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Carol I

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  1. Hi Alex, Yours is the correct ribbon. Type one insignia (1877-1932) had red ribbon with two blue stripes on each side. The red ribbon with one blue stripe on each edge is the Military Virtue ribbon for battlefield awards. Hence it does not fit peacetime insignia.
  2. ... and with wrong (battlefield) ribbon.
  3. Carol I

    Romanian Loyal Service Medal

    You're welcome, Gordon. Here is more on the history of the medal. It was originally established in 1878 as a two class award and was reorganised as a three class award in 1932. The wartime awards (with swords) were introduced in 1937, also in a three-class system.
  4. Carol I

    Romanian Loyal Service Medal

    Hi Gordon This is old type of the medal with the coat of arms in use until 1922 (and it should also have a surmounting crown). The other ones are of the type used during WWII.
  5. I thought Nicholas' question was about the wartime awards. Also, I would like to add that although the Faithful Service Order indeed had 5 classes in 1937, these were Collar, Grand Cross, Grand Officer, Commander and Officer.
  6. Hi Nicolas, The Faithful Service Cross and Medal were the lowest wartime decorations according to the Royal Decree no. 1932/1941, with the cross ranked above the medal. Unfortunately I do not have access to the text of the decree, but I guess the difference was on whether the award was for armed deeds (cross) or for service (medal).
  7. Romanian orders manufactured by C. F. Zimmermann during WWII had a "CFZ" mark.
  8. Carol I

    Medal ID help!

    This is the Maritime Medal, established in 1936, later named Medal for Maritime Virtue.
  9. This model (both the badge and the ribbon) was not described in any official regulation and therefore I regard them as fantasy pieces made to deceive the collectors.
  10. The first one is the Romanian Faithful Service Medal with swords.
  11. Carol I

    Batons of Fieldmarshals

    The two batons used by Antonescu appear to have differed from previous models. October 1941 (probably a temporary model) March 1943
  12. This gilt cross is an officer's cross on a knight's ribbon (without rosette).
  13. Above: Order of the Star of Romania, type I, peacetime insignia with swords above the cross Below: Order of the Star of Romania, type II, wartime insignia with swords through the centre on wrong type I ribbon
  14. Carol I

    Alexei Evert unknown decoration.

    Same decoration worn by the Emir of Bukhara as photographed by Prokudin-Gorsky in 1911 ... ... and in the Museum of the Legion of Honour.
  15. Carol I

    Batons of Fieldmarshals

    More interesting details are surfacing: Michael's baton is in fact Ferdinand's, his grandfather. Ferdinand's baton was donated to the National Military Museum after his death in 1927. The administration of the Royal House requested the baton on the 8th of May 1941 for the promotion of Michael to marshal rank on the 10th of May 1941. Then, on the 19th of June 1941 confirmed that the baton will remain the property of the king and the baton was erased from the inventory of the National Military Museum.