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Lukasz Gaszewski

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About Lukasz Gaszewski

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    Poland, Europe, Northern Hemisphere, Earth, Solar System, Milky Way

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  1. Medal Identification

    Hi Kevin, top row: Large Silver Medal for Bravery (Austro-Hungary) Small Silver Medal for Bravery (Austro-Hungary) Bronze "Signim Laudis" Medal (Kingdom of Hungary) Charles Troops Cross - for front service (Austro-Hungary) WWI Commemorative Medal f. Combatants (Kingdom of Hungary) middle row: Wound Medal w. ribbon f. 2 wounds (Austro-Hungary) and badge for war disabled on it (Kingdom of Hungary) National Defense Cross (Kingdom of Hungary) bottom row: WWI Commemorative Medal f. Combatants (Austrian Republic) WWI Commemorative Medal (Kingdom of Bulgaria) Return of Transylvania Commemorative Medal (Kingdom of Hungary) Return of Upper Hungary Commemorative Medal (Kingdom of Hungary) below shield: Decoration of Hero (Vitez) (Kingdom of Hungary) - I believe it should be placed higher, as it was a highly respected Hungarian military award. Unfortunately the photo is too small to see your great grandfather's rank. A-H bravery medals were awarded to non-commissioned ranks, but the "Signum Laudis" suggests he was subsequently promoted to officer in the Kingdom of Hungary.
  2. Polish WW2 & Later Medal / Badge Group

    Hi, your identification is generally correct. I will allow myself to add my two bits. The silver multi-rectangular badge is the decoration of merit to the construction and construction materials industry. The oval one is a commemorative one from a trade unions congress. What regards the BPS badge, the abbreviation comes from 'Brigades of Socialist Labour.' In short, teams of workers declared they would expand the labour plan by so and so much, and depending on how much they succeeded they got the decoration in gold, silver or bronze + usually a bonus of free holidays, refrigerator or tv-set. I believe teams like that were popular in other countries of the bloc as well. The eagle is a contemporary collar badge, worn by general officers today. No idea how it found itself with the other badges. Although fairly popular, the Grunwald Badge is perhaps the most interesting of all badges here. It roughly corresponds to US CIB and means that the recipient served on the front. And one more thing: the silver medal on the right commemorated not the 20th but the 10th anniversary of the republic. It was established in 1954. I tried to identify the guy, but the name is too popular. Even the double name did not give any results.
  3. Socialist Yugoslavia Fakes!

    You can always try your luck, contact seller and offer your price. It works sometimes. The seller chose the "buy it now" option, which may suggest he is open to negotiations. Good luck!
  4. Not Sure

    Hi, these are the unit badges of 65th Infantry Regiment. During the Korean War it was within 3rd Infantry Division, which goes well with the medals and other insignia on display. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/65th_Infantry_Regiment_(United_States) Best, Lukasz
  5. Nice... The first is the Cross of Deported to Siberia, a state-awarded decoration of 2003, conferred to Polish citizens deported into the USSR (not only to Siberia), following the Soviet attack on Poland of September 17, 1939. The second is a Cross of Merit of the Association of the Deported to Siberia, an organizational award.
  6. I have looked into my sources. There were 112 recipients (24 Poles and 88 foreigners) between 1921 and 1939. Some sources say 111, as one (Stanislaw Car, awarded posthumously in 1938) is not always included. I have not found any source which would prove that kings Fuad and Farouk, as well as Camillo Perini were ever awarded. With Göring, there was a rumour a few years ago, made by a Polish journalist who insisted that Göring was would be awarded in 1936, but the award was kept secret (!) after the war. Later on, it turned out that he simply mistook the Yugoslav Order of the White Eagle (which Göring indeed did have) with its Polish counterpart, but the affair started living its own life. What regards Mr Wesolowski's book, I have no idea where he got his 95 recipients from. Wesolowski did a great thing, as he was probably the first person who wrote about Polish orders and medals in English. The bad thing about him is that he did not bother to update his figures in subsequent editions, even when access to the sources was facilitated.
  7. Polish Wiki gives the complete list of 24 Polish (including 3 presidents ex officio) and 88 foreign recipients between 1921 and 1939, with the exact date of each award. https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Order_Or%C5%82a_Bia%C5%82ego#II_Rzeczpospolita_.28lista_pe.C5.82na.29
  8. You are right, it is Yugoslav. I found it out. It is the medal for construction of the bridge on the Danube River after WWII.
  9. New book on Egyptian orders and medals

    I got my copy this month and I must admit I am very glad I have it. Although most of the decorations described in the book are not alien to me, there are some I had no idea of. Certainly, I can imagine that the book might contain more information, especially about recipients, still it is probably the most complete work on the historical and contemporary orders and medals of Egypt so far. The edition is excellent, all pictures are big and although collected from different sources, their quality is more than satisfactory. Of course if you want to use the book as a reference, not only as a source of pictures, the knowledge of at least basic Arabic is a must. A summary in English would certainly be an asset. Anyway, my big respect to the author for a really good job indeed! I am not disappointed and I can recommend the book to all interested in Egyptian honours. What regards the stamps on the envelope, I Iiked them very much. I wonder if somebody had a closer look on who they depicted. It is the late Pope Shenouda III, the Pariarch of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria. To me these stamps are one more proof that Egypt can take well from the richness of its history and cultural heritage.
  10. HELP- which branch? Hungarian wintercoat (major)

    I think it is General Staff. The black may have faded over the years.
  11. Hungarian Order of Merit- Query

    Hello, Your question is difficult to answer in just one sencence, as the Hungarian Order of Merit (Cross of Merit until 1935) was awarded for the period of over 20 years, from 1922 (practically 1923) to 1944, and its size varied. Generally, what regards the crosses of the upper classes, they were as follows: - Grand Cross: 1922-30 - 60 mm, 1930-39 - 62 mm; then with the establishment of the class of GC with the Crown of Hungary in 1939, the so-far 1st class was renamed to Grand Cross, with the badge usually 53 mm, but larger, even up to 57 can be found as well. - Cross 1st Class (sash decoration but smaller than that of GC): 1922-30: 51 mm, 1930-39 - 53 mm; after 1939 no longer in use. - Grand Officer (called actually Cross 2nd Class with Star and from 1935 Middle Cross w. Star): 1922-30 - 50 mm, then 52-53 mm. - Commander (Cross 2nd Class and from 1935 Middle Cross): as above. A few years ago I published an exhaustive article about the Hungarian Order of Merit at JOMSA (2/2012). I think you will find there all details you need. Regards, Lukasz
  12. USA Ribbon Bars

    Yes, it is Polish. A few (minor) comments on this bar. 1. The wound decoration is for a single wound. A second would be denoted by another star. 2. The first ribbon in 2nd row is definitely BEM. The ribbon of the order is wider. 3. The two identical ribbons are from two different classes of the Cross of Merit (probably silver and bronze). Gold and silver laces to denote class were first introduced after the war, only in Poland. Emigration never used them. 3. The last in 2nd row can be of the Medal of Merit of the Primate's of Poland Emmigrational Representative, as Irish Gunner said, or another unofficial church medal. Certainly hand-made. 4. He is also right to say that the long service medal for 30 years was never officially awarded, but I believe some may have been made by the self-styled president Nowina-Sokolnicki. This can be one of them. The other two can be from him too. No idea what the two crosses can be for. Ribbon bar holders perhaps? The post should be moved to the Polish section. Unfortunately I have no rights to do so. Happy New Year! Lukasz
  13. Hi, The tunic comes certainly from the 2nd half of 1960s - there is already the medal for 20 years of victory over Germany of 1965, but it is lacking the medal for the 50th anniversary of Soviet Armed Forces of 1968. It is not always possible to identify the owner of a uniform but this time I am pretty sure who it belonged to. IMHO it was owned by Col. Gen. Pavel Alexeyevich Kabanov (1897-1987), who during the war served in the railroad forces and after the war was the head of them. Please have a look at these two photos I have found. On the first, from the early 1960s Kabanov has 3 Orders of Lenin, 3 Orders of Red Banner, Order of Kutuzov 1st class, Order of Patriotic War 1st class, only one Order of Red Banner of Labor and practically the same set of Soviet medals that can be found on the tunic. He is also wearing the three medals of Czechoslovakia which are on the tunic and a medal which I cannot identify now (though I am sure I have seen it before) and which matches well the blue-white-red ribbon. The second photo from 1970s, depicts the general already with 4 Orders of Lenin and two Orders of Red Banner of Labor and I belive there is also the medal for Defense of the Caucasus, which is missing on the first photo. Although Soviet railroad troops wore green piping, I belive it did not regard generals. Unfortunately Kabanov does not have an entry in the English Wikipedia, so here is a link to Russian Wiki, which I hope may help: https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9A%D0%B0%D0%B1%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%BE%D0%B2,_%D0%9F%D0%B0%D0%B2%D0%B5%D0%BB_%D0%90%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%BA%D1%81%D0%B5%D0%B5%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%87 So it was a great acquisition indeed! Kind regards - Lukasz
  14. Polish Medals and Rolls

    Chris, I have sent you PM.
  15. Hi Chris,

    Ah, that Monsieur René Mittenaere!

    I am not sure if he is still alive. A couple of years back I was kind of interested in that guy and his war record. I tormented myself with French, trying to read his "L'héroïque Épopée" and I did a quick research regarding his gongs, he had indeed plenty of.

    From what I found, that amiable legionnaire was a real soldier, serving in the Norwegian Campaign in 1940, then in the Middle East, North Africa and Europe. Still, following some other combatants, some time after the war he decided to "tune up" his chest, by accepting practically any medal he could add to his collection.

    Regarding his Polish medals, found out that Mr.Mittenaere  had something to do with general Antoni Zdrojewski. That really brave soldier, an officer of the Polish Armed Forces and organizer of Polish Resistance in France also wished to tune up a bit after the war.  Promoted to Brigadier General by the Government in Exile in 1964, in 1975 he accepted the rank of full General and Army Inspector from the self-styled "President" of Poland, Juliusz Sokolnicki and finally in 1979 he was appointed Marshal of Poland (!) by him. I cannot prove this, but my personal opinion is that Mittenaere obtained both the Virtuti Militari and the Gold Cross of Merit with Swords just from Sokolnicki via Zdrojewski. While it was absolutely possible for any Polish or allied soldier to obtain the Virtuti Militari for gallantry in action, it was more than unlikely for a French NCO to receive a Cross of Merit w. Swords in Gold. It was a very prestigious award, comparable to U.S. DSM and conferred practically only to higher commissioned ranks for outstanding merit in organizing and commanding armed  forces during war. As far as I know, even Zdrojewski himself did not receive it. And although Mittaenere's Virtuti and Cross of Merit are dated 1944, I believe they were awarded to him later and backdated. Anyway, on a well-known photo of his from early 1970s he is not yet wearing either of them. Instead, you can spot there the Cross of Valour, and it is one Polish decoration he was most likely to be entitled to. In his official record he says he received it in 1945 and indeed in that year some CV awards were made retroactively for the Norwegian Campaign in which Polish troops also participated. And although Mittenaere's name is not on the roll, the list is most probably incomplete. Interestingly, on another photo, made in 1980s or 1990s, he is wearing not only the Virtuti Militari, but also the officer cross of Polonia Restituta, probably again from Sokolnicki.

    What regards the other two Polish awards, the Medal of Polish Resistance in France (a commemorative decoration recognized by Polish authorities) and the Grand Officer of the Cross of Merit of Polish Resistants in France (a purely organizational award), he probably received both through his contact with Zdrojewski and both can be seen on the photos.