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Dave Danner

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  1. EK2, Bavarian Military Merit Order/Cross (depending on if awarded before or after commissioning as a Leutnant), Austro-Hungarian Military Merit Cross, Turkish something with sabers (probably a Liakat), Turkish War Medal (also worn as a pinback below). The last decoration was officially named the "War Medal" (Harp Madalyası). Commonwealth and other English-language sources often call it the Gallipoli Star, but was not directly connected to the Gallipoli campaign - it was just the Ottoman EK equivalent. German sources often called it the Iron Halfmoon/Iron Crescent (Eiserner Halbmond). The Liakat or Merit Medal was generally the next medal up in the Ottoman awards hierarchy.
  2. Thanks! These are the other FFA 64 officers listed for whom I don't have a first name. I'm not even sure of the last names, as the book has a lot of typos in the last names. • Arndt, ____, Lt., Beob. FFA 64 • Burgdorff, ____, Lt., Beob. FFA 64 • Foerster, ____ v., Lt., Beob. FFA 64 • Reimund, ____, Lt.d.L. I, Flugzg.Fhr. FFA 64 • Unger, ____, OLt., Offz.z.b.V. FFA 64
  3. Quade was originally from IR 168, a Grand Ducal Hessian regiment. The buttonhole ribbon is the General Honor Decoration "For Bravery" (Allgemeines Ehrenzeichen "Für Tapferkeit"), typically abbreviated HT, based on the Reichswehr rank lists. You also sometimes see HAE1 or HAE.T for this medal and HAE2 or HAE.KV for the General Honor Decoration "For War Merit". OK2 is indeed the Friedrich August Cross 2nd Class (Friedrich-August-Kreuz 2. Klasse). You also sometimes see OFAK2 or OFA2. Some additional FFA 54 names: • Lt.d.R. Werner Daum (FR 33) • OLt. Hans Hattendorff (IR 138) • Lt. Siegfried Hess (JRzP 5) • Lt. Hans Hesse (IR 93) • OLt.d.R.a.D. Hans v. Hünerbein (IR 171) • OLt.a.D. Ludwig Reeps (IR 58)
  4. There was also a Lt.d.R. Willi Ott in FFA 54 who had both the Sachsen-Meiningen and Austro-Hungarian awards (SMK and ÖM3K), but his parent regiment was IR 32. That certainly is not a "32" on the shoulder straps. It looks like it might be the cursive "T" of one of the telegraph battalions. Regarding the second photo, it looks like a "31" on his shoulder boards. It might be Günther v. Landwüst, later an Oberst in the Luftwaffe. He was born in Oldenburg, the capital of the grand duchy, which would account for the Friedrich-August-Kreuz 1.Klasse between his EK1 and pilot's badge. His ribbon bar appears to be (1) EK2 (2) ?? (3) OK2 (4) ÖM3K. The second ribbon might be the Hamburg Hanseatenkreuz; the Altona-based IR 31 would have had many Hamburg citizens in its ranks, and many officers in the regiment received the Hanseatenkreuz. Landwüst received the Bavarian Military Merit Order in April 1918, so if it is him, the picture would date to before then.
  5. I can't read the device on the shoulder boards. He has the Prussian and Austro-Hungarian pilot's badges, as well as the ribbon for the Austro-Hungarian Military Merit Cross 3rd Class with War Decoration. Below the Iron Cross ribbon is a Sachsen-Meiningen ribbon, either the Cross for Merit in War or the Medal for Merit in War, if awarded before he was commissioned.
  6. The top one appears to be Hans-Achim v. Grone from Husaren-Regiment Nr. 17. Hans-Achim Friedrich Emil Dietrich, *19.8.1890 in Ballenstedt am Harz, †25.12.1960 in Wiesbaden. He received the Braunschweig Kriegsverdienstkreuz (2nd on the medal bar) as an HR 17 officer and the Anhalt Friedrichkreuz (4th on the medal bar) as a native of the duchy. The Oldenburg Friedrich-August-Kreuz is between them on the bar. I'm not sure about an Oldenburg connection, but the other officer has the Friedrich-August-Kreuz 1.Klasse, so maybe the Fliegerabteilung received some Oldenburg awards.
  7. Gunnar, one addition to the above. In the history of the Landwehrkorps, Haehner is listed as an OLt.d.R. and Beobachter in 1916, serving in FFA 64, attached to the 4.Landwehr-Division. The commander of FFA 64 at the time is listed as Hptm. Pohl. Do you know whether this is Walter Pohl from IR 136?
  8. The Order of Osmanieh 3rd Class is worn around the neck. The Silver Imtiaz Medal with Swords is worn on the right pocket flap, with the Turkish War Medal (the so-called Eiserne Halbmond or Iron Half-Moon) below it on the right pocket. As a Württemberg officer, he normally would not have received the Kaiser Wilhelm Gedächtnismedaille (Centenarmedaille), which is second-to-last on the medal bar. However, as Nicolas7507 mentions above, he was commanded to the Prussian Militär-Reitinstitut in 1897.
  9. Wrong Eibenstein. The one in the 1924 rank list is the later Luftwaffe Generalleutnant Rudolf Eibenstein. Benno, a Prokurist in Bischofswerda, was probably his brother.
  10. I was able to narrow it down from a few dozen to a baker's dozen. These are the 13 names I have who are known to have received the SH3, SA3aX and SA3bX, but who cannot be eliminated for other reasons. • Arndt, Wilhelm, OLt.d.R. d. FAR 48, Hptm.d.R. • Bock, Erich, OLt., FußAR 12, Hptm. • Eibenstein, Benno, OLt.d.R. d. FAR 64, Hptm.d.R., FAR 115 • Fincke, Martin, 1886-1933, Lt., PB 12, Hptm.a.D. • Grohmann, Walter, 1886-, Lt., FAR 48, Maj.a.D. • Jentsch, Johannes, Lt.d.R. d. FAR 12, Hptm.d.R., FAR 192 • Kretzschmar, Martin, 1887-, Hptm., FAR 78, Hptm.a.D. • Menz, Hans, 1887-, OLt., UR 21, Rittm., IR 473, Rittm.a.D. • Müller, Wolfgang, 1887-1918, Hptm., IR 179 • Schaufuß, Max, Dr.jur., Staatsanwalt in Plauen in Vogtland, OLt.d.R. d. FAR 12, Hptm.d.R., RFAR 32 • Schilling, Walter, 1884-, OLt., FAR 28, Hptm., FAR 115, FAR 68, Hptm.a.D. • Täger, Ernst, 1877-, Oberförster, OLt.d.R. d. IR 102, LIR 101, Hptm.d.R., Stab 14.LD • Wunderling, Kurt, Lt.d.R. d. KarabR, Rittm.d.R., Stab 88.Inf.Brig. There might be a handful of others who are known to have the SH3 and SA3bX, and who received the SA3aX late in 1918. A number of late 1918 awards are missing from the published rolls.
  11. Yes, just apparently a mistake by the Weiss & Co. jeweler who assembled it.
  12. Probably impossible to find without going through dozens of personnel files in Dresden, assuming they are there. There aren't any lists of the Prussian Merit Cross for War Aid to Saxons that I know of. There are probably a few dozen recipients of the St. Henry and both classes of the Albrechts-Orden, but for whom no other awards are known. Many were reserve or Landwehr Hauptleute/Rittmeister, so they might have gotten the Prussian cross in their civilian/civil servant capacity. Many of these can be quickly eliminated because they also had other awards like the Saxon Landwehr-Dienstauszeichnung. That still leaves a bunch with no way of narrowing it down much further. It is still a nice and not very common combination, since the usual course was from the Albrechts-Orden to the Verdienst-Orden, rather than to the higher grade of the Albrechts-Orden due to an intervening promotion.
  13. Here is an example from eMedals. Note that the wider edge of the lower cross arm is on the reverse, as waldo says it should be. On yours, the jeweler must have accidentally flipped the cross when he mounted the swords and center medallions.
  14. Ernst Ludwig Wilhelm Heinrich von Werlhof. *20.2.1853 in Celle, †25.12.1921 in Dresden. He entered service in 1873 and was placed zur Disposition with Charakter as a Generalmajor on 31.3.1907. From 1902 to 1907 he was a military member of the Reichsmilitärgericht. He served in the same capacity during World War I, receiving the Saxon Kriegsverdienstkreuz on 3.6.1916 and the Komturkreuz of the Albrechtsorden on 15.5.1917. Here is his entry from the inactive officer list in the 1914 Saxon rank list, showing prewar awards:
  15. You really need more clear criteria. By itself, "most highly decorated" might be limited to Hans Ulrich Rudel, since his Golden Oakleaves places him ahead of the other Brilliantenträger. But even that is arguable, since Hermann Göring's Grand Cross of the Iron Cross outranked all classes of the Ritterkreuz (and, of course, as a fellow recipient of the Pour le Mérite, he matches Schörner and Rommel on that front). You can dismiss Göring's award as really for the actions of the Luftwaffe as a whole, rather than Göring as ain individual, but that begs the question, since you can do the same thing for many awards of the Knight's Cross, and of the Pour le Mérite, for that matter, which were as much awards for successful combat leadership as for individual acts of valor. Looking solely at the highest class of the highest military award, the most highly decorated would appear to be Gebhard von Blücher and Paul von Hindenburg. They were the only recipients of the Star to the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross. Technically, of course, Blücher was a Prussian soldier, not a German soldier, since there was no Germany at the time. Though if you want to get hyper-technical, Hindenburg was also a Prussian soldier, while Schörner was a Bavarian and Rommel a Württemberger (though the Württemberg Army was integrated into the Prussian Army in almost all respects). The Pour le Mérite and the pre-1939 Iron Cross were Prussian awards, not German ones, though in World War I they were treated for the most part as generically German. So how do we regard the other highest purely military awards of the German states? In terms of prestige, the Bavarian Military Max Joseph Order certainly has its value, especially given the added benefit of ennoblement. The Military St. Heinrich Order of Saxony, the Württemberg Military Merit Order, and Baden's Military Karl Friedrich Merit Order also merit mention. I would argue that the Saxon and Württemberg orders were diminished in prestige by being over-awarded in comparison to the Prussian, Bavarian and Baden orders, but that's a bit subjective. With regard to the names already mentioned, Rommel had the Württemberg Military Merit Order in addition to his Diamonds and plM, and Göring had the Military Karl Friedrich Merit Order in addition to his Grand Cross and plM. Schörner did not receive the Max Joseph. If you were just to compare two Bavarians, how does Schörner's receipt of the Diamonds but lack of the Max Joseph match up with Robert Ritter von Greim's Oakleaves and Swords, plus the plM and the Max Joseph? Without picking a specific person, but merely as food for thought, here are as far as I know all of the recipients of one or more of the highest Imperial military awards and of one of the highest classes of the 1939 Iron Cross: Grand Cross of the Iron Cross: Hermann Göring - Pour le Mérite, Military Karl Friedrich Merit Order Knight's Cross with Oakleaves, Swords and Diamonds: Hermann-Bernhard Ramcke - Prussian Golden Military Merit Cross ("Pour le Mérite for NCOs and men") Erwin Rommel - Pour le Mérite, Württemberg Military Merit Order Ferdinand Schörner - Pour le Mérite Knight's Cross with Oakleaves and Swords: Robert Ritter von Greim - Pour le Mérite, Military Max Joseph Order Walter Hartmann - Military St. Heinrich Order Friedrich Kirchner - Military St. Heinrich Order Werner Mummert - Military St. Heinrich Order Georg Postel - Military St. Heinrich Order Hans Reinhardt - Military St. Heinrich Order Maximilian Wengler - Military St. Heinrich Order Leaving aside World War II veterans, it's pretty much Hindenburg, since he not only had the Star to the Grand Cross and the plM with Oakleaves, but also the Grand Crosses of the Baden, Bavarian, Saxon and Württemberg orders noted above. The only other recipients of the plM with Oakleaves and the highest awards of the other four states were Crown Prince Wilhelm, Crown Prince Rupprecht and Duke Albrecht (Albrecht's St. Heinrich was a Commander with Star, otherwise all had Grand Crosses of the various orders). Among combat officers rather than royals and generals, the two standouts are Karl August Nerger and Nikolaus Burggraf und Graf zu Dohna-Schlodien, the two commerce raiders and the only non-royal/general officer recipients of all five state awards. TL;DR: Hindenburg, Göring, Rommel