Old Contemptible
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  1. You're right, he became Lt Col in 1906, so before his promotion to Colonel in 1909.
  2. Thanks! So probably, the photo was taken in 1905, after the Russo-Japanese war, when he got 3rd class Kite and Rising Sun.
  3. Oh! Thanks for that! So the Who's Who spelt his name incorrectly. For some reason, I didn't check the Japanese Wikipedia. So he died in 1920. I'm not too familiar with Japanese uniforms. What rank does he have in the Wikipedia picture?
  4. Not sure if it is possible to find out more about Inouye, such as his death date. Anyone has access to Japanese sources?
  5. The back says "Herrn Hauptmann Pophal zur freundlichen Erinnerung, 1896-99, Niro Inouye, Major in Japan". Partly because of different spellings, it was not easy to find out anything about Major Inouye, but eventually I did. I consulted the "Who's Who in Japan" from 1913 and 1916, and there he is. This is a picture of the later Lt. General Niro Inouye (in Japanese characters: 井上仁廊 ) born May 1864 in Ehime-ken, second son of Wataru Inouye and Yoshi 1885 graduated from the Military Academy 1885 Sub-Lieutenant of the Engineers 1888 Lieutenant 1893 Captain 1895-99 Sent to Germany for Training 1900 Major 1902 Lieutenant-Colonel 1906 Colonel 1910 Major-General 1915 Lieutenant-General In the Russo-Japanese war of 1905, the Who's Who says, he "rendered excellent services in the administrations of the Military railways, for which he was awarded the 3rd Order of the Rising Sun together with the 3rd Class of the Golden Kite." His address in 1913 was No. 14, Nakacho, Ushigome, Tokyo. In 1916, he was commander of the Communication Brigade and Member of the Committee for the Study of Military Aeroplanes Major Inouye's awards on his bar are: Order of the Golden Kite 5th or 6th class Order of the Sacred Treasure 5th or 6th class 1894-95 China War Medal Imperial Constitution Promulgation Commemorative Medal (probably) Here is the entry from Who's Who in Japan 1913: The German officer the picture card was dedicated to is (thanks to Glenn for some of the info!) Generalmajor Paul Pophal (27 Sep 1854 - 18 Jan 1924) Sekonde-Lieutenant: 13.10.77 Premier-Lieutenant: 12.6.86 (served in Eisenbahn (Train)-Regiment Berlin) From 1890 on, he taught at the Technische Hochschule (Technical University) Berlin (where he met Inouye) Hauptmann: 19.9.91 (served in Eisenbahn-Regiment Nr. 3, Berlin) 22.5.1900 Major In 1906, he was teacher at the military-technical academy in Berlin. 21.5.1906 Oberstleutnant 19.8.1909 Oberst Direktor der Militär-Eisenbahn from 18 Oct 1909 - 18 Nov 1911 when he retired as an Oberst. He was recalled for service in WW1 and served as the Chef d. Bau-Direktion 10. Awards as of 1911: Red Eagle 3rd class with bow, Crown Order 3rd class, Long Service Award, Austrian Military Merit Cross 3rd class.
  6. This is an interesting photo I got from Detlev many years ago. Finally, I have been able to research some of its background story. The picture was given by a Japanese officer, then Major, to a German officer, then Hauptmann, in Berlin in 1899.
  7. Nice lapel bow indeed! Interesting combination, similar to my bar but with Austria instead of Hessen. I would guess yours was not from 3rd Garde Ulanen. Might have been 22nd Infanterie-Division, they fought on the Russian front and were likely to have got Austrian awards:
  8. The blue ribbons must be Wehrmacht Long Service decorations. You could not wear two Treudienst crosses together. As he had WW1 service and also the Luitpold jubilee medal, I would guess it is 25 + 12 crosses.
  9. Hello, could you please also show us the back of the bar? Thanks Chris
  10. A very fine group. It also shows nicely the evolution of swords devices on ribbon bars, from the early (very detailed) one on top to the 1943 one with the standard end-of-WW2 (rather cheap looking) ones. I would be curious: could you show us the backs of the ribbon bars to see the progression here?
  11. Well it's not the wearer of my bar on top of this thread, but this photo shows a very similar Leutnant with Baltic Cross and many other similar Freikorps awards. There is a writing on the back from 1940, but the photo should be pre-1935 (no Hindenburg).
  12. Is this recognizable? The Regimentskommandeur of Landwehr-Inf.Reg 4.