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Rusty Greaves

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  1. Gentlemen, My wife's great grandfather was awarded the Order of Ismail/Nishan al-Ismail during his time in Egypt sitting as a judge on the Mixed Courts in Cairo from 1911-1936. He was awarded this honor in the Grand Officer class, probably at the termination of his judicial career on the District Courts. I have not found any reliable translation of the inscription on the central boss. Edward Haynes' International Electronic Phaleristic Encyclopedia suggests that it may simply be the name of the order, but that statement has multiple question marks and also indicates there might be an additional inscription. May I trouble someone with interest to help translate the inscription on this medal? The medal is currently in a glass mounting and I am not yet privileged to open that frame so my photos of his breast and neck stars contain too much reflection. I am attaching 2 images of the breast star from a past auction through the eMedals website. Many thanks, Rusty
  2. Rusty Greaves

    Question about the Order of Ismail/Nishan al-Ismail

    Owain, thanks for your encouragement. I have spoken with the editor of JOMSA about one or more articles on some of this research and the only additionally time commitment would be obtaining permission of the many auction site images I am obliged to use to get some of the diversity of photographic material about the Order of Ismail. Unlike my anthropology work, I do not have the rights to any of these images. Again, I am most grateful to the staff GMIC for providing this extensive and sophisticated forum that has allowed me to learn about these particular beautiful medals, and the knowledgeable and generous interested contributors here who have both helped and encouraged my own efforts at learning more about the Order of Ismail! I have a few contributions to follow up with on hallmarks related to the Order of Ismail. First, one correction: I misidentified the image of the gold hallmark on the eMedals Grand Cordon breast star in the the 5th from last image of my post of 11 January, 2019 as the "same Grand Officer's breast star", but it is an image from the same Grand Cordon breast star shown in the previous 3 images of that post. I particularly want to elaborate on the placement of the gold hallmark on the 4th Class Knight's breast badge. In my 11 January post, I provided one (of 3 illustrations of the Knight's badge) illustration of a Knight's breast badge showing the silver hallmark on the inferior central ray of the silver embellishment on this example from an eMedals auction of October 2017 (in the 13th & 14th images from last on that post). Unlike the Grand Cordon or Grand Officers' breast badges, no gold hallmarks are visible on the reverse of the gold rays of the five-pointed star of this badge nor on other examples of the reverse of the 4th Class insignia I have come across in my research. I recently fond a couple examples of the location of the gold hallmarks for the Knight's breast badge on the suspension ring. 4th Class Knight's breast badge of the Order of Ismail showing the 3 gold hallmarks on the right obverse portion of the suspension ring (~3:00 o'clock position). As noted below, the suspension ring is probably not fixed in place, so the visibility of the hallmarks depends on the movement of the ring. This is an example made by J. Lattes from an auction of June 2016 by Heritage Auctions (previously unsold from a December 2015 auction). The description identifies it as 58 mm wide (no height given), correctly indicates it is 18 carat gold, and is in it's original case. The fact that it lacks the ribbon makes the hallmarks visible, unlike most other examples I have seen where most of the suspension ring is obscured by the ribbon. The image (and close-up below) are not high enough resolution to allow me to read the hallmarks. Thanks to this image, I have been able to see the margins of these hallmarks on a few other photographs of the Knight's badge (for example, see both illustrations in my post on this thread of 7 December, 2017, the first showing the full set of 3 hallmarks and the second showing only the margin of one), but this is the best I have found thus far showing their position. From: https://historical.ha.com/itm/military-and-patriotic/foreign-wars/egyptian-order-of-ismail-by-lattes-of-cairo/a/6144-47429.s Close-up view of the same Knight's breast badge form the same cased Heritage Auctions' Lattes example (https://historical.ha.com/itm/military-and-patriotic/foreign-wars/egyptian-order-of-ismail-by-lattes-of-cairo/a/6144-47429.s) showing the location of the 3 Egyptian gold hallmarks. Not being able to examine any Kight's medals, I do not know if the suspension ring is free-to-move (as it appears to be in the images shown on my 11 January post of the first 2 images of the reverse of the eMedals example of the Knight's breast badge, again in the 13th & 14th images from last on that post) or fixed (probably not?). The location of the hallmarks is then likely probably dependent on the movement of the ring, not any predetermined portion of the movable suspension ring. Illustrations from the Egyptian Department of Hallmarks and Measures Archive (illustrated by Azza Fahmy in her 2007 book Enchanted Jewelry of Egypt: The Tradition and Craft, the American University of Cariro Press, Cairo, New York) does show that there are proper placements identified for a range of jewelry attachment hardware, in addition to hallmark locations specified for the body of different kinds and styles of jewelry made in Egypt. Azza Fahmy's book confirms that the first table of date hallmarks I posted on this thread on 12 September, 2018 is the correct table from the Egyptian Department of Hallmarks and Measures. I am illustrating her copy of this table below as it is slightly higher resolution than the example I posted from the I Nostra Avi website (posted 12 September), and addresses my questions about the tables referenced in the George C. Miles 1957 article and the eBay example I posted on 11 January, 2019. Fahmy notes (2007: pg 197) that the Egyptian Dept. of Hallmarks and Measures was established under Saladin (AD 1138-93), the marking of gold and silver purity was included in regulations created under Muhammad Ali in 1809, and laws regarding the hallmarking of jewelry were established in 1847. Relevant to the Order of Ismail, additional regulation the of hallmarks was done under Khedive Abbas Hilmi II in 1913. Fahmy also notes (pp 198, 200) a law issued under Sultan Hussein Kamel in 1916 that required all jewelers to hallmark their wares, and prohibited the sale of unhallmarked jewelry. That law also eliminated the 450 silver designation, especially for goods exported from Egypt (and the same restriction applied to 15 carat gold). Although redundant with some of the internet information I included about hallmarks on 11 January, Fahmy's illustrations are clearer, so I have included some here. These are high resolution images from her book and can be zoomed. Table of letters used to from the Egyptian Department of Hallmarks and Measures Archives, illustrated by Azza Fahmy on pg 199 of her 2007 volume: Enchanted Jewelry of Egypt: The Tradition and Craft. This higher resolution version of this table than the table I posted on 12 September, 2018. Fahey notes (pg 201) that Arabic letters were used as date hallmarks from 1940 onwards and that after 1949 (until 1967) the letters changed every 2 years (rather than the previous practice of changing them each year). When the war between Egypt and Israel occurred in 1967, Egypt stopped importing the steel pens used to trace hallmarks on jewelry from England until 1974 in order to conserve their reserves of foreign currency. Gold hallmarks from illustrations in the Fahmy 2007 book: Above L= the ibis symbol identifying gold jewelry from Egypt (pg 201); Above R=hallmarks identifying the number of carats of gold jewelry (pg 198), from top to bottom: 23.5 carats, 21 carats, 18 carats, 15 carats (unlike the information I posted on 11 January, Fahmy identifies 15 rather than 14 carats for this gold hallmark), and 12 carats, all identifying Cairo as the hallmark office; Below center=an alternative hallmark for 23.5 carat gold hallmark without any assay office mark. Egyptian silver hallmarks from illustrations in the Fahmy 2007 book (page 200): L= top to bottom: the lotus hallmark indicating silver, the most common form of the cat hallmark with its tail raised (seen on all photographs I have seen showing hallmarks for the Order of Ismail, as well as the Egyptian Mixed Courts judges badge I have been researching), and a variant of the cat hallmark for silver with its tail lowered and shown here with the fineness 900 mark (although the previous information I posted on indicates the lotus is a post-1946 Egyptian silver hallmark and the cat was used from 1916-1946, Fahmy does not identify these date distinctions, and she may erroneously indicate 1940 as the date for the establishment of the block hallmark (leftmost) to indicate the type of precious metal); R=table of Egyptian silver hallmarks by region with date hallmarks of 1965-1967 or 1968-1974. 20th century document (1965-1967 or 1968-1974?) from the Egyptian Department of Hallmarks and Measures Archive showing Egyptian gold hallmark (ibis) and carat hallmarks (from Fahmy 2007 pg 202) 20th century document (1965-1967 or 1968-1974?) from the Egyptian Department of Hallmarks and Measures Archive showing Egyptian silver hallmark (lotus) and silver fineness hallmarks (from Fahmy 2007 pg 203). In the interest of including some information on hallmarks that may be relevant to any monarchy in exile versions of the Order of Ismail (see http://elm.com.sg and the post by Markus that he started on 28 November, 2018 in his thread "Interesting Egyptian orders in Spink Auction" here in the Middle East and Arab States section, showing 2 Order of Ismail insignia from the 1920s and two monarchy in exile awards: an Order of Light [Nishan al-Noor] and an Order of Mohammad Ali, although no hallmark information is present in the auction description other than the statement that they have the seal of King Fuad II and the unspecified maker's name), I am illustrating an example of the medallist ELM from Singapore's hallmarks. I cannot find examples on any Orders or other analogous awards, but there is a robust interest and internet documentation of runners' medals designed by ELM for various races around the world. ELM medals are apparently recognized as superior craftsmanship among race medal collectors (participants), and are well-illustrated. The best example that I could find showing the 2 ELM hallmarks is illustrated in the second set of photos below. Illustration from the former initial website page of ELM medal makers who manufacture the monarchy in exile issue of the Order of Ismail (from: https://instarix.com/p/1449052170103257288_4325996166#). This illustration shows the breast badge in the correct orientation. The current 50th Anniversary ELM home page has a rotating set of illustrations that begins with the Order of Ismail oriented incorrectly with the superior portion of the badge to the left (http://elm.com.sg). The current English website for ELM does not appear to have a gallery. However, the French language ELM website does illustrate several different world Orders they manufacture, including the Egyptian monarchy in exile versions of the Order of Ismail and the Order of Mohammad Ali (http://elm.com.sg/fr/orders-decorations-medals/orders-decorations/). An ELM of Singapore medal for the 2015 1st ELM Medal Race: West Coast Mazda Run from the SG Runners.com website http://www.sgrunners.com/forum/index.php?/topic/19149-medal-hunters-united-list-of-elm-medal-races/&page=5). This high resolution image can be zoomed to see the 2 ELM hallmarks on the ribbon suspension. In this example, the left illustration is the obverse and has the "ELM" hallmark. On the right is the reverse with the "www.elm.com.sg" hallmark. The placement of these hallmarks is principally on the ribbon suspension, but the side of the suspension with each hallmark is variable on some illustrated examples, and a few have hallmarks on the body of the medal. I do not know if these same hallmarks are used on awards such as the monarchy in exile version of the Order of Ismail nor what precious metal hallmarks may also be present. As noted above, the Spink auction examples of the monarchy in exile awards of the Order of Light and the Order of Mohammed Ali also are marked with the "seal" (cipher?) of King Fuad II.
  3. Rusty Greaves

    Question about the Collar of Hanedan

    Gentlemen, I've been engaged in research on some Khedive Abbas Hilmi II materials relating to Egypt and have a question about an award he received. He was given the Collar of Hanedan (is the correct name in English? I have seen it called the Collar of the Hanedan-ı Âl-i Osman, Hanedan-ı Âli Osman Nişanı, and the Collar of the Order of Omani Hanedani), which as I understand is normally awarded to princes & princesses of the Ottoman Royal family and to some heads of state. I am having trouble finding good & detailed images of this award. I would appreciate any information from the learned experts here regarding this Ottoman award. Below are the only two images I have found so far of the Collar of Hanedan that are of low-resolution and do not provide much detail. Following that are some well-known images of Khedive Abbas Hilmi II (reign=1892-1914) wearing the Collar of Haneda), and a couple illustrations of other Ottomans wearing the Collar. Two images of the Collar of Hanedan. Above is an image identified as "Hanedani Ali Osman nişanı", from: https://www.pinterest.com/offsite/?token=107-763&url=https%3A%2F%2Fi.pinimg.com%2Foriginals%2F26%2F31%2F21%2F26312134dfb49c8ba2a095808b0386e0.jpg&pin=493918284123639152&client_tracking_params=CwABAAAADDYxMTMzODgzNDYxOAA~0. The drawing below is identified as "Hanedan-ı Âli Osman Nişanı", from: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a5/Huisorde_van_de_Osmanen_aan_lint.jpg Photo of Khedive Abbas Hilmi II in summer military uniform of a Field Marshall, wearing the Collar of Hanedan in addition to other Ottoman decorations and the breast star of Order of Imtiaz (One Egyptian source identifies that as the Supreme Order of Imtiaz in Brilliant, is that a correct designation?) This portrait is from from the French weekly newspaper L'Illustration, No 3148, June 27, 1903, later used on a number of contemporary Egyptian postcards. From: https://www.flickr.com/photos/kelisli/501497462/in/photostream/ Portrait of Khedive Abbas Hilmi II, from the Prince Muhammad Ali Hassan Mansion, now known as “Atlı Köşk” (Mansion with the Horse), Istanbul, showing the Collar of Hanedan worn with the neck badge of the Order of Imtiaz and the breast star for that Order. (From: http://lcivelekoglu.blogspot.com/2013/12/tarihten-bugune-dusen-notlar-20-aralik.html Stencil colored lithograph portrait of Khedive Abbas Hilmi II showing the Collar of Hanedan worn with the neck badge of the Order of Imtiaz. One of the very rare Weißenburg illustrated broadsheets (Weißenburg, Burckardts Nachfolger, c. 1895]), probably executed after 1889, possibly in 1895, 43 x 34 cm. From: https://www.zvab.com/Abbas-Hilmi-II-Egypt-Illustrated-broadsheet/12256693498/bd#&gid=1&pid=1 Postcard portrait of Khedive Abbas Hilmi II, possibly from an original illustration published in the journal al-Hilal 1 (16), 1892, pg 26, and also later used in a modified form in the German Newspaper Illustrierte Zeitung, No, 3030, 25 July 1901, Leipzig & Berlin, showing the Collar of Hanedan. From: https://www.pinterest.com/offsite/?token=153-738&url=https%3A%2F%2Fi.pinimg.com%2Foriginals%2Fc0%2Fd5%2F7e%2Fc0d57e5927d8c536e98a66c17e009930.jpg&pin=557039047630494865&client_tracking_params=CwABAAAADDExMTY3ODQyNTUwNgA~0 Studio ortrait of Khedive Abbas Hilmi II wearing the Collar of Hanedan and the breast star of the Order of Imtiaz. This is a 1910 portrait of the Khedive, the year he returned from his pilgrimage and the year of his coronation anniversary, made by the studio Atelier Reiser, of Alexandria & Cairo. The signature on the lower left is that of Abbas Hilmi II. I believe that this portrait is the basis for the bust on the obverse of the Abbas Hilmi II commemorative medal celebrating his coronation anniversary and return from Hegaz. From: http://www.amar-foundation.org/020-khedive-abbas-ḥilmi-ii/ Portrait photo identified as Abdulmejid II, the last Caliph of Islam, the 37th Head of the Ottoman Imperial House from 1922 to 1924, wearing the Collar of Hanedan. From: https://www.pinterest.ca/pin/516295544775706676/ Self-portrait of Caliph Abdulmejid II, the last Caliph of Islam, who also was an important painter of late Ottoman art, showing the Collar of Hanedan. From: http://selfportraitsofcolor.tumblr.com/post/141011922378/caliph-abdülmecid-ii-self-portrait-turkey-1943 Şehzade Yusuf Izzeddin in a portrait at Windsor as the Ottoman Crown Prince, 1911 wearing the Collar of the Hanedan-ı Âl-i Osman (I cannot identify many of his awards other than the Order of Osmanieh on the 2nd row to the viewer’s R). From: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/84/Z.K.H._Prins_Yusuf_Izzedidin_van_Turkije_1857-1916.jpg
  4. I have no experience ordering anything from Falera-et-Orbis.com, however the website has had available the following highly incorrect alleged "Egyptian Order of Ismail" (single example or multiple "in stock" examples?), identified as a Commander Class neck badge (but possibly supposed to be a miniature of this Order) available ("in stock") at the very high price of 1500€ for greater than 1 year when I first came across it (https://www.falera-et-orbis.com/svetovna-odlikovanja/egypt?product_id=345). This piece bears only cartoon resemblance to the full-sized design of this award. While ~500-1000€ is the top estimated auction price I have seen for some of the few available correctly configured miniatures of the Order of Ismail (see: https://www.coins-la-galerie-numismatique.com/auction-33/order-ismail-1) , 2 genuine miniatures sold in an October 2018 auction of La Galerie Numismatique archived onto Sixbid.com website sold for 120-140€ (https://www.sixbid.com/browse.html?auction=5367&category=168960). The item on the Falera-et-Orbis.com website is a very strange interpretation of the design of this Order based very roughly on the sash badge (Grand Cordon) or neck badge (Grand Officer or Commander Classes) of the Order of Ismail. "EGYPT, KINGDOM. RARE ORDER OF ISMAIL 3RD CLASS, COMMANDER Silver, gilt, enamel - all in excellent condition!.. 1,500.00€" From: https://www.falera-et-orbis.com/svetovna-odlikovanja/egypt?product_id=345
  5. Gentlemen, I have a question regarding the Khedivate Judges Badge in Egypt. My wife's great grandfather was appointed to the international court (the Mixed Courts) in Egypt and served between 1911-1936. Unfortunately the family does have this badge, the illustration I am providing comes from a different source. There was a discussion in May, 2011 on GMIC regarding an example a member had obtained (link quoted here). I am curious whether someone would be kind enough to translate the enamelled inscription on this badge? I am including a photograph of my wife's great grandfather (Pierre Crabites) in his judicial robes wearing this badge.
  6. Rusty Greaves

    Egypt Khedivate Judge's Badge question

    Below is a cased Egyptian Mixed Courts judges' badge from a 2015 auction by Clark Auction Gallery in Larchmont, NY (USA) that is archived on the LiveAuctioneers website (https://www.liveauctioneers.com/item/38904932_silver-froment-meurice-egyptian-badge). The set includes a cased judges' badge made by Froment-Meurice. The badges is thought to have been used in Alexandria, possibly because of the studio name on one of the 2 photos of an Egyptian national wearing judicial regalia that includes judicial sash and badge, a tunic, and fez that was part of this auction lot. One of the 2 photos (both are the same portrait) has the following inscription on the reverse: "Artistival Photographs Haure/No 1. Gordon Pacha Street/Alexandria Egypt". This set came from an estate in Westchester, NY (USA). It is unclear if there is an association between the studio photograph of a Native judge and this silver badge. In combination with some other photographic information I've posted here, it may suggest that the Native Courts' badge also was usually silver, as was the badge for the prosecutor's office, the Parquet. An unusual medal or badge is included with this auction lot that may be a fantasy piece or some other medal (non-Egyptian probably) that I cannot identify with my limited knowledge. Above is the silver judicial badge in its case Above is an image of the obverse face of this silver badge. This badge is identified as measuring 3.5 " wide x 4.5 " high (76 mm wide x 114 mm high) and the wring tis given as 5.44 troy oz. The reverse of this silver judges badge. There appears to be a single silver hallmark (most likely the fineness mark) on the tunic pin close to the proximal bifurcation of the pin near the hinge. The "FROMENT-MEURICE" manufacturer's hallmark is visible above he bosses holding the obverse tablet wit the enamel inscription to the back portion of the badge. Close-up view of the "FROMENT-MEURICE" hallmark on the reverse this badge. The inscription on the inside of the upper lid of the case for this judicial badge with the inscription: "FROMENT-MEURICE; 372.RUE ST. HONORÉ; PARIS". This the same address than that is embossed on the red silk lining of the dark blue case for the silver parquet badge of the Greek judge on the Parquet, Judge Apostolo N. Gennaropoulo (from a 2014 eBay auction), shown in the last photo of my post of March 24, 2017 on this thread. However, it is different from the address in the red silk & velvet lined red case for a silver judges' badge made by Froment-Meurice from a June 2018 eMedals auction which reads ""FROMENT-MEURICE; 46.RUE D'ANJOU; PARIS" (badge and case shown in the first 5 photos of my post of 23 July 2018 on this thread). I do not know if these different addresses might indicate a move of the Froment-Meurice workshops that could be of any use in dating such badges (in the absence of better images of the date hallmarks that some of these piece may have). The 2 studio photos of a judge wearing the judicial sash, judicial badge, long tunic, and fez behind the obverse of this silver Mixed Courts' judicial badge. The portraits appear to show an Egyptian Native judge. The image is not high-enough resolution to determine if the judicial sash is bicolored or only a single color. However, the lower portion of the sash does appear darker in both photos than the upper half of the sash, similar to the sashes of the Republic period judges shown in the 4th and 5th photos of my post of 12 September, 2018, on the hand-tinted image in my 1st photo on the post of 5 November, 2018, and in a reversed orientation of the darker and lighter colors on the Republic judges shown in the 1st, 2nd, & 3rd photos of my October 31, 2018 post, all on this thread. The studio name given from the back of one of these photos is: "Artistival Photographs Haure/No 1. Gordon Pacha Street/Alexandria Egypt". Photograph of the full lot from the main auction listing. Note the medal in the center foreground that I cannot identify (see image below) and its case on the lower R . Obverse of an unidentified medal included with this auction lot. I cannot recognize if this is any kind of genuine award, but perhaps other learned individuals here can share an opinion. It appears likely it could be some kind of unofficial or fantasy piece. The ribbon resembles the red with green stripes of the Moroccan Order of the Throne (Wisam al-Arch). The reverse this medal is mostly plain, but there may be a possible marking on the upper arm of the cross that might be slightly visible in the low-resolution image of the reverse.
  7. Rusty Greaves

    Question about the Collar of Hanedan

    Many thanks for posting this museum image Carol 1, this helps resolve the discrepancies in the reported number of links in the collar. The example you illustrate has 18 larger links in the collar, + the special central link for the suspension device, and 18 of the smaller links with the 6-rayed star=37 links in total.
  8. Rusty Greaves

    Question about the Collar of Hanedan

    Below are two good illustrations of the the Collar of Hanedani, although they are not very high resolution images and some aspect of the design of the neck badge are still unclear in these photos. The above illustration is from the Stephen Patterson reference that Elmar Lang provided. As Enzo noted, this is from Patterson, Stephen, 1996. Royal Insignia: British and Foreign Orders of Chivalry from the Royal Collection. Merrell Holberton Publishers, London. This may be the example presented to King Edward VII. The Royal Collection Identification Number is RCIN 441555a & b. The text description of the collar is on pg 162, and the above image is on pg 167. The text in Patterson calls this the Collar of the Order of Al Handedani, it is in its presentation case. Although the collar is not fully pictured in this photo, the description identifies 18 larger links that are hollow, gold with red and white enamel decorated with the crescent moon and (five-armed) star symbolism. Between these main links are another 19 smaller links of gold with red and white enamel, each ornamented with a 6-armed star. The central link of the collar that is the attachment for suspending the neck badge is the same size & shape of the larger links, but is ornamented with an oval surmounted by the Sultan's turban. I do not know what the imagery in the center of the white oval is, unless it is a variant of the "Ottoman Sun" motif. The reverse of all links is identified as plain. The collar is 695 mm in length x 18 mm wide. The pendant badge is gold with red, white, and yellow enamel. The central medallion is surrounded by a white laurel wreath on the inferior half, joineded in the center with a yellow enameled “wrap”. The superior margin of the pendant medallion is surrounded with a white enameled ribbon with a yellow “daisy” ornament in the middle. The central medallion is ornamented with the imperial Tughra of Abdul Hamid II surrounded by a red enamel border with the dates 699 AH (=AD 1299, the date of the founding of the Ottoman Empire) on the inferior margin and 1311 AH =AD 1893, the date the award was established by Sultan Abdul Hamid II) on the superior margin. There is a small relief ornamentaion that appears to be a band with a central medallion to the left of both dates on the margin of frame of the central medallion. None of the images I of the neck badge I have seen are high enough resolution to more precisely identify this element. I have not yet found any translation of the inscriptions above and below the Tughra. The suspension device is a gold and white enamel crescent moon and star. The badge could be worn attached either to to the collar, or worn at the neck suspended from the red and white ribbon by the gold and enamel clip (it appears it was occasionally worn suspended from the clip without the use of the red & white ribbon) that is decorated with the crescent moon and star designs(as 5 individual elements) as seen on the collar links (shown resting on the ribbon; this is the attachment shown in the first image of Khedive Abbas Hilmi II wearing the Collar on my 16 January post here and by Osman Fuad in the last picture of my post from 18 January, both without use of the ribbon). The pendant badge is identified as 50 mm wide x 83 mm high. The above photo of the Collar of Order of Hanedani Ali Osman Nishani (translated as: Order of the Illustrious Ottoman Dynasty) is from a December, 2008 auction by Mortan & Eden in association with Sothebys (http://www.mortonandeden.com/pdfcats/36web.pdf). This auction listing identifies that this Order only has one class of the award, this Collar. The description identifies the Collar as consisting of 28 links (unlike the total of 37 identified in the Patterson description above), in gold with red and white enamel, alternating star-and-crescent and six-pointed star links The gold ring at the top of the image is identified as the "gold central ring for carrying the gold and enamelled collar badge". However, that ring appears to simply be the closure for the Collar, and the central link with the oval and Sultan's turban is missing from this example.The auction description does note that the collar is "detached in six places but with all links present", however the number of links is not in agreement with the Patterson description and the central attachment link is clearly missing. The alternate suspension clip is pictured above the neck badge. The neck badge is described as having a gold centre with the Tughra of Abdul Hamid II, and the the dates AH 699 (AD 1299) and AH 1311 (AD 1895). It is identified as measuring 44 mm wide x 72 mm high. These dimensions do not match well with those given for the Royal Collection example above. This example is stated to be in a case, custom-made by Spink and Son Ltd (not original?). The description notes that the Order of Hanedani Ali Osman Nishani was exclusively awarded to members of the Ottoman Imperial Family and for foreign Royalty (with the single exception of the Grand Vizier Tewfik Pasha), and was awarded on a total of only 50 occasions. The auction listing estimate for the sale of this item in 2008 was between £30,000-50,000.
  9. Rusty Greaves

    Miniatures of the Middle East & Arab World

    I am including images of several miniatures of the Ottoman Order of Osmanieh and the Order of Medjidie, mostly from past auction on the eMedals website. These show some of the variation in form and execution of these miniatures. Below are a few illustrations of a miniature Ottoman Order of Osmanieh from the Medal-Medaille website (http://www.medal-medaille.com/sold/product_info.php?cPath=499_461&products_id=719). The listing identifies this piece as having a diameter of 19 mm. The rosette without galon indicates it is the 4th Class of this award. No manufacturer identified. Above are 3 images of the obverse of this miniature of the Order of Osmanieh. Above are 2 images of the reverse of this miniature order of Osmanieh Above are 2 images detailing the suspension device of this same medal (upper=obverse; lower=reverse) Below are a few images of another miniature of the Order of Osmanieh from a past eMedals auction (https://www.emedals.com/a-fine-miniature-turkish-order-of-osmania-osmanli). This example is identified in the auction description as made of silver, with red and green enamel and measuring 18.5 mm wide x 26.5 mm high (including the crescent and star suspension device). No manufacturer is specified. Obverse of this miniature of the Order of Osmanieh. Oblique obverse of this miniature of the Order of Osmanieh showing additional design details. Reverse image of this miniature of the Order of Osmanieh. Oblique obverse view of this miniature of the Order of Osmanieh showing more detailed design aspects. Below are a few images of two turkish miniatures, an Order of Medjidie and an Order of Osmanieh, from a miniature 1870 Franco-Priussiona War era chain of 8 miniature medals. The auction description identifies the medals as (R to L): "Iron Cross 1870, crisp details, 14mm, non-magnetic; Order of Hohenzollern with Swords, in silver, crown in Gold, 16x26mm; Saxon Duchies, Ernestine Order, breast star, in silver, center in Gold and enamels, 17.5mm; Saxon Duchies, Ernestine Order, in Gold and enamels, 14x21mm; 1870-71 Franco-Prussian War medal, bronze; 1866 Campaign Cross, bronze; Turkey, Order of Osmania (Osmanli), breast star...; Order of Medjidie (Mecidiye), breast star..." The miniatures are mounted on a gilt chain that is 19 mm long. From a pair eMedals auction: (https://www.emedals.com/an-1870-franco-prussian-war-period-miniature-award-chain) Obverse of a miniature Order of Mejidie (far L) and a miniature Order of Osmanieh. The Order of Medjidie is identified as 19 mm in diameter and made of silver with the central medallion made of gold and enamel. The Order of Osmanieh is 20 mm in diameters and also made of silver with the central medallion made of gold and enamel. The form of the Order of Osmanieh indicates it represents either a 1st or 2nd Class version of this award. No manufacturer is identified for wither of the Ottoman miniatures. Reverse of the same medals on this chain, from R to L are the Order of Mejidie and the Order of Osmanieh. Obverse of the complete miniature set of miniature medals on this chain. Below are a few photos of another miniature chain from a past eMedals auction (https://www.emedals.com/a-late-19th-century-diplomatic-miniature-set-in-gold-eu7183). This group of 8 miniatures is identified as a late 19th century diplomatic miniature set in gold, mounted on a solid gold chain. The medals are identified as: "Bavaria, Order of the Crown, in Gold and enamels, 14x21mm, hallmark of Vince Mayer, Vienna, on the ring, along with Austrian Imperial 18Kt. Gold hallmark; Turkey, Order of Mecidie,...; Saxon Duchies, Ernestine House Order, in Gold and enamels, 15x23mm; Austria, Order of the Iron Crown, in Gold and enamels, 11x21mm; Austria, Franz Joseph Order, in Gold and enamels; Turkey, Order of Osmania, silver, gold and enamels (reverse center missing); Prussia, Order of the Crown, in gilt and enamels; Russia, Order of St. Anne, in Gold and enamels, 12x12mm. Generally very fine to extremely fine condition, circa 1900, of very fine quality manufacture." Above is a view of the obverse of the Order of Osmaieh (3rd from L) miniature on this chain. The Order of Osmanieh is identified as made from silver, gold, and enamels (the reverse center is stated to be missing) . No dimensions are given for this miniature and no manufacturer is specified. Above is the obverse of the miniature Order of Medjidie (2nd from R) on this chain. The Order of Medjidie is identified as made of silver with the central medallion in gold and enamels. No dimensions are given for this miniature and no manufacturer is identified. Above is the reverse of the miniature Order of Medjidie (2nd from L) on this chain. An oblique view of the obverse of the Order of Medjidie (2nd from R) on this chain. Above is the complete set of miniature medals on this chain. Below are a couple photos of a miniature Order of Medjidie on another chain of 6 miniatures, identified as a diplomatic set, from a past eMedals auction (https://www.emedals.com/an-early-attractive-diplomatic-miniature-chain-in-gold-eu7104). The auction description identifies the set as: "Prussian, Order of Red Eagle, in Gold and enamels (13x16mm); Sweden, Order of the Sword, in Gold and enamels; Spain, Order of Isabella the Catholic, in Gold and enamels (14x22mm); Greece, Order of Redeemer, in Gold and enamels; Turkey, Order of Medjidie (Mecidiye), in Silver, center in Gold (13x19mm); France, Order of Legion of Honor, in silver and enamels, center in gold; of fine quality manufacture, in worn condition, generally in very fine condition." Obverse of the miniature Order of Medjidie (2nd from L) from this chain (and all the other 6 miniatures). The Order of Medjidie is identified as made of silver with the central medallion made of and measuring 13 mm wide by 19 mm high. Reverse of the miniature Order of Medjidie (2nd from R) from this chain (and all the other 6 miniatures). Oblique view of the miniature Order of Medjidie (2nd from L) from this chain (and all the other 6 miniatures). Below is an image of a miniature Order of Medjidie from a mounted set of 9 miniatures on an archived past eMedals auction (https://www.emedals.com/group-of-nine-miniatures-gb0476). This miniature of the Order of Medjidie (far L) it is next to miniatures of the Egyptian Khedive Star and the Egyptian Khedive's Sudan Meda. TheOrder of Medjidie is identifies as made of silver and enamel and measuring 9.5 mm wide x 27 mm high. No manufacturer is identified for this medal. Below is another miniature Order of Medjidie in a group of miniatures from a past eMedals auction (https://www.emedals.com/a-fine-victorian-miniature-group-of-four-gb2515). This set is identified as a Victorian period miniature group on a bar that includes: "Indian Mutiny Medal (silver, 17.4 mm); Crimea Medal, 4 Clasps - ALMA, BALAKLAVA, INKERMANN, SEBASTOPOL (silver, 17.5 mm); Turkey: Order of Medjidie ...; and Turkey: Crimea Medal (silver, 17.5 mm). All period strikings, original ribbons, mounted to a period silver suspension bar with swingbar pinback, marked "HUNT ROSKILL", as worn by the veteran, light contact, near extremely fine. Footnote: Frederick Alexander Campbell Kane was commissioned into the Bombay Infantry in 1840. He was promoted to Captain on November 15, 1853, promoted to Brevet Major on December 12, 1854 and retired as a Major on December 31, 1861. Kane served in the Crimea (1854-1856) and during the Indian Mutiny (1857-1858)." Obverse of the miniature order of Medjidie (2nd from R) and the other 3 miniatures on this bar, the Order of Medjidie is made of silver and enamels and measuring 18.3 mm wide x 25.5 mm high. No manufacturer is identified. Reverse of this miniature order of Medjidie (2nd from L) and the other 3 miniatures on this bar. Oblique view of the obverse of the miniature order of Medjidie (2nd from R) and the other 3 miniatures on this bar. Oblique detailed image of the obverse of this same miniature order of Medjidie Below is another miniature Order of Medjidie from a past eMedals auction (https://www.emedals.com/a-miniature-turkish-order-of-medjidie-german-made-eu8335). It is identified as made from silver and enamel, no dimensions provided. This miniature is stated to be of German manufacture, but no specific maker is identified in the auction description. Obverse of this miniature Order of Medjidie Reverse of the same miniature Order of Medjidie Below is another miniature Order of Medjidie from a past eMedals auction (https://www.emedals.com/a-miniature-turkish-order-of-medjidie-mecidiye). It is identified as 2-piece construction, made from silver and enamel, it measures 16.2 mm wide x 22.5 mm high (including all of the crescent & star suspension device). This example is stated to probably be of German manufacture (because of the high quality manufacture and finer design details), although no maker is identified. Obverse of this miniature Order of Medjidie Reverse of the same miniature Order of Medjidie Below are 3 photos of another miniature Order of Medjidie from a past eMedlas auction (https://www.emedals.com/a-fine-miniature-turkish-order-of-medjidie). This example shows much more abbreviated and less detailed execution. The auction description identifies this piece as German-made (no manufacturers is identified), it is made of silver and the central medallion and the the suspension device are in gold and enamel, it measures 20 mm wide by x 28 mm high. Obverse of this miniature Order of Medjidie Detailed view of the obverse of this miniature Order of Medjidie, showing the very abbreviated form of the design elements in the gold and enamel central medallion of this example Reverse of this same miniature Order of Medjidie Below are 4 photos of a another miniature Order of Medjidie from a past eMedals auction (https://www.emedals.com/a-miniature-turkish-order-of-medjidie-mecidiye-65360). This example is identified as probably of German manufacture and of extremely high quality, again with good design details on this piece. It is made of silver with gold with red enamel. This miniature measures 17.3 mm wide x 26 mm high, inclusive of its gold and red enameled crescent & star suspension device. Obverse of this miniature Order of Medjidie Oblique obverse of this miniature Order of Medjidie showing additional design details Reverse of this miniature Order of Medjidie Oblique reverse image of this same miniature Order of Medjidie Below are images of two much less-detailed and worn miniature examples of the Order of Osmanieh and the Order of Medjidie from a past eMedals auction (https://www.emedals.com/turkey-two-ottoman-empire-miniature-orders). The Order of Medjidie miniature is silver but the entire center medallion is damaged and it is missing all of its enamel design. It measures 14mm, in diameter. The miniature Order of Osmanieh is made of silver and enamel with some damage to the obverse face, lacks the lacking reverse center, and measures 14 mm in diameter. Obverse of these 2 miniatures, Order of Osmanieh is on the L and the Order of Medjidie is on the R Reverse of these 2 miniatures, Order of Osmanieh is on the L and the Order of Medjidie is on the R Oblique image of the obverse of this miniature Order of Osmanieh Oblique image of the obverse of this damaged miniature Order of Medjidie Oblique image of the obverse of this miniature Order of Osmanieh
  10. Rusty Greaves

    Question about the Collar of Hanedan

    Elmer (Enzo), many thanks for the reference for the Collar of Hanedan. I apologize for my ignorance of some standard phaleritsics reference materials, I am an avocational researcher in this field and not a collector. My university library has the Patterson volume and I will borrow it this weekend. Cheers, Rusty While I wait to get that information to post here, I've added another couple images of the Collar of Hanedan. The first image shows the Collar of Hanedan worn by Ahmed Nihad, 38th head of the Imperial House of Osman, 1944-1954, as well as the neck badge of the Order of Imtiaz and the breast stars probably for the Order of Osmanieh and Order of Medjidie. From: https://www.reddit.com/r/Kaiserreich/comments/8edxkw/ahmed_nihad_should_be_the_leader_of_the_ottomans/ And below is relatively low-resolution image of Osman Fuad, 39th head of the Imperial House of Osman, 1954-1973 showing Prince Fuad wearing the Collar of Hanedan with the alternate suspension device as seen in the first image of Khedive Abbas Hilmi II in my previous post, along with his other awards. From: https://www.denizler.org/urun/614944/sehzade-osman-fuad-im
  11. Rusty Greaves

    Help with Egyptian Khedive medal

    Gentlemen, I am looking for some help in identifying an Egyptian medal awarded to my wife's great grandfather in the early 20th century. He was appointed by president Taft to the Mixed Courts in Egypt between 1911-1936. He made a brief second visit to Egypt for the OAS in 1942. Judge Pierre Crabites was the presiding judge on the Mixed courts for the case for sequestration rights to the Tomb of Tutankhamun in 1924. We have an image of him in his judicial robes wearing the Judicial Badge, although that badge is not with the family at this point. He was on very friendly terms with King Farouk and was a frequent visitor to the palace and its library. He found in favor of Egypt keeping the Tutankhamun artifacts in country and not allowing them to be taken to Britain. Judge Crabites was awarded the Order of Ismail (probably Grand Officer class) and another medal I cannot yet identify. I have attached 2 images of this medal (I apologize for the poor quality of the images through the glass of the mounting). The medal in question is not a military award, and is likely related to his judgement that kept the Tutankhamun artifacts in Egypt. The medal is round with the Khedive crown on top, it is gold or gold plated. The central portrait is a 3/4 view of a moustached man in a military style uniform and fez that is probably King Farouk. There is no writing on the visible side of the medal (it is in a frame and I cannot open it yet to see the reverse side). Around the margin are several images of Egytian antiquities separated from each other and the central portrait by scrolling. In the 12:00, 4:00, and 8:00 positions are stylized forms of ancient Egyptian scarabs flanked by lotus blossoms. On the upper right third is an image of the sphinx. On the upper left third is a view of the pyramids. At the bottom is a scene that probably represents archaeological ruins. I have not yet had any luck in my research to identify this medal and would appreciate any help determining what it may have been awarded for or suggestions about references I could consult further. Thank you for your attention to my inquiry.
  12. Rusty Greaves

    Help with Egyptian Khedive medal

  13. Gentlemen, I am a new member and recently had a terrific interaction with contributors to this website helping me identify a medal belonging to my wife's great-grandfather who was on the Mixed Courts in Egypt from 1911-1936. I posted that topic in the Africa seciton as that was the first place I found some information about Egyptian Khedive medals during my internet searches. I am posting this question about that medal here in hopes of getting some additional information. I apologize for the redundancy in this posting with that other string. My wife's great grandfather, Pierre Crabites, was appointed by president Taft to the Mixed Courts in Egypt between 1911-1936. He made a brief second visit to Egypt for the OAS in 1942 before dying in Baghdad in 1943. Judge Crabites was the presiding judge on the Mixed Courts for the case for sequestration rights to the Tomb of Tutankhamun in 1924. We have an image of him in his judicial robes wearing the Judicial Badge, although that badge is not with the family at this point. He was on very friendly terms with Kings Fuad I and Farouk and was a frequent visitor to the palace and its library. He found in favor of Egypt keeping the Tutankhamun artifacts in country and not allowing them to be taken to Britain. Judge Crabites was awarded the Order of Ismail (Grand Officer class) and another medal that contributors here (in the Africa section) have helped me identify as the Khedive Abbas Hilmi II coronation anniversary and return from Hegaz medal. I found a couple images that are copyrighted by Hassan Kamel Kelisi-Morali through Flickr and then on Picssr (http://picssr.com/photos/kelisli/interesting/page42?nsid=7892156@N08 pages 42-43 (both images are identified as the reverse sides, although it is most likely the portrait side is the obverse). Since this is a commemorative medal and not a military service award, nor one of the other service to the state awards (i.e. Medals for Meritorious Service; Devotion to Duty; Benevolence; etc.), how would such medals likely have been obtained? Would this have been a gift from someone in the royal family whom Judge Crabites was friendly with, other officials, were they availalbe for purchase? I also would like confirmation, if someone here knows, that the Order of Ismail at the Grand Officer class was limited to 75 living individuals, is that correct?
  14. Rusty Greaves

    Egyptian Khedive commemorative medal question

    Below are two very high-resolution images of the Khedive Abbas Hilmi II commemorative medal from an archived auction by Dix Noonan Webb (https://www.dnw.co.uk/auction-archive/lot-archive/lot.php?department=Medallions&lot_id=224096). The images provide even better detail than those I posted in the first 2 photos of 22 July, 2018. The lighting is a bit different and picks up a greater amount of detail of the design elements than on the previous best images from that 22 July post (including the reverse inscription in Arabic). Both of these images can be zoomed to see greater details of both faces of this medal (as can the slightly less detailed images from the eBay example I posted on 22 July). The wear patterns and some stains visible in these images are extremely similar to those in the eBay example I illustrated on 22 July. This is especially true of the rubbing on the reverse affecting the foreground mosque dome, the scarab on the lower left, and the scarab on the lower right. Some stains, nicks, and scratches on the superior star on the crescent of the Princely Crown of the obverse also are very similar to those visible in the previous post. This may be the same medal as that from the July, 2018 eBay auction. These images are from an archived 6 December, 2012 DNW auction (lot 1338) listing that correctly identifies the medallist as Massonnet, although the description identifies the editeur as "A. Massonnet", possible the same error I noted in the listing of "Massonnet, Avers." for the medallist on the Very Important Lot auction listing I posted on 2 October, 2018 that is a mistaken reference to the obverse face. I have only seen C. [Charles] Massonnet identified by name from this family of medal designers and die engravers in Paris. Although, as noted in my post of 28 April, 2018, it is most likely that a son of Charles Massonnet was the editeur of this medal as the name "C. Massonnet et Fils" appears on an 1855 copper (the first instance I have identified), which would make C. Massonnet, the father, quite a bit older when this medal was designed, probably in 1910. The auction description gives a single dimension as 67 mm, which is the same as that provided for the examples I illustrated here on 9 December, 2017 from a 2015 auction by La Galerie Numismatique archived on the sixbid.com website and on the V.I.L. example I posted here on 2 October, 2018 from a May, 2018 auction. This example was in its original worn case (like the case Illustrated on 22 July, 2018, the Dix Noonan Webb auction description for this piece specifically states that the inscription on the lid is "much faded") and sold for £620 in 2012. Obverse Reverse I am assembling some information on the two events this medal commemorates, the coronation of Abbas Hilmi II in 1892 and his return from the pilgrimage to Mecca in 1909. I hope to post that background in my next post on this thread.
  15. Rusty Greaves

    Egypt Khedivate Judge's Badge question

    Here is an example of the silver Parquet version of the judges' badge for the Egyptian Mixed Courts. This is from a current auction by Heritage World Coin Auctions. The listing is on the NumisBids website (https://www.numisbids.com/n.php?p=lot&sid=2946&lot=36093) and also on the Heritage Auctions site (https://coins.ha.com/itm/egypt/egypt-abbas-hilmi-pacha-1874-1944-khedive-1892-1914-magistrate-badge-nd-c1892-au-/a/3072-36093.s?type=CoinArchives3072). The auction description identifies the badge as 114 mm tall by 84.5 mm wide, and weighs 173.05 g. The badge is identified as belonging to a judge from the Mixed Courts of Alexandria. the listing incorrectly states that the badge was made by Stobbe of Alexandria. The image of the reverse clearly shows the name of Froment Meurice of Paris. This is a high resolution image that can be zoomed to examine details.
  16. Rusty Greaves

    Miniatures of the Middle East & Arab World

    Below is another example of one of the least common forms of the miniature of the Egyptian Order of the Nile from a March 2014 auction listing of LA Galerie Numismatique on the six bid.com website , fourth-most miniature medal on the right (obverse, reverse =right-most on the third, right-most image). Unfortunately, this is not a high resolution image. The rosette without galon indicates that it is most likely a miniature of the 4th Class of this award (consistent with the auction description). This example has separate rays on the silver embellishment below the enameled five-armed star. I illustrated an example of this configuration in the righthand image of my post on 22 July, 2018 in this thread. Owain illustrated the obverse of a very similar example of this form in his post of 11 December, 2017 on this thread (upper row, extreme R), and the reverse in his post of 12 December, 2017 (also upper row, extreme R). However, the example below differs most from that comparable example in the more attenuated width of each of the separate rays and in the longer attachment of the embellishment to the suspension device. An example I illustrated on 14 February, 2018 in the 2nd photo (obverse) and 3rd photo (reverse) show a version of the mini with separation of the outermost rays of this embellishment but a greater amount of the embellishment rays are solid near the central white enameled star. Another example I posted in the first (obverse) and 2nd photo (reverse) of my post on 2 April, 2018 shows a version where each of the major groups of larger (5) and smaller (5) rays (10 separated units in total) show a separation, but not each individual ray of the embellishment. Most miniature variants of the Order of the Nile presents solid rays on the embellishment, as is the normal configuration of the full-sized award. The auction listing identifies the 4 miniature medals as: "1914 Star; War Medal 191420, Victory Medal, Egyptian Order of the Nile, 4th Class.They are in a fitted case reading" "A&N C.S. Ltd.Westminster" and are a named set belonging to D. R. Tweedle (https://www.sixbid.com/browse.html?auction=1170&category=24859&lot=1086152) Below is an example of a miniature of the Persian Order of Homayoun (Order of Sun and Lion) from the same March 2014 auction by La Galerie Numismatique archived onto six bid.com website (https://www.sixbid.com/browse.html?auction=1170&category=24867&lot=1086217). The description identifies this as the Commander's Cross miniature (neck badge), 26 mm wide x 33 mm high, silver and enameled medallion, and is of Austrian manufacture. Below are several images of a Jordanian miniature of the Star of Jordan (Wisam al-Kawkab al-Urdani) archived on the Medal-Medaille website (http://www.medal-medaille.com/sold/product_info.php?cPath=499_399&products_id=3481). The galon with gold on the L and silver on the R identifies this as a 2nd Class miniature of this Order. The auction listing identifies this piece as: "Miniature seven-pointed rayed silver star surmounted by a smaller seven-pointed rayed silver star with rounded points, five-pointed silver-gilt stars between the arms, on five-pointed star suspension; the face with a silver central medallion inscribed in Arabic ‘Abdullah ibn Hussain’ encircled by a green enamel ring inscribed in gilt Arabic lettering ‘Order of the Star’ and bearing the date ‘1366’ (1949 AD); the reverse plain; height 20.87mm (0.82 inch), diameter 17.43mm (0.68 inch);silver hallmark and maker’s mark on the suspension ring; slight surface wear; on original ribbon with rosette and silver band denoting an award of the officer class. The Order was instituted in July 1949 by King Abdullah ibn Hussain and may be awarded for both military and civil merit." Three views of the obverse of this miniature Jordanian Star of Jordan Detail of the suspension device and hallmarks Two view of the reverse of this miniature of this same Star Of Jordan Below are photos of another example of a Jordanian miniature of the Star of Jordan from the medal-Medaille website. The auction description includes: "Miniature seven-pointed rayed silver star surmounted by a smaller seven-pointed rayed silver star with rounded points, five-pointed silver-gilt stars between the arms, on five-pointed star suspension; the face with a silver central medallion inscribed in Arabic ‘Abdullah ibn Hussain’ encircled by a green enamel ring inscribed in gilt Arabic lettering ‘Order of the Star’ and bearing the date ‘1366’ (1949 AD); the reverse plain; height 20.87mm (0.82 inch), diameter 17.43mm (0.68 inch);silver hallmark and maker’s mark on the suspension ring; slight surface wear; on original ribbon with rosette and silver band denoting an award of the officer class. The Order was instituted in July 1949 by King Abdullah ibn Hussain and may be awarded for both military and civil merit." (http://www.medal-medaille.com/sold/product_info.php?cPath=499_399&products_id=3584) Two views of the obverse of this miniature Star of Jordan Four views of the reverse of this miniature of the Star of Jordan. The last 2 images show some detail of the hallmarks on the reverse. Below are photos of a Jordanian miniature of the Order of Independence (Wisam an-Istiqlal) from the Medal-Medaille website (http://www.medal-medaille.com/sold/product_info.php?cPath=499_399&products_id=3466). The Auction description reads: "Miniature ten-pointed rayed silver star on gilt wreath suspension; the face with a laurel wreath supporting a five-pointed white enamel star with a central circular red enamel medallion bearing the gilt inscription ‘Al-Hussein ibn Ali’ in Arabic characters; the reverse plain; height 28.6mm (1.12 inches), diameter 17.75mm (0.7 inch); hallmarked and maker’s mark on the suspension ring; on original ribbon. The Wisam al-Istiqlal was established by Emir Hussein I ibn Ali in 1921 as an award for civilian or military merit whilst he was ruler of the Hejaz. In 1924 ibn Saud ousted Hussein and founded what became the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Hussein fled to Cyprus and later settled in Amman, his son Abdullah having become Emir of Transjordan in 1921. The order was adopted by the Emirate (later Kingdom) of Transjordan. Abdullah became King Abdullah I and the current King of Jordan is his great-grandson. The Order continues to be awarded." Three images of the obverse of this miniature Jordanian Order of Independence Detail of the suspension device on this Jordanian Order of Independence (note 2 hallmarks on the left side of the suspension ring) Closer view of the hallmarks on the suspension ring of this Jordanian Order of Independence Two views of the reverse of this Jordanian Order of Independence Below are several images of a miniature of the Jordanian Supreme Order of the Renaissance (Wisam an-Nahada) from Medal-Medaille website (http://www.medal-medaille.com/sold/product_info.php?cPath=499_399&products_id=3596). The description accompanying this medal reads: "Miniature six-pointed silver star with beaded edges to the arms, a green enamel leaf and two orange-yellow enamel buds between each of the arms, on a crowned black, white, green and red enamel Arab Revolt flag suspension; the face with a circular central silver gilt medallion bearing crossed Arab revolt flags in black, white and green enamel with the name of the founder of the Order in Arabic script within a red enamel ring bearing the name of the Order in Arabic script with beaded border; the reverse plain; height 28.3mm (1.07 inches), diameter 18.18mm (0.71 inch); slight loss of enamel from the points of the star; on probably non-conforming ribbon. The Wisam an-Nahada was established by Emir Hussein I ibn Ali in 1917 as an award for service during the Arab Uprising against the Ottoman Turks whilst he was ruler of the Hejaz. In 1924 ibn Saud ousted Hussein and founded what became the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Hussein fled to Cyprus and later settled in Amman, his son Abdullah having become Emir of Transjordan in 1921. The order was adopted by the Emirate (later Kingdom) of Transjordan in 1925 as both a military and civil order. It was made by Bichay of Cairo and Garrards in London. Abdullah became King Abdullah I and the current King of Jordan is his great-grandson. The Order continues to be awarded." Three views of the obverse of this miniature of the Jordanian Supreme Order of the Renaissance Two views of the reverse of this miniature of the Jordanian Supreme Order of the Renaissance
  17. Rusty Greaves

    Miniatures of the Middle East & Arab World

    I posted the following bar of miniatures on my thread "Question about the Order of Ismail" on November 10, 2018 and did not copy it here. I am particulalrly interested in this image providing another example of the form of the miniature of the Order of Ismail with the chest star configuration, shown in this listing on acsearch.info from a 2016 auction by Auktionhaus H. R. Rauch (top set obverse of the Order of Ismail is shown on far R; reverse shown on top L far L; and the obverse of the Order of Ismail is on the bottom image in the case on the far R) along with 10 other miniatures on a chain. (https://www.acsearch.info/search.html?term=Egypt&category=4&en=1&de=1&fr=1&it=1&es=1&ot=1&images=1&thesaurus=1&order=0&currency=usd&company=) The resolution of this illustrations is too poor for any meaningful detail of that Order of Ismail miniature medal or any of the others on that same chain, but is shown below simply as another example of this form of the Order of Ismail mini. The auction description (from a 2016 auction) includes the following: A Personal Group of 11 Miniatures on a Chain: France, Colonial Medal, Germany, Grand Cross ofMerit of the Order of the Republic, Morocco, Grand Cross of the Ouissam al-Aoui, Guatemala, Grand Cross of the Order of the Quetzal, Djibouti, Grand Cross of the Nichan el-Anouar, Cambodia, Grand Officer of the Royal Order of the Sahametrei, Egypt, Grand Officer of the Order of the Nile (Type II), Comoros, Commander of the Star of Comoros, Tunisia, Commander of the Nichan el-Iftikhar, Serbia, Officer of the Order of Saint Sava, Egypt, Officer of the Order of Ismail. Breast Badges, different sizes, Silver or Silver gilt, enameled, original suspension rings and ribbons, hanging from a Silver giltchain, hallmarked "crab", in a box of issue by "Arthus-Bertrand, Paris" In the "Question about the Order of Ismail" thread where I originally posted this image, Owain posted the following comment about this miniature medal group on 13 December, 2018: "With regard to the Rauch set of miniatures illustrated in your previous post, probably to a French recipient, it would appear that one of the awards is an 'extra' either added by the recipient to his chain - rather than get a longer chain, or perhaps added much later. Has the Ismail been squeezed in? The fact that the chain includes an Egyptian Monarchy Order of Ismail and a Republic Order of the Nile is of interest - the latter was for recipients of the rank of Prime Minister of similar. the Ismail would chronologically been awarded first but it appears to be an 'extra' in this group although in seniority it may be the junior foreign award by rank or grade." I posted the following brief question back to Owain on 11 January, 2019 (also on the "Question about the Order of Ismail" thread: "Your additional information and point about the mix of Monarchy and Republic era miniatures in the Rauch photograph is quite interesting. The Republic Order of the Nile is a 2nd Class of that Order (galon with gold on R and silver on L) while the Order of Ismail mini appears to be the 4th Class (rosette with no galon). Unfortunately, very few images of miniatures Order of Ismail I have run across show any galon to demonstrate common use on the minis. Would those differences in Class help explain the order of the the two Egyptian minis on this French bar?"
  18. Rusty Greaves

    Question about the Order of Ismail/Nishan al-Ismail

    Owain, many thanks for your continued interest and help in advancing my understanding about the Order of Ismail and the other limited excursion I am making into this period of Egyptian phaleristics. Your additional information and point about the mix of Monarchy and Republic era miniatures in the Rauch photograph is quite interesting. The Republic Order of the Nile is a 2nd Class of that Order (galon with gold on R and silver on L) while the Order of Ismail mini appears to be the 4th Class (rosette with no galon). Unfortunately, very few images of miniatures Order of Ismail I have run across show any galon to demonstrate common use on the minis. Would those differences in Class help explain the order of the the two Egyptian minis on this French bar? I'm afraid my silence has been due to submersion in more pedantic tarpits of investigation of my vast ignorance, I hope this screed on hallmarks is of some interest to folks here. I have been looking into Egyptian hallmarks in relation to my interests in the Order of Ismail. I would like to share some of what I have found out about gold and silver hallmarks, especially those identify the purity of metals employed and the dates of manufacture. A complete set of Egyptian hallmarks for gold or silver include 3 punch marks: the left most is the fineness assay that identifies the purity of the precise metal as tested by an assay office. This mark also includes which office certifies that purity. The middle hallmark identifies Egypt as the location where the piece was made. For silver, a cat was used from 1916 until 1946. After 1946 a lotus image was used for the identification of Egyptian silver. The origin mark for gold is a bird, usually identified as an ibis, but also possibly an egret or stork, and often a number of other silly names on website listings (i.e., "seagull"!?). For a brief period, ~February of 1951 until an unspecified date after King Farouk's banishment on 26 July, 1956, King Farouk I's cipher was used for gold, and then the ibis image was re-instituted. The third, right-most, hallmark identifies the date of manufacture (or when the piece was hallmarked). Roman letters were used to indicate dates from 1916 until 1940. From 1940 until the present, Arabic letters have been used to identify the manufacturing dates. The chart I posted in the 3rd image on 12 September, 2018 in this thread is the most commonly available date listing (covering only 1916-1982). There are some discrepancies in published dating charts (i.e. in George C. Miles 1957. A note on Egyptian gold and silver assay marks. Museum Notes (American Numismatic Society) vol 7; pp. 251-253, identifies dates slightly different from the table in my 12 September post. However, other published date tables generally agree with the one here [i.e., in Azza Fahmy, 2007. Enchanted Jewelery of Egypt: The Traditional art and Craft. American University of Cairo Press, Cairo: pg 199]. Although Miles states that he got the information for his 1957 article from the director of the Administration of Stamps and Weights in Cairo [ibid. pg. 251], his article contains another error I can identify: he incorrectly identifies the cat silver hallmark as post-1946 and the lotus and the pre-1946 country mark for silver [ibid. pg 253]. One source I have not been able to check through interlibrary loan is the recent, expensive, but hopefully comprehensive and well-researched treatment of Egyptian hallmarks: Danusia V. Niklewicz, Lindy L. Matula, & William B. Whetstone [eds.], 2017. World Hallmarks Vol II: Asia, Middle East, Africa, With Additional Comments on Non-Hallmarking Regions [Gold, Silver, Platinum, Palladium Hallmarks]. The Hallmark Research Institute). I have posted one additional date chart here that I have come across on the internet that extends the listings of Arabic date marks to 2009. There are some difference between this one and the previously posted table. However, only one discrepancy between these charts is mentioned below: for a Lattes manufactured 1st Class Grand Cordon example marked “F” (and for some possible later Arabic letter date hallmarks where they cannot be read with certainty and there are some contrasts between these 2 charts identification of this dates). Generally, most reporting on auction sites appear to use dating information congruent with the chart I posted on 12 September, 2018. As the Order of Ismail's breast star is constructed from a silver embellishment surmounted by a gold and enameled star, both sets of marks can provide useful information. While I hope this information is of interest in relation to other Egyptian awards from comparable periods, this post is specifically about the hallmarks on the Order of Ismail, as placement and other variation seen here appears to be different on other awards. From: http://i.ebayimg.com/00/s/MTQxMFgxMjIy/z/L8QAAOSwpDdU5M70/$_3.JPG?set_id=2 I wish to first illustrate some of the marks encountered on the Order of Ismail (and of course other Egyptian medals) and to illustrate the positions and some variations I have seen on photographs of these hallmarks. Below is the most comprehensive chart listing I have been able to find of these hallmarks, especially for assay offices other than Cairo (which are the most commonly illustrated on the internet). The assay office marks are the same for gold and silver. The superior Arabic marking (on 3-10 for gold and 14-16 for silver) is the assay office location and the lower Arabic mark is the metal purity. This comes from the Miles 1957 article, and I do not have comparable data that can be used to check his identifications, although I have checked this with other information as best I can. 1=the country gold mark for Egypt (ibis); 2=King Farouk I's cipher used as the Egyptian gold mark from 1951-~1956; 3=the Cairo office's mark for 12 karat gold; 4=the Alexandria office's mark for 14 karat gold; 5=the Beni Suef office's mark for 18 karat gold; 6=the Tanta office's mark for 21 karat gold; 7=the El Mansoura office's mark for 23 1/2 karat gold; 8=the Zagazig office's mark for 12 karat gold; 9=the Asyut office's mark for 14 karat gold; 10=the Qena office's mark for 18 karat gold; 11=an example of the use of Arabic letters to indicate manufacturing dates from 1941 to the present (this example is probably for 1951-53); 12=the country mark for Egyptian silver after 1946 (lotus flower); 13=the country mark for Egyptian silver from 1916-1946; 14=the Cairo office's mark for 600 silver (60%); 15=the Alexandria office's mark for 800 silver (80%); 16=the Tanta office's mark for 900 silver (90%). From: George C. Miles 1957. A note on Egyptian gold and silver assay marks. Museum Notes(American Numismatic Society) vol 7; pp. 252-253. Below I illustrate a few additional examples of drawn hallmark designs and actual silver hallmarks since their execution and subsequent wear does show variation across pieces. Above from L to R are additional illustrations of the origin and fitness hallmarks for Egyptian silver: 1916-1946 country and precious metal mark for Egyptian silver (cat); the lotus flower country and precious metal mark for Egyptian silver after 1946; the next 3 images illustrate the fineness marks from the Cairo assay office for (from L to R) 600 silver; 800 silver (missing some detail in the Cairo office designation); and 900 silver. (all from: http://www.chineseargent.com/home/egyptian-silver-hallmark) Two examples of the complete 3 hallmark sets: L=indicating (from left to right) 800 silver mark assayed by the Cairo office; the pre-1946 cat mark for Egyptian silver, and the Roman date letter "I" for 1933-1934; R=another example of the 3 hallmarks identifying 900 silver assayed by the Qena office, post-1946 Egyptian silver manufacture, and the Arabic date letter (for 1978?) (all from: http://www.chineseargent.com/home/egyptian-silver-hallmark) Two additional sets of complete silver hallmarks. R=900 silver assayed by the Cairo office, Egyptian silver made post-1946, and the Arabic date letter indicating manufacture from 1959-1961; 900 silver from the Cairo office, Egyptian silver made post-1946, and the Arabic date letter indicating manufacture. There are some allegedly genuine 900 silver fineness marks that show 2 dots to the right of the "9" indicating "900" rather than "90"(%). (from: http://www.chineseargent.com/home/egyptian-silver-hallmark) Gold hallmarks from L to R: a stylized image of the ibis mark identifying Egyptian gold; fineness mark identifying 14 karat gold from the Cairo assay office; 18 karat gold from the Cario assay office. Note that the clarity of the assay office mark for both gold and silver is especially highly variable due to differences in the execution of the punch as well as subsequent wear. (from:http://www.chineseargent.com/home/egyptian-silver-hallmark) The above first example I illustrate of hallmarks on the Order of Ismail is the same 3rd Class Commander’s neck badge made by J. Lattes from a January 2018 auction by eMedals that I illustrated in the final photograph of my post on 13 December, 2018 in this thread. The auction description identifies this neck badge as dating to c1925 and measuring 60.3 mm wide x 82.5 mm high (including the “suspension and loop”). The description correctly identified the mark as 18 k gold, and describing the “stork” hallmark identifying Egypt, and the “A” mark as dating it to 1925-26. This example is in the case of issue. The hallmark shown above is on the reverse right side of the crown suspension device, indicating 18 k gold from from the Cairo assay office. A blurry view of this same mark can be seen on my final illustration of the 13 December 2018 post. Only a few photographs of this mark are present on auction listings, so it is unclear how common it is and whether it always is present as a single fineness mark. (from: https://www.emedals.com/egypt-kingdom-an-order-of-ismail-in-gold-1st-class-commander-by-j-lattes-c-1925) Obverse of the same Commander’s neck badge showing the placement of the three hallmarks on the right side of the suspension device arm connecting the superior ray of the star with the crown suspension device. Several photos of this detail show the same placement of the full set of three hallmarks, at least for the 3rdClass Commander’s neck badge and the 2nd Class Grand Officer‘s neck badge made by J. Lattes of Cairo. There are not enough detailed images of the sash badge of the 1st Class Grand Cordon on auction sites to determine whether the same hallmarks are present on that device. At least one example of a neck badge of a Grand Cordon class made by Tewfik Bichay shows a similar placement of at least 1 hallmark (shown below). However, only a single hallmark is partly visible in that image, and it cannot be determined which hallmark it may be as it is blocked by the inferior portion of the crown suspension device (although see the note about the hallmark from the auction description in my text below). (from: https://www.emedals.com/egypt-kingdom-an-order-of-ismail-in-gold-1st-class-commander-by-j-lattes-c-1925) Hallmarks on the reverse central boss of the same Commander’s neck badge showing the normal location of the set of 3 hallmarks centered below the “LATTES” manufacturer’s hallmark. Exampes made by Tewfik Bichay have different placement of the hallmarks (shown below). (from: https://www.emedals.com/egypt-kingdom-an-order-of-ismail-in-gold-1st-class-commander-by-j-lattes-c-1925) Incorrectly 'repaired" example of a named 2nd Class Grand Officer breast star. This is from the same named award set to the Italian Physician Dr. Giovanni Quirico, physician to King Fuad I, that I illustrated in its case (Arabic #2 on lid=2ndclass) on 14 November, 2017 (4th photo in that post). I noted the incorrect rotation of the gold star in relation to the silver-faceted-rayed embellishment star below it. This higher resolution image of the same breast star has been rotated so that the gold star is in approximately its correct orientation. While the incorrect re-assembly of this named Grand Officer breast star is quite unfortunate, I am providing this illustration in relation to available close-ups of the hallmarks on the pin on the reverse, and this obverse view shows some aspects of the construction design not visible on intact examples of this star. I illustrated the envelope for the brevet in the 5th photo of that same post of 14 November 2017, and the brevet (395x253 mm), written in Arabic in the 6th photo. Neck star=85x62 mm; breast star=70 mm. (From: https://www.coins-la-galerie-numismatique.com/auction-33-day-1/order-ismail) Gold hallmarks on the obverse face of Dr. Quirico’s Grand Officer Class neck badge showing the right side of the suspension device. This is the same position as shown in the 2nd photo above of the Commander’s neck badge from 1925-1926 from the eMedals auction. This close-up photo is oriented to illustrate the hallmarks with the superior portion of the neck badge to the right and inferior to the left (the visible enameled finial ball is the superior arm of the star). The left hallmark indicates 18 karat gold assayed by the Cairo office. The central hallmark is the "stork" or ibis indicating Egypt. The “Z” hallmark on the right indicates the date beween 1924-25. Perhaps a more precise date can be gleaned in the Arabic text of the brevet shown in the 6th photo of my post of 14 November, 2017. (From: https://www.coins-la-galerie-numismatique.com/auction-33-day-1/order-ismail) Gold hallmarks on the reverse face of the suspension loop of the Grand Officer Class neck badge of Dr. Quirico (behind the crown element). The left hallmark indicates 18 karat gold assayed by the Cairo office. The “Z” hallmark on the right indicates a date of 1924-1925. This set of hallmarks is the in the same position as that illustrated in the final photo of my 13 December, 2018 post showing the set of 3 hallmarks on the Commander’s neck badge from 1925-1926 that lacks a ribbon. Given how few images can be found of this portion of the suspension ring for the ribbon, it is unclear how common it is to have 2 or 3 hallmarks in this location. (From: https://www.coins-la-galerie-numismatique.com/auction-33-day-1/order-ismail) Silver hallmarks on the reverse of the central tunic pin of the Grand Officer Class breast star of Dr. Quirico. The “S” visible in the background is from the “LATTES” hallmark. This image is oriented to show the hallmarks, with the superior portion of the breast star to the left and the inferior is to the right. The Silver hallmark on the left is the assay office mark for Cairo indicating 900 silver and the “Z” date is for 1924-25. Although some photos of the reverse of the chest star show the presence of this set of hallmarks on the tunic pin, few are high enough resolution to determine if they consistently exhibit 1 or 2 of the hallmarks. (From: https://www.coins-la-galerie-numismatique.com/auction-33-day-1/order-ismail) Hallmarks on the central boss of a 3rd Class Commander’s neck badge from an August 2018 auction by eMedals. The description correctly identifies that the fineness mark indicates 18 karat gold (from the Cairo assay office), that the “stork” indicates Egyptian gold, and that the “A” dates the manufacture/hallmarking to 1925-1926. This Lattes example measures 61 mm wide x 79.5 mm tall, including the crown suspension device (probably only to the top of the crescent and star portions of the design). (From: https://www.emedals.com/egypt-kingdom-an-order-of-ismail-in-gold-1st-class-commander-by-j-lattes-c-8713) Reverse of the right side of the crown suspension device on this same Commander’s neck badge showing the same isolated fineness mark identifying it as 18 karat gold from the Cairo assay office. (From: https://www.emedals.com/egypt-kingdom-an-order-of-ismail-in-gold-1st-class-commander-by-j-lattes-c-8713) Image of the reverse of the suspension loop of the same Commander's neck badge showing the set of 3 Egyptian hallmarks in the same position as that shown in the final image of my 13 December, 2018 post and above for the 2 hallmarks on the named Dr. Quirico Grand Officer example. This example is unusual in also having an assay mark (European?) to the left of the Egyptian fineness hallmark that is identified in the auction description as reading “585”. This mark is upside down in relation to the Egyptian marks, and may be the result of a later assay of this piece outside of Egypt. This 585 mark is surprising as that would indicate 14 karat gold (“750” would indicate 18 karat gold), suggesting a discrepancy between the purity identified in the original Egyptian assay and this other (later?) test (possibly outside of Egypt?). (From: https://www.emedals.com/egypt-kingdom-an-order-of-ismail-in-gold-1st-class-commander-by-j-lattes-c-8713) Hallmarks on the reverse central boss of a Lattes manufactured 3rd Class Commander’s neck badge from an April 2017 auction on the Sixbid.com website, showing good detail and some wear. The badge is identified as measuring 62 mm wide x 81 mm high and weight 47.8 g. (From: https://www.sixbid.com/browse.html?auction=3427&category=71681&lot=2842251) Reverse of a 4th Class Knight’s breast badge made by J. Lattes from an October 2017 auction by eMedals. The obverse of this medal is illustrated in the 4th photo on my post of 13 December, 2018 in this thread. The auction description identifies this medal as 54.8 mm wide x 76 mm high, including the crown suspension device. No date is identified in the description of this piece. This image shows the placement of the 3 silver hallmarks on the inferior central ray of the rayed and facetted silver embellishment. This is the most common position for this set of silver hallmarks for the Knight’s medal. The placement of these silver hallmarks on the 2nd Class Grand Officer’s breast star and on the 1st Class Grand Cordon breast star is normally slightly more superior, because of the position of the catch for the tunic pin (see below). No gold hallmarks are visible on the reverse of the gold rays in this or the other photos of this medal, although some other examples (from other classes) clearly show such hallmarks (see below). The resolution is too low to read the silver hallmarks with certainty. (From: https://www.emedals.com/egypt-a-french-made-order-of-ismail-officer-by-lattes) Above are two additional oblique images of both the reverse and obverse of this same Knight’s breast star showing some additional construction details (and the placement of the silver hallmarks on the reverse) that are not visible in full direct obverse and reverse photographs. (From: https://www.emedals.com/egypt-a-french-made-order-of-ismail-officer-by-lattes) Reverse of a 2nd Class Grand Officer’s breast star from an example from a December 2017 auction on eBay. This is from set of the neck badge and breast star that is in its original case. This is an interesting Lattes example because of a slightly unusual placement of the silver hallmarks on the rightmost long ray of the silver rayed and facetted embellishment rather than on the central ray. The 3 gold hallmarks also are visible on the lower right arm of the gold star. The 2 hallmarks on the tunic pin also are visible showing the fineness (Cairo assay office 900 silver) and date (“Z”=1924-1925) hallmarks. (From: https://www.ebay.com/itm/EGYPT-ORDER-OF-THE-ISMAIL-2ND-CLASS-GRAND-OFFICER-ORIGINAL-CASE-RIBBON-RARE/222734299477?hash=item33dbffb155:g:5jQAAOSwQwBZkILL) Close-up view of the same Grand Officer’s breast star from the eBay auction showing details of the silver and gold hallmarks. The silver hallmarks show the Cairo assay office 900 silver mark, the pre-1946 Egyptian silver cat mark, and the “Z” date hallmark. The gold hallmarks show the Cairo assay office 18 karat designation, the ibis mark for Egyptian gold,, and the “Z” date hallmark. Placement of the gold hallmarks appears to be more common on the reverse upper right arm in the few photos of other examples that show these marks (see below). (From: https://www.ebay.com/itm/EGYPT-ORDER-OF-THE-ISMAIL-2ND-CLASS-GRAND-OFFICER-ORIGINAL-CASE-RIBBON-RARE/222734299477?hash=item33dbffb155:g:5jQAAOSwQwBZkILL) The gold hallmarks on the reverse central boss of the Grand Officer’s neck badge from this same set auction on eBay. (From: https://www.ebay.com/itm/EGYPT-ORDER-OF-THE-ISMAIL-2ND-CLASS-GRAND-OFFICER-ORIGINAL-CASE-RIBBON-RARE/222734299477?hash=item33dbffb155:g:5jQAAOSwQwBZkILL) Reverse of a 1st Class Grand Cordon breast star from a pre-2016 auction by eMedals. I illustrated the obverse of this example in the first 2 photos of my post of 13 November, 2017 on this thread, and posted this image of the reverse in the 2nd photo of that post. I also posted images of the obverse of the sash badge of this set that show the position of the obverse hallmarks on the suspension device (2 hallmarks are visible in the 4th photo in that post) and the 3 hallmarks on the reverse of the suspension loop (5th photo on that post). The auction description of this breast star identifies this example as 81 mm in diameter, and it also incorrectly states that it is 22 karat gold. The silver hallmarks are visible with the tunic pin opened on the lower portion of the silver embellishment aligned with the central ray. In contrast with the previous example the gold hallmarks are visible on the upper right ray of the gold and enameled star. (From: https://www.emedals.com/order-of-ismail-1915-w01271) Reverse of the same Grand Cordon breast star with the tunic pin closed, showing no silver hallmarks on the pin. (From: https://www.emedals.com/order-of-ismail-1915-w01271) Close-up image of the silver hallmarks on the same Grand Cordon breast star. The inferior margin of the star is to the right and he superior margin to the left. This photo shows significant wear on the fineness hallmark, but it is the Cairo assay office's 900 silver mark. The country and precious metal hallmark is the pre-1946 cat, and the “F” date mark (the first table I uploaded on 12 September, 2018 identifies this mark as 1931-1932, but the second table I included in this post identifies “F” as 1930-1931). (From: https://www.emedals.com/order-of-ismail-1915-w01271) Close-up view of the gold hallmarks on the upper right arm of the star on the same Grand Officer’s breast star. The image is oriented correctly and so that the superior portion of the piece is upwards in the photo. The hallmarks identify the Cairo assay office determination of 18 karat gold, the Egyptian gold ibis mark, and the “F” date hallmark. (From: https://www.emedals.com/order-of-ismail-1915-w01271) Photo of a 1st Class set of the Grand Cordon Class of the Order of Ismail, sash badge and breast star but lacking the sash, made by Tewfick Bichay of Cairo from a Fall 2014 auction of Künker Münzauktionen und Goldhandel. I posted the un-cropped version of this photo in my second post of 30 April, 2018 on this thread. These are high-resolution images that can be enlarged. The auction description identifies that the sash badge weight as 49.2 g (no size dimensions given), and states that the breast star measures 82 mm. The description also states that the gold hallmarks identifies 750 point fineness of the gold (=18 k) on the reverse of the suspension ring & reverse of the crown suspension device. It also identifies a hallmark "د" on the suspension ring (almost certainly the obverse?), that might be a date hallmark for 1948-1949 or 1951-53 (by both the chart I posted on 12 September, 2018 and in this post). However, such a date would be at odds with the other information in the auction description. The silver hallmarks on the reverse of the breast star are identified in the auction description as that of the Cairo assay office and 900 silver. It also states the country mark is the pre-1946 cat, followed by a silver date mark of "D" that is stated to represent 1929. I cannot read the silver hallmarks in the photo. Both the date chart I posted on 12 September, 2018 and the chart I posted today identify "D" as the hallmark for 1928-1929. The auction description identifies the gold hallmarks on the reverse of the arms of the gold star (of the breast star) as the Cairo assay office mark for 750 Gold (18 karat), the Egyptian country hallmark for gold (ibis), and describes the final (rightmost) hallmark as “ح” on the "pin" ( ["Nadel"]=most distal and near the finial of the star's arm?) with two "side" or "to the side" (?)["seitlichen]) "marks"(? ["Fixierhacken" “...und Punze "ح", an Nadel, mit zwei seitlichen Fixierhaken“-sorry my technical German its doch gar schlecht). The image above of the reverse of the sash badge shows similar placement of gold hallmarks on the suspension ring’s reverse as seen on other examples of the Commander’s and Grand Officer neck badges shown in this post (but as the auction description notes, just 2 marks are present=Cairo assay office marks for 18 karat gold and a probable date mark I cannot read). These are in a similar position to those on Lattes examples, but only 2 hallmarks are present and they are slightly offset to the left underneath the Tewfik Bichay hallmark (compared with the centered marks seen on the reverse boss of Commander’s and Grand Officer’s neck badges by Lattes). The left hallmark is the Cairo assay office mark for 18 karat gold and the right is the date hallmark (that I cannot read with certainty). The reverse of the breast star shows slightly different placement of the silver & gold hallmarks from those of J. Lattes of Cairo in the few auction images of the reverse of the Grand Cordon or Grand Officer classes that provide illustrations useful for locating these hallmarks. The silver hallmarks can be seen in the lower right set of rays rather than the more inferior position as on most all of the Lattes examples. The gold hallmarks can be seen on the lower right arm of the star. No hallmark is visible on the pin, unlike many examples illustrated of Lattes' medals. (From: https://www.kuenker.de/en/archiv/stueck/58396) The obverse of sash badge from the same Grand Cordon Künker set. This example shows the single hallmark visible on the right suspension arm connecting the superior star arm with the crown suspension device. As noted previously, this is the same position of hallmarks on examples of the Commander’s and on Grand Officer’s neck badges made by Lattes. This single hallmark is visible on the right hand suspension device just below the base of the crown, but as this portion is obscured it is unclear whether any additional hallmarks also are present in this location, as they are on Lattes' versions of this award. The auction description identifies the hallmark "د" on the suspension ring, in a separate sentence from the statement about the marks on the reverse of the crown and suspension ring, presumably referring to this mark on the obverse suspension arm and suggesting there is only one hallmark here. (From: https://www.kuenker.de/en/archiv/stueck/58396) A set auctioned by Sixbid in November of 2012 identified as the 2nd Class Grand Officer Class neck badge and breast star showing low-resolution images of the hallmarks on the reverse. This is the same photo I posted in the first image on my post of December 4, 2017 in this same thread.The auction listing incorrectly identifies that maker as “St Dionay”. Owain identified this as the Fahmy Tewfik Bichay (son of Tewfik Bichay) hallmark in his 5 April, 2018 post on this thread with excellent photos of the reverse hallmark on a comparable example of the 3rd Class Commander's neck badge. Owain’s example also shows the placement of possibly two gold hallmarks on the lower right (~5:30 position) of the central reverse boss. The illustrated silver hallmarks on the reverse of the breast star are similarly configured to those of the Fahmy Tewfik Bichay gold hallmarks on the neck badge. The positions of any gold or silver hallmarks on these 2 pieces cannot be determined from the photos. The other variant design element is the use of a suspension ring between the neck badge star (piecing the superior arm of the star) and the crown suspension device rather than the more common “arms” connecting the superior star arm with the crown. This form of the hallmark of Tewfik Bichay and the use of the suspension ring also is seen in the example of the 3rd Class Commander’s neck badge illustrated by Owain on 5 April, 2018 in this thread. That illustration shows the hallmark in good detail and this alternate form of the suspension loop and crown. As per my comment on the engraving on the obverse face of Owain’s example (of 21 April, 2018), note that the Kuenker example of the 1st Class Tewfik Bichay manufactured award clearly shows the engraving on the gold floral embellishments in the blue enameled arms of the neck star, unlike Owain’s example and possibly in this neck badge and breast star that also carry the same form of Tewfik Bichay’s hallmark. (From: https://www.sixbid.com/browse.html?auction=515&category=11656&lot=539476) Reverse of a 3rd Class Commander’s neck badge posted by Owain Raw-Rees on this thread on 5 April, 2018, as noted above for the Sixbid.com example with the same Fahmy Tewfik Bichay manufacturer's hallmark. Owain’s example shows the placement of two gold hallmarks on the lower right (~5:30 position) of the central reverse boss. I cannot read them in this image, perhaps Owain can, but it is likely there are a fineness mark and a date mark. The probable date mark on the right is fairly clear, but I cannot match it with the marks on either date hallmark charts I have posted here (possibly the first of the listed 1982 marks on the chart in this post?-suggesting this is a monarchy in exile award).
  19. Rusty Greaves

    Question about the Order of Ismail/Nishan al-Ismail

    Markus recently illustrated a couple nice exmples of the Order of Ismail from a Spink auction in the thread "Interesting Egyptian orders in Spink Auction" he started on 28 November here in the "Middle East & Arab States" section. That posting made me realize that I have not systematized the measurements provided on some auction sites and a few other references that may help distinguish the different classes of this order. That Spink auction listing provided dimensions of the medals, but did not identify the classes of the two examples being auctioned. For some distinctions, size clearly indicates which class these are. The "identification" of some of the classes is not always correct in these listings. That is understandable in relation to some of the regalia for this Order, especially the neck badge of the 2nd Class Grand Officer and the 3rd Class Commander (neck badge only) that appear to be the same dimensions, and possible also the sash badge of the 1st Class Grand Cordon when separated from the sash. However, enough other errors in assignments of class could be resolved through comparisons of any provided measurements that this seems to be a useful bit of information to include in this thread. There is some variation in the dimensions provided on various websites, principally it seems in where the measurement is taken on the suspension device for the vertical dimension. I may have looked at enough photos and descriptions to provide a pretty good key to the sizes. I apologize for the redundancies in descriptions and images with previous posts, but wanted to provide these data in a systematic way in one post. 1st Class Grand Cordon (sash, sash badge, and breast star worn on the wearer's left) (From:https://www.spink.com/lot/17003000028) The sash badge is 62 mm wide by 80 mm tall (including the crown suspension device to the top of the crescent and star). Some examples are identified as 82 mm tall, and this likely includes the suspension loop as well, but it is not always clear in the description). A few examples' widths are identified at 61.5 or even 60, but enough examples are identified as 62 mm wide that appears to be the most likely dimension. The JOMSA (2006, Vol 57 [4]: 20) description of this badge identifies it as 62 mm in diameter (excluding the suspension device) and 82 mm including the suspension. The best measurement sources from auction sites appear to be from eMedals listings. Most of these examples with measurements were made by Lattes of Cairo. There is some disagreement whether the sash badge is 22k or 18k gold (see final illustration and note below). I have not found weights for most examples, but one by Tewfik Bichay is identified as 49.2 g on the German auction site Kuenker that provides more detailed information about the purity of the gold and silver than is available on other listings (https://www.kuenker.de/en/archiv/stueck/58396). This badge also has portions that are silver gilt, and enameled. As noted in the same JOMSA description, the sash is 100 mm wide with 9 mm lateral red stripe inset 2 mm from each badge. The breast star is fairly consistently identified as 80 mm in diameter in auction listings, although some examples are reported to be 81 mm or 82 mm. The cited JOMSA article published 84 mm as the diameter measurement. Again, it is unclear whether the badges gold is 22k or 18k. The star also has components that are silver, silver gilt, and the enameling. 2nd Class Grand Officer (neck badge and breast star worn on the wearer's right) (From: https://www.flickr.com/photos/kelisli/8844318688 The neck badge is variously reported as 78 mm-85 mm tall. The most reliable measurements seem to fall between 78 - 79.5 mm identified as to the superior portion of the crown suspension, crescent & star (they do not always specify that the suspension loop is excluded from this dimension). A couple identified measurements are 85 mm tall, but this appears to be including the suspension loop. The width is most commonly identified as 61 mm, although 60 mm & 62 also are reported. Where reported, the weight is identified as ~47 g or 48.6 g. It appears the neck badge is both the same design and dimension as the sash badge of the 1st Class award and the neck badge of the 3rd Class award. The above cited JOMSA article identifies the neck ribbon as 37 mm wide with 5 mm red stripes set 1 mm from each edge. The breast star is pretty consistently identified as 70 mm in diameter. The same materials are identified in the manufacture of the neck badge and breast star (gold, silver, silverer gilt, & enamel) as for the 1st Class, but the gold is variously reported as 22k or 18k (again, see final note below). The weight of the breast star is reported between 81 and 81.25 g. 3rd Class Commander (neck badge only) (From: https://www.emedals.com/egypt-kingdom-an-order-of-ismail-in-gold-1st-class-commander-by-j-lattes-c-1925) The neck badge appears to be the same dimension as that for the 2nd Class award and the sash badge of the 1st Class. There is a fair bit of variation in the dimensions that are reported for examples where it seems to be a fairly secure identification of the 3rd Class. The most consistent reporting is that is it 61 mm wide and 78-79.5 mm tall. Some listings identify it as up to 82 mm tall, and this variation again appears to be likely due to various measurements either to the top of the crown and star or including the suspension loop. Also variously reported as 22k or 18k gold (see illustration of the hallmarks on the suspension loop of this badge on the final image below and the note). Several websites identify the weight as 48.6 g. 4th Class Knight (breast badge with ribbon adorned with rosette) (From: https://www.emedals.com/egypt-a-french-made-order-of-ismail-officer-by-lattes) The breast badge is reported as 54.8 mm wide, a couple listings state 55 mm and one identifies it as 58 mm (?). The height is reported between 74 and 76, again probably due to differences in whether the suspension loop is included or only the crown with crescent and star. The materials are almost certainly the same as those of the larger 1st Class and 2nd Class breast stars. Miniatures (from:https://www.sixbid.com/browse.html?auction=5367&category=168960&lot=4479892 All unambiguously genuine miniatures appear to be of the form I noted in my last post here of 10 November, 2018 and shown above. All of these examples are identified as measuring 20 mm wide x 30 mm tall (and seem to include only the suspension crown, crescent and star and not include the suspension loop). As posted above, the illustrated example is the 4th Class Knight miniature (in my 10 November posting, I mistakenly identified this mini as also on the L, the same side as the 3rd Class Commander mini with silver galon). All examples where materials are identified are silver or silver gilt and enamel. Gold Hallmarks A good quality close-up image of the hallmarks on suspension loop the same 3rd Class Commander neck badge shown above (https://www.emedals.com/egypt-kingdom-an-order-of-ismail-in-gold-1st-class-commander-by-j-lattes-c-1925). These are the same hallmarks that appear on the gold of most other examples as well. The hallmark on the left is the purity of the gold, and this mark appears to indicate 18k gold. The bird in the middle hallmark is usually identified as a stork, and is the Egyptian hallmark for gold. The "A" indicates a manufacture date of 1925-26.
  20. Rusty Greaves

    Egypt Khedivate Judge's Badge question

    I have been using a jumble of terminology to refer to the design elements on the Mixed Courts judicial badge. I wanted to extend some of the information on the components of the badge symbols here so that I can bring my terms in line with more standard usage. Egyptian Zogist contributed an image of the French July Monarchy (1830-1848) coat of arms on 23 November 2016 on this thread, pointing out the similarities between the judicial badge design and the French coat of arms. That image shows the mantle (that I have been calling the "drapery" here in several descriptions), the tablet of law, and two crossed scepters behind the mantle that includes one on the left that shows that "hand of justice", and the mantle is surmounted with a royal crown. I illustrated two French coat of arms on 24 March, 2017 on this thread that also are framed with the royal mantle surmounted with a crown and having 2 crossed scepter with the left one having the hand of justice. The coat of arms used as the basis for the configuration of the Mixed Courts badges probably derives from French versions of this design, although it also has significant similarities to those used by other European royalty. For example, the following example is the coat of arms of the German Counts zu Pappenheim (from: https://www.napoleon.org/en/history-of-the-two-empires/the-symbols-of-empire/; an excerpted set of examples posted by Andrew Andersen from von Volboth, Carl Alexander, 1973. Heraldry of the World. Copenhagen). This shows the use of the royal ermine lined mantle with crown exhibiting the mantle's the upper corners tied with a gold tassel. The following is the form of Napoleon's coat of arms he approved on 10 July, 1804 after being proclaimed Emperor in May of that year. This example is interesting for the similarities to the Mixed Courts judges badge in the form of the mantle, the royal crown, the crossed scepters that includes the lefthand one exhibiting the hand of justice, and the Chain of the Légion d'honneur surrounding he central shield with the emblem of the Order in the central inferior position on the coat of arms (as seen on the 2 French examples on my 24 March, 2017 post on this thread). From: https://www.napoleon.org/en/history-of-the-two-empires/the-symbols-of-empire/ Below are two Egyptian examples from the reign of Khedive Isma'il Pasha (rule=1863-1879) that show adaptations of the French coat of arms to Egyptian/Ottoman symbolism that is reflected in the form of the Mixed Courts judicial badge. Khedive Isma'il Pasha created the Mixed Courts in October 1875 following the proposed bold reforms the Egyptian legal system developed by Nubar Pasha. These images are from http://www.hubert-herald.nl/EgyptKingdom.htm and use the term "achievement" to identify the forms and symbolism of these coats of arms. The Hubert de Vries website identifies this configuration of the "achievement" as the form Isma'il Pasha created after his promotion to Khedive (1863). Changes from previous versions includes the substitution of tughs for the 6 scepters that were featured in previous versions. Tugh is a Turkish word, possibly derived from Chinese (tu) and Uyghur (tugh), identifying rods with horsetails that are a military standard with various historical uses (I have been inappropriately calling these "whisks"). The substitution of tughs for the more European form of scepters and the inferior presence of a medal of the Order of the Crescent (instituted 1799) provide more Turkish (Ottoman) embellishments to this coat of arms. http://www.hubert-herald.nl/EgyptKingdom.htm. This second versions of the Khedive Isma'il coat of arms substitutes the Ottoman Order of Medjidie as the medal in the inferior position below the Azure arms with a crescent and 3 stars. This example also shows the ermine tails on the interior of the royal mantle quite well. This design change occurred sometime after Khedive Isma'il was awarded the Order of Medjidie in a special class with brilliants in 1863. The Order of Medjidie (created in 1851) is the award featured on the inferior margin of the mantle of the Mixed Courts judicial badge, that I have been referring to as a "tugra". The judicial badge shows the stylized Ottoman Tugra at the center of the medallion of this award. There is insufficient detail to know if it intended to represent the Tugra of the Sultan Abdülaziz (the 32nd Ottoman Sultan, reign=1861-1876), who was Sultan at the time the Mixed Courts were established (1875), or simply to indicate the Ottoman control over Egypt. http://www.hubert-herald.nl/EgyptKingdom.htm Khedive Abbas Hilmi II used similar forms of the above coats of arms, occasionally without the the tughs, and at least one form does not have a second crown above the central medallion with the crescent and 3 stars. This version above is identified as a military coat of arms ("achievement') probably from the time of Abbas Hilmi II (note the crossed cannon, rifles with bayonets, probably spears, and tughs as additional military weapons and symbols behind the shield, similar to weapons shown on the Ottoman Empire coat of arms). It is notable in comparison with the Mixed Courts judicial badge for the substitution of a five pointed star with rays above the central medallion rather than another crown (as seen on the Mixed Courts judicial badge). This coat of arms also shows the Order of Medjidie at the inferior position below the central shield. http://www.hubert-herald.nl/EgyptKingdom.htm. Detail of the Order of Medjidie symbol on the inferior margin of the silver Mixed Courts Judicial badge (this is the example that is supposedly attributed to Judge Herbert Mills: http://www.dreweatts.com/auctions/lot-details/?saleId=13863&lotId=175). This high resolution image shows good detail of the form of the Ottoman tugra on the depiction of the Order of Medjidie with its crescent & star suspension device. The tufts of ermine tails and the textured interior indicating fur lining of the royal mantle also are clearly evident in this close-up image. The tugra of the 32nd Ottoman Sultan Sultan Abdülaziz (the 32nd Ottoman Sultan, reign=1861-1876), who was Sultan at the time the Mixed Courts were established (1875). Although the name portion of the tugra cannot be read in the stand portion (the lowermost component) of the tugra on the judicial badge, most of the form of the cipher is formulaic & artistic calligraphy, and that is what is shown on the Mixed Courts judges' badges. from: http://www.tugra.org/en/tugralar.asp The same silver Mixed Courts judicial badge attributed to Judge Herbert Mills (http://www.dreweatts.com/auctions/lot-details/?saleId=13863&lotId=175) repeated here to illustrate the design elements of this badge. The form of the surmounting crown over the fringed and ermne-lined royal mantle is called the "Princely Crown" and was used from 1854 until ~1922. It is based on European style crown with a purple velvet cap, a diadem that often is shown with 5 leaves & 5 hoops (but on the judicial badge has 7 leaves & 7 hoops) and is surmounted by the crescent & star (from 1923-1952 a versions called the Egyptian Royal Crown was used with five pairs of papyrus blossoms, 5 hoops, and surmounted with a globe supporting the star & crescent). The judicial hand on the distal portion of the L side tugh appears to be derived from a Christian symbol (sometimes called the hand of benediction with the 4th & 5th fingers bent over the palm). The branch of oak leaves & acorns on the L side of the judicial tablet also derive from European heraldic use, considered emblematic of faith and endurance. The branch of laurel on the R is used in European heraldry as a symbol of victory, especially triumph and fame that is won after long internal struggles. The rays around the margins of the badge (as well as the star with rays above the central tablet) may be an adaptation of the symbolism of the Ottoman sun. The inscription on the central tablet reads: "Justice is the foundation of kingship/governance" as translated by Egyptian Zogist on 23 November, 2016. Left is the Princely Crown used from 1854 to ~1922. On the right is the Egyptian Royal Crown used from 1923-1952. (http://www.hubert-herald.nl/EgyptKingdom.htm)
  21. Rusty Greaves

    Egypt Khedivate Judge's Badge question

    I came across this unusual pin or badge on The Saleroom website for an upcoming auction by Bamfords Auctioneers & Valuers (https://www.the-saleroom.com/en-gb/auction-catalogues/bamfords/catalogue-id-bamfor10553/lot-546dbbb8-f7b1-4f6a-a2ba-a9a0009cb8b5 and http://www.bamfords-auctions.co.uk/auctions/21-11-2018-gentlemans-library-and-grand-tour-of-auction-curiosities-sale/lot-3620A/img-0/). This is lot 3620A that is misidentified as the "Order of the Khedive". It is 11.5 cm high, the same size as the Mixed Courts judicial badges, and may be silver gilt, with enamel. The auctioneer identifies it as a medal from the Kingdom of Egypt, dating to the early 20th century. I have never seen another example of the Mixed Courts judicial badge in this form. It is unclear whether this full sized "replica" would have had any official function or if it may be a unique large pin that was personal jewelry rather than a component of any judicial regalia. The reverse does appear to have a makers' mark, and it may be a "Horovitz" mark from what I can see in the low resolution image. I am unsure whether this would be an actual Horovitz construction or a copy that includes this manufacturer's name. It also does have silver hallmarks in the same locations that they appear on the fully-detailed badges (however, the resolution of the images is too low to read the hallmarks). Obverse of this unusual, full-sized "imitation " of the judicial badge design showing the dramatically abbreviated versions of the design elements of the Mixed Courts badge. Note the whisk on the upper L repeats the crescent motif (normally seen only on the upper R) rather than the hand. The white enamel around the tugra medallion (lacking any indication of the cipher) has no indication of the 7 pointed multi-rayed star nor the crescent & star that is usually suspended below the crossing point of the oak & laurel branches below the tablet with the inscription. Silver & enamel. Reverse of this unusual pin or badge showing manufacturers' and silver hallmarks. The silver hallmarks near the inferior portion of the lower relief area under the pin and on the pin just proximal of the union of the double tongue with the single pin of the distal portion this tube hinge pin. Just to the left of the silver hallmarks on the pin ~ 3.5 letters are visible that may be "HOROV...". Marks on the upper left quadrant of the reverse, and on the tablet with the inscription of the obverse, show that this piece was cast not struck (as is also clear in the form of the obverse design).
  22. Rusty Greaves

    Egypt Khedivate Judge's Badge question

    Below is an example of the Mixed Courts judicial badge from a current eBay auction (https://www.ebay.com/itm/EGYPT-KING-FAROUK-SILVER-GILT-ENAMEL-JUDGE-BADGE-IN-ORIGINAL-CASE-XXX-RARE/223228334558?hash=item33f97211de:g:1o0AAOSwBURb6gap). This is the only example I have encountered that is clearly identified as having been made by W. Horovitz of Alexandria. It is possible that the reverse of the gold Appeals Court badge Illustrated in the 5th photo on 24 March, 2017 indicates it was made by Horovitz. The resolution of this image is not good enough to read the name on the hallmark that is mostly obscured by the pin. When I first saw it on flickr it looked as though it stated with "MO" (but is probably "HO") and the ending of the hallmark now looks as though it may be "TZ". I am nearly certain that gold example is a Horovitz manufacture, only since finding that name associated with the badge I am illustrating here. Wolf Horovitz was a Romanian jeweler who settled in Alexandria, kept his business on the Rue Chérif Pacha and became a leading jeweler and watchmaker. His clientele were wealthy Egyptians and the Royal Court of King Fuad I and Farouk I. Much of the material he sold was obtained or manufactured in Paris (often hallmarked as made for Horovitz). The badge was originally designed by Froment-Meurice of Paris, and most auction examples are made either by Froment-Meurice or Stobbe of Alexandria. I have seen several examples with no manufacturer's hallmarks (some illustrated on this thread). Supposedly, these badges also were made by Lattes of Cairo, Tewfik Bichay of Cairo, and M. Laurencin & Cie. of Alexandria, although I have never seen a photo of the hallmarks of any of these manufacturers on any examples of the Mixed Court badges. This Horovitz badge is identified as measuring 115 x 85 mm, and weighs 161 g. The badge is gilt silver and is being sold in its original case. There are some slightly less detailed aspects of the engraving of this example compared with other badges, i.e., the hair on the whisks in each upper corner are less detailed than on many examples, the fringe & border design on the drapery is less detailed and in lower relief, as are the tassels on each of the drapery corners (all of this lesser detail is similar to the 2nd example I illustrated on 31 October, 2018 made by Stobbe), some of the leaves around the central tablet may be less detailed, and the crown also appears to be in lower relief (although some other badges may also exhibit this level of detail of the crown, or it could just be the perspective the photo provides). The wreath around the lower star & tug is made of larger, less detailed leaves than many of the judicial badges made by Froment-Meurice and Stobbe. However the wreath appears similar to that of the badge I illustrated on this thread in the 1st photo on 31 October, 2018 that was made by Froment-Meurice (although other aspects of the design appear more detailed in that example). The hallmark "N" on the reverse of this Horovitz badge and on the pin indicates a manufacturing date of 1938-39. This badge is supposedly identified as having been used in the Alexandria Courts during the reign of King Farouk I in 1937-38. As a silver badge, this should have been worn by a judge of the Parquet (office of the Procureur-General who prosecuted cases in front of the Mixed Courts). Obverse of this silver Parquet badge of the Mixed Courts made by Horovitz of Alexandria showing several of the lower relief details in the fringe & border design of the drapery, the tassels in each upper corner, the whisks in each upper corner of the drapery, possible in details of some of the leaves surrounding the central tablet & inscription. The calligraphy on the legend is executed in thinner enamel lines than most other examples, with a few differences not seen on other badges. Reverse of the Horovitz judicial badge The Horovitz judicial badge in its case. The W. Horovitz name and address (26 Rue Chérif Pacha, Alexandria) inside the lid of the case. This business was listed as still existing on Rue Chérif Pacha at least as late as 1970. The interior of the case showing the fit for the back pin of the badge. Detail of the badge reverse showing the Horovitz hallmark and the 3 silver hallmarks including an "N" indicating a manufacturing date of 1928-39. Detail of the tablet and surrounding decoration showing some of the lower relief detail of this maker's version of the judicial badge. Postcard showing the Rue Chérif Pacha in Alexandria, probably between 1900-1910. (https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1d/Alexandrie_Rue_Cherif_Pacha.jpg).
  23. The monarchy in exile version of the Order of Mohamed Ali illustrated in the Spink catalogue is the same design as the pre-1952 revolution period award. As I understand what 922F indicated in his 22 April, 2018 post on the "Question about the Order of Ismail/Nishan al-Ismail" thread is that the Nishan al-Noor, Order of Light (that Spink lists as the Order of Women) is a new design that has no pre-revolution equivalent.
  24. Anyone who loves the the Order of Ismail is a pal in my book. You also reminded me I should try to codify measurements for each class. Many of the "identifications" I see on auction sites are problematic, but some do provide metrics, and I may have looked at enough examples now to be able figure out the correct dimensions. That would be a useful addition to my Order of Ismail thread, so thanks for providing me something else I could contribute there. Cheers!
  25. Thanks for illustrating these offerings. At 72 mm in diameter, the Order of Ismail chest star represents the 2nd Class Grand Officer version. The "B" mark indicates a date of 1927-28. The neck badge is either a 2nd Class Grand Officer or 3rd Class Commander award. I believe that both the 2nd & 3rd Classes are the same diameter, but I am looking through some other auction data to see if there is any difference in sizes between well-identified examples of the Grand Officer and Commander classes of the neck badge. The "Z" mark on the neck badge indicates a 1924-25 date. The auction description does not suggest they are a Grand Officer set, and if the dates are correct that also would indicate there are not associated. 922F provided an illustration of the new monarchy in exile award of the Nishan al-Noor, Order of Light (that Spink lists as the Order of Women), on his post of 22 April, 2018 on the thread "Question about the Order of Ismail/Nishan al-Ismail" I started on 7 November, 2017 here in the Middle East & Arab States section. He also stated that the Order of Mohammed Ali is one of the Orders that the monarchy in exile still awards (this Spink example is identical to the pre-1952 Grand Cordon award, one of King Fuad II's favorite to wear along with the Order of Ismail and Order of the Nile.
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