Elmar Lang

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About Elmar Lang

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  • Birthday 19/04/58

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  • Gender
    Male
  • Location
    Southern Europe
  • Interests
    Orders, Decorations and Medals of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, from Maria Theresia up to 1918;
    Awards of the former socialist countries.

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  1. For instance, the Italian "Colonial Order of the Star of Italy", instituted in 1911, was made in a form of a white enamelled five-pointed star. The suspension crown (present in the classes from Officer upwards) was the typical, Italian royal crown, but the upper orb, was plain, without the cross. E.L.
  2. Hello, all Austrian, officially made Tapferkeitsmedaillen (except the Golden ones of the 1859-'66 type), should bear the official engraver's name under the Emperor's bust. If not, they are pieces made by various firms firms, for private purchase. Some types of the privately-made medals are interesting pieces and are worth to be collected. E.L.
  3. I agree with Macchianera. E.L.
  4. Let's never forget that the fantasy of the "creators" of self-styled orders has no limits. More, the maker uses what's available off-the-shelf. E.L.
  5. A fine medal indeed. I need to note, that each infantry regiment had a sappers' unit, this means why Mario Pacchiotti appears as being a soldier in an Infantry rgt.. Al Valore medals awarded for the Lybian campaign are quite sought after by collectors and enthusiasts. E.L.
  6. Hello, what makes you think that the grey tunic with green Egalisierung could be from the republican period? Best wishes, E.L.
  7. Thank you for the kind words! I'm always glad if I can be of any help. All the best, Enzo (E.L.)
  8. I agree, this is a later (although good quality) copy, most probably made by Rothe, Vienna. More, an award piece of the Order of St. Stephen should always be made of gold. As a matter of interest, I hereby post three pieces from my collection: a very early, austrian-made gold réduction; a "Kleinkreuz" in gold from the late 19th Century and a mid 19th Century, gilt silver, privately made "Kleinkreuz". Best wishes, E.L.
  9. The order of St. Maurice and Lazarus is an ancient order belonging to the Savoy dinasty and was one of the highest orders in the Kingdom of Italy. The Order of St. Lazarus is another thing, that for some time had a sort of protectorship by the Vatican. In any case it is considered as one of the various "self-styled orders". E.L.
  10. Hello, I've just seen this discussion on the St. Sava Order for non-Christians. From what I remember, this isn't actually a butchered order, but the group of a "self-styled" order, made with the basis of a St. Sava one. Honestly, I don't remember the exact name of this "honour", but it should have been something like the "Imperial, Byzantine Order of the Crown": I remember an identical set in the shop of Messrs. Cravanzola/Gardino of Rome in 2010, shortly before the sale and closure of their ancient shop in via del Corso. This one could be the same group (but the badge was suspended to a red sash). It is not a mystery that actual orders are often modified to prepare "privately instituted" ones. Later, the various passages and the fantasy of some temporary owner probably do the rest. Enzo (E.L.)
  11. A very fine piece indeed! Enzo (E.L.)
  12. Hello, I don't remember whether in the past I've posted the following pictures already: the piece comes form a group of orders and medals belonged to an unknown, Austrian pilot, shot down on the Italian front in 1918; the pilot survived and, once taken prisoner, he handed his decorations to an officer of the Italian Army. The latter's family, preserved the group (Feldiplotenabzeichen; EKO-IIIKl./KD; MVK-KD/ with reverse dedication of the Luftschifferabteilung; Silb.MVM; Bronz.MVM (with dedication from the Offizierskorps der Luftfahrtruppen), until I've bought from them the whole in 1999. As we can see, the crowns' pendilia are not "touching" the crowns and other details are in coincidence with Tifes's badge.
  13. Curiously, the gentleman whose signature are we investigating about, is wearing both the military and civil Jubiläumsmedaille 1898 "Signum Memoriae"... E.L.
  14. Hello, these is exactly a pair of epaulettes for the dress uniform of an Infantry (or Carabinieri) 2nd Lieutenant. They were in use until the outbreak of WW2; the "Unione Militare" was a series of stores where any officer and NCO could buy all types of articles for his uniform, etc. In this case, the epaulettes were sold in the Naples's store. Sorry to say, they are not rare. It existed a "luxurious" type in silver, easily recognizable for the "800" silver marks struck close to the upper, double button bar. Best wishes, Enzo (E.L.)
  15. Hello, Paul sounds very optimistic with his "quasi" regarding the official character of certain "maltese" Chapters. In Italy, we call these rather flourishing orders as "Ordini farlocchi", that is impossible to translate in English, but is a more colourful synonym of "self-styled orders". All the best, Enzo (E.L.)