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leigh kitchen

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Everything posted by leigh kitchen

  1. After WWII British army had 14 infantry HQ's & a large number of depots administering to the regular infantry, organised territorially or by historical traditions. Designated by letter - eg Infantry Depot "B" was that of the Lowland regiments, Infantry Depot "E" that of the regiments recruited in the counties of Yorkshire & Northumberland, Infantry Depot "J" that of the various regiments of Light Infantry. In 1948 the depots adopted names, thus Infantry Depot "B" became the Lowland Brigade, Infantry Depot "E" the Yorkshire & Northumberland Brigade & Infantry Depot "J" The Light Infantry Brigade, & regimental depots gave way to centralised training by the new, named depots. At the same time, the regular battalions of line infantry regiments were reduced to a single battalion, & cross postings became more common between the regiments of a depot. During the next 20 years a large number of amalgamations but only two disbandments of infantry regiments took place, & the brigades themselves also underwent a process of change. In the Defence Review announced in July 1957 the infantry of the line was to be reorganised, a series of amalgamations taking place. In 1958, Brigade cap badges, were introduced to be worn instead of the regimental ones. Some Brigades adopted a Brigade pattern of collar badge or button although some regiments retained regimental pattern collar badges etc. Sometimes these insignia were of "new" amalgamated regiments which never had a regimental cap badge, or at least, its regular battalion did’nt – ironically some TA units wore regimental cap badges complete with battle honours won by their regular battalion while the regulars wore Brigade badges. In 1968 the Training Brigades gave way to administrative divisions - a simplification would be that eg, The Fusilier Brigade became The Royal Regiment of Fusiliers, the Home Counties Brigade became The Queen's Regiment & the East Anglian Brigade became The Royal Anglian Regiment, all three regiments being part of The Queen's Division. By this time all of the regular line infantry still survived in one form or another, albeit most in amalgamated form, other than the two which had chosen disbandment over amalgamation. The cap badges of the Training Brigades, circa 1958 - circa 1968:
  2. Sponsored by The Highland Society of London and The Caledonian Society of London, The London Scottish Rifle Volunteers were raised in 1859, under the command of Lt Col Lord Elcho (later The Earl of Wemyss and March)& recruited from Scotsmen resdent in London. Changes in the unit's title up until the end of WWI were: 1859, 15th Middlesex (London Scottish) Rifle Volunteer Corps In 1880, 7th Middlesex (London Scottish) Rifle Volunteers In 1881, allotted to The Rifle Brigade as one of its volunteer battalions, without a change in title In 1891, 7th Middlesex (London Scottish) Volunteer Rifle Corps In 1908, 14th County of London) Battalion, The London Regiment (London Scottish) (Territorial Force) (This title was retained until 1922, when 14th London Regiment (London Scottish) was adopted) 1915 The 14th County of London) Battalion, The London Regiment (London Scottish) TF) was renumbered as 1/14th County of London) Battalion, The London Regiment (London Scottish), upon the formation of a second battalion & ultimately a third battalion (2/14th & 3/14th County of London) Battalions, The London Regiment (London Scottish)) 1916 The 14th County of London) Battalions, The London Regiment (London Scottish) were transferred to the corps of The Gordon Highlanders, without a change in title.
  3. The Royal Marines were formed in 1923 by amalgamation of the Royal Marine Light Infantry & The Royal Marine Artillery. Part of the Royal Navy, as of 1820 they took precedence when serving with the army after the old 49th Foot, which was the last regiment of foot to be raised prior to the formation of the Corps of Royal Marines in 1755. Although a number of marine regiments were raised to serve in a variety of specific wars & campaigns, they were either disbanded or continued in service as Line Infantry rather than retained as marines, thus 10 regiments of marines, the 44th & 53rd, were disbanded in 1748 & the remaining Line Infantry regiments were renumbered up to 48. The 49th Foot amalgamated with the 66th Foot in 1881 to form the Berkshire Regiment & following other amalgamations & changes of title was in 2007 amalgamated into a new regiment, The Rifles. With this amalgamation, the old 49th was now part of a regiment of rifles which is placed last in the Line Infantry order of precedence & The Royal Marines have been removed from that list & now take post with the Royal Navy. Although The Duke of York and Albany's Maritime Regiment of Foot was raised from The Trained Bands of London in 1664, the Royal Marines trace direct lineage back only to 1755 & the raising of His Majesty's Marine Forces. The cap badge of the Royal Marines. The Lion & Crown are said to denote the "Royal" status of the Royal Marines, bestowed by King George II in 1802 upon recommendation by Admiral Lord St Vincent. In 1827 new colours were presented by HRH The Duke of Clarence, a General of The Royal Marines (& later King William IV). He stated that as King George IV had difficulty in selecting battle honours from so many deeds, the king had directed that the "great globe" was to be their emblem, surrounded by a laurel wreath & with the one battle honour "Gibralter" being retained, this first great battle honour representing all previous & future honours. The laurel wreath is thought to have been bestowed as recognition of the Marines gallantry in fighting at Belle Isle n 1761. This pattern cap badge bears the St Edwards Crown & is of gilding metal, introduced in 1954.
  4. Three Royal Welsh Fusiliers, wearing the divisional sign of the 38th (Welsh) Division ("New Army") on the left shoulder, the triangle worn on the right shoulder being a "battle patch", the shape in this instance indicating the senior brigade of the division. The battalion would be indicated by the colour of the patch, or an emblem worn on it. The division was formed in 1915 & went to France in December of that year, it's infantry element formed entirely of Welsh units. The original units of the division included the 13th, 14th, 15th & 16th Battalions of the Royal Welsh Fusiliers. The cap badges worn are the of the "proper" bi-metal or the all brass WWI economy version. One man has the grenade above the RWF of his shoulder title, another has'nt. All three wear the red on white "SB" armband, in one case cut down & applied as a badge. There were, by 1914, 16 Stretcher Bearers to a battalion - the greater part of the Band. That's 4 Stretcher Bearers to a 200 strong company, & it would take at least 2, not uncommonly 4 men to carry one stretcher case. A century of warfare against "less civilised" enemies that the Germans had inspired a tradition of never leaving wounded to the mercy of the enemy. These men may not be Bandsmen as none are wearing the "Trade Badge", one man wears a Wound Stripe. There is no indication of the photographer - a cloth or paper backdrop against a brick wall, so preumably taken by a local, perhaps "visiting" photograher behind the lines in France / Belgium.
  5. The role of the Royal Army Ordnance Corps & its predecessors has been the procurement, storage and issue of armaments, ammunition and warlike materiel. In 1285 the Tower of London became the first ordnance depot comprising an armoury of body armour & weaponry, under the control of the Master of the King’s Wardrobe. In 1299 an “Artilliator” (maker of large guns), was paid a wage by the monarch to make or procure military implements for to be stored at the Tower of London until required for use by the army. In 1414 the title of “Master of Works, Engines, Cannon and other types of Ordnance” was changed to “Master of Ordnance”, A civilian Office of Ordnance was created. In 1515 the Board of Ordnance was formed. In 1544 the Office of Ordnance was created, becoming the Board of Ordnance in 1597. In 1683 the civilian Office of Ordnance became the Military Board of Ordnance In 1792 the Ordnance Field Train Department had been formed, under the control of the Military Board of Ordnance, as time passed a number of formations grew, officers & Other Ranks being members of different departments. In 1855 The Board of Ordnance was abolished – it had supplied weapons and ammunition to the whole army, and had also entirely responsibility for The Royal Artillery & The Royal Engineers. In 1857 the Military Store Department was formed. In 1858, a Corps of Armourer Sergeants was formed. In 1861 the Military Store Department was staffed with Military Officers & subordinate, senior Military Store Clerks of the Miltary Srore Department formed. In 1865 the Military Store Staff Corps comprised of Other Ranks was formed. In 1870 all of the supply & transport services merged into the Control Department (The Army Service Corps was formed by amalgamations of the military Other Rank elements of the supply & transport Services) In 1875 the Control Department was disbanded & its members, who were all officers, were divided between two new departments – the Commisariat & Transport Department (later Royal Army Service Corps) & the Ordnance Store Corps, which continued to be officered by the Ordnance Store Department. In 1877 the Ordnance Store Branch, consisting only of Other Ranks was formed to support the Ordnance Store Department (previously Other Ranks in ordnance trades had belonged to the Army Service Corps and its predecessors). In 1881, this latter branch was replaced by The Ordnance Store Corps, still officered by the Ordnance Store Department. The first Army Warrant Officers were created - Conductor of Stores (Ordnance Store Corps) & Conductor of Supplies (Army Service Corps). The Corps of Armourers was placed under Ordnance Store Branch control. In 1896 The Ordnance Store Department (Officers) formed the Army Ordnance Department & The Ordnance Store Corps (ranks up to & including Warrant Officers) the Army Ordnance Corps. Inspectors of Ordnance Machinery and Ordnance Artificers were transferred to The Army Ordnance Corps from the Royal Artillery, becoming the Armourer and Armament Branch of the Army Ordnance Corps. The Corps of Armourers was absorbed into the Army Ordnance Corps. In 1904, The Army Ordnance Department was given its own director at the War Office - The Director of Equipment and Ordnance Stores, under the Quarter Master General, the Director of Equipment & Ordnance Stores branches being known as “QMG 7, 8 & 9”. In 1918, after WWI, The Army Ordnance Corps was designated “Royal” in recognition of its services during the war, & amalgamated with The Army Ordnance Department to form The Royal Army Ordnance Corps. In 1927 The Royal Army Ordnance Corps was transferred from QMG to MGO control, & its responsibilities extended to include the supply, storage and repair of all load and personnel carrying vehicles, less those driven by the Royal Army Service Corps. In 1939 the Ministry of Supply was formed. & The Royal Army Ordnance Corps again came under the control of the Quarter Master General, assuming responsibility for provision, issue & repair of all Ordnance stores. In 1941 The Royal Army Ordnance Corps was given full combat status In 1942 The Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers was formed primarily from the Royal Army Ordnance Corps Armourer, Armament & Engineering Branches of the workshops organisation, & the mechanical workshop companies of The Royal Army Service Corps & The Royal Engineers (less RE Regimental Plant Sections). The Royal Army Service Corps assumed responsibility for the supply and storage of those vehicles and spares that The Royal Army Service Corps. The larger Royal Electrical & Mechancal Engineers Workshops continued to be provided with Royal Army Ordnance Corps Stores Support Sections. In 1965 the supply functions of The Royal Army Service Corps & The Royal Engineers were transferred to The Royal Ordnance Corps & it became the sole supply Corps of the Army, with responsibility for supplying rations, petroleum, oils & lubricants, boat stores, locomotive spares, defence stores and the provision and training of military staff clerks. This involved the transfer of 345 Officers and 2,500 soldiers from The Royal Army Service Corps (the transport functions of the Royal Army Service Corps became the new Royal Corps of Transport). The Ordnance Directorate was removed from Ministry of Defence (Army Department) & the old War Office Services were no longer represented at the MOD. In 1977 the Logistic Executive (Army) HQ Director of Services collocated with Logistic Executive (Army) & was renamed HQ Director General of Services. In 1991 Women’s Royal Army Corps members employed in Royal Army Ordnance Corps trades (other than Staff Clerks) were re-badged as Royal Army Ordnance Corps. In 1992 Staff Clerks of the Royal Army Ordnance Corps were transferred to the newly formed Adjutants Generals Corps. In 1993 The Royal Army Ordnance Corps was amalgamated with The Royal Corps of Transport, The Royal Pioneer Corps, The Army Catering Corps, & The Postal Courier Service of the Royal Engineers to form The Royal Logistics Corps.
  6. The Irish Guards were formed on 1/4/1900 & the first recruit to the regiment was enlisted on 21/4/1900. Formed in appreciation of the Irish units which had served in the Boer War, the regiment was open to Irish soldiers who were serving in the other Guards & line infantry regiment Originally nicknamed Bobs Own after Lord Roberts, an Irishman & the first Colonel of the regiment, they were known by WWI as The Micks. The design of the cap badge has remained the same through the life of the regiment: the 8 pointed star of the Order of St Patrick, a circular band in the centre carrying the regimental motto "QUIS SEPARABIT" ("Who Shall Separate Us") & "MDCCLXXXIII" (1783 the year the Order of St Patrick was created). The buttons bear a crowned harp. Fourth in seniority amongst the five regiments of Foot Guards, The Irish Guards wear a St. Patrcks blue plume in their bearskins, a green band & piping on their caps & their tunic front buttons spaced in fours with 4 buttons on each cuff. This cap bears a gold anodised version of the cap badge, sealed 20/5/1953 (Kipling & King Vol 2 page 26) & gold anodised buttons bearng the current Queen Elizabeth II's St Edward's Crown over the harp. The chinstrap is of leather, as appears to be the peak (rather than the later plastc)& the peak has a brass rim as worn by the rank of Guardsman - ranks of Lance Sergeant & above wore an additional band of brass on the peak.
  7. Pouch for a flute or similar?
  8. Looks like the white "8" on red lozenge insignia of 1st/8th Bn Lancashire Fusiliers worn during & after WWI.
  9. I thought about putting in a bid for this on eBay a few weeks ago but thought better of it. Depending on the type of paint & the fabric it may be possible to chip or peel the paint off. I had complete success with this Wolesely using a penknife blade to remove a thick layer of white & khaki paint aouple of months ago, even getting the paint of the pagri, but then it's probably a case of success with a different type of paint & different fabrics.
  10. Identefication

    I have this Mk IV helmet, badged to the Irish Defence Forces Training Centre which I bought as a Military Police helmet.
  11. The old "Fifth", raised in 1674 in Dutch service as "The Irish Regiment", or Viscount Clare's Regiment, amalgamated in 1968 into the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers. The regiment raised 52 battalions for service during WWI. The cap badge of The Northumberland Fusiliers, prior to the regiments change of title to the Royal Northumberland Fusiliers & adoption of a different design of badge: I'm putting this link to a thread on the Armed Police Mutiny, Aden, 1967 here as the thread is posted in another sub-forum & may be overlooked. It's about the ambushing & killing of 1 RNF & 1 A & SH personnel amongst others by their allies of the Armed Police: <a href="http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=29334" target="_blank">http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=29334</a> A link to a thread discussing the white / red over white plumes / feathers of the 5th Foot: http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=43519&pid=402552&st=0&#entry402552
  12. From wikipedia: The Legion of Frontiersmen is a patriotic organisation formed in Britain in 1905 and designed to bolster the defensive capacity of the British Empire. Prompted by pre-war fears of a pending invasion of Britain, the organisation was founded on a romanticized conception of the "frontier" and imperial idealism. Headquartered in London, branches of the Legion of Frontiersmen were formed throughout the empire to prepare patriots for war and to foster vigilance in peacetime. Despite persistent efforts, the Legion never achieved more than sporadic and tenuous official recognition, but it raised battalions and its members enlisted en masse at the onset of the First World War. Frontiersmen also served as special constables in London for the duration of hostilities. Wartime casualties devastated the Legion of Frontiersmen, and except for a brief resurgence in the interwar period, a series of schisms and sectarianism prevented attempts to reinvigorate the movement. Various Legion of Frontiersmen groups still exist throughout the Commonwealth, but as a whole, it has been unable to define its niche in the post-imperial world. All Legion members were volunteers. Prior to the First World War, they undertook a number of covert intelligence-gathering and counter-intelligence operations, such as discovering a secret German base in the Caroline Islands, surveying the Kiel Canal with the object of blowing it up in the event of war, and charting the Elbe's defences and minefields. The first British troops in action in 1914 were Frontiersmen, who paid passage for both themselves and their horses. Initially offering their service to the French, who declined, they were accepted by the Belgians, and to this day they retain an official affiliation with the 3?me R?giment de Lanciers. They formed the bulk of the 25th (Frontiersmen) Battalion, Royal Fusiliers, formed in 1915, and won 4 battle honours. In Canada, 35 Frontiersmen joined in the original draft of the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, the first Canadian troops to serve in the First World War. They also formed the 210th (Frontiersmen) Battalion, CEF. In the late 1930s, the Legion of Frontiersmen was formally affiliated with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, but after a schism split the Canadian Frontiersmen, the RCMP severed formal ties. Still without any formal recognition, Frontiersmen enlisted individually in the Second World War. Among its more famous members were Jan Smuts, Louis Mountbatten, Arthur Conan Doyle, and Edgar Wallace. The Legion of Frontiersmen seems to be a far cry from what it was at the time of its formation, some elements to have drifted into disrepute, if they ever had any genuine connection to the Legion in the first place. Here is a scan of an illuminated scroll on vellum that I aquired some years ago along with a copy of the Legions manual which also belonged to Captain Montagu, who would perhaps be the person of the same name referred to here: http://www.freewebs.com/peerage/manchester.html DUKEDOM OF MANCHESTER FAMILY NAME: Montagu CREATIONS: In the peerage of England: Barony of Kimbolton of Kimbolton and Viscountcy of Mandeville 19 December 1620 Earldom of Manchester 5 February 1626 In the peerage of Great Britain: Created Duke of Manchester 28 April 1719 Monthermer Stanley Hume (London 5 April 1868-Nairobi 31 December 1954); married.Nyambu, Kenya 2 October 1913 Harriet jessie Forbes (Valparaiso, Chile 5 February 1882-26 June 1959)
  13. Some photos I took a few years ago at a shire horse farm / museum in Norfolk - but I never got around to sorting out a proper thread on the GS Wagons. Introduced into British army service in the late 1800's, the GS Wagon was in service through various Marks I - II, drawn by 2 - 6 horses, until replaced by mechanised transport shortly after the end of WWI. This particular wagon continued in use into the 1950's, with various modifications by its civilian owner / owners. There aren't too many of these wagons around, few are known to exist in the UK, a couple in museums at Duxford & Aldershot, a few more in private hands perhaps 5 or 6 now in total? There are a more in Australia & Canada & presumably elsewhere, but they're thin on the ground.
  14. The Grenadier Guards wear the "flamed grenade" as a cap badge, ranks below full sergeant ("gold sergeant") and other than musicians (the guards term for what the army generally call bandsmen) wear the grenade with no device on the ball. The grenade has been worn since 1896 when it was introduced for wear on the forage cap and continues unchanged in basic design although the materials used have varied. Properly made of a yellow metal whch Kipling & King refer to as being gilding metal rather than brass, a WWI economy issue in brass would have been worn 1916 - c1919, but who can tell the metals apart? K&K 891 refers to these gilding metal badges, as does Gaylor, both show the 17 pointed flame version & make no mention of the other less full flamed versions. Both show smaller flamed badges but only of the types with devices on the ball, such as the full sergeants & musicians etc. Some collectors feel that the smaller flamed 14, 15, 16 pointed flame badges are Canadian Grenadier Guards badge, but photographs & postcards show these & the 17 point flame badges worn by both British & Canadian. During WWII a plastic economy version was issied, these were to be worn alongside the gilding metal badge, units were not to standardize on one version or the other so some men within a unit could wear brass, others plastic. Often referred to as "being of "bakelite", these badges were actually of plastic. Later an gold coloured anodised aluminium version was issued, and a cloth embroidered version of a noticably different design to the norm. A blackened yellow metal version of the badge was also issued. This photo shows a badge with 18 points to the flames:
  15. Yes, that's what I've said about the Musicians badge - I should've worded it differently perhaps. I have 1/2 dozen or so of the slidered version of the GG badge - could also be RA of course.
  16. Yes, as I said - "The Grenadier Guards wear the "flamed grenade" as a cap badge, ranks below full sergeant ("gold sergeant") and other than musicians (the guards term for what the army generally call bandsmen) wear the grenade with no device on the ball." The grenade badge I refer to is the "cap badge" (cap "star") type, shown, which I believe was introduced in 1896 (although I stand to be corrected), rather than other forms of grenade insignia.
  17. ?Drummer Boy? ? a favourite of Victorian sentimental story & illustration & a well known term but what does it really mean? (I?m deliberately missing out ?Powder Monkeys? & the like of the Royal Navy at this stage of the thread). Many armies have & still enlist boys ? the 14 years old French Drummer Boy who was the only survivor of an assault on the farm of Hougemont at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815, the million boys of 17 years & under who fought with the Northern forces during the American Civil War, Enlisted by both sides, some were as young as 11, Drummer & Bugle Boys commonly being as young as 13. When did the British military start using ?boys? as Drummers, officially or otherwise? A reason to employ Drummer Boys was to convey orders by drum, drumbeat being more easily heard in battle than voice commands, & using a boy for this made best use of the men for fighting. In medieval times boys were used as Drummers,& Trumpeters & as squires, travelling with the armies baggage columns. They were not usually kept away from the actual fighting. In 1212, 12 years old Stephen of Cloyes is supposed to have led 30000 children from Marseilles on Crusade to the Holy Land, - they never returned. A similar Crusade was led by a German boy named Nicholas. Unsurprisingly there is doubt as to whether these Crusades actually took place. At Agincourt in 1485 the French raided the British baggage train, massacring the camp followers, including the boys. The British employed Drummer Boys during the American War of Independence. In 1802 regulations referred to ?Lads & Boys? being enlisted as Privates at age 17 ? 19 years , minimum height 5? 4 ?. It was specified that they were to be enlisted as soldiers & not be ?encouraged? to enlist with the expectation that they would be made Drummers or part of the Band., so it appears that there was recruiting of the under age & those ?still growing? as Drummers & Band Boys.prior to this instruction. At the Battle of Waterloo in 1815 approximately 4000 boys served in the British army, another 2 battalions being held in reserve. Often Boys were ?Sons of the Regiment?, following their fathers in service, sometimes orphans of soldiers. Boys served in the British army during the Crimean War, they served during the Zulu Wars, a well known instance being at Isandwahla, where the Drummer Boys were allegedly hung up & disembowelled by the Zulus as means of preventing the souls of the dead from haunting their killers. Well into the last century a battalion of infantry included two boys per company, ?Man Service? commencing at 18. During WWI many under-age boys enlisted in the British army, often via the Recruiting Sergeants advice when they volunteered their real age to go around the corner & come back older ? to give a false age. One source states that as many as 250000 underage boys served in the British forces during WWI, perhaps 125000 being killed or wounded.. The Canadian forces enlisted at least 6 servicemen under the age of 13 between 1936 ? 39. There is a claim that during the defence of Carpiquet in Normandy in1944 some of the German defenders were only 10 years old, but perhaps there is a confusion here between the WSS Hitler Jugend Division & the the Hitler Jugend organisaton, although it is claimed that one German fatality was found from his personal documentation to have been only 14. A Victorian postcard of a Drummer Boy of 3rd Battalion Scots Guards:
  18. Of no great interest to the British public at the time & now largely forgotten by all other than a few veterans, the conflict in Aden - for years not even designated "Active Service" - is remembered if at all for the presence of Lt Colonel Colin Mitchell, Commanding Officer of 1st Battalion, Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders. "Mad Mitch" was a charismatic & controversial character who caught the imagination of the public for a while, infuriating officialdom & delighting the public as he led his "Jocks" back into the no-go area of Crater & re-established the authority of the British army under his no-nonsense application of "Argyll Law". Mitchell's Argylls were in the process of taking over responsibility of the Crater district of Aden from 1st Battalion the Royal Northumberland Fusiliers, when both battalions & other units of the British army suffered fatalities at the hands of their allies of the Southa Arabian Army & the Armed Police. Mitchell, his Argylls & the reoccupation of Crater are a subject in themselves, as are other aspects of the history & politics of Aden. This thread concentrates on the immediate causes of the mutiny & the events of 20th / 21st June 1967, the subject of varying accounts & some confusion. The Aden Brigade Insignia
  19. A "typo" there Jerry - RASC rather than RCT for a 1950's cap - RCT formed 1965, they wore the RASC cap minus the white piping around the lower edge of the headband.
  20. I did'nt really know what to call the thread, I just came across this photo & scanned it because it's a little unusual. It shows "EARP", I think that's the spelling - "Something or other Anti Riot Projector"? It appeared in one pig that I know of but presumably more in the early 70's in Derry & was I think short lived. The idea was that you twisted & locked 4 x verey pistols into those barrel extensions, with the silver coloured horizontal rod through their trigger guards, & when you yanked the rod, the 4 x baton rounds were blatted off at slightly different angles. Very handy for jumping the NAAFI queue. The member of the Womens Royal Army Corps on the left of the photo is a being transported from Strabane to Ebrington Barracks, Derry, the vehicle is used by 6 Platoon, X Company, 1 RRF, & the driver is the man shown in this thread, about 5 years alter. http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=15809
  21. On 6th August 1940, Sir Anthoney Eden, the British Secretary of State for War, announced the formation of Arab & Jewish Palestinian units of the East Kent Regiment ("The Buffs"). At that time there were about 10,00 Jewish & 4,000 Arab personnel in the British Armed Forces. Three seperate companies of Arab & Jewish personnel were formed, attached to 1st Bn "The Buffs". Intended mainly for guard duties, some personnel served in the Syria Campaign of June - July 1941. In August 1942 the by now fifteen companies of Jewish personnel of "The Buffs" were incorporated into the three battalions of a new Palestine Regiment which consisted of about 1,600 Jewish & 1,200 Arab personnel & served in Cyrenaica and Egypt, again mainly engaged on guard duties. In September 1944 The Jewish Brigade Group was formed around the Jewish infantry companies of The Palestine Regiment (with Churchills support, although the British had delayed forming such a unit as they were wary of creating a force that may later fight them). The Brigade ultimately consisted of about 5,500 men & fought in Italy & was engaged on occupation duties along the Italian / Austrian & Italian / Yugoslavian borders, & in Belgium & in the Netherlands prior to disbandment in 1946. About 30,000 Jewish & 12,000 Arab personnel from Palestine served in the British armed forces during WWII. Shoulder title "Buffs/Palestinian" of the "Palestine Companies" of "The Buffs", conform ing to the usual British shoulder title design in brass & with wire loop fittings for use with a cotter pin. This title has a bronzed finish as per Officers Service Dress insignia:
  22. A repost of Matt R's query re. insignia of the Jewish Brigade, as his original thread converted to discussion of a specific Jewish Brigade / Jewish Chaplains badge: Post #1 | New Member Group: Probationary Membership Joined: 8-June 08 Member No.: 4,841 Location: Karst- Italy Hello, I would like to add some items to my WW2 collection and I was considering a small cameo of Jewish Brigade insignias. Problem is that I couldn't find period pics to have a clear idea of their patches and hat insignia. I've seen often some cap badges offered as jewish brigade but they look very similar to those worn by jewish chaplains in the british army. It would be really appreciated if some of you would share his collection here and teach me something new regards Matt
  23. Does anybody know if this product is any good? Comes in black, brown & neutral, is it suitable for use on pikelhaube etc or best avoided? Is it basically just leather shoe cream or polish?
  24. I'm sorry, but that's what happens with links - I'll amend the post.
  25. "Xsniper", a 1RNF NCO who was involved in this incident confirms that the remains of all of the Fusiliers and Argylls who were killed were recovered and interred at Silent Valley, Saudi Arabia. Some photographs taken at the military funerals are shown on page 4.
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