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Paul R

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  1. Home Air Raid Protection and Rescue Branches- SHD, LSW, and RLB The purpose of this thread is to explore the little reviewed areas of the German Air Raid Early Warning, Rescue and Recovery Services. These units were uniformed civilian auxiliaries of the Luftwaffe. These organizations were all under the control of the Reichs Air Ministry(RLM). These organizations were: Air Warning Service(Luftschutz Warndienst- LSW) Security and Assistance Service(Sicherheits und Hilfsdienst- SHD) Air Protection Police(Luftshcultzpolizei) The Air Protection League was a different organization whose role was to teach the public about air raid procedures. As the war waned on, this organization's usefulness dissolved, as did its ranks. Despite these organizations initially being volunteer, as the war progressed manpower became scarcer. As a result, personnel were actually conscripted to fill the ranks.
  2. Paul R

    USA Ribbon Bars

    Hello Thank you for the reply. I think that there may be a device missing from the Bronze Star. I've seen ship captains receive the LOM/V for playing pivotal roles. I'd love to hear the real story on the bar. Those strange gray/blue ribbons are for the Coast Guard Auxillary. This man joined the Aux after his time in service. Here is another great bar to CG Captain. I was lucky enough to find the citations for the two top medals. A super cool set and hand written note from Coast Guard RADM K. Cowart. Here is his Silver Star citation awarded for his efforts in saving the CGC CAMPBELL after she rammed a Uboat. https://valor.militarytimes.com/hero/33913
  3. Paul R

    USA Ribbon Bars

    Some more favorites.
  4. Paul R

    USA Ribbon Bars

    This nice one just arrived.
  5. After about ten years of envy, a friend of mine finally broke down and sold this beautiful group to me. He bought it from a well-known collector who received it directly from the family. Sadly, the documents and a few other items were sent separately and LOST in the mail. He was on the ship, LEIPZIG. Since he served near Morocco, he received the Moroccan Order of Mehdi instead of that more familiar red/white ribboned Spanish award. I have the child's name who sold the awards, so maybe with some time, I can locate the ship's roll and locate that name. I suspect with the inclusion of the tally, he was enlisted.
  6. Hello, I am working on creating the ultimate online Luftwaffe reference. My goal is to eventually cover every aspect of the Luftwaffe branches and organizations, ranging from the well known Flieger to the obscure Nautiker Korps. Basically the way this works is that I lay the ground work and you add the rest. Additions are whole heartedly welcomed and encouraged within each thread. I am looking for any data or militaria related to the topic of the thread. This could include: period photos, insignia, uniforms, documents, and even first hand accounts from men in these branches. Basically, anything pertinent to the topic! I hope that you enjoy what you see. As you can see, I have a very long way to go. There many pending items that I am working on, daily. There are also many items I do not even have listed... yet. Opening: Pending Regular Luftwaffe: Luftwaffe General Officers: Pending Luftwaffe General Staff: <a href="http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=18186" target="_blank">http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=18186</a> Luftwaffe Field Divisions: <a href="http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=17457" target="_blank">http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=17457</a> Luftwaffe Truppensonderdienst(TSD): <a href="http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=16844" target="_blank">http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=16844</a> Hermann Goering Division: <a href="http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=18342" target="_blank">http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=18342</a> Luftwaffe RLM, Pioneer, and members attached to the Luftschutz: <a href="http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=18187" target="_blank">http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=18187</a> Luftwaffe Flight Corps: Pending Luftwaffe Flak/Artillery: <a href="http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=18416" target="_blank">http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=18416</a> Luftwaffe Signals Corps: <a href="http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=18372" target="_blank">http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=18372</a> Luftwaffe Medical Corps: <a href="http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=18357" target="_blank">http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=18357</a> Luftwaffe Officers at Service <a href="http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=20425" target="_blank">http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=20425</a> Luftwaffe Disciplinary Units<a href="http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=23337&hl=" target="_blank">http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=23337&hl=</a> Officials: Luftwaffe Administrative Officials: <a href="http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=18055" target="_blank">http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=18055</a> Luftwaffe Wartime Officials and Sonderfuhrer: <a href="http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=17190" target="_blank">http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=17190</a> Luftwaffe Corps of Engineers: <a href="http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=16407" target="_blank">http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=16407</a> Luftwaffe Music Corps: <a href="http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=17408" target="_blank">http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=17408</a> Luftwaffe Navigator Corps: <a href="http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=16453" target="_blank">http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=16453</a> Luftwaffe Air Traffic Control Service: <a href="http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=17336" target="_blank">http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=17336</a> Luftwaffe Judicial Officials <a href="http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=17433" target="_blank">http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=17433</a> Luftwaffe Fire Fighting Officials: <a href="http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=18189" target="_blank">http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=18189</a> Luftwaffe Secret Police (GFP): http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=20393 Luftwaffe General Luftzeugmeister "GL" <a href="http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=20501&hl=" target="_blank">http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=20501&hl=</a> Auxiliary Formations of the Luftwaffe: RLB: <a href="http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=20352" target="_blank">http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=20352</a> SHD/LSW: <a href="http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=20352" target="_blank">http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=20352</a>
  7. This thread will be dedicated to the study of one of the lesser known Luftwaffe suborganizations. This intent of this thread is to bring out participation. Any information including details and photos of uniforms, insignia, and the actual men themselves are greatly encouraged. I will start off by going over a few of the uniform regulations. Luftwaffe Corps of Engineers: By decree of the the Fuhrer and Reichs Chancellery on 20Apr1935, the "Corps of Engineers of the Luftwaffe" was created. It was further deemed on 18Oct1935 that the members of this newly formed corps were not soldiers but "members of the Luftwaffe" with a status very similar to that of Officials. This was an Officer only career field. Requirements for entry into the Corps of Engineers changed several times, yet the basic requirement was a University(equiv to a Masters Degree?) or College(Basic four year, Bach. Degree) degree in engineering. University graduates were brought in at the rank of Fl. Hauptingenieur and College degree qualified for the rank of Fl. Ingenieur. Members of the Corps of Engineers wore the basic Luftwaffe style uniform. Insignia comprised of: 1. Tabs- Rose Pink. Rank was denoted with the use of the wreath and blades of the propeller(instead of gulls like the Luftwaffe proper). 2. Boards- Standard style, with pink waffenfarbe. Reserve members are identified by a blue secondary piping on the tabs and shoulder boards. The role or purpose of this formation is not noted in my Angolia or Davis books. Did they design aircraft? Plan and construct Airbases? Any insight would be greatly appreciated. Corps of Engineer Officers: An order dated 11May1940 created the "Corps of Engineer Officers" with the eventual disbanding of the "Corps of Engineers" in mind. The many delays in acting on this order, the Corps of Engineers was never disbanded and both the Corps of Engineers and the Corps of Engineer Officers co-existed for the duration of the war. The only difference in the two services was the collar tabs. Tabs: Rose Pink. Rank was denoted with the use of the wreath and gulls, like regular Luftwaffe Officers. Wartime Members of the Corps of Engineers: This was not a career area. They were civilian engineers brought into the service of the Luftwaffe for the duration of the war to fill billets. These men were given a ranking based upon their age, experience, and schooling. Once assigned a rank, they were non promotable. Starting on 15Jan43, the Wartime Members of the Corps of Engineers wore the same uniforms as those used by the Corps of Engineers. The insignia differed as stated below: 1. Tabs- Rose pink, as the Corps of Engineer tabs. Ranking consisted of the embroidered wreath only. No propellers or gulls were used. The exact ranking was noted on the shoulder cord. 2. Shoulder Cord- As with other Sonderfuhrer shoulder cords, these were to be unpiped(although this rule was frequently broken). The rank exact rank was noted on the shoulder cord by the use of yellow "sliders".
  8. Luftwaffe Fire Fighting Officials There were two different fire fighting organizations within the control of the Luftwaffe. This is a confusing topic, as the two organizations work so closely together, it is difficult to say if they are two organizations or one with a definite border in regard to ranking/responsibility. The first one was the "Air Base Fire Departments" (Fleigerhorstfeuerwehr). These personnel were civilian employees of the Luftwaffe and were paid an hourly wage. Their job was to provide fire protection duties on Luftwaffe air bases and other Luftwaffe assets. Fire Departments were organized into "Extinguishing Groups" which had about 14-18 members. The designated branch color was Carmine. These men held a special status. They were not considered to be Soldiers or Officials. They had the title of "Luftwaffe Members". During the war, men who were physically fit were mobilized as soldiers for foreign based Luftwaffe Bases. These men were given LW standard uniforms with their insignia applied in 1940, these men were officially transferred to the Luftwaffe and give the standard yellow flight piped insignia. There were three ranking titles: 1. Feuerwehrman 2. Obereuerwehrman 3. Loschmeister In Jun1944, when parts of the Air Base Fire Departments were transfered to the Luftwaffe under a soldiers status, Oberfeuerwehrmen and Loschmeister level personnel needed to possess a military rank. These men were afforded the ranking of Sonderfuhrer-F (Feuerwehr) and given specialist leaders ranks of Sonderfuhrer- G(Unteroffizier) or Sonderfuhrer-O(Oberfeldwebel). The branch color was Golden Yellow. The second formation were the Officials of the Fire Protection Branch. These officials were placed in leadership postions of the local fire departments as well as administrative postions within the RLM and other major command centers. The officials who provided the leadership in the Fire Departments were at a Medium Grade career level while the Officials filling the Administrative postions held a High Grade Career. The High Grade Career was established in early December 1939 and were under the General Construction and Administrative Branch. These men wore the standard LW Official's uniform with the bright red Nebenfarbe and the gold piping around the collar tabs. These men used the same insignia configuration as the Luftwaffe Administrative Officials, with a dark green branch color and agolden brown designation color (nebenfarbe) Most of the initial staffing of these two organizations cme directly from civilian and volunteer fire departments. * For more details on the career levels, please see the Administrative Officials thread http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=18055 Here is an example of a Sonderfuhrer F Tab, Elevated ranking.
  9. My God. Those are GREAT and rare photos. Thank you for sharing them. Are they from your collection?
  10. Paul R

    Goering, Hermann

    Wow. When we think about it, he must’ve signed thousands and thousands of documents. It seems as if they did a great job of destroying the paper trails.
  11. Those are some amazing set ups and displays. Bill, you are the only person I know of who has such complete displays. It is a real treat to behold. Mike, thank you for sharing those exceptionally rare hats with us. I am intrigued with the SA Marine hat. What did those men actually do? The SA was strictly a political arm. What did they do on the water?
  12. Paul R

    German participant of Waterloo 1815

    What are those awards? Clearly before "everyone" received Iron Crosses.
  13. Interesting Point Tim. I hope that someone has the answer to this one.
  14. Paul R

    Polish cross of merit ribbon

    What an awesome gesture. I am sure that he will love it.
  15. I am so sorry to see this.
  16. Is the order award for this group typically awarded for valor? How would he come to be awarded the Afghani award?
  17. Thanks for the great thread guys. Bill, do you have more insignia or uniform bits from this branch? I have some East German uniforms, which are pretty hard to find in their own right. Morten and Grey, please keep the images coming.
  18. The detailing on the lettering seems very subdued to me. I am shocked to see these effectively reproduced.
  19. I love that photo. LOL
  20. Nice. I cannot wait to see those Soviet POW medals.
  21. The HG versions did not utilize collar tabs as well. I know that the LWFD utilized the Heer M43- but please bare in mind that the LWFD was formally transferred under the direct control of the Heer in late 1942. From that point forward, these men drew from Heer supply stocks. By the end of the war, most LWFD members were visually identical to members of the regular army- as they utilized Heer uniforms (with Heer chest eagles) and gear. I've never heard of the LWFD receiving the LW Blue versions of the M43. If you have evidence that counters this, I am very eager to learn.
  22. OK. That is strange. Please let me know if this continues.
  23. Those are awesome. I would love to have some visor caps for my collection, but I move around so much that they will inevitably be crushed... :-( The blue-gray visor is beautiful.