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oamotme

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  1. oamotme

    Ethiopia : Emperor's Bodyguard Long Service Badge

    Hendrik, The sequence of badges is as follows: 5 years - green 10 years - yellow 15 years - red 20 years - blue 25 years - black 30 years - orange The text on each badge reads , "Number (in words) Years Service", e.g . "Twenty Years Service". Weight varies slightly from 10.1 grams to 10.8 grams and the dimensions are 61mm x 28mm. Regards, Owain
  2. oamotme

    Saudi Arabia-Table Medal

    Nick, I suspect it is a hand out for visitors as a souvenir. Nice quality base metal but somewhat spoiled by the 'stick on' plate. I doubt it has any commercial value other than as space filler. Owain
  3. Emmanuel, Great pictures and fascinating history - thank you, Owain
  4. Bokhara, Faded WW2 UK Defence medal ribbon? Owain
  5. Gentlemen, Further to my ongoing research into the awards presented to Emperor Menelik of Ethiopia (ruled 1889-1913) I am having difficulty in ascertaining when and in what circumstances he was awarded the Order of the Red Cross. As he never left Abyssina/Ethiopia during his lifetime I am 'assuming' the award was made in connection with a diplomatic/humanitarian/missionary mission of some kind to the Emperor. This award dates from 1876 to 1899 thus the award to Menelik should date from the period 1889-99. The award is the lower right star in the images. Any guidance or suggestions would be much appreciated. Regards, Owain P.S. The list of awards received by the the Emperor, excluding Ethiopian orders, are, as far as I am aware: France - Legion of Honour Germany - Order of the Red Eagle Hungary - Order of St. Stephen Italy - Order of Sts. Maurice & Lazarus Russia - Order of Alexander Nevski Turkey - Order of the Mejidie United Kingdom - Order of the Bath
  6. Thanks - Ras Makonnen father of Haile Selassie I believe - but no Spanish award. Owain
  7. Gentlemen, Further to discussion on another thread concerning miniatures of the Egyptian Order of Ismail I was asked about other Arabic miniatures. Accordingly I detail below an article I wrote some years ago and which was published in the then Broadsheet of the Miniature Medals Branch of the OMRS. Please feel free to add to add, amend and of course correct as necessary. Kind regards, Owain Miniatures of the Middle East & Arab World Owain Raw-Rees, Miniature Branch Member No. 65, OMSA No. 4978, OMRS No. 3088 I have been for a number of years a member of the Miniature Society and whilst having had a number of articles published in both the Orders and Medals Research Society Journal and the Journal of the Orders and Medals Society of America I have yet to submit any draft to the Miniature Medals Branch Journal. To be honest I do not even collect miniatures, but was encouraged to join the Branch by my late friend Henry Rye. I specialise in the full size awards of the Arab world and over the years, by default, have acquired a number of miniatures or have found references to such. Accordingly I would like to take this opportunity to provide a brief overview of such awards. In ascertaining whether there are miniature awards applicable to any particular country there are to be two key deciding factors: Whether British military personnel have served in a particular area? For example during the Gulf War, or have been on secondment such as to the Trucial Oman Scouts, or on loan service such as to the Sultan of Oman’s Forces. In the event that British military personnel received full-size awards corresponding miniature awards will have been manufactured. Incidentally during my time in the Middle East I have no evidence of any of the local military forces wearing miniatures. Indeed in most instances there are very few occasions when the various Arab forces even wear full size medals. Which company has manufactured the awards? Usually, if of European manufacture, it is reasonable to assume that at least some of the senior orders have also been manufactured in miniature. Listed below, in alphabetical order, is a brief review of each country. Algeria Prior to independence French awards were issued and thus miniatures are of a French design. The post independence awards, headed by the National Order of Merit, are little known and I do not believe that any miniatures have been manufactured. Bahrain Until recently all awards were made by Spink and thus miniatures should be available of most awards and examples have been seen of the following Orders - Sheikh Issa, Bahrain, Achievement and the Military Service. Comoro Whilst a French colony the senior Orders of the Star of Comoro and Star of Anjouan were awarded to French personnel and miniatures are known. A series of post independence awards has been instituted but as of writing I have no evidence of any miniatures. Djibouti Under French control the Sultanate of Tadjouorah instituted the Order of Al Anouar which was awarded mainly to French officers and officials and thus miniatures are not uncommon. Following independence the Djibouti has instituted its own series of awards, the senior of which is the National Order of the Great Djibouti Star. These awards are of French manufacture and awards have been made to French military personnel so it is reasonable to assume that miniatures do exist. Egypt British involvement in Egypt is well known and the first miniatures date back to the Khedivate with the Khedives Star of 1882-1891 – see Dennis Poole’s article in Broadsheet No. 41. The next miniature was the Khedives Sudan Medal of 1896-1908 and its subsequent issue. Miniatures should to exist of all of the main awards from the period of the monarchy - the most common being the Order of the Nile. Miniatures of the senior Order of Mohammed Ali are also known. Other miniatures include the Medal for Meritorious Acts and of Devotion, the Order of the Felaha (Agriculture) and the 1947 Cholera Medal. Royal Egyptian awards were made initially by J.Lattes and then Tewfiq Bichay - both of Cairo. (Examples of the Order of Ismail manufactured by Gardino of Rome are also known.) After the 1952 Revolution the first order instituted was the Order of Independence, since obsolete, and miniatures of this order are known to exist. Bichay also manufactured miniatures of other Republican orders and medals and such as the Order of Sport and the medal Commemorating the 25th Anniversary of the Egyptian Air Force. Federation of South Arabia The short existence of the awards of the F.S.A. limited their distribution and whilst a number of British personnel received appointment to the Order of the Hero of South Arabia I have no evidence that Spink, the manufacturer of the F.S.A. awards ever made any miniatures. Hejaz During the First World War a number of British personnel were awarded the Order of Renaissance. As this was a locally manufactured award any miniatures would have been obtained in the U.K. and such miniatures appear to be of a similar design to the Order as redesigned as a Jordanian award. (Subsequent research shows both Hijazi and Jordanian issues in miniature.) Examples are known of miniatures of the only two Hijazi medals – Independence and Ma’an, although I have no evidence that any were awarded to British personnel. Iraq During the period of the monarchy many British personnel were recipients of the Order of the Rafidain and the Active Service Medal and miniatures of these awards are plentiful. Miniatures also exist of the scarcely awarded Gallantry Medal – please refer to Roger Colbourne’s article in Broadsheet No.48. Miniatures also exist of the Iraqi 1939-45 and Victory medals. All of these miniatures appear to be of British manufacture. Garrard is known to have manufactured some of the royal Iraqi awards. By the reign of King Faisal II most Iraqi awards were made by Huguenin of Le Locle, Switzerland. Huguenin retained the contract for Iraqi awards after the 1958 Revolution and continued making Iraqi medals until at least the mid 1970’s. I have no evidence of any miniatures from the Republican period. (Subsequent research shows a large series of miniature Republican miniatures.) Jordan As mentioned above the Hijaz orders of Renaissance and Independence became Jordanian awards and with the institution of the Order of the Star a number of these awards have been issued to British personnel over the years. The awards have been manufactured by various companies, including the London Goldsmiths & Silversmoths Company Ltd., Garrard, Bertrand of Paris and the Egyptian firm of Bichay of Cairo and it appears that miniatures exist of all the European manufactured awards. Miniatures also exist of a number of the Jordanian medals with examples known of the following: Order of Military Gallantry, 1941 Campaign, 1939-45 War, 1948 War, and Long Service Medals. Kuwait The Order of Kuwait was manufactured initially by the Kuwait Gold and Silver Company and after the Gulf War by Garrard – I have not come across any miniatures of this award. With regard to other Kuwaiti awards miniatures do exist of the Order of National Defence, the Military Duty and Military Service medals. These awards were manufactured by Spink and examples are also known by Bertoni of Milan in Italy. Of course the most well known Kuwait award is the Order of the Liberation of Kuwait and I have seen examples of the three junior classes in miniature. The official issue of these classes in full size appear to have been manufactured in the Far East. Lebanon Of the senior Lebanese orders the most commonplace are those of Merit and the Cedar and the bulk of these orders appear to have been manufactured either by Bertrand, Bichay or Huguenin and miniatures of both orders exist. (Subsequent research has seen miniature issues of most Lebanese awards.) Lybia The first series of awards were instituted by King Idris in the 1950’s and consisted of three orders and two medals. These were manufactured by Bichay and whilst I have no evidence that any miniatures of the orders were manufactured I have seen an example of the medal of Mohammed Al Mokhtar in miniature. With the overthrow of the monarchy Colonel Qaddafi has over the years instituted various medals manufactured by Bichay, Bomisa of Milan, Italy and also the IKOM the State Mint in Zagreb, Yugoslavia – none of these appear to have been made in miniature form. (Subsequent research has seen miniature issues of the Order of the Great Victory.) Morocco Whilst under French influence the Orders of Hafidien and Alouite, were awarded to many French military personnel and these awards in miniature are not difficult to find. Following independence a number of orders were instituted - and these orders along with various medals were made by Bertrand – e.g. the Orders of Interior, Merit, Star and Throne and miniatures do exist. Oman With the long history of British involvement in Oman and the manufacture of the majority of Omani awards by Spink miniatures of almost all Omani awards appear to exist. The only non-British manufactured medal is that commemorating the 25th anniversary of the accession of Sultan Qaboos, which was made by Huguenin, and I have no evidence as of writing as to whether a miniature of this award exists. The miniatures of the Omani Police Force are dealt with in Colin Hole’s article in Broadsheet No. 68. Palestine Following the institution of the Palestinian Authority Yasser Arafat has instituted two awards – the Order of Sacred Jerusalem and of Bethlehem 2000. These both appear to be single class neck badges and I have no evidence of any miniatures. (Subsequent issues of recent Palestinian State Awards have miniatures.) Qatar The primary Orders of Qatar – of Independence and Merit, have been made by Bertrand, and the cased insignia do not include miniatures. With regard to the medals, to date, two series of awards have been manufactured by Spink but never distributed and no miniatures of these series have been made. Qu’aiti Sultanate in Hadhramaut This Sultanate from 1948 to 1967 awarded two medals - the Order of Distinction and the Order of Merit. These were manufactured by the Royal Mint and were awarded in a number of instances to the British Military Resident Advisor. I have yet to see either of these awards in miniature but do believe that they exist. (Subsequent research shows miniatures manufactured.) Saudi Arabia A limited series of awards was instituted in the 1950’s and manufactured by Bichay – miniature examples so the Order of Abdulaziz are known. With the accession of King Faisal this series became obsolete and only in the early 1970’s was a new series of awards instituted. The Order of Abdulaziz and Faisal both are manufactured by Bertrand and whilst the presentation cases do not include miniatures many awards of the former were made to coalition personnel after the Gulf War and I would believe that some of the recipients may have had miniatures made. The most common Saudi award is the Liberation of Kuwait Medal of which miniatures are plentiful. The full size award was initially manufactured by Spink and Huguenin, with later varieties made by Graco of Texas, USA. Of the other Saudi medals - for Merit and the medals for the Army, Air Force and Navy these are manufactured by Bertrand and no miniatures appear to exist. A later series of awards has been instituted, 10 out of 12, have been manufactured by Fattorini of Brmingham and one each by Spink and Huguenin. The initial proof sets included miniatures however the mass production does not appear to have included miniatures. Spink manufactured the Combat Medal and a number of miniatures have been seen. Also seen is a miniature of the Saudi Military Management Medal Somalia The only Somali Order is that of the Somali Star. This was made by Gardino of Rome, and the presentation cases often include a miniature. There are a number of Somali medals and whilst also of Italian manufacture, I have no evidence that any miniatures were manufactured although I have seen a small 27mm diameter version of the 1960 Independence Medal. Syria The situation here is similar to Lebanon. Of the senior Syrian Orders the most common place are those of Devotion and Civil Merit and whilst examples are known by Bichay, the bulk of these orders appear to have been manufactured either by Bertrand or Huguenin and miniatures of both orders exist. I have not seen any miniatures of any of the Syrian medal series. Sudan Prior to independence there was a series of four medals awarded to the Sudan Defence Force and a number of these medals would have been awarded to British personnel. Following independence various series of Sudanese awards were instituted – initially for the Republic of Sudan and latterly for the Democratic Republic of Sudan. Awards were made by Garrard and Spink and miniatures do exist of the senior Orders of the Two Niles and of the Republic. Miniatures are also known of the Order of Regional Government and the Star of Military Accomplishment. Tunisia Whilst under French influence the Order of Glory - the central monogram of which changed with each ruler, was awarded to many French military personnel and the award in miniature is not difficult to find. Early pieces appear to have been made in Paris by such firms as Boulanger, Dupetitbosq and Fayole. Following independence a number of orders were instituted - initially the Order of Independence and the Order of the Republic. These orders along with various medals were made by Bertrand and whilst I have not seen any miniatures I suspect that examples do exist. United Arab Emirates Until recently all of the awards of the U.A.E. and its constituent parts were manufactured by Spink and a number of such awards were made to British military personnel and miniatures are not uncommon. The include the earliest medal for this region being the Loyal Service Medal of the Trucial Oman Scouts - four British officers were awarded this medal – please refer to Colin Hole’s article in Broadsheet No. 43. Miniatures are also known of the Abu Dhabi Defence Force Inauguration, Police Accession and Defence Force Service Medals, the Dubai Defence Force Service Medal, and also of the U.A.E. Armed Forces Amalgamation Medal and 1976 Lebanon Peace Keeping Force Medal. Of the modern series of U.A.E. awards I have no evidence that miniatures have been manufactured and the same applies to the separate series of awards for the Ministry of the Interior, Dubai Police and Sharjah Police – these three series have been made by Fattorini of Birmingham. Finally there is the Order of the Tower of Qassimi being the sole award of Ras Al Khaima – manufactured by Spink and the presentation case of the order does include a miniature. Yemen Arab Republic, and Republic of Yemen. A series of awards were initially manufactured in 1964 by Bichay but no miniatures are known, with the exception of a miniature star the Order of Mercy. This series became obsolete and a new series was made by Skinner of Bond Street, London. Skinner manufactured a number of the orders with miniatures and examples are known of the Orders of the Republic, Ma’areb, Justice, Seventy and 26 September. With regard to the lesser awards no miniatures were manufactured. With the unification of north and south Yemen in 1992 the awards of the Y.A.R. and P.D.R.Y. were to some degree merged into the new awards system of the Republic of Yemen. I have no evidence that miniatures of the new series, which I believe of be of German manufacture, exist. Whilst not miniatures in the normal sense the presentation cases of the Orders of the Hero of Yemen and War Wounded do include miniature pin-back versions of the full size awards. Yemen – People’s Democratic Republic No known miniatures of the awards if the PDRY appear to exist and the design of the full size awards follows an eastern European / Soviet style, with manufacture by the State Mints of Berlin, Budapest and Moscow. Zanzibar The most often seen order is that of the Brilliant Star - a number of British officers received this award over the years and miniatures are not uncommon. Examples are also seen of the Order of the Alijeh. It is believed that the majority of early awards were made by the London firm of Elkington & Co. Miniatures also exist of the 1896 Zanzibar Service Medal - see Dennis Poole’s article in Broadsheet No. 34, and also of the 1936 Jubilee Medal. The above is but a brief overview and I am sure that there are unrecorded miniatures awaiting discovery and no doubt many variations of the various miniatures referred to. I have not included a bibliography for this article as no specific reference exists but I have noted in the text where specific articles in the Broadsheet have dealt with a number of Arab miniatures. Much of the information given above is the result of a number of years of collecting and observation. I would especially thank Ivor Bush for the opportunity over the years to view his medal collection, which contains a number of Arab miniatures. Some of these have been photographed and are illustrated with this article. I hope that the article does give an insight, however slight, into a most interesting aspect of our hobby. Owain Raw-Rees, June 2003, Riyadh, K.S.A.
  8. oamotme

    Liberia: Order of African Redemption to Dutch persons

    Gentlemen, I detail below a Belgian group of miniatures I have which includes a miniature of the Commander/3rd Class grade of the order. As Paul suggests probably the group of a consular member of staff as the group also includes Dutch, Italian and Vatican awards Regards from Riyadh, Owain
  9. oamotme

    Saudi Arabia-Table Medal

    Nick, The case lid and medal obverse reads, "Al Harass Al Maliki" (The Royal Guard) The top of the obverse is the Saudi flag , "La ila il allah mohammed rasool allah" (There is no god but Allah - Mohamed is his messenger) The lower half of the reverse image - a stuck on plate, "Ihda'a min Ri'aassah Al Harass Al Maliki" ("A Gift from the Royal Guard Headquarters). Regards, Owain
  10. oamotme

    Egypt medal ribbons

    Jan, I have some spare Order of the Republic ribbon - but in London. Send me a private message with an address and I will post in December to you. Owain
  11. ....and if you have the time and patience the remaining laws/amendments for this order up to 1946 - I could find any later ones. As you will note the number of awards increases and the quotas exclude awards to foreigners .There is a different series post 1958. Owain Published in IGG No.35 of 9 September, 1928) 217. CORRIGENDUM Reference the “Al Rafidain” Order Law, No. 29 of 1927, which was published at page 117 of the Iraq Government Gazette No. 15 of 1927. For the word “Medal” wherever it occurs in this Law, substitute the word “Order”. ----00000---- Published in IGG No.29 of 16 July, 1933) 272. REGULATION No. 23 OF 1933 AMENDING THE REGULATION RELATING THE ORDER OF AR_RAFIDAIN No. 14 OF 1927 In accordance with Article 23 (Amended) of the Constitutional Law, by virtue of the powers vested in my by His Majesty King Faisal the First, pursuant to the proposal of the Minister of Finance and with the approval of the Council of Ministers, do hereby order the enactment of the following Regulation on behalf of His Majesty:- Article 1 This Regulation shall be called “Regulation No.23 of 1933 Amending the Regulation relating to the Order of Ar-Rafidain No. 14 of 1928”.) Article 2 The following provisions shall be added to the regulation relating to the Order of Ar-Rafidain No.14 of 1928:- If a promotion to a higher class takes place, the Order of the lower class shall be recovered from the possessor thereof and the difference in fees between the two classes shall be collected from him. In the event of the death of a possessor of an Order, the Order shall be recovered from his heirs within a suitable period of time, provided that this will be at the option of the heirs themselves. If such a recovery takes place the fees paid by the deceased holder of the Order shall be refunded to the heirs. If an Order is lost the holder thereof may, by permission from the President of the Council of Ministers, obtain an other Order to replace it against payment of the fees prescribed for the class of the missing Order as set forth in “Ar-Rafidain” Decoration Law No. 29 of 1927. Article 3 The Ministers of the State are charged with execution of these Regulations. Made at Baghdad this 23rd day of Safar, 1352, and the 17th day of June 1933. The Regent GHAZI RASHID ALI HIKMAT SULAIMAN Prime Minister & Acting Minister of Interior Minister of Foreign Affairs & Acting Minister of Finance MUHAMMAD ZAKI JALAL BABAN Minister of Justice Minister of Defence & Acting Minister of Economics & Communications ABDUL MAHDI Minister of Education (Published in the Waqayi al Iraqiya No. 1264 dated 22-6-33) ----00000---- Published in IGG No.15 of 15 April, 1934) 154. REGULATION AMENDING REGULATION FOR THE ORDER OF AR_RAFIDAIN No. 14 OF 1927 –No.7 OF 1934 We, KING of IRAQ In accordance with Article 26 (a) of the Constitutional Law and Article 3 of the Law for the Order of Ar Rafidain No. 29 of 1927, and pursuant to the proposal of the Minister of Foreign Affairs and with the approval of the Council of Ministers, do hereby order the enactment of the following Regulation:- Article 1 Article 7 of the regulation for the Order of Ar Rafidain No.14 of 1928 shall be amended as follows: The word “eighty” shall be substituted for “fifty” in the first sentence. The words “one hundred and twenty” shall be substituted for “one hundred” in the second sentence. The words “one hundred and seventy” shall be substituted for “one hundred and fifty” in the third sentence. Article 2 This Regulation shall come into force from the date of its publication in the Official Gazette. Article 3 The Ministers of the State are charged with execution of these Regulations. Made at Baghdad this 19th day of Dhul Qi’da, 1352, and the 5th day of March 1934. GHAZI JAMIL AL MADFA’I NAJI AS SUWAIDI Prime Minister & Acting Minister of Finance Minister of Interior ABDULLA AD DAMALUJI RASHID AL KHOJA Minister of Foreign Affairs Minister of Defence JAMAL BABAN ABBAS MAHDI Minister of Justice Minister of Economics and Communications JALAL BABAN Minister of Education (Published in the Waqayi al Iraqiya No. 1349 dated 13-3-34) ----00000---- Published in IGG No.51 of 23 December, 1934) 607. REGULATION AMENDING THE REGULATION RELATING TO THE ORDER OF AR-RAFIDAIN No. 14 OF 1928 –No.47 OF 1934 We, KING of IRAQ In accordance with Article 3 of the Law relating to the Order of Ar Rafidain No. 29 of 1927, and pursuant to decision of the Council of Ministers, do hereby order the enactment of the following Regulation:- Article 1 The word right mentioned at the end of Article 3 (a) of the regulation relating to the Order of Ar-Rafidain No.14 of 1928 shall be deleted and substituted by the word left”. The words “there shall be a brooch similar to and worn in manner similar to the brooch described in para (a) set out at the end of the paragraph (b) of the same article shall be substituted by the words “there is also a brooch, placed on gilt rays, to be worn on the lower part of the right breast”. Article 2 This Regulation shall come into force from 1st November, 1934. Article 3 The Ministers of the State are charged with execution of these Regulations. Made at Baghdad this 24th day of Rajab, 1353, and the 1st day of November 1934. GHAZI ALI JAWDAT YUSUF GHANIMA Prime Minister & Acting Minister of Finance Minister of Interior NURI AS SA’ID JAMAL BABAN Minister of Foreign Affairs Minister of Justice JAMIL AL MADFA’I ARSHAD AL’UMARI Minister of Defence Minister of Economics and Communications ABDUL HUSAIN Minister of Education (Published in the Waqayi al Iraqiya No. 1386 dated 8-11-34) ----00000---- Published in IGG No.6 of 10 February, 1935) 46. REGULATION No. 2 OF 1935 AMENDING THE ORDER OF AR-RAFIDAIN No. 14 OF 1928 We, KING of IRAQ In accordance with Article 3 of the Law relating to the Order of Ar-Rafidain No. 29 of 1927, and pursuant to decision of the Council of Ministers, do hereby order the enactment of the following Regulation:- Article 1 Article 2 of the Order of Ar-Rafidain No.14 of 1928 is amended as follows: The order in each class and division is a red seven pointed star on both sides, in the centre of the face of which is a white circle on whose upper part is inscribed “The Kingdom of Iraq” and on whose lower part the words “Patriotism is of the Faith”. The said circle is enclosed within a milled ring which is surrounded by seven semi-circles whose bases stand upon the milled ring and the radii of which radiate from the centre of the seven pointed star. The colour of the circumference and radii of the semi-circles is green. The milled ring and the point of junction of each two semi-circles are linked by a green stripe with white decorative work in between the semi-circles. The first circle contains a smaller blue circle on which is a gilt crown and the back of which contains a white circle on whose upper part is inscribed the words “Justice is the Foundation of the State” and on whose lower part is inscribed the words “Faisal The First”. The star is suspended from a gilt wreath of bay leaves and the whole is suspended by a red watered ribbon. The Military Division is distinguished from the Civil division by: Two crossed swords on the wreath. The Military ribbon contains three black parallel stripes one along each edge and one running down the centre; while the Civil ribbon contains two such stripes. Article 2 Article 3 is amended as under:- The forms of the decoration and the manner of wearing it are as follows:- The first class decoration is hung by a broad ribbon which is of the same colour as the ribbon and its stripes ending in a rosette at the lower end to which the decoration is attached. It is worn over the right shoulder so that it hangs above the left hip. There is also a gilt brooch, which may be with decorative work or otherwise, the face of which contains the same designs that are contained on the face of the decoration. The brooch is worn on the lower part of the right breast. The second class decoration is worn on the left breast with a rosette on the lower part of the ribbon. It also contains a brooch similar to that of the first class, to be worn on the lower past of the right breast. The third class decoration is suspended by means of a ribbon worn round the neck. The fourth class decoration is worn on the left breast with a ribbon bearing a rosette on its lower end. The fifth class decoration is worn on the left breast and differs from the other classes in that its wreath is silver. Article 3 Regulation Amending the Order of Ar-Rafidain Regulation No.47 of 1934 is hereby repealed. Article 4 This Regulation shall come into force from the date of its publication in the Official Gazette. Article 5 The Ministers of the State are charged with execution of these Regulations. Made at Baghdad this 7th day of Shawwal, 1353, and the 12th day of January, 1935. GHAZI JAMIL AL MADFA’I YUSUF GHANIMA Ag. Prime Minister, Minister of Finance Ag. Minister of Interior & Minister of Defence JAMAL BABAN ARSHAD AL’UMARI Minister of Justice & Minister of Economics and Minister of Foreign Affairs Communications ABDUL HUSAIN Minister of Education (Published in the Waqayi al Iraqiya No. 1396 dated 24-1-35) ----00000---- Published in IGG No.32 of 11 August, 1935) 404. REGULATION AMENDING REGULATION FOR THE ORDER OF AR-RAFIDAIN No. 14 OF 1928 – No.29 OF1935 We, KING of IRAQ In accordance with Article 3 of the Law relating to the Order of Ar-Rafidain No. 29 of 1927, and pursuant to the proposal of the Minister of Justice and with the approval of the Council of Ministers, do hereby order the enactment of the following Regulation:- Article 1 The following sentence shall be added to the end of para (b) of article 2 of the Regulation Amending Regulation for the Order of Ar-Rafidain No.18 of 1928, No. 23 of 1933:- “Pursuant to the proposal of the Minister of Foreign affairs the Council of Ministers mat decree the keeping by a foreign successor of the Order of his legator as a souvenir”. Article 2 This Regulation shall come into force from the date of its publication in the Official Gazette. Article 3 All Ministers of the State are charged with execution of this Regulation. Made at Baghdad this 10th day of Rabi-ul-Thani, 1354, and the 11th day of July 1935. GHAZI YASIN AL HASHIMI RASHID ALI Prime Minister Minister of Interior RA’UF AL BAHRANI NURI AS SA’ID Minister of Finance Minister of Foreign Affairs MUHAMMAD ZAKI JA”FAR AL ASKARI Minister of Justice Minister of Defence MUHAMMMAD AMIN ZAKI MUHD.RIDHA AL SHABIBI Minister of Economics and Minister of Education Communications (Published in the Waqayi al Iraqiya No. 1437 dated 23-7-35) ----00000---- Published in IGG No.19 of 7 May, 1944) 240. REGULATION No. 68 OF 1943 AMENDING AL-RAFIDAIN ORDER REGULATION No. 14 OF 1928 – No.29 OF1935 In accordance with Article 23 (as amended) of the Constitutional Law and Article 3 of the Law relating to the Order of Ar-Rafidain No. 29 of 1927, and by virtue of the power vested in me and pursuant to the proposal of the Acting Minister of Finance and with the approval of the Council of Ministers, I hereby order on behalf of His Highness the Regent the promulgation enactment of the following Regulation:- Article 1 There shall be added: The phrase “or without a rosette” after the phrase “a rosette thereon” in line 3 of paragraph (b) of Article 3 of Al Rafidain Regulation No. 14 of 1928. The phrase “or a crown instead of a rosette” after the phrase “bearing a rosette” appearing in the last line of paragraph (d) of Article 3 of the said Regulation. Article 2 This Regulation shall come into force from the date of its publication in the Official Gazette. Article 3 All the Ministers are charged with execution of this Regulation. Made at Baghdad this 24th day of Dhil Qi’da, 1362, and the 22nd day of November, 1943. ZAID Vice Regent NURI AS SA’ID ABDULLAH AL QASSAB AHMAD MUKHTAR BABAN Prime Minister Minister of Interior Minister of Justice & Acting of Defence TAHSIN AL ASKARI ABDUL ILAH HAFIDH Minister of Economics & Works Minister of Education & Ag. Minister of Foreign Affairs Ag Minister of Finance SALMAN AL BARRAKI ABDUL RAZZAK AL UZRI Minister of Economics Minister of Foreign Affairs (Published in the Waqayi al Iraqiya No. 12132 of 6-12-43) ----00000---- Published in IGG No.44 of 3 November, 1946) 666. REGULATION No. 72 OF 1946 AMENDING THE RAFIDAIN ORDER REGULATION No. (14) OF 1928 After perusal of Article 3 of the Rafidain Order Law No. 29 of 1927, and pursuant to the approval of the Council of Ministers, we hereby order the promulgation enactment of the following Regulations:- Article 1 Article 7 of the Rafidain Order Regulation No. 14 of 1928 is deleted and substituted by the following Article 7 The members of owners of orders shall not exceed: 60 persons in Grade I 200 persons in Grade II 300 persons in Grade III The numbers of Grades IV and V are not restricted. The foreign owners of Orders who had already been granted orders shall not be within the numbers mentioned above. The orders granted to foreigners after the issue of this regulation shall not exceed one fourth of the limited number specified in Para (1). Article 2 This Regulation shall come into force from the date of its publication in the Official Gazette. Article 3 All the Ministers are charged with execution of this Regulation. Made at Baghdad this xx day of xx, xx, and the 3rd day of November, 1946. Photocopy excludes details of ministers. (Published in the Waqayi al Iraqiya – to be advised) ----00000----
  12. Gentlemen, See instituting law below. Regards, Owain P.S. The things I type up in my spare time..........enjoy. Published in IGG No.15 of 9 April, 1927 99. THE “AL RAFIDAIN” MEDAL LAW – “No. 29 OF 1927” WE, KING of IRAQ With the approval of the Senate and Chamber of Deputies, do hereby order the enactment of the following Law:- Article 1 There shall be created a medal under the title of “Al Rafidain Medal” with 5 classes, the 1st being the highest. Article 2 This Medal shall be granted by a Royal Decree. Article 3 The shape of each class of the Medal, the colour of its ribbons, the time and manner of wearing and all questions connected with the manner of its grant and possession shall be defined by regulations. Article 4 The following fee shall be levied on Iraqis granted this medal: Class of Medal Rs. Class I 120 Class II 80 Class III 60 Class IV 40 Class V 15 Article 5 This law shall come into force from the date of its publication in the Government Gazette. Article 6 All Ministers are charged with execution of this Law. Made at Baghdad this 22nd day of March, 1927, and the 19th day of Ramadhan, 1345. FAISAL JA’FAR AL ‘ASKARI RASHID ALI YASIN AL HASHIMI Prime Minister Minister of Interior Minister of Finance & Minister of Foreign Affairs NURI AL SA’ID MUHD. AMIN ZAKI Minister of Defence Minister of Comms. & Works “ABDUL MHADI AMIN ‘ALI Minister of Education Minister of Awqaf (Published in the Waqayi al Iraqiya No. 527 dated 31-3-27) ----00000---- Published in IGG No.24 of 23 June, 1928) 137. REGULATIONS ISSUED UNDER ARTICLE 3 OF THE LAW RELATING TO THE ORDER OF “AL RAFIDAIN” No. 29 OF 1927, No. 14 OF 1928 WE, KING of IRAQ In accordance with Article (26) of the Organic Law and Article (3) of the Law of Order of Al Rafidain No.29 of 1927, and pursuant to the resolution of the Council of ministers, do hereby order the publication of the following regulations:- Article 1 Each of the 5 classes of the Order shall be of two kinds: civil and military. Article 2 The decoration of the Order of each class is a seven pointed star, in the centre of which is a white circle on the upper part of which is inscribed the sentence “The Kingdom of Iraq” and on the lower part the sentence “Justice is the foundation of the State” in the case of the civil decoration and “Patriotism is of the Faith” in the case of the military decoration, and containing a smaller blue circle on which is a gilt crown. The star is suspended from a gilt wreath of bay leaves and in the case of the military decoration two crossed swords are placed on the wreath. The whole is suspended by a red and black ribbon. Article 3 The forms of the decoration and the manner of wearing it are as follows:- The first class decoration is hung by a broad ribbon of red watered silk with three back stripes ending in a rosette at the lower end to which the decoration is attached. It is worn over the right shoulder so that the decoration hangs above the left hip. There is also a brooch composed of a star similar to the decoration placed on gilt rays, to be worn on the lower part of the right breast. The second class decoration is suspended from a red watered silk ribbon with two black stripes and a rosette thereon and is worn on the left breast. There is also a brooch similar to and worn in manner similar the brooch described in paragraph (a). The third class decoration is suspended from a red watered silk ribbon with three black stripes thereon, and is worn around the neck. The fourth class decoration is suspended from a red watered silk ribbon with three black stripes, bearing a rosette, and is worn on the left breast. The fifth class decoration is suspended from a red watered silk ribbon with two black stripes. It differs from the other classes in that the wreath is silver. It is worn on the left breast. Article 4 Possessors of the Order will wear it (a) on the occasion of official receptions and (b) such other occasions as may be directed by His Majesty the King or by the Prime Minister. Article 5 The Order shall be granted to, and promotion in the Order shall be conferred upon, those who serve the country well: provided that the 1st class or promotion to the 1st class shall only be granted, in respect of prominent services, to those who hold or who have held important appointments under the state. These conditions shall not apply in the case of foreigners not employed in the service of the Iraq State. Article 6 The grant of the Order or promotion to a higher class of the Order shall be made by a resolution of the Council of Ministers provided that in the case of foreigners not employed in the Iraq Government the said grant or promotion shall be at His Majesty’s discretion at the recommendation of the responsible Minister. Article 7 The possessors of decorations of the first class shall not exceed the following members:- Of the 1st Class 50 persons Of the 2nd Class 100 persons Of the 3rd Class 150 persons Of the 4th Class 200 persons The grant of the 5th Class decoration of the Order is unlimited. Article 8 A possessor of the Order may be deprived thereof if he is guilty of disloyalty to the State or the Throne or acts so dishonourably as to unfit himself to continue to possess the Order. Such deprivation shall be made by Royal Irada issued at the recommendation of the Council of Ministers. Article 9 These Regulations shall come into force from the date of publication in the Official Gazette. Article 10 All Ministers are charged with execution of these Regulations. Made at Baghdad this 10th day of June, 1927, and the 23rd day of Dhil Hujja, 1346. FAISAL ‘ABDUL MUHSIN AL SA’DUN NAJI SHAWKAT Prime Minister Minister of Interior & Minister of Foreign Affairs YUSUF GHANIMA DAUD AL HAIDARI Minister of Finance Minister of Justice NURI AL SA’ID SALMAN AL BARRAK Minister of Defence Minister of Irrigation & Agriculture ABDUL MUHSIN SHELASH TAWFIQ AL SUWAID Minister of Communications & Works Minister of Education SAIYID AHMAD AL DAUD Minister of Awqaf (Published in the Waqayi al Iraqiya No. 659 dated 14-6-28) ----00000----
  13. Gentlemen, I have recently read Avsar Ibar's excellent book on the Ottoman Orders of the Mejidie and Osmanie. I have only one such piece - see images - a 5th Class privately engraved to Viscount Kirkwall, later the 6th Earl Orkney. I also have his named British Crimea medal with clasp, "Sebastapol". It would appear that at some stage it was slightly altered as there is a gold pin on the reverse and the gold suspension loop/hook allows the badge to lift free of this suspension. This may have been done to allow his widow to wear the badge as a brooch. This award is listed in the London Gazette and I have amassed much detail concerning the Earl and I hope in due course to submit an article for publication. Kind regards, Owain
  14. Larsb, Many thanks indeed - your last link is, I think, the one to follow. The medal is not a Shriner issue. Again thank you, Owain
  15. Gentlemen, Recently acquired - but a mystery to me. Any suggestions? Owain
  16. Gentlemen, Thanks Avsar. The Viscount, later 6th Earl, is buried in Kensal Green Cemetery in North London, in his wife's family tomb - see attached images - one with me. I also detail a couple of obituaries. As advised I have yet to track down an image of him in later life - to get one would allow me to complete my draft. Owain Inscription on the Earl’s Gravestone to the East of the tomb SACRED TO THE MEMORY OF THE RIGHT HON GEORGE WILLIAM HAMILTON 6TH EARL OF ORKNEY K.C.M.G. DIED 21 OCTOBER 1889 AGED 62 YEARS MAY HIS SOUL REST IN PEACE The Morning Post, Wednesday, October 23, 1889, Death of the Earl of Orkney We regret to record the death of the Earl of Orkney, on Monday, at his residence in Sussex Place, Regent’s Park. George William Hamilton Fitzmaurice, Earl of Orkney, Viscount of Kirkwall and Baron of Dechmont, Linlithgow, in the peerage of Scotland, and a Scottish representative peer, was the eldest son of Thomas, fifth Earl, by the Hon. Charlotte Isabella Irby, second daughter of George, third Lord Boston, and was born in 1827. He entered the army as ensign in the 92nd Highlanders in 1845, and became captain in 1853, afterwards exchanging into the 71st Foot, with which regiment he served at the siege of Sebastopol and the capture of Kertch. In 1856 he entered the Scots Fusiliers, but retired from the army the following year. He served as aide-de-camp to Sir H. Ward (Lord High Commissioner of the Ionian Islands) from 1851 to 1854, was nominated a C.M.G. in 1866, and advanced to K.C.M.G. in 1875. The late Earl succeeded to the family honours in May 1877, having previously, in November, 1872, married, Ameila, Baroness de Samuel, widow of Baron de Samuel, a peer of Portugal. He was elected representative peer for Scotland in 1885, and was appointed Deputy-Lieutenant of Ayrshire in 1852. Failing issue, the earldom devolves upon the late peer’s nephew, Edmund Walter Fitzmaurice, who was born in 1867. Supplement to the Cheltenham Chronicle, Saturday, October 26, 1889 We regret to record the death of the Earl of Orkney, on Monday, at his residence in Sussex Place, Regent’s Park. George William Hamilton Fitzmaurice, Earl of Orkney, Viscount of Kirkwall and Baron of Dechmont, Linlithgow, in the peerage of Scotland, and a Scottish representative peer, was the eldest son of Thomas, fifth Earl, by the Hon. Charlotte Isabella Irby, second daughter of George, third Lord Boston, and was born May 6th 1827. The late earl succeeded to the family honours in May 1877, having previously, in November, 1872, married, Ameila, Baroness de Samuel, widow of Baron de Samuel, a peer of Portugal. Failing issue, the earldom devolves upon the late peer’s nephew, Edmund Walter, born in 1867, eldest surviving son of the late Hon. Henry Warrender Fitzmaurice (second son of the fifth earl).
  17. oamotme

    Order of the Lion and the sun?

    Gentlemen, The reverse text appears to read from the bottom, 'Al Sultan Muzzafer Al Deen Shah Qajar". Regards, Owain
  18. Bob, From Gillingham's book, "Italian Order of Chivalry and Medals of Honour" in the American Numismatic Library. Regards, Owain. MEDAL FOR VETERANS GUARDING THE TOMB OF THE KINGS. This medal was authorized on July 14, 1879, and altered on January 1, 1880. It was established to honour the veterans of the war of 1848-1849 who guarded the tomb of Victor Emmanuel II. It is 30 mm. in diameter and of silver. The ribbon is blue with a white stripe in the centre, with one edge green and the other red. The first model has on the obverse a wreath of laurel with a superimposed, five-pointed star bearing at the centre the bust of the King and the words UMBERTO I° RE D'ITALIA; on the reverse, VETERANI 1848-49 / GUARDIA D'ONORE / ALLA TOMBA DEL RE / VITTORIO EMANUELE II After the death of Humbert I, Victor Emmanuel III altered the medal. The obverse bore his own bust and title, and the reverse read /AI/VETERANI 1848-1870 / GUARDIA D'ONORE / ALLE TOMBE DI RE / VITTORIO EMANUELE II / E UMBERTO I .
  19. Gentlemen, Further to the above correspondence my thanks to Mark. I detail below research to date on my great-aunt: May (Mary) was born at Gwernallt, Chwilog, Carnarvonshire, educated at the County School, Pwllheli and trained at West Derby Union Infirmary 1907-1911. Date of joining for service 27 January 1915 - posted to King George V Hospital Dublin and then to India 7 December 1916. War Office, 3rd June, 1916. The undermentioned Ladies are awarded the decoration of the Royal Red Cross, in recognition of their valuable services in connection with the War: Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service, Reserve - Royal Red Cross, 2nd Class - Staff Nurse Miss M. Evans. Supplement to the London Gazette, 3 June, 1916, page 5601. (May's award appears to be for service at the King George V Hospital in Dublin.) Arrived Mesopotamia 22 August 1917 – initially based in Basra No.3 British General Hospital and posted to Officers Hospital Baghdad 24 November 1918, From 12 February 1919 to 2 February 1920 she was posted to 23 British Stationary Hospital Baghdad. Her Confidential Report noted, “Miss May Evans has worked in the hospital since February 1919. She is an excellent surgical and medical nurse, and a very good ward manager. She has had charge of the theatre for the last seven months and has given every satisfaction. Miss Evans is capable, punctual good tempered and energetic.”– on departure to U.K. work and conduct noted as, “Very Good”. Arrived in the U.K. from Mesopotamia 1 April 1920. Reported her arrival in person – is desirous of renewing her contract for a further period of service. “Sister M. Evans Q.A.I.M.N.S.R. arrived here for duty on 8.5.20 for the past five months her work has been most satisfactory. I can recommend her for further service in a Military Hospital.” Royal Herbert Hospital, Woolwich, 29 October, 1920. The Great War Medal rolls confirm that Staff Nurse M. Evans, was serving with the Territorial Force Nursing Service, and was entitled to and received the British War and Victory Medals, which were issued or sent to her on 15 July 1922 (ref WO 329/2298). St. James’s Palace S.W.1., 2nd January, 1933. The King has been graciously pleased to give orders for the following promotions in, and appointments to, the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire :- To be Members of the Civil Division of the said Most Excellent Order - Miss May Evans, Senior Nursing Sister, Nursing Home, Baghdad, Iraq. Supplement to the London Gazette, 2 January, 1933, page 12. Whitehall, March 10, 1937. The King has been pleased to give and grant unto Miss May Evans, MBE, ARRC, His Majesty’s Royal Licence and authority to wear the insignia of the Fifth Class (Civil Division) of the Order of Al Rafidain, which Decoration has been conferred upon her by His Majesty the King of Iraq in recognition of valuable services rendered by her as Senior Nursing Sister in the Iraqi Health Service. The London Gazette, 12 March, 1937, page 1640. Married Major (Retired) Charles Rowland Chadwick, OBE, RAVC, at the British Consulate, Baghdad on 14 September 1939 - later CBE - entitled to War, Victory, TFWM, GSM clasp "Iraq" , Order of Rafidain, 4th Class Civil. War Office, 23rd September, 1943. The King has been graciously pleased to approve that the following be Mentioned in recognition of distinguished services in Persia-Iraq : - Mrs May Chadwick M.B.E. Supplement to the London Gazette, 23 September, 1943, page 4232. My query/next step is to try and ascertain whether there is a record or any detail concerning her MiD - as it is a stand alone entry in the LG, it gives me hope that there might be, but if so where do I look for such a record? Also would the receipt of such an honour automatically qualify her for the 1939-45 War Medal? She would have been 59 years of age (born 1884) when the award was gazetted. With thanks, Owain
  20. Gentlemen, I am currently researching the awards of my great great aunt May Evans (1884-1980) but am having difficulty in locating her ARRC (Associate Royal Red Cross) award notification. To date I have the following: MBE LG 2 January 1933 - Miss May Evans, Senior Nursing Sister, Nursing Home, Baghdad, Iraq (no mention of ARRC). Iraq Order of Rafidain 5th Class Civil LG 12 March 1937 - Miss May Evans MBE ARRC 'valuable services rendered by her as Senior Nursing Sister in the Iraqi Health Service'. MiD LG 23 September 1943 Mrs May Chadwick MBE 'in recognition of distinguished services in Persia-Iraq' (no mention of ARRC). May married in Baghdad in 1939 Major Charles Rowlad Chadwick, sometime Inspector General of the Iraqi Veterinary Services, also OBE later CBE and Rafidain 4th Class. I do not believe she held any military rank in Iraq during WW2 and thus her MiD if worn would not have been on a medal ribbon. Thank you for any assitance provided. owain
  21. Gordon, Thanks - in addition to the Mejidie and the Crimea medal he was appointed Commander of the Order of St. Michael & St. George in 1866 and advanced to Knight Commander of the Order in 1875 (insignia returned upon his death in 1889). He was also appointed Grand Commander of the Greek Order of the Saviour, circa 1864 - date to be confirmed and whereabouts unknown. There is a Fenton Crimean War image of Captain Kirkwall - see attached, but to date, despite repeated internet searches, I have been unable to source a picture of him in later life. Owain
  22. oamotme

    Is it Libya?

    Nick, Yes - the "Decoration of the Great Fateh (Victory)", 2nd Class. Owain
  23. oamotme

    Ethopian Victory Medal, 1941

    Dave, No need to apologise - research is all. The 'small' size remains a mystery. I attach a selection of images of the pieces I have and which were used in my JOMSA article. Owain
  24. oamotme

    Ethopian Victory Medal, 1941

    Dave, Do you have any evidence of a formal attribution of the smaller cross to 'auxiliary and medical personnel? I detail below the decree and no mention is made is such an entitlement? Kind regards, Owain “Decree No.14 of 1952 Conquering Lion of the Tribe of Judah Haile Selassie I Elect of God, Emperor of Ethiopia In accordance to Article 15 of Our Constitution We decree as follows:- Article 6 of Decree No.10, 19th February, 1952 regarding Regulations Governing Medals is repealed and replaced as follows: 6. The Medal of Dil-Kokeb is made of white metal in the shape of a cross pate. The cross is 46mm in length and 44 mm across. On the obverse side at the centre there is a star. At each end of the star the words “Dil-Kokeb1933, for Unforgettable Service” are inscribed. On the reverse side of the medal shall be inscribed the words “Star of Victory, 1941”. Above the inscription shall be a crown. The riband shall be green, yellow and red to be lined vertically in six linings. This medal is instituted by H.I. Majesty Haile Selassie I in 1941. This medal is awardable to combatants who have rendered distinguished military service to the Emperor during the War of 1941. Done at Addis Ababa, this 28th day of June, 1952.
  25. Balazs, I think it reads, in abbreviation, 'Arthus Bertrande et Cie' ( and Company). The lower mark is probably some manner of French regulatory or silver mark. Kind regards, Owain
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