differences in the centre of the cross. These are especially clear on the reverse. Looking at the ribbon - it looks as if someone has manually drawn the green stripe by hand (being quite wavy, washed away at the edges and not centrally aligned). Is this the case? If yes, this can suggest a later alteration. Also, I don't think this has been given to a lady (if given at all), Graf. Firstly, the 'straight' ribbons are strictly for males and secondly, as far as I know, the lady ribbons for this particular medal did not differ in width (like other Bulgarian decorations do). Have you noticed the clearly larger ring? There certainly must be a reason for it. Ilieff
  15. Would it be possible for someone to post in here a couple of sample pages from this book please? I cannot decide whether it`s worth buying it, considering I am not fluent in German.