Dave Danner

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About Dave Danner

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  1. Rick probably could have traced a Deckoffizier bar, but even then probably only if there were foreign or other German state awards. Here, we cannot say for certain if it is an officer's or an NCO's bar, or if it is Army or Navy. We cannot even say for certain if it is active or reserve, since many officers of the Beurlaubtenstand received the Centenary Medal while active for reserve Übungen in March 1897, and many civil servants received the China and Southwest Africa medals in steel. Indeed, although it is more likely given the award numbers, I cannot say for certain if the first ribbon is the EK2. It could be a Militärehrenzeichen to an NCO or petty officer, and he could have been retired or otherwise away from the front in World War I, thus never getting an EK2.
  2. There is no way to be certain. Prussian-only bars are hard to narrow down.
  3. Note that he had three head wounds, though the third did not require hospitalization. One Gewehr-Geschoß and two Artillerie-Geschosse. Only three months to recover after being shot in the head in 1914, and since it was 1914 presumably while wearing a Pickelhaube. Fairly lucky. The second wound was on 21.3.16 in the Battle of Verdun. It says "Albaucourt", but I do not know of a village by that name, so it is probably Abaucourt. There is a large German cemetery just east of Abaucourt.
  4. The EK2 document is signed by Maximilian v. Zwehl (1863-1918), killed in action as commander of the 8. Infanterie-Brigade. The signature on the EK1 document looks like "Fuchs". Wegner's Stellenbesetzung does not have a complete list of IR 167 commanders, but if it is Fuchs, it is probably Adolf Fuchs from FR 36 (Oberst on 22.3.18). Metzler was wounded in late 1918 with 11./RIR 83, and RIR 83's Ersatz-Bataillon had already been disbanded, so that probably explains why IR 167 issued the EK1 document. This was his second wound. He had been severely wounded in April 1915 as a Musketier, also in 11./RIR 83. His hometown of Wörrstadt is in Rheinhessen, so there's a chance he also had the Hessen Tapferkeitsmedaille. Twice wounded, once severely, and several years in the field or in a Lazarett. I'd say he probably earned his EKs.
  5. I have one possibility for the ribbon bar: August v. Geyso (1.3.1861-24.2.1935); in 1914 an Oberst and Kdr. Gren.Regt. Nr. 10. Ended the war as a Generalleutnant. From Wegman, we have the following commands: • 5.3.13-7.11.14 Kdr. GR 10 • 4.4.15 Fhr. 21.IB • 6.6.17-8.10.17 Kdr. 50.RIB • 8.10.17-14.12.17 Kdr. 28.RD • 20.4.18 Kdr. stellv.78.IB In the 1914 rank list, he has: RAO4, KO3, DA, HEK2b, OV3a, HSH2b, JZ3, ÖEK3, TM2. The HEK2b, HSH2b, JZ3 and TM2 are all neck orders, so that leaves the RAO4, KO3, DA, OV3a, ÖEK3 and the Centenary (not listed in rank lists) for his ribbon bar. He certainly received the Iron Cross. His only other known wartime awards are swords to his HSH2b and the Austro-Hungarian Military Merit Cross 2nd Class with War Decoration, which was also a neck order. So the ribbon bar matches, unless he received some other wartime awards we do not know about. It is odd that someone with that many commands did not receive a Crown Order 2nd Class with Swords, but maybe he wasn't a very good commander. He apparently was not with the 28.RD long enough to get a Baden award. So he is that odd general who did not get his Red Eagle and/or Crown Orders bumped up to the neck.
  6. Your guy could have retired before the war, in 1913 for example, and been recalled.
  7. The ribbon bar does not match. Neukirchen gen. v. Nyvenheim had both the Red Eagle and the Crown Order around the neck, not on the ribbon bar. As Rick L used to note, one of the big clues for general's ribbon bars was the absence of certain ribbons because they had been "bumped up" to neck or sash awards. Also, Neukirchen gen. v. Nyvenheim had the 1897 Erinnerungsmedaille an den Einzug des Grafregenten Ernst from Lippe-Detmold. Your ribbon bar is more likely an Oberstleutnant or Major with the RAO4 and KO3.
  8. Friedrich Wilhelm. Promoted to Leutnant der Reserve in IR 45 on 24.10.1915. As GreyC notes above, he was born in Rastatt, but he was not a Badener. His father was a Sergeant in IR 25, a Prussian regiment garrisoned in Rastatt at the time.
  9. It doesn't really look like it, but the first letter is an "F". He was a Gefreiter in Saxon JB 13, whose chief was Heinrich XXVII Fürst Reuß, when he got the award. So it is "Fürstlich Reußische Verdienst-Medaille mit Schwertern" Regards
  10. 3.GUR is possible, given its Waldeck connection. Officers of the regiment received at least a dozen Austro-Hungarian Military Merit Crosses, so there were likely also a number of enlisted awards of the Bravery Medal. No way to say for certain. By 1918 a Waldeck native could have ended up in any number of units in Finland which had no Waldeck connection. Indeed, since it was a Guard unit that could recruit anywhere, a Waldecker could just as easily have ended up in 1.GUR and gone to Finland with that regiment. IR 83 officers did receive a number of Austrian awards, but there's no direct Finland connection.
  11. The third ribbon appears to be for the 1905 Saxe-Coburg Hochzeits-Erinnerungsmedaille, which would fit with the Ernestine House Order.
  12. The first letter is an "a", so "aus Gefangenschaft zurück."
  13. It seems to be a widespread practice. All the Anhalt rolls I have are like this, as are the Baden Zähringen Lion Verzeichnis, the Schaumburg-Lippe Kreuz für Treue Dienste Verzeichnis, the Bavarian Kriegsranglisten on Ancestry, the Schwarzburg rolls, etc. Maybe it was a way to distinguish surnames from other uses, when surnames were often words. So, for example, to distinguish Harry Töpfer from a Töpfer named Harry.
  14. That seems like a good possibility. Or maybe a Polizei-Dienstauszeichnung, the kind where the ribbon also had a swastika?