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Gentleman's Military Interest Club


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  1. Andreas is much more expert and is very willing to help -- www.medalnet.net -- ask him. The English name for this award is the Order of the Zähringer Lion (ZLO). Older ZLOs may have punch marks on the extruded ring or loop at the top of the cross, which is broader than yours. Some of that type may have marks on the ribbon suspension loop/ring [a split jump ring like yours] above the cross ring. Most later pieces have a narrow top of cross ring [like yours] without any space for marks although some are reported with a mark on the lower cross arm edge. Some badges have closed ribbon rings rather that split jump rings.
  2. Looks like badge is gold or silver gilt so knight first class with swords.
  3. Bulgarian MMO = Bulgarian Military Merit Order [correctly by statute, National Order of Merit, Military Division but generally known in Bulgaria as Орден за Военна Заслуга or Order of Military Merit]. Bulgarian MBO = Bulgarian Military Bravery Order [correctly by statute, Order of Bravery-Орден за Храброст].
  4. 922F

    Egypt Khedivate Judge's Badge question

    Certainly a curious item!
  5. 922F

    Ordre du Mérite combattant Commandeur -Price

    Price depends on what you are willing to pay and/or how long you are willing to wait for it. Anywhere from 275 euros --with damage, no case--to 450 euros with case. Look on French eBay [https://www.ebay.fr/sch/i.html?_from=R40&_sacat=0&_nkw=Ordre du Mérite combattant&LH_Complete=1&rt=nc&_trksid=p2045573.m1684] and French dealers' sites. One with enamel damage to motto ring & one star point sold several years ago at a U.S. auction for about $200 including commission but not delivery.
  6. Ed Haynes wrote a comprehensive study of Afghani awards in 2016. Perhaps you could contact him for further details. Another place to start -- auction catalog of G. Tammann's collection [UBS 2008]. Tammann also wrote an exhaustive study of the entire range of Afghan awards but I do not know where one can find copies. Tammann himself seems not to be involved with Orders study since 2006 or 7. A 1998 Russian language monograph briefly mentions the Order but is largely worthless in terms of information or illustrations. General sources like Werlich or Stair Sainty & Heydel-Mankoo offer few images or information.
  7. After 1936, the Bulgarian MMO comprised 6 enameled classes + 2 unenameled crosses. Grand Cross, First Class, [both with sash, badge & 8 point star but differing details like star body format & sash width and color dimensions to distinguish grade difference], Grand Officer [neck badge, cravat & 4 point star], Commander, Officer & Knight + 2 unenameled crosses. All could be awarded after 1916 with KD [an enameled laurel/oak wreath applied around the obverse center]. This KD appurtenance appeared only for the Order grades NOT the unenameled crosses. Officer, Knight, & unenameled crosses used the Military Bravery ribbon rather than the MMO ribbon to demonstrate KD entitlement. One 'grade' of the unenameled crosses had a suspension crown & the other did not. As sometimes typical, wiki's entry is faulty--the actual grade illustrated as Grand Cross on the site you linked [2nd image below] is a First Class with KD insignia set. Images of a GC with KD insignia set follow Silver cross without crown but with MBO ribbon signifying KD award
  8. Generally, a bow at the Bulgarian sash juncture would suggest a Grand Cross, lack of a bow = 1st class--I cannot distinguish what's there. If the painter accurately portrayed the sash, dimensions & stripe widths = lst class. A-H awards on bar = Iron Crown, Merit Cross/Verdienstkreuz with and another without KD, & rest too much for my eyes.
  9. #2 Bulgarian Military Merit First Class or GC star [lack of painting detail makes determination difficult - looks to be first class based on sash appearance], without war decoration #3 A-H Franz Josef Order officer #4 Looks like Croat shield surrounded by "U" [Ustasha symbol] surmounted by an eagle? Some sort of air force or staff badge? Must check a reference book. Except for "U" somewhat similar to A-H Devil's Division badge. At 2nd button hole, maybe a so-called Croatian Commemorative Badge, 1942-3, signifying service in the Croatian Army for over 1 year including six months or more at the front.
  10. Bob, Intriguing box--is the motto ring hard or soft enamel?
  11. Agree with your IDs, IDs follow, those without ? relatively positive IDs others, best guess: #5 Austro-Hungarian [A-H] Leopold Order apparently with war decoration of lower class #7 A-H Merit Cross Verdienstkreuz? #8 A-H Signum Laudis [Military Medal of Merit--class?]? #9 The (General) War Service Medal 1873 #10 A-H Balkan Mobilisation Cross 1912-1913 #13 4 point star Bulgarian Natioinal Order Military Division Grand Officer w/o war decoration aka Military Merit Order post 1936 3rd class
  12. Rusty, Responding to your comments---Around 1925 the Pahlavi Dynasty restructured the Qajar Dynasty's Order of the Sun & Lion [1808] and renamed it the Order of Homayoun [Humayun]. Iran used this version until the Shah’s overthrow in 1979. Officer and knight badges usually look like the image you posted with officers’ badges having a ribbon rosette. Belgian Order of Leopold II insignia indicates military division for officers and knights by crossed swords attached to the ribbon not between the suspension crown & top of cross. Leopold II officer & knight badges with the crossed swords between the cross and suspension crown [as well as commander badges with swords fastened to the cravat suspension loop] do exist but they are NOT statutory--either fantasy collector pieces or one off individual confections. So yes, this one represents the civil division. The piece worn in the image is most likely a so-called 2nd type with lion in center & motto inscription in French only. Belgium authorized conferment of Leopold II 3rd type insignia, with motto in both French and Flemish, by 1951 statute change. Besides VE III's 1933 visit, Egyptians had many opportunities to receive Italian honors. Occasions like diplomatic or administrative exchanges, naval & commercial ship visits, international fairs, and similar instances afforded possibilities for prospective awards. I suppose an argument could be made that 5th class Homayoun, 4th or 5th class Leopold II, and 5th class Italian Crown awards would be appropriate for junior level officers up to army captain or vice consul and similar ranks. On closer inspection, I agree that it looks like a photographic ‘speck’ between the Homayoun and Leopold II badges.
  13. Great images, Rusty. Officer appears to wear Ismail, Nile, either Egyptian Medal for Meritorious Actions or Medal of Devotion, Khedive's Sudan Medal, Iranian Order of Homayoun [Humayun], Belgian Order of Leopold II, and Italian Crown. Maybe something in between Khedive's Sudan Medal & Humayun---or just a hint of a button? Unknown whether VE III awarded Italian Crown in exile, but most likely not according to his biographers... Many Egyptians received Italian Crown Orders in the 1930's-40's. The Egyptian [Royal] Gazette listed national and foreign decorations approved for wear by individuals but I do not know where copies are located. Formerly Georgetown & American Universities in D.C. had microfilm copies but I have not reviewed those since the 1970's. The Library of Congress had both hard copies and microfiche copies I saw in the 1980's.
  14. Suspect, given other Order grades, that St. Joseph type ribbon intended to represent Sovereign Order of Malta – Ordine pro Merito Melitensi, Commander Cross with Swords . See Orders of Knighthood, Awards and the Holy See, by H.E. Cardinale and Peter Bander-van Duren, 3rd ed. 1985.
  15. 922F

    Rwanda new awards

    Thank you for finding and posting this highly useful information!!! Do you know whether Royal Insignia [Singapore] manufactures the items? Interesting language bifurcation displayed on this Commonwealth member's awards.