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Dave Danner

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Everything posted by Dave Danner

  1. I looked through the battalion history a few years' ago. There wasn't any information there. The RJB 4 history has a list of award numbers to that unit, which shows that Reuß awards were second only to Prussian awards in the battalion. I would imagine the numbers were similar for JB 4. The Deutsche Forst-Zeitung also published a list of Reuß awards to JB 4 in 1914 and early 1915, but I have yet to find any lists for later war years. There were 49 silver medals with swords in that list, with the recipients ranging from Vizefeldwebel to Jäger. Here is the RJB 4 table:
  2. Otto Pfeifer, born 2.9.1898 in Schleiz, Reuß jüngere Linie.
  3. The recipient was most likely not a native of Reuß. The three most common ways to receive an award from one of the German states were (1) be a native of the state, (2) serve in that state's contingent, or (3) serve in a unit whose Chef or Inhaber was the ruler of a state. We often overlook this third category, but it was pretty common. In this case, the most likely connection is Jäger-Bataillon Nr. 4 of the Ostsee-Division. The Chef of Jäger-Bataillon Nr. 4 was Heinrich XXVII. Fürst Reuß j.L., the ruling prince of Reuß-Gera and regent of Reuß-Greiz. There are no complete rolls for Reuß awards, but there are many known awards to JB 4 officers and men from other sources.
  4. Far below generals. The 2nd Class was awarded mainly to majors and captains in the army and to naval officers in the rank of Kapitänleutant and Korvettenkapitän. Also officials of equivalent rank, such as medical officers. I'm not sure, but I think Germans got a "bump up" in the class they received, which often happens with foreign officers receiving a country's awards. Maybe one of our Finnish members can confirm, but I think a Finn would normally need to be around the rank of colonel or lt. colonel to receive the 2nd Class.
  5. For the Ostsee-Division, I have the names of about 60 of an estimated 64 recipients of the 2nd class. Most were company and squadron commanders in 1918 and not old enough to have served in China. This does not include naval officers or others who might have been in Finland outside of the Ostsee-Division and the staff of the Deutscher General in Finnland. About half of the 40,000 or so recipients of the China Medal for combatants were naval personnel. I have no idea how they break down by officers whose medal bars might be traceable and petty officers and sailors whose bars would likely not be traceable. German land forces in the China Expedition amounted to about 19,000 soldiers, of whom about 1,000 were officers and officials in officer rank. There is a rank list of these officers online, but the website is currently down.
  6. There was a Gefr. Max Müller, born in Berlin, who was wounded in early 1916 with 6./FR 37. Assuming he stayed in the same company and was promoted to Unteroffizier, possibly your guy.
  7. The head of the Ascanian House is Eduard Prinz von Anhalt (1941-), son of Joachim Ernst Herzog von Anhalt (1901-1947). That is not him in the picture. The guy in your picture is Frédéric "Prinz von Anhalt", born in 1943 as Hans-Robert Lichtenberg. In 1980, at the age of 36, he arranged to be adopted by the elderly widow Marie Auguste Prinzessin von Anhalt (1898-1983), sister of Herzog Joachim Ernst. She was apparently poor and lonely after the death in 1975 of her only son Karl Franz Prinz von Preußen, and the person who arranged the adoption helped pay her rent. Frédéric has since adopted 10 adults himself, making them so-called princes of Anhalt, as well as selling various knighthoods. The Albert the Bear is a House Order, and he is not head of, or in reality a member of, the House, so his "knighthoods" are pretty much worthless. Frédéric bought the ones he wears from various dealers and auctions. Since Germany does not have titles of nobility, the "Prinz" in Frédéric's name, as well as his adopted "sons", is merely a part of a legal name change, and no more a title than that of Prince Rogers Nelson or Elvis "The King" Presley. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frédéric_Prinz_von_Anhalt
  8. Fangohr, Friedrich Joachim * 12.08.1899 in Hannover † 17.04.1956 in München 01.04.1939 Oberstleutnant i.G. 01.02.1942 Oberst i.G. 01.02.1943 Generalmajor 01.02.1944 Generalleutnant 16.03.1945 General der Infanterie 12.10.1937-04.02.1940 Ia, 13. Division bzw. 13. Infanterie-Division 08.02.1940-14.02.1941 Ia, XXXXI. Armeekorps 15.02.1941-15.07.1942 Chef des Generalstabes, LVII. Panzerkorps 16.07.1942-15.06.1944 Chef des Generalstabes, 4. Panzerarmee 25.08.1944-19.01.1945 Kommandeur, 122. Infanterie-Division 20.01.1945-16.03.1945 mit der Führung beauftragt, I. Armeekorps 16.03.1945-22.04.1945 Kommandierender General, I. Armeekorps 27.03.1942 Deutsches Kreuz in Gold 09.06.1944 Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes
  9. Feuchtinger, Edgar Franz Robert * 09.11.1894 in Metz † 21.01.1960 in Berlin 01.08.1938 Oberstleutnant 01.08.1941 Oberst 01.08.1943 Generalmajor 20.08.1944 Generalleutnant (RDA 01.08.1944) 26.08.1939-15.08.1942 Kommandeur, Artillerie-Regiment 227 24.11.1942-21.01.1943 Kommandeur, Gepanzerte Artillerie-Brigade (Sfl.) 22.02.1943-05.05.1946 Kommandeur, Verstärkte Schnelle-Brigade West 06.05.1943-26.06.1943 Kommandeur, Schnelle-Division West 27.06.1943-05.01.1945 Kommandeur, 21. Panzer-Division 01.08.1943 Deutsches Kreuz in Silber 06.08.1944 Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes Not the best signature example, but a placeholder until someone can provide another.
  10. Dave Danner

    Balck, Hermann

    From Edgar Feuchtinger's personnel file. Only a few weeks after the examples above, so not much difference in signature.
  11. Possibly, but probably the Militärverdienstkreuz from Schwerin and the Kreuz für Auszeichnung im Kriege from Strelitz.
  12. Dave Danner

    Feldt, Kurt

    The example in his personnel file is rather different, although also from about 20 years earlier:
  13. I don't have the best quality example, but since we have his brother Hellmut, here is Generalmajor Werner Friebe. * 12.07.1897 in Droschkau, Namslau † 08.03.1962 in Stuttgart 01.06.1938-06.01.1941 Ia, 20. Infanterie-Division (mot) 07.01.1941-22.06.1942 Chef des Generalstabes, XXXXVIII. Armeekorps 22.06.1942-21.11.1942 Chef des Generalstabes, XXXXVIII. Panzerkorps 01.04.1944-17.07.1944 Kommandeur, 8. Panzer-Division 01.09.1944-08.05.1945 Chef des Generalstabes, stellv. III. Armeekorps und Wehrkreis III 01.04.1939 Oberstleutnant i.G. (RDA 01.10.1938) 01.10.1941 Oberst i.G. 01.06.1944 Generalmajor 30.05.1942 Deutsches Kreuz in Gold 21.04.1944 Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes
  14. Dave Danner

    Friebe, Helmut

    Here is an earlier example from his personnel file: While a number of sources, including his 1944 Beurteilung, spell his name with one "L", as you can see by his signature, his given name was Hellmut.
  15. The combination of Imperial and World War I awards matches Emil Becker, who was a Major in FAR 14 in 1914 and later commanded FAR 92 and Arko 75. However, the World War II awards are questionable, given what you both note. Also, Oberst a.D. Becker was born in 1868, so he seems a bit old to be a combat officer and qualify for the EK2 Spange. Seventy-plus is a bit old for a d.R. or z.V. officer, even in Wehrersatzwesen, much less at the front.
  16. Sinnhuber, Johann * 27.03.1887 auf Gut Wilkoschen † 23.10.1974 in Augsburg 01.04.1939 Generalmajor 01.04.1941 Generalleutnant 01.10.1943 General der Artillerie Wartime commands: 01.03.1938-xx.05.1940 Artillerie-Kommandeur 18 21.05.1940-01.12.1941 28. Infanterie-Division 01.12.1941-01.07.1942 28. leichte Infanterie-Division 01.07.1942-01.05.1943 28. Jäger-Division 10.07.1943-01.09.1944 LXXXII. Armeekorps 01.04.1945-18.04.1945 Verteidigungsbereich Hamburg-Bremen 05.07.1941 Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes 27.08.1942 Deutsches Kreuz in Gold
  17. Mohnke, Wilhelm * 15.03.1911 in Lübeck † 06.08.2001 in Damp SS-Brigadeführer und Generalmajor der Waffen-SS Wartime commands: 2. SS-Panzergrenadier-Regiment "Hitlerjugend" (later renamed SS-Panzer-Grenadier-Regiment 26) 1. SS-Panzer-Division Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler 11.07.1944 Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes Signature examples from Joachim Peiper's personnel file:
  18. Lamey, Hubert August Maria Ulrich * 30.10.1896 in Mannheim † 07.04.1981 In some sources (including various documents in his personnel file), he is listed as "Hubertus". 01.06.1938 Oberstleutnant 01.07.1941 Oberst 20.10.1944 Generalmajor Wartime commands: Infanterie-Regiment 328 / Grenadier-Regiment 328 21.Infanterie-Division 28.Jäger-Division 118. Jäger-Division 28.07.1943 Deutsches Kreuz in Gold 12.02.1944 Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes
  19. Prior to the war, Erbse was a praktischer Arzt in Mitwitz in Oberfranken, Bavaria. Erbse was awarded the Ehrenkreuz 3. Klasse mit Schwertern on 26.1.1917. It was awarded for his service as a Stabsarzt d.R. in III./7.bay.IR and as Regimentsarzt of the 7.bay.IR in the early months of the war. It was not an upgrade to a prewar Ehrenkreuz. He also received the Iron Cross for his service at the front in 1914. These were both combatant awards. The non-combatant König Ludwig Cross was awarded for his service in Reserve-Lazarett Bayreuth I from 1915 to 1917. In April 1917, apparently in recognition of the fact that he had been decorated for his service at the front by both Prussia and Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, but not by Bavaria, the Bavarian authorities approved the Military Merit Order 4th Class with Swords. He returned to the front later in 1917 with the 21.bay.IR, whose Inhaber was the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. This is why he received the MMV2. For some states, post-war awards are not uncommon, but this is not true for Schwarzburg. The last awards were made in November 1918. The princely house of Schwarzburg was extinct before this bar was made.
  20. According to a picture of the reverse on eBay, it was awarded by the Bund Deutscher Marine-Vereine.
  21. Yes, it is the oval Kyffhäuser medal instead of the cross. I'm not sure about the sixth. It might be another one of those unofficial Weimar-era awards.
  22. RAO2EXXRs2 is the Roter-Adlerorden 2. Klasse mit Eichenlaube und Schwertern und Schwertern am Ringe am zweimal schwarz- und dreimal weiß-gestreiften Bande. "Kreuz der Genossen" is that class in German. In English, it is Companion of the Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George. The Order comes in three classes. DtEDM, Flandern and Kyffh are three unofficial Weimar-era decorations for veterans: https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deutsche_Ehrendenkmünze_des_Weltkriegs_(Deutsche_Ehrenlegion) https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flandernkreuz http://www.medal-medaille.com/sold/product_info.php?products_id=3687 Since Wedding was still alive in 1934/35, they would have been replaced by the official Ehrenkreuz für Frontkämpfer. UKDM is the Hungarian WW1 commemorative medal. I abbreviate this UKEM, because it is an Erinnerungsmedaille and not a Denkmünze, but I have not yet won over my fellow research gnomes on this point. https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ungarische_Weltkriegs-Erinnerungsmedaille The rest of your "???" are correct.
  23. Dave Danner

    Researching details of French pilot

    Here is some information from the Journal officiel de la République française:
  24. EK2, Bavarian Military Merit Order/Cross (depending on if awarded before or after commissioning as a Leutnant), Austro-Hungarian Military Merit Cross, Turkish something with sabers (probably a Liakat), Turkish War Medal (also worn as a pinback below). The last decoration was officially named the "War Medal" (Harp Madalyası). Commonwealth and other English-language sources often call it the Gallipoli Star, but was not directly connected to the Gallipoli campaign - it was just the Ottoman EK equivalent. German sources often called it the Iron Halfmoon/Iron Crescent (Eiserner Halbmond). The Liakat or Merit Medal was generally the next medal up in the Ottoman awards hierarchy.
  25. Thanks! These are the other FFA 64 officers listed for whom I don't have a first name. I'm not even sure of the last names, as the book has a lot of typos in the last names. • Arndt, ____, Lt., Beob. FFA 64 • Burgdorff, ____, Lt., Beob. FFA 64 • Foerster, ____ v., Lt., Beob. FFA 64 • Reimund, ____, Lt.d.L. I, Flugzg.Fhr. FFA 64 • Unger, ____, OLt., Offz.z.b.V. FFA 64