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Paul R

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  1. Luftwaffe Judicial Official The Luftwaffe Supreme Reich Court Martial was constituted on 01October1936 and introduced two weeks later. Luftwaffe Judicial Officials wore the basic Luftwaffe uniform, with insignia designated for the Luftwaffe Judicial Officials. These men were included in a14Oct1936 order that required the wear of the uniform, as Soldiers were, while on duty. However, unlike soldiers, while off duty civilian clothes could be worn without permission. There were two different branch colors used within the Luftwaffe Judicial System: Bordeaux Red- Luftwaffe Supreme Reich Court Martial (Reichskreigsgericht) Wine Red- Luftwaffe Justice Officials(Justizdienst) The rankings were published on the 30th of November 1936 as follow: Lower Career(no piping): Feldwebel- Reichskriegsgerichtswachtmeister Oberfeldwebel- Oberbotenmeister beim Reichskriegsgericht(changed to Reichskriegsgerichtsoberwachtmeister between 1937-8) Medium Career(broken blue/silver piping, replaced in Jan40 with dk green and silver piping): Leutnant- Reichskriegsgerichtssekretar Oberleutnant- Reichskriegsgerichtsobersekretar Elevated Career(Silver piping): Oberleutnant- Reichskriegsgerichtsinspektor (Changed to Kanzleivorsteher beim Reichskriegsgericht on 09Aug1938) Hauptmann- Reichskriegsgerichtsoberinspektor Major- Amtsrat beim Reichskriegsgericht (Changed to Amtmann beim Reichskriegsgericht on 09August 1938) Oberstleutnant- Burodirektor beim Reichskriegsgericht High Grade Career(Gold piping): Oberstleutnant- Reichskriegsgerichtsrat Oberst- Oberkriegsgerichtsrat beim Reichskriegsgericht Generalmajor- Reichskreigsanwalt, Reichskreigsgerichtsrat Generalleutnant- Oberreichskreigsanwalt, Senatsprasident beim Reichskreigsgericht In April, 1944, in an effort to offset manpower shortages within the Luftwaffe, the Luftwaffe TSD (Truppensonderdienst) Administration and Judicial Services were instituted. Please see the below link for the discussion on the TSD, for more details. http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=16844
  2. This thread will be dedicated to the study of one of the lesser known Luftwaffe suborganizations. This intent of this thread is to bring out participation. Any information including details and photos of uniforms, insignia, and the actual men themselves are greatly encouraged. I will start off by going over a few of the uniform regulations. Luftwaffe Corps of Engineers: By decree of the the Fuhrer and Reichs Chancellery on 20Apr1935, the "Corps of Engineers of the Luftwaffe" was created. It was further deemed on 18Oct1935 that the members of this newly formed corps were not soldiers but "members of the Luftwaffe" with a status very similar to that of Officials. This was an Officer only career field. Requirements for entry into the Corps of Engineers changed several times, yet the basic requirement was a University(equiv to a Masters Degree?) or College(Basic four year, Bach. Degree) degree in engineering. University graduates were brought in at the rank of Fl. Hauptingenieur and College degree qualified for the rank of Fl. Ingenieur. Members of the Corps of Engineers wore the basic Luftwaffe style uniform. Insignia comprised of: 1. Tabs- Rose Pink. Rank was denoted with the use of the wreath and blades of the propeller(instead of gulls like the Luftwaffe proper). 2. Boards- Standard style, with pink waffenfarbe. Reserve members are identified by a blue secondary piping on the tabs and shoulder boards. The role or purpose of this formation is not noted in my Angolia or Davis books. Did they design aircraft? Plan and construct Airbases? Any insight would be greatly appreciated. Corps of Engineer Officers: An order dated 11May1940 created the "Corps of Engineer Officers" with the eventual disbanding of the "Corps of Engineers" in mind. The many delays in acting on this order, the Corps of Engineers was never disbanded and both the Corps of Engineers and the Corps of Engineer Officers co-existed for the duration of the war. The only difference in the two services was the collar tabs. Tabs: Rose Pink. Rank was denoted with the use of the wreath and gulls, like regular Luftwaffe Officers. Wartime Members of the Corps of Engineers: This was not a career area. They were civilian engineers brought into the service of the Luftwaffe for the duration of the war to fill billets. These men were given a ranking based upon their age, experience, and schooling. Once assigned a rank, they were non promotable. Starting on 15Jan43, the Wartime Members of the Corps of Engineers wore the same uniforms as those used by the Corps of Engineers. The insignia differed as stated below: 1. Tabs- Rose pink, as the Corps of Engineer tabs. Ranking consisted of the embroidered wreath only. No propellers or gulls were used. The exact ranking was noted on the shoulder cord. 2. Shoulder Cord- As with other Sonderfuhrer shoulder cords, these were to be unpiped(although this rule was frequently broken). The rank exact rank was noted on the shoulder cord by the use of yellow "sliders".
  3. Luftwaffe General Luftzeugmeister "GL" This branch was thought to have been established in May of 1941. Documentation has not been found on this organization and all information that is used in the reference books has come from photographs and militaria. The Luftwaffe General Luftzeugmeister consisted of civilian personnel who acted as Comptrollers of the weapons factories in Germany as well as in the occupied territories.
  4. Good morning, I want to finally start work on the reconstruction of this bar. Do you all have any sources for these missing pendants? Is that listing on the back of the bar accurate? Some of these items I have no idea what the pendents looking like. How difficult are they going to be to find? I know that the Centenial Medal and EK2 will be pretty easy, but what about the rest? Thank you all for your time and help. Regards Paul
  5. I think that the Soviet labor awards are among the most beautiful and under-appreciated of the Soviet inventory. I really do not see a lot of the groups around. Let's see what you have! I will start with my double ORBL set. Of all the labor awards, this is the most attractive to me. And a nice OL to a woman. Now, let's see some of yours. I will post more later.
  6. Thanks GreyC, for sharing that magazine. I understand now! Very interesting. Morton, you scored a very nice photo there. I've never seen the winged device on a GL tunic before. I wonder if this is some sort of rank or paygrade for a certain period of time. I also like to see the LW civilian personnel pin on the tunic and hat. I wonder if the color on the collar and shoulder straps is red or yellow...? It almost seems as if it will be a sort of red.
  7. Good day, I am doing some research on this person(Conscripted), who was in the Reichsmarine est. 1900. Where can I go to find archival information on a personnel from this era? Regards PaulR Reichsmarine specified here. (Jailer ad).
  8. I want to share with you my first mostly Imperial medal bar, fresh in. I am guessing that this bar belonged to a combat medic, NCO. I do have one question(as always), what was the criteria for award of the Red Cross medal? For me being a medic myself, medical/noncombattant medals and uniforms are most desireable. I feel a certain kinship to these people who were often in the line of fire, not to kill or take an objective but to aid those who have fallen often times on both sides of the fight. Regards Paul
  9. Thanks for that interesting information. Is the building still in use!
  10. Nice score Bill. Ive not seen this combination before!
  11. USA Ribbon Bars

    Very interesting. I did not know the medal was awarded like that to military personnel.
  12. Bill, the ORBL is one of my favorite orders. There is something about the rich enamel and blue ribbon that really distinguish it from all the rest. I love the wear on that ribbon you shared with us.
  13. Cuban General's Insignia:

    LOL. I bet the prices are going to be ridiculous here in the US. Have you ever seen any of the Castro related ranks in collections?
  14. Thank you for sharing this information. Your father had an interesting life. Did he have World War Two service as well? Was there a paper citation that accompanied the Order of the Red Banner of Labor? Bill Garvy- Your grouping above is amazing!
  15. USA Ribbon Bars

    Interesting bar. Id expect to see a NDSM. Legion of Merit, as you know, is a very high medal, which came out in late 1942. I'd find it highly unusual for an officer to earn two during the war, especially without a "V" device. Also, with the Selective Service medal... post war service... unless he earned it as a civilian after the war and mounted it with his ribbons?
  16. Cuban General's Insignia:

    those are stellar. How difficult are cuban items to find where you are?
  17. Thanks for sharing that great photo. I recently acquired this image, of the pattern of uniform I posted above in use.
  18. You all have some fantastic sets. nickstrenk- thank you for sharing your father's medals. When was his Combat Service Medal awarded? Igor Ostapenko- I love the foreign medals that the general had. He was awarded some senior Polish medals.
  19. I am a huge fan of the Franco-Prussian groups. Thanks for sharing this tidy bar. Hamburg Hanseatic bars are not common either. What a beauty.
  20. Ive never seen this version of that medal before...
  21. Home Air Raid Protection and Rescue Branches- SHD, LSW, and RLB The purpose of this thread is to explore the little reviewed areas of the German Air Raid Early Warning, Rescue and Recovery Services. These units were uniformed civilian auxiliaries of the Luftwaffe. These organizations were all under the control of the Reichs Air Ministry(RLM). These organizations were: Air Warning Service(Luftschutz Warndienst- LSW) Security and Assistance Service(Sicherheits und Hilfsdienst- SHD) Air Protection Police(Luftshcultzpolizei) The Air Protection League was a different organization whose role was to teach the public about air raid procedures. As the war waned on, this organization's usefulness dissolved, as did its ranks. Despite these organizations initially being volunteer, as the war progressed manpower became scarcer. As a result, personnel were actually conscripted to fill the ranks.
  22. You're missed, my friend!  

  23. Those are some jaw-dropping bars you all! Wow. I can look at these all day. Thank you for sharing.
  24. The Austrian Red Cross medal is really something. Great bar!