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  1. Thank you--See he received a Leopold with swords, perhaps during the visit?
  2. Looks like a match!! First image I've seen of a Brazilian wearing the 1920 Belgian Medal of the Royal Visit to Brazil. Have you details of his Japanese involvement?
  3. Perhaps Mrs. Admiral received the medal as well?
  4. Last 4 ribbons may indicate commander Italian Crown, knight or officer Bulgarian Military Merit Order with KD, faded Italian Maurice Lazarus/Swede Vasa/Hungary Order of Merit/Persian Lion & Sun [?] missing device and...Albanian Black Eagle?? Thoughts, gents....
  5. Owain, Appears that you have the Italian Crown graded correctly as a Grand Officer and the Tunisia Iftikhir rightly as a Commander. Italian practice would have been to have small crowns on the ribbon to indicate grade but since this seems to be mounted French style, the rosette + gold/silver 'wing' likely stands in for Grand Officer aka 2nd class miniature crowns. Regarding the Iftikhir, rosette + silver 'wing' indicates Commander aka 3rd class across the French system, as you know. Cheers, EJ
  6. The Order of Pouono is currently inactive and/or obsolete. George V discontinued it during 2008-10, if not before. A forthcoming article in the Journal of the Orders & Medals Society of America details the king's revisions of the entire Tongan honors system through 2012 [when that king died]. No further alterations to the Tongan honors system have been reported.
  7. It's the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George bestowed by the former royal House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies. Post 61 above elaborates a bit on this honor.
  8. There are definitely 5th class and 4th class badges of this type production on sale.
  9. Owain, Royal Romanian medals for cultural achievement existed before establishment of the Order. Usually known as "Bene Merenti" Medals for Sciences and Arts (1876-1931) they are sometimes confused with being part of the Order. My understanding is that the Order replaced the medals so that the medals were not awarded after 1931. The medals are reported in both silver and gold [gilt] possibly indicating degrees of merit.
  10. Thank you, ilieff, for the additional information.
  11. Thank you for this informative post!! Did he earn decorations from the communist government?
  12. George F. Quallo [I do not know him] is the current JCF commissioner. A Deputy Commissioner responsible for public information position exists if the JCF organization retains the same structure as in the '80's. Likely, an on-line search will reveal email points of contact but a snail mail inquiry may obtain better results. I've no idea whether 'historical' police personnel records remain in Kampala archives. A late 1990's visit there suggested that various regime changes resulted in destruction of many old records. FCO may be a viable option for these. Some African countries have 'old boy' uniformed services organizations which may offer another research option.
  13. Guy, Many foreigners received the Palmes Academique and not always for academic services. DeLande and others explain this practice which also applies to the Order of Agricultural Merit. Dave, Yes the Cross for voluntary military service ("Croix des services militaires volontaires") ribbon was somewhat similar to #3 but, in addition, had a narrow white edge stripe. Some websites do show a blue red blue ribbon for the Cross but do not cite sources for this application. I am unaware of any regulatory, statutory or other written authority for that usage. If ribbon #3 in fact indicates a Cross for voluntary military service, the CdG would quite correctly precede it. The criteria for the Cross, established in 1934, stipulated meritorious service by French reserve military establishment personnel. In 1957, the Order of Military Merit ("Ordre du mérite militaire") 'replaced' the cross as recognition for reserve personnel; it employed the same ribbon. France abolished the Order in 1963 but created the Medal for voluntary military service ("Médaille des services militaires volontaires") in 1975 again using the same ribbon to reward the same type of activity. Eligibility conditions for this range of voluntary reserve military service decorations appear to suggest it perhaps unlikely that foreigners would qualify for them.
  14. I worked somewhat closely with the Jamaica Constabulary Force and Commissioner Ricketts from 1986-9. JCF's National HQ [address: 101-103 Old Hope Road, Kingston 6] had almost complete personnel records from about 1870 until Hurricane Gilbert [1988]. Before Gilbert, some materials, especially including those from the 1880's. 1890's and 1920's, were missing or damaged. Very likely Gilbert ruined additional items. I left Jamaica in 1989 and do not know the current state of JCF records or access rules. As might be expected, customary Commonwealth time period/privacy embargos on personnel records prohibit release of certain materials. It may be that copies of records exist in British Foreign & Commonwealth Office holdings.
  15. Ribbon 3 more likely Order of Sts. Michael & George [UK] or Military Order of Savoy [Italy].