Jump to content
Gentleman's Military Interest Club

Dave Danner

  • Content count

  • Joined

  • Last visited

  • Days Won


Everything posted by Dave Danner

  1. Some of Volle's information is incorrect. There is a roll of Fürstlichkeiten with 36 names, but only 18 of these are "mit Band und ohne Band". Among those who only received the cross on the ribbon and not the Steckkreuz was the Kaiser. Also, two non-royals in the officer roll had the Steckkreuz: Oberst Walter Rabe v. Pappenheim, Flügeladjutant to the Fürst zu Schaumburg-Lippe, and Maj.d.Res. Ernst Frhr. v. Hammerstein-Loxten, Hofstallmeister to the Fürst v. Schaumburg-Lippe and stellv. Flügeladjutant. Regarding the most common units, JB 7 and its Tochterformationen (RJB 7, RJB 20, ResRadfKp 77) and IR 15 and its Tochterformationen (RIR 15, LIR 15, BrigEB 26) lead the list, followed by HR 14 and HR 7. The other unit which recruited in the principality, FAR 58, is also high on the list. Also, the Kaiser's sister, Prinzessin Adolf (Vicky) zu Schaumburg-Lippe, was Chef of IR 53, so that unit received a lot of awards. For some reason, the next most common units have no direct connection to Schaumburg-Lippe: RIR 24 and Saxon LdstIR 19.
  2. 1. Family information with his full name, birth, religion (evangelisch-lutheranisch) and father's name and occupation (Wilhelm Lambrecht, Schlachtermeister (master butcher) in Aurich. 2. The Reifezeugnis is the certificate on completing your secondary education for eligibility to attend a university. We don't have an equivalent in the U.S. education system. As far as I know, most Germans at the time did not take one, since they did not plan on attending college. German secondary schools were divided into college prep schools (Gymnasium) and other types which were more general or vocational. Lambrecht's was from the Gymnasium in Aurich. 3. Dates of university study. For some reason, Germans at the time typically attended several different universities. At the time there were only about 20 or so universities in the entire Empire. Semesters were divided into Ostern (Easter) and Michaelis (Michaelmas, 29. September), so the spring and fall semesters. 4. These are the examinations for candidates for teaching positions. His were in religion and German as the main subjects and philosophy as an additional subject, with a grade of "satisfactory". I have no idea what the grading scale was. He also had an additional exam in gymnastics and swimming. 5. Additional activities in school or church service before entering the teaching career track. He taught religion in a course for university candidates in the POW camp in Montauban. The text says the course was recognized by the Prussian education ministry. 6. The Seminarjahr was the first step in the probationary period. His was at the Realgymnasium in Leer. 7.d. His seniority date of 1.10.17 is before he actually entered school service, because military time was creditable in the German civil service. 8. Date of his official permanent employment in the higher school service and seniority date for pay purposes. 11. Academic and other titles; decorations. You already have the military decorations from the MDB. His Ph.D. was from Göttingen. I'm not sure what the difference is between the promotion date (1.8.14) and the award date (1.12.14). 12. Studienrat was essentially a renaming in the 1920s of Oberlehrer, secondary school teacher, to conform to the "-rat" system used in the German civil service. He taught at the Staatliche Gymnasium in Hamm in Westfalen. 14. Military service. Again, you already have more detailed information from the MDB. 15. Title and year of any scholarly publications. In his case, this is his doctoral dissertation. You can read his here: https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uc1.b2619686;view=1up;seq=1 . It appears to be "On the effect of the confluence of pattern and color in cognitive performance" , but you can quibble over the exact translation. 16. Remarks. Here it notes that he is married (verheiratet) and had three children, although the wife and eldest child are unnamed.
  3. Actually, that medal bar, along with Andy's information, confirms something for me. In the Schaumburg-Lippe Kreuz für Treue Dienste roll, there is a Graf von Normann who received the cross as a Hauptmann on the staff of Militär-Eisenbahn-Direktion 8 on 27.1.1918. I was 99% certain this was Arthur Graf v. Normann-Ehrenfels. Andy's info above confirms that at some point, he was attached to the railway troop administration, and the medal bar is additional evidence it is him. Now I just need to figure out who the Hauptmann Schmitt is who also received the SLK on the same day with MED 8 (as Vorstand der Transport-Abteilung).
  4. He was a war volunteer in Infanterie-Regiment Hamburg (IR 76). In September 1914, he was transferred to the newly formed Reserve-Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 216 (RIR 216), which was formed by the replacement units of IR 76 and Füsilier-Regiment Nr. 86. He was deployed with RIR 216 in the fighting in Flanders from 10.10.1914 to 4.11.1914. He was then hospitalized for some reason (no wound is listed for 1914 on your MDB, and he was initially reported as missing in action in the casualty lists, which was later updated to hospitalized). On 15.1.1915 he returned to the replacement battalion of IR 76, and on 19.5.1915 went to the Eastern Front with RIR 267, another wartime reserve regiment. The only combat listed for 1915 is the Battle of Cholm from 7.8.1915-12.8.1915, but there is a note that the list doesn't include all the actions he fought in. If someone has a history of RIR 267, they could probably find a list of combat actions, but I couldn't say which ones he was part of. Since he was commissioned a Leutnant der Reserve on 24.12.1915, at some point before then he would have left the front to attend a reserve officer candidate course. For the period from 15.3.1916 to 19.12.1917, he was with the regiment in the positional warfare in the Pripyat Marshes, the large swampy region in what is now Belarus and Ukraine, a region also well-known to students of the Wehrmacht campaign in the USSR in the Second World War. On 27.10.1916, he was named the gas protection officer of the regiment. After the Russians were knocked out of the war, the regiment returned to the Western Front. He was wounded on 7.6.1918 and again on 13.10.1918. According to your MDB, he was in the fighting at the Hermann-Stellung in Flanders from 10.10.1918 until he was captured by the French on 15.10.1918. It was fairly typical for the French to keep their EPWs until 1920. I believe they did the same after WW2, holding most of their German prisoners until 1947. He was decorated with the Iron Cross 1st and 2nd Classes, the Hamburg Hanseatic Cross and the Wound Badge in Black.
  5. Andy's is the correct officer. As he notes, he was a Württemberg officer, but he spent much of his later service commanded to the Prussian Army with the 2.GFAR. His other known awards are the Eisernes Kreuz 2.Klasse (and likely the 1.Klasse) and the k.u.k. Österreich-Ungarisches Militärverdienstkreuz 3.Klasse mit der Kriegsdekoration 3.Klasse. The GR 119 officer was his brother, Eberhard, *5.5.1873 in Ehrenfels. • Hauptmann a.D., zuletzt GR 119 (22.4.1914 d. Abschied bewilligt) • 5.10.1916 Charakter als Maj.a.D. erhalten • 25.2.1917 Patent seines Dienstgrades erhalten. He served in the Ersatz-Bataillon of GR 119 during the war. His known awards are the Kgl. Württembergisches Wilhelmskreuz mit Schwertern (21.2.16), the Kgl. Württembergischer Friedrichs-Orden, Ritterkreuz 1.Klasse (1914) and the Großherzogl. Sächsicher Orden der Wachsamkeit oder vom Weißen Falken, Ritter 2.Abteilung. They were the third cousins, once removed, of another Württemberg officer, Oberstlt. Karl Graf v. Normann-Ehrenfels (31.3.1866-7.12.1914), who was killed in action while commanding FAR 13.
  6. I don't see a name. It looks like: Sturmtruppen des Mar. Korps fertig zum Sturm Flandern den 3.9.17 Zur Erinnerung an meiner Zeit bei der Sturm Abtlg. des Marine Korps Krieg 1917 Flandern Offensive August Sept. 17.
  7. One possibility is Oberstlt.a.D. Max Winkelmann, *27.2.1875 in Stolberg, †23.4.1938 in Magdeburg. He was a Hauptmann in PB 4 during WW1, having served in that battalion from 1905-1908 and from 1912-1920. According to the Mitgliederverzeichnis for PB 4, he entered service on 1.10.1895, so he was qualified for the Centenary and with wartime service would have been eligible for the DA in 1920 when he was retired. Most of the other recipients of the SE5 in the 1914 rank list either died during the war or had other known decorations not on the medal bar. There was a Hptm. Winkelmann gazetted with the HOH3X on 21.11.1917; I am not sure if it was Max, as there was at least one other Hptm. Winkelmann at the time, but it is a good possibility. He was head of the Landesverband Sachsen-Anhalt ehemaliger Pioniere. As a retired pioneer officer, service with RAD was also a possibility. The RAD DA was authorized on 30.1.1938. So, no 100% certainty, but a good chance.
  8. Karl Ritter von Gruny received the order as a Lt.d.R. in bay. RIR 1. He was promoted to OLt.d.R. on 16.1.1917. Joachim Ritter von Hitzen's was awarded posthumously as a Lt.d.R. in bay. RIR 18.
  9. Dave Danner

    Holtzmann, Robert

    Robert Holtzmann, *4.5.1883 in Dürrheim (from 1921 Bad Dürrheim). He was a Royal Württemberg officer and aviator in World War I. Promoted to Oberstleutnant on 1.4.1940 and Oberst on 1.4.1942.
  10. According to a footnote, the casualty number for b.RIR 12 was "Gem. Mitteilung v. Herrn .v. Stein vom 30.4.1998". There are 8281 entires in the Verlustliste database for the regiment. Taking into account that units were not listed in the Verlustlisten from December 1916 to December 1918, you are likely correct that this was total casualties including wounded. Regarding the ratios, small sample size could play a role. How many gold MVM recipients were previous recipients of the silver MVM? If ten or a dozen or so silver MVM recipients in a particular regiment were killed before they had a chance to be considered for the gold, that would throw the ratio off. Maybe see how many of the 59 silver MVM recipients in b.RIR 2 were KIA?
  11. Dave Danner

    Crüwell, Ludwig

    Here is an example from his personnel file:
  12. Below are casualty numbers for the Bavarian RIRs given in Busche's Formationsgeschichte der Deutschen Infanterie. Bay. RIR 12 seems to have had significantly more casualties than the others. b.RIR 1 - 53 Offz., 2700 Uffz. u. Mannsch. b.RIR 2 - 61 Offz., 3211 Uffz. u. Mannsch. b.RIR 3 - ? b.RIR 4 - 49 Offz., 2824 Uffz. u. Mannsch. b.RIR 5 - ca. 3200 Offz., Uffz. u. Mannsch. b.RIR 6 - 60 Offz., 2348 Uffz. u. Mannsch. b.RIR 7 - 63 Offz., 2622 u. Mannsch. b.RIR 8 - ca. 2350 Offz., Uffz. u. Mannsch. b.RIR 10 - 61 Offz., 3075 Uffz. u. Mannsch. b.RIR 11 - ? b.RIR 12 - 178 Offz., 9688 Uffz. u. Mannsch. b.RIR 13 - 84 Offz., 4600 Uffz. u. Mannsch. b.RIR 14 - ? b.RIR 15 - ? b.RIR 16 - 78 Offz., 3676 Uffz. u. Mannsch. b.RIR 17 - 38 Offz., 3676 Uffz. u. Mannsch. b.RIR 18 - 41 Offz., 2232 Uffz. u. Mannsch. b.RIR 19 - 27 Offz., 1730 Uffz. u. Mannsch. b.RIR 20 - ? b.RIR 21 - 74 Offz., 3600 Uffz. u. Mannsch. b.RIR 22 - ? b.RIR 23 - 37 Offz., 2138 Uffz. u. Mannsch.
  13. Here is a break-down for the Ritterkreuz of the Militär-Max-Joseph-Orden. The ILR is at the top of the list. After that, the regular and reserve infantry regiments, as well as Jäger, are pretty mixed. It's a bit surprising that only 2 of 140 awards went to Landwehr infantry regiments. Infanterie/Jäger (140) Sonstiges u. höhere Stäbe (57) Feldartillerie (25) Fliegertruppe (11) Kavallerie (7) Fußartillerie (4) Kaiserliche Marine (4) Pioniere (4) Nachrichtentruppe (1) Infanterie/Jäger (in order of number of awards) 11 - ILR 8 - 3.b.IR 7 - 4.b.IR 6 - 1.b.IR 5 - b.RIR 18 4 - 11.b.IR 4 - b.RIR 1 4 - b.RIR 12 4 - b.RIR 2 4 - b.RJB 1 3 - 16.b.IR 3 - 18.b.IR 3 - 2.b.JB 3 - 10.b.IR 3 - 24.b.IR 3 - b.RIR 10 3 - b.RIR 13 3 - b.RIR 5 2 - 1.b.JB 2 - 17.b.IR 2 - 19.b.IR 2 - 22.b.IR 2 - 23.b.IR 2 - 6.b.IR 2 - 9.b.IR 2 - b.RIR 15 2 - b.RIR 20 2 - b.RIR 21 2 - b.RIR 22 2 - b.RIR 23 2 - b.RIR 3 2 - b.RIR 6 2 - b.RIR 7 2 - b.RIR 8 2 - JägR 3 1 - 13.b.IR 1 - 15.b.IR 1 - 2.b.IR 1 - 20.b.IR 1 - 21.b.IR 1 - 26.b.IR 1 - 27.b.IR 1 - 31.b.IR 1 - 32.b.IR 1 - 5.b.IR 1 - 7.b.IR 1 - 8.b.IR 1 - b.BrigEB 5 1 - b.JägR 1 1 - b.LIR 1 1 - b.LIR 2 1 - b.RadfBtl 1 - b.RIR 11 1 - b.RIR 16 1 - b.RIR 17 1 - b.RIR 19 1 - b.RIR 4 Infanterie/Jäger (in regimental order) ILR (11) 1.b.IR (6) 2.b.IR (1) 3.b.IR (8) 4.b.IR (7) 5.b.IR (1) 6.b.IR (2) 7.b.IR (1) 8.b.IR (1) 9.b.IR (2) 10.b.IR (3) 11.b.IR (4) 13.b.IR (1) 15.b.IR (1) 16.b.IR (3) 17.b.IR (2) 18.b.IR (3) 19.b.IR (2) 20.b.IR (1) 21.b.IR (1) 22.b.IR (2) 23.b.IR (2) 24.b.IR (3) 26.b.IR (1) 27.b.IR (1) 31.b.IR (1) 32.b.IR (1) b.LIR 1 (1) b.LIR 2 (1) b.RIR 1 (4) b.RIR 2 (4) b.RIR 3 (2) b.RIR 4 (1) b.RIR 5 (3) b.RIR 6 (2) b.RIR 7 (2) b.RIR 8 (2) b.RIR 10 (3) b.RIR 11 (1) b.RIR 12 (4) b.RIR 13 (3) b.RIR 15 (2) b.RIR 16 (1) b.RIR 17 (1) b.RIR 18 (5) b.RIR 19 (1) b.RIR 20 (2) b.RIR 21 (2) b.RIR 22 (2) b.RIR 23 (2) b.BrigEB 5 (1) 1.b.JB (2) 2.b.JB (3) b.RJB 1 (4) b.JägR 1 (1) JägR 3 (2) b.RadfBtl 3 (1) I should also add that Lt.d.R. Joseph Ritter v. Steiner of the b.3.IR received the Kommandeurkreuz as well, albeit posthumously. This was the only award of that class to an officer below division-level, and the only award of that class other than that to Oberstlt.i.G. Hans Ritter v. Hemmer to an officer below the rank of general/admiral.
  14. Dave Danner

    Florida Police Ribbons?

    1. USAF Combat Readiness Medal 2. USMC Selected Marine Corps Reserve Medal 3. Defense Distinguished Service Medal 4. Philippine Independence Medal (1946) The wearing on the upper right is probably due to the size of the badge. Also, many police departments are probably unaware of the military tradition of wearing the ribbons close to the heart. There are professional providers of police equipment who make individual ribbons for departments and who try to avoid duplication of military ribbons. See this site for example: https://publicsafetyspecialties.com/civilian_cloth_ribbons.htm The Sanford PD, however, appears to have just bought a bunch of ribbons for their officers without regard for their original meanings. Or maybe it is just Officer Singleton, since the only other picture I could find of a Sanford officer wearing ribbons was in the obituary for Officer Kate Walsh, and none of here ribbons were the same as any standard US military ribbons: https://www.facebook.com/SanfordPolice/photos/with-a-heavy-heart-we/831411966919621/
  15. I do think the Alpenkorps is a worthy subject. I just think that to do it justice you need to address the Mecklenburger and Goslarer Jägers, among others. I know Chris's primary focus is Bavaria, though. Besides Bavarians like Ferdinand Schörner and Württembergers like Erwin Rommel, a number of Goslarer Jäger who served in the Alpenkorps, such as Hermann Balck, Ernst Haccius and Heinrich Kirchheim, went on to serve as generals in World War Two, so there could be additional interest from people whose interest is in WW2.
  16. Focussing on the Alpenkorps alone, you would have to take into consideration that about 1/3 of the infantry was not Bavarian. Many of the MG and artillery units were also Prussian.
  17. Christer, Is there a picture or any information on OLt.d.R. Richard Michelmann from 10. Komp., Reserve-Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 255? He was either from the reserve of Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 135 or that of the 2. Garde-Regiment zu Fuß. Even a picture would help, if the uniform experts could tell if it was a guards or regular infantry uniform.
  18. Schaub, Julius *20.08.1898 in München, †27.12.1967 ebenda Personal Adjutant (Persönlicher Adjutant) to Adolf Hitler https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julius_Schaub https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julius_Schaub
  19. Keppler, Georg *07.05.1894 in Mainz, †16.06.1966 in Hamburg SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Waffen-SS https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georg_Keppler https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georg_Keppler There's a clearer picture on the English Wikipedia page, apparently taken from a WAF thread.
  20. Göhrum, Kurt *27.03.1891 in Aalen, †11.04.1953 in Wladimir, UdSSR SS-Gruppenführer und Generalleutnant der Polizei https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurt_Göhrum https://verwaltungshandbuch.bayerische-landesbibliothek-online.de/goehrum-kurt Also, a picture:
  21. Eggeling, Joachim Albrecht Leo *30.11.1884 in Blankenburg am Harz, †15.04.1945 in Halle (Saale) Gauleiter von Halle-Merseburg, SS-Obergruppenführer https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joachim_Albrecht_Eggeling https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joachim_Albrecht_Eggeling Digital photo of a microfilm image from his SS Personalakte, so not the best quality.
  22. Unger, Lucius Valerius Moritz Hermann Fritz v. *31.07.1862 in Detmold, †10.03.1945 in Leitzkau bei Magdeburg 21.05.1906 Kommandeur, Dragoner-Regiment Nr. 22 03.03.1908 Chef des Generalstabes, XI. Armeekorps 23.09.1911 Kommandeur, 35. Kavallerie-Brigade 06.09.1914 Kommandeur, 38. Reserve-Infanterie-Brigade 26.12.1914 Kommandeur, 7. Kavallerie-Division 15.03.1916 Führer, 5. Landwehr-Division 07.04.1916 Führer, 33. Infanterie-Division 25.04.1916 Kommandeur, 34. Infanterie-Division 29.08.1916 Kommandeur, 103. Infanterie-Division 19.09.1916 Kommandeur, 5. Kavallerie-Division 29.01.1917 Kommandeur, 49. Reserve-Division 15.01.1919 Kommandierender General, stellv. XXI. Armeekorps xx.xx.191x Kommandierender General, stellv. XVI. Armeekorps 10.04.1906 Oberstleutnant 20.04.1909 Oberst 27.01.1913 Generalmajor 18.08.1916 Generalleutnant
  23. Richthofen, Friedrich Oswald Ludwig Prätorius Frhr.v. *01.04.1863 in Rawitsch, †19.03.1951 in Fritzlar 1914 beim Stabe des Feldartillerie-Regiments Nr. 33 xx.xx.191x Kommandeur, 2. Fußartillerie-Brigade xx.xx.1917 Artillerie-Kommandeur 43 xx.xx.1917 Artillerie-Kommandeur 224 24.01.1919 Kommandeur, Feldartillerie-Regiment Nr. 33 01.10.1913 Oberstleutnant 22.03.1916 Oberst
  24. Mentz, Friedrich Franz Karl v. *10.07.1853 in Schwerin, †18.01.1937 17.06.1893 Kommandeur, Unteroffiziervorschule Weilburg 18.06.1895 Kommandeur, III./Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 72 22.05.1900 beim Stabe des Infanterie-Regiments Nr. 72 25.07.1902 dem Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 176 aggregiert 12.09.1902 Kommandeur, Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 176 25.10.1906 Kommandeur, 28. Infanterie-Brigade 03.03.1910 Kommandant von Magdeburg 22.03.1912 z.D. gestellt xx.xx.1914 Kommandeur, stellv. 15. Infanterie-Brigade xx.xx.1915 Kommandeur, stellv. 13. Infanterie-Brigade 25.07.1902 Oberst 25.10.1906 Generalmajor 03.03.1910 Charakter als Generalleutnant 22.03.1912 Generalleutnant z.D. Also, a picture from my files from somewhere (probably from Glenn or Daniel).
  25. Hundrich, Wilhelm *12.08.1864 in Burg bei Magdeburg, †17.08.1928 in Goslar 1914 Kommandeur, II./Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 26 27.09.1914-21.11.1914 Führer, Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 26 01.12.1914 Führer bzw. Kommandeur, Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 27 24.08.1918-xx.10.1918 Führer, 68. Infanterie-Brigade 22.03.1910 Major 15.02.1915 Oberstleutnant 22.03.1918 Oberst Orden "pour le mérite" (23.04.1918)