922F

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  1. Owain, Appears that you have the Italian Crown graded correctly as a Grand Officer and the Tunisia Iftikhir rightly as a Commander. Italian practice would have been to have small crowns on the ribbon to indicate grade but since this seems to be mounted French style, the rosette + gold/silver 'wing' likely stands in for Grand Officer aka 2nd class miniature crowns. Regarding the Iftikhir, rosette + silver 'wing' indicates Commander aka 3rd class across the French system, as you know. Cheers, EJ
  2. The Order of Pouono is currently inactive and/or obsolete. George V discontinued it during 2008-10, if not before. A forthcoming article in the Journal of the Orders & Medals Society of America details the king's revisions of the entire Tongan honors system through 2012 [when that king died]. No further alterations to the Tongan honors system have been reported.
  3. It's the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George bestowed by the former royal House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies. Post 61 above elaborates a bit on this honor.
  4. There are definitely 5th class and 4th class badges of this type production on sale.
  5. Owain, Royal Romanian medals for cultural achievement existed before establishment of the Order. Usually known as "Bene Merenti" Medals for Sciences and Arts (1876-1931) they are sometimes confused with being part of the Order. My understanding is that the Order replaced the medals so that the medals were not awarded after 1931. The medals are reported in both silver and gold [gilt] possibly indicating degrees of merit.
  6. Thank you, ilieff, for the additional information.
  7. Thank you for this informative post!! Did he earn decorations from the communist government?
  8. George F. Quallo [I do not know him] is the current JCF commissioner. A Deputy Commissioner responsible for public information position exists if the JCF organization retains the same structure as in the '80's. Likely, an on-line search will reveal email points of contact but a snail mail inquiry may obtain better results. I've no idea whether 'historical' police personnel records remain in Kampala archives. A late 1990's visit there suggested that various regime changes resulted in destruction of many old records. FCO may be a viable option for these. Some African countries have 'old boy' uniformed services organizations which may offer another research option.
  9. Guy, Many foreigners received the Palmes Academique and not always for academic services. DeLande and others explain this practice which also applies to the Order of Agricultural Merit. Dave, Yes the Cross for voluntary military service ("Croix des services militaires volontaires") ribbon was somewhat similar to #3 but, in addition, had a narrow white edge stripe. Some websites do show a blue red blue ribbon for the Cross but do not cite sources for this application. I am unaware of any regulatory, statutory or other written authority for that usage. If ribbon #3 in fact indicates a Cross for voluntary military service, the CdG would quite correctly precede it. The criteria for the Cross, established in 1934, stipulated meritorious service by French reserve military establishment personnel. In 1957, the Order of Military Merit ("Ordre du mérite militaire") 'replaced' the cross as recognition for reserve personnel; it employed the same ribbon. France abolished the Order in 1963 but created the Medal for voluntary military service ("Médaille des services militaires volontaires") in 1975 again using the same ribbon to reward the same type of activity. Eligibility conditions for this range of voluntary reserve military service decorations appear to suggest it perhaps unlikely that foreigners would qualify for them.
  10. I worked somewhat closely with the Jamaica Constabulary Force and Commissioner Ricketts from 1986-9. JCF's National HQ [address: 101-103 Old Hope Road, Kingston 6] had almost complete personnel records from about 1870 until Hurricane Gilbert [1988]. Before Gilbert, some materials, especially including those from the 1880's. 1890's and 1920's, were missing or damaged. Very likely Gilbert ruined additional items. I left Jamaica in 1989 and do not know the current state of JCF records or access rules. As might be expected, customary Commonwealth time period/privacy embargos on personnel records prohibit release of certain materials. It may be that copies of records exist in British Foreign & Commonwealth Office holdings.
  11. Ribbon 3 more likely Order of Sts. Michael & George [UK] or Military Order of Savoy [Italy].
  12. Hello Vincent, Yes, in my experience, an "O" stamped on the outer lid indicates a case for an officer level distinction for one of the National Orders. And, on cursory inspection, there's the 'imprint' of what looks like a circular rosette impression in the upper inner lid of my illustrated black case. This plus your comment, the more 'moderne' appearance [and later type] of the Wolfer logo and case outer lid embossed "A" style may mean that the red case is a more likely candidate for 'original case'. Should add that neither case inner bottom is fitted for the insignia [no 'nest'] although the red case padding under the felt seems like it bears a hollow where the badge has rested for a long time. Cheers, EJ
  13. Found 2 cased examples of the Commemorative Cross of the House of King Albert [Croix Commémorative de la Maison du Roi Albert -Herinneringskruis van het Huis van Koning Albert], established in May, 1934. Just to complicate life, both in Wolfers cases but one case red exterior and one with black exterior!! Always possible cases switched--perhaps red case is actual item due to Wolfers' logo format. Crosses appear identical, images depict cross above/below their respective cases. No apparent maker marks on either piece.
  14. The object's construction [sewing/backing/overall form] and apparent age strongly suggests that it is genuine. Ribbons appear to be in accurate rank order. 'Colonial Order' award placement not always according to regular protocol and specific protocols changed over the years in any case. Many French ribbon group assemblies simply do not include miniature engagement/geographic region bars, even today. The Royal Order of Cambodia ribbon color reveals this award to have been made under French aegis. It could be granted [after 1932 or '33?] for service related to Cambodia or Indochina but not performed in those physical locations. The blue/red ribbon represents the medal for volunteer service in Free French civil or military forces (French: Médaille commémorative des services volontaires dans la France libre), recognizing service in those forces before mid-1943. This seems consistent with the first ribbon, a WW II Resistance Medal, and the WW II Victory Medal [also without miniature engagement/geographic region bars]. In sum then, this looks like a coherent and original ribbon group.
  15. Camelneck--Information available in Prof Pavlov's book [Bulgarian/English language edition] will repay your cost many times over, even at $160 delivered [e.ay now]. You may sometimes find used copies [Bulgarian language but with English image captions] via Alibris, Amazon & similar sites for as little as $60 and Bulgarian/English language editions as cheap as $80.