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Everything posted by Ed_Haynes

  1. Ed_Haynes

    Post-1947 Indian Groups

    2951940 Havildar Udai Raj Singh, VrC, 6th Bn., Rajput Regiment Born - 25 August 1942, v. Raotapur, Unnao, UP Father - Sh. Jalim Singh Enrolled - 25 August 1962 Religion - Hindu 1- Vir Chakra "SEP. U. R. SINGH (2951940), RAJPUT R" "On 11 December 1971, Sepoy Udai Raj Singh was with a company of Rajput Regiment which was assigned the task of attacking an enemy position in the Eastern Sector. As the assault progressed half way up to the objective, the enemy brought heavy machine gun fire. With utter disregard for his safety, he rushed forward, took up position and started engaging the enemy machine gun. Later, he moved towards the bunker, leapt inside and killed the crew. "Thereafter, he fought from bunker to bunker along with his section and was instrumental in capturing the objective. "In this action, Sepoy Udai Raj Singh displayed determination and devotion to duty of a high order." 2- The General Service Medal, 1947 - NAGA HILLS "2951940 SEP. UDAI RAJ SINGH, RAJPUT R" 3- Samar Seva Star, 1965 "2941940 SEP. UDAIRAJ SINGH, RAJPUT R." 4- Poorvi Star, 1971 "2941940 NK U R SINGH VRC RAJPUT R." 5- Raksha Medal, 1965 "2941940 SEP UDAI RAJ SINGH, RAJPUT R." 6- Sangram Medal, 1971 "2841940 NK U. R. SINGH VRC RAJPUT R" 7- Sainya Seva Medal - Jammu Kashmir "2941940 SEP. UDAIRAJ SINGH, RAJPUT R." 8- 25th Independence Anniversary Medal, 1972 "2941940 NK U. R. S. VRC RAJPUT R" 9- Twenty Years Long Service Medal no medal, robbon only, never awarded 10- Nine Years Long Service Medal "2941940 LNK UDAIRAJ SINGH, VRC RAJPUT R." Original, if somewhat worn, mounting.
  2. PFLP-GC - Freedom Medal
  3. The phaleristic (and political) history of the UAE is made more complex by virtue of the fact that it is a loose confederation of seven States. The United Arab Emirates was established on 2 December 1971 through the confederation of seven coastal, previously semi-independent, British-protected emirates: Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Uum al-Qaywayn, Ras al-Khaimah (joining the federation only in 1972), and Fujairah. Each of these have their own awards, as does the UAE. Sources are very thin. See: http://faculty.winthrop.edu/haynese/medals/uae.html http://www.medals.org.uk/abu-dhabi/abu-dhabi.htm http://www.coleccionesmilitares.com/cintas/cintasas.htm#e (click on "EMIRATOS ?RABES UNIDOS" and "VARIOS") http://www.netdialogue.com/yy/Asia/UAE/UAE.htm
  4. Some online sources, but not a lot, and much more needed: http://faculty.winthrop.edu/haynese/medals/bahrain.html http://www.medals.org.uk/bahrain/bahrain.htm http://www.4dw.net/royalark/Bahrain/bahrain.htm http://www.netdialogue.com/yy/Asia/Bahrain/Bahrain.htm http://www.omsa.org/photopost/showgallery.php?cat=607 http://www.coleccionesmilitares.com/cintas/cintasas.htm#e and click on Bahrain (under "Arab Emirates"?!)
  5. Ed_Haynes

    Army Badges

    While the Partisan's Badge has good coverage elsewhere -- http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=4519 -- it may be usefuil to have this thread to show and discuss other "category 'C'" badges.
  6. There aren't many good sources out there. http://faculty.winthrop.edu/haynese/medals/kuwait.html http://www.omsa.org/photopost/showgallery.php?cat=561 http://www.medals.org.uk/kuwait/kuwait.htm (though not much there) http://www.geocities.com/cintasdemedallas/asia/kuwait.gif http://www.netdialogue.com/yy/Asia/Kuwait/Kuwait.htm
  7. By request ( ), I move on to Syria. Sources: http://faculty.winthrop.edu/haynese/medals/Syria/syria.html http://www.omsa.org/photopost/showgallery.php?cat=553 http://www.medals.org.uk/syria/syria.htm http://www.netdialogue.com/yy/Asia/Syria/Syria.htm http://www.coleccionesmilitares.com/cintas/cintasas.htm#s (click on his Syrian link)
  8. Ed_Haynes

    ARAB MEDALS -- Oman

    Oman is unusual. It is unique. It is the only Arab State for which there is a good reference book. While it may, arguably, need updating, A. R. Tinson's Orders & Medals of the Sultanate of Oman (London: Spink, 1995; ISBN 0-907605-59-1) is a treat for the eyes and a feast of information. It is made all the richer by being bilingual (English and Arabic). It is a shame that other states have not emulated Sultan Qabus bin Said al-Mua'tham and supported such work. Online, there is a bit, but not too much: http://faculty.winthrop.edu/haynese/medals/oman.html http://www.4dw.net/royalark/Oman/oman.htm http://www.netdialogue.com/yy/Asia/Oman/Oman.htm http://www.medals.org.uk/oman/oman.htm http://www.omsa.org/photopost/showgallery.php?cat=604 http://www.coleccionesmilitares.com/cintas/cintasas.htm#o scroll to his two Oman pages
  9. Ed_Haynes

    INDIA -- Videsh Seva Medal

    One of my favourites. Created by Presidential Notification No.15-Pres./60 of 26 January 1960 and Not. No. 32-Pres./60 of 2 June 1960, with effect from 15 August 1947. The first clasps as well as eligible categories of personnel were notified in MoD Notification No 1399, dated 22 July 1960. Ministry of Defence notifications in the Gazette of India Part 1, Section 3, at varying times commencing from Notification No. 1399 of 22 July 1960 have authorized additional clasps. The design of the medal itself was modified by No.52-Pres./68 of 22 July 1968. Awarded to military personnel for services outside of India. Personnel assigned on the regular staff of diplomatic missions in the countries where clasps have been authorized are excluded from awards. In many cases, the clasps are awarded either for service with the United Nations or other multi-national missions or for detached service on loan to foreign governments. In May 1970 it was decided that the following categories of service were in future recognized for institution of a clasp to the medal irrespective of the number of personnel involved: - (a) campaign service or service in peace-keeping roles with the UN; and - (b) deputation with other countries in various capacities as Trainers, Advisors and to fill up specific posts for temporary periods, etc. This has resulted in some extremely small numbers of qualifying personnel. In general, the qualifying period is graduated according to the length of the specific service: for assignments over a year, the qualifying period is six months; for assignments less than a year, the qualifying period is three months. Exceptions are made for special cases. The medal may be awarded posthumously. Moreover, a person who died or was evacuated due to wounds or other disabilities attributable to service in the countries and during the service specified or who was awarded a gallantry award in the course of such service would qualify automatically for the award of a clasp even if he did not meet the minimum stipulated qualifying service period. Although the instituting notification stipulated that the medal was to be awarded for "for such service abroad . . . which has not been considered for any other Indian medal" on at least one occasion, the Videsh Seva medal (with clasp Sri Lanka) has been awarded in conjunction with another medal, the Special Service Medal with clasp "Sri Lanka", awarded for service with the Indian Peace Keeping Force. As the notification implies, non-India medals are frequently bestowed for the same service as the Videsh Seva Medal, most commonly for United Nations or other multinational peacekeeping operations. The various clasps (all clasps in Hindi only) thusfar identified (listed by the soon-to-be-standard Haynes-Chhina number): 1051.301 Korea (1950-54) 1051.302 Nepal (1952?) 1051.303 Indochina (1954-70) 1051.304 Indonesia (1955-??) 1051.305 United Arab Republic (1956-??) 1051.306 Ethiopia (1957?, 1961?, 1970?) 1051.307 Lebanon (1958, 1998?) 1051.308 Ghana (1959?) 1051.309 Iraq (1959?) 1051.310 Sri Lanka (1960?) 1051.311 Congo (1960-64, 1999?) 1051.312 Bhutan (1961?) 1051.313 New Guinea (1962-63) 1051.314 Yemen (1963-64) 1051.315 Nigeria (1963?) 1051.316 Algeria (1963?) 1051.317 Cyprus (1964?) 1051.318 Malaysia (1966?) 1051.319 Afghanistan (1970?) 1051.320 Bangladesh (1972) 1051.321 Mauritius (1973?) 1051.322 Botswana (1973?) 1051.323 Zambia (1973?, 1994?) 1051.324 Sudan (1976?) 1051.325 Oman (1976?) 1051.326 Qatar (1988?) 1051.327 Tanzania (1988?) 1051.328 Iran-Iraq (1988-91) 1051.329 Maldives (1988) 1051.330 Seychelles (1989?) 1051.331 Angola (1989?) 1051.332 Namibia (1989-90) 1051.333 Nicaragua (1990-92) 1051.334 Honduras (1990-92) 1051.335 Guatemala (1990-92) 1051.336 Costa Rica (1990-92) 1051.337 El Salvador (1990-95) 1051.338 Iraq-Kuwait (1991?) 1051.339 Western Sahara (1991?) 1051.340 Cambodia (1991-93) 1051.341 Yugoslavia (1992-95) 1051.342 New York (1993?) 1051.343 Somalia (1993-95) 1051.344 Mozambique (1993-94) 1051.345 Haiti (1993-96) 1051.346 Liberia (1994?) 1051.347 Rwanda (1994-96) 1051.348 Laos (1995?) 1051.349 Bosnia and Herzegovina (1995?, 1998?) 1051.350 Sierra Leone (1998?) 1051.351 Kosovo (1999?) 1051.352 Northern Iraq (2000?) 1051.353 Lesotho (2000?) 1051.354 Ethiopia and Eritrea (2000?) The medal shown is for Korea, named to "3930754 HAV. RAMDASS, A.E.C." - what was the Army Educational Corps doing with the NNRC?
  10. From Williamson's The Iron Cross .....
  11. Since I suspect most of you don't visit 'over there', please glance at http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=34033 A crossover group I'd to see!!
  12. Medal ?Sukhrat? / Медаль ?Сухрат? Date and details of establishment of a medal are unknown. Apparently, the medal is awarded for labor merit. Медаль ?Сухрат? Дата и подробности учреждения медали неизвестны. Судя по всему, медаль вручается за трудовые заслуги. This #130352.
  13. The exteremely complex (and interesting) Hejai/Jordanian order, the Wisam an-Nahada / Order of the Renaissance has been raised on another thread http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=11855 and I thought it needed more focused attention. It must be placed within the history of the era in which it was created. The Wisam an-Nahada / Order of the Renaissance was created in 1917 by Hussein ibn Ali al-Hashimi, who, since 10 June 1916, had named himself King of the Hejaz (the western coastal region of the Arabian peninsula). He had, since 1908, served under the Ottoman rulers of the peninsula as Grand Sherif of Mecca, but had been seduced away from that loyalty by the overly famous T. E. Lawrence "of Arabia" into a watime rebellion against Turkish rule of the Arab lands. Sherif/King Hussein:
  14. Well, we have "sprouted" threads on most of the other awards, indiviudually (a good idea, sez I). Why not the BoH. Many others (speaking for myself) heve been shown elsewhere, as this is one of my special friends, I think it conceals a great deal of "socialist reality". Here, a documented single of type 4, variety 1, 480486 (1966).
  15. For some reason, I thought we had a thread for Hungarian PR awards. Apparently, we do not (or at least I could not find it). OK, we have one now. Please post away!
  16. There is an immense (and I do mean IMMENSE) lack of reliable information on Libyan awards. Any and all identifications should be seen as tentative. Repeated promised of information have, so far, come up empty. Guess one just has to ask Colonel-Brother in person? Some online sources, none of them very good: http://faculty.winthrop.edu/haynese/medals/libya.html http://www.omsa.org/photopost/showgallery.php?cat=521 http://www.medals.org.uk/libya/libya.htm http://www.coleccionesmilitares.com/cintas/cintasaf.htm and scroll down to "LIBIA" http://www.netdialogue.com/yy/Africa/Lybia/Lybia.htm http://www.4dw.net/royalark/Libya/libya.htm
  17. A draft royal warrant was prepared in January 1949 for the possible institution of this award in the name of the British sovereign as, during the dominion period, such a step would have been necessary to give the award status within the Commonwealth. On consideration, this course was abandoned and the medal was created by No.3-Pres./50 of 5 June 1950, by the President of India (with effect from 15 August 1947). The reverse designs were altered by Presidential amendments No.30-Pres./54 of 21 June 1954 and by No.49-Pres./54 of 6 December 1954. General Appearance: A circular 35-mm copper-nickel medal. The medal is suspended by a straight-bar non-swiveling suspender to which the clasps are attached. The naming is usually impressed on the edge. The clasps are distinguished by having different motifs in the "roses" at their ends. As later bars were issued loose to the soldiers, and had to be mounted by them, multi-bar medals are uncommon. Obverse: A representation of Bhavani, or the "divine sword of justice and true discrimination", point upward and within a halo. Reverse: The original design of 1950, which was never issued, described the reverse: in the center, a lotus flower with buds with the legend above ?The General Service Medal? and, below, ?1947?. In June 1954, the lower reverse legends were altered to read ?1947? with ?INDIA? just above this. Finally, in December 1954, the design of the reverse as actually issued was specified as having the upper inscription read ?GENERAL SERVICE? and, below, ?INDIA?. No specimens have been seen of the first two reverses, though prototypes may exist. Ribbon: 31 mm, red with five 1-mm dark green stripes. As it has been so common and so widely produced, there is some variability of the precise shades of the colors in this ribbon. These color variations have no significance (as some have stated). The notifying gazette unusually specified the sybolic significance of the ribbon colours; red representing valour and passion, and green, auspiciousness. There is, however, the indication that after the creation of the Samanya Seva Medal, 1965, in 1975, orders were issued that this medal should be worn from the ribbon of that later medal; this directive seems to have been widely (and appropriately) ignored. Over the lifespan of the medal, before its replacement by the Samanya Seva Medal 1966 (which seems now to have gone moribund), seven clasps (all in English, unlike most other post-1947 Indian medals) were issued: 1- Jammu and Kashmir 1947-48 - For one day of service in specific battles within the geographical limits of Jammu and Kashmir State in the first Indo-Pakistani conflict over Kashmir, 24 October 1947 to 1 January 1949. The bar has chinar leaves at the ends. 2- Overseas Korea 1950-53 - For one day of service ashore in Korea between 22 November 1952 and 8 July 1953 on the active strength of the 60th Para Field Ambulance Unit. Probably the rarest of the medals for the Korean War. The bar has a caduceus ascending from a lotus flower at the ends. 3- Naga Hills - For 180 days (90 days for temporary inductees) of operational service in the Naga Hills or Tuensang area of northeastern India between 27 April 1955 and 1 April 1956. Awarded for the first phases of a particularly nasty anti-insurgency campaign that still simmers to this day. The bar has atalks of bamboo in the roundels at the ends. 4- Goa 1961 - For service in ?Operation Vijay?, the reunification with India of the remnant Portuguese colonies along India?s coast. This bar was awarded for two days (48 hours) of actual service within the geographical limits of Goa, Daman and Diu from 18 to 22 December 1961. The bar has a palm tree at the ends. 5- Ladakh 1962 - For services against Chinese forces in Ladakh, along India?s northern borders, 20 October 1962 to 21 November 1962. This is one of two bars for the 1962 war with China. The bar has mountains at the ends. 6- NEFA 1962 - For services against Chinese forces in the North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA), along India?s northeastern borders, 10 October 1962-21 November 1962. This is one of two bars for the 1962 war with China. The bar has a leafy tree tree at the ends. 7- Mizo Hills - Awarded for 180 days (90 days for temporary inductees) of operational service deployed and operating in the erstwhile Mizo District of Assam between 20 February 1966 and 8 May 1975. The ?Mizo Hills? bar has uniquely plain ends. The successor medal, the Samanya Seva Medal 1965, would be awarded with six clasps, covering services from 1965 to the present. Although the medal appears today to have become moribund, as has the GSM model in the UK. The medal illustrated, for Jammu and Kashmir 1947-48, was awarded to "5092 SEP. KARTAR SINGH, 1 PATIALA INFANTRY S. F."
  18. Ed_Haynes

    PAKISTAN -- Tamgha-i-Diffa, 1948--

    The Pakistani continuation of the general service medal tradition came in 1957 (after attaining status as a republic) when the Tamgha-i-Diffa (Medal of Service) was established by notification No.F.40(3)/Pres./57 of 16 March 1957, by the President of Pakistan. As with India, there had been pre-republic discussion of the medal, and a draft warrant and design - with the cipher of Queen Elizabeth II! - had been drawn up but was never instituted. Obverse: A 36-mm circular copper-nickel medal. Star and crescent in the center, surrounded by a wreath. Above, the inscription in Urdu ?Khidmat-i-Pakistan? or ?The Service of Pakistan.? Suspended from an ornate straight-bar swiveling suspender and a clasp with the campaign relevant to the award; bars both in English and bilingual bars in Urdu/Bengali have been seen. The medal is rarely seen named. The medal has also been seen and reported in gilt, but this seems to be a totally unofficial modification. The ribbon is 33 mm, green, with central stripes of dark blue, red, light blue, edged with thinner white stripes. Green 7 mm, white 2 mm, dark blue 5 mm, red 5 mm, light blue 5 mm, white 2 mm, green 7 mm. Reverse: Plain, open circle in the center. Clasps: 1- Kashmir-1948 ? monolingual in English ? For the October 1947-1 January 1949 first Indo-Pakistani war over Kashmir. 2- Dir-Bajaur 1960-62 - monolingual in English ? For the suppression of "tribal" rebellions in the North-West Frontier Province 3- Kashmir 1964-65 - bilingual in Urdu and Bengali - For border clashes in Kashmir preliminary to the 1965 Indo-Pakistani War. 4- Kutch 1965 ? bilingual in Urdu and Bengali ? For border clashes in the Rann of Kutch preliminary to the 1965 Indo-Pakistani War. 5- Siachen Glacier in Urdu - For the ongoing Indo-Pakistani "confrontation" on the Siachen Glacier. None of these are officially named, though a very few have unofficial naming.
  19. Continuing the Arab country-by-country threads. A few sources to start with: http://faculty.winthrop.edu/haynese/medals/egypt.html http://www.medals.org.uk/egypt/egypt.htm http://www.omsa.org/photopost/showgallery.php?cat=691 http://www.medals.lava.pl/eg/eg2.htm http://www.netdialogue.com/yy/Africa/Egypt/EgyptMain.htm http://www.4dw.net/royalark/Egypt/orders.htm
  20. Found while looking for something else (as seems to be usual on the internet): http://www.redcross.mn/english/awards.html
  21. As requested, I am putting up some VERY PRELIMINARY notes on the poorly documented and badly understood Kaisar-i-Hind Medal. Please treat these as preliminary observations in search of questions, commentary, and corrections. Eventually, I plan to take these (1) into an article in the JOMSA or OMRS journal and (2) into portions of a major book. Footnotes and references have been folded into the text. What you see here is very much a "work in progress". This note will be revised and edited and expanded over time. Watch this space . . . .
  22. There hasn't been much focused discussion of these (to me at least) very confusing badges. Could we start some? Please?? Just to start it off, here is what my notes have on types and such details. I am sure these need MUCH help. Type 1 (E01, numbered) - Low = 203/High = 945 - 1940s? Type 2 (E02) - Low = ??/High = 1054 - 1950s? Type 3 (E03) - 1960s? Type 4 (heavy construction, reliev reverse, Soviet-made?) Type 5 (E04) - 1970s? Type 6 (E05) - 1980s? Type 7.1 (E06, unnumbered) - 1990s? Type 7.2 (E06, numbered) - Low = B-5/High = B-1266 - 1990s?
  23. Ed_Haynes

    Sport Badges

    See see also http://gmic.co.uk/index.php?showtopic=6987 -- but may we keep sports badges here, please.
  24. Not much published (though there may be things in French?), and only a little online: http://faculty.winthrop.edu/haynese/medals/tunisia.html http://www.4dw.net/royalark/Tunisia/orders.htm http://www.omsa.org/photopost/showgallery.php?cat=613 http://www.medals.org.uk/tunisia/tunisia.htm http://www.netdialogue.com/yy/Africa/Tunisia/Tunisia.htm http://www.coleccionesmilitares.com/cintas/cintasaf.htm#t and click on Tunisia
  25. Ed_Haynes

    Ed's Afghan Abyss

    Among my other minor areas, I collect and try to study the awards of Afghanistan, from the earliest awards to the present, though with a special interest in the awards of the People's Democratic Republic of Afghanistan (roughly 1978-92). Studying and collecting these things is immensely difficult and almost no reliable sources exist. I'll post a few things from the kingdom, the republic(s), and some unknown items. No good source exists for the kingdom, though one has been rumored for some time, for the PDRA ("Soviet") period, we have only State Awards of Afghanistan, by G. Tisov and V. Shirshov (Moscow: ca. 1998). The Tislov and Shirshov is (1) in Russian, (2) only addresses military awards, and (3) just 72 pages, but it is, so far, all we have. What fun!