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  1. Ribbon 3 more likely Order of Sts. Michael & George [UK] or Military Order of Savoy [Italy].
  2. Hello Vincent, Yes, in my experience, an "O" stamped on the outer lid indicates a case for an officer level distinction for one of the National Orders. And, on cursory inspection, there's the 'imprint' of what looks like a circular rosette impression in the upper inner lid of my illustrated black case. This plus your comment, the more 'moderne' appearance [and later type] of the Wolfer logo and case outer lid embossed "A" style may mean that the red case is a more likely candidate for 'original case'. Should add that neither case inner bottom is fitted for the insignia [no 'nest'] although the red case padding under the felt seems like it bears a hollow where the badge has rested for a long time. Cheers, EJ
  3. Found 2 cased examples of the Commemorative Cross of the House of King Albert [Croix Commémorative de la Maison du Roi Albert -Herinneringskruis van het Huis van Koning Albert], established in May, 1934. Just to complicate life, both in Wolfers cases but one case red exterior and one with black exterior!! Always possible cases switched--perhaps red case is actual item due to Wolfers' logo format. Crosses appear identical, images depict cross above/below their respective cases. No apparent maker marks on either piece.
  4. The object's construction [sewing/backing/overall form] and apparent age strongly suggests that it is genuine. Ribbons appear to be in accurate rank order. 'Colonial Order' award placement not always according to regular protocol and specific protocols changed over the years in any case. Many French ribbon group assemblies simply do not include miniature engagement/geographic region bars, even today. The Royal Order of Cambodia ribbon color reveals this award to have been made under French aegis. It could be granted [after 1932 or '33?] for service related to Cambodia or Indochina but not performed in those physical locations. The blue/red ribbon represents the medal for volunteer service in Free French civil or military forces (French: Médaille commémorative des services volontaires dans la France libre), recognizing service in those forces before mid-1943. This seems consistent with the first ribbon, a WW II Resistance Medal, and the WW II Victory Medal [also without miniature engagement/geographic region bars]. In sum then, this looks like a coherent and original ribbon group.
  5. Camelneck--Information available in Prof Pavlov's book [Bulgarian/English language edition] will repay your cost many times over, even at $160 delivered [e.ay now]. You may sometimes find used copies [Bulgarian language but with English image captions] via Alibris, Amazon & similar sites for as little as $60 and Bulgarian/English language editions as cheap as $80.
  6. Yes, I agree with your views regarding engraving on this star reverse due to the uneven spacing and imperfect size of the letters. Question arises whether the faker is copying an extant example last known decades ago. Motivation, yes to raise hopes, interest and price! The Hungarian St. Stephan star with dedication to King Zog engraved on reverse recently auctioned could be an impetus.
  7. Interesting reverse inscription on this one . In the mid-1970's?, I believe, a Grand Cross star with war decoration and similar reverse inscription appeared in either a Forman or Klenau catalog. It may have had an older type reverse button but do not remember if there was a mystery number on the pin. Does anyone else know about or recall that star? I will try and find the catalog which had an image of the inscription.
  8. Any stamps or marks on the badge or ribbon ring? Some outfitters retailed insignia made by other firms but in cases marked with their own logo. If made after1934, there should be manufacturer marks identifing the original maker.
  9. Happy to oblige. In my view, published written sources with information indicating 'hard' sources like Order Statutes, surpass in reliability many internet sources. Les Decoration tunisiannes a la epoque husseinite, 1994, in my understanding, remains the most complete study of this Order with copious references to not only the Statutes but implementing decrees and era-published administrative procedure guidance. As to internet sources, in this instance Wiki lists the grade of knight 2nd class but includes no image. For other easily searchable internet 'cites' [pun intended] try http://www.royalark.net/Tunisia/orders.htm, http://www.icollector.com/AUCTION-VIII_as11563_p6 lot 1330, or The 1882 statutes are on-line somewhere in a French collectors' organization site; I cannot locate it at present. Google search and French eBay listings will reveal more on-line evidence. http://www.emering.com/medals/tunisia/index.html provides perhaps the most accessible images of various Beys' names/cyphers for English speakers.
  10. Igor, Thanks for your postings! Are your post 30 additions still on display in the National Museum, Цетиње? At one point the jeweled Civil Merit suite was attributed to the Queen and the St. Alex collar attached to it attributed to the Crown Prince. Later the collar and badge were attributed to the Queen as a one-off award. There was also a French Agriculture Merit Order [commander size insignia] on a sash, supposedly another one-off given to the King in 1910 since he already had the Legion of Honor GC. Any clarification on those claims??
  11. I cannot make out the punches on the ring. As to the Bey's name, appears most like Mohammed-Es-Sadok (1859-1882). c.f. https://www.expertissim.com/tunisie-ordre-de-nichan-iftikhar-130110 as well as http://www.militaria-medailles.fr/fr/medaille-francaises/5362-medaille-de-officier-de-l-odre-tunisien-d-nichan-iftikhar-mohamed-es-sadok-1859-1882.html. Often exact calligraphy match in terms of depicting the Bey's name will not happen due to variations among jeweller manufacturing abilities and Arabic language comprehension.
  12. Sincere thanks for this material! First time seeing almost all of them. I welcome more information!
  13. Nickstrenk, this is a beautiful example of the order regardless of Bey's name! Almost all recipients had to buy their own Nichan Iftikhir insignia. Your Czech general likely was in Austro-Hungarian service if he received it in 1913. Perhaps he went into a Vienna shop and bought this example--note ribon arrangement and very fine obverse and reverse detail suggesting Rothe or Meyer manufacture. [May be silver content or jeweler marks on ring.] Maybe no attention to detail given as to obtaining correct Bey's name, if the price was right!
  14. Yes, I misspoke, I intended lst class of 3rd degree
  15. New World, Could you determine whether this lst class has hard or soft enamel?? Don't recall ever seeing such pitting as on the reverse.