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Gentleman's Military Interest Club


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About cimbineus

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    Budapest, Hungary

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  1. In Memoriam Mervyn Mitton

    I have just noticed this sad post. Rest in peace, Mervyn.
  2. Hi Tony, This is a nice Friedrich Rothe piece. I cannot see any obvious problems in these pictures. - - - - - - - - - - - - - Here is a picture with three similar cases but different producers. And one more picture, perhaps a bit artistic composition with two Rothe & Neffe pieces. Regards, cimbineus
  3. Thank you, Gordon. Yes, it was a long time ago (15 years?) when we met last time in Budapest on a Tuesday afternoon in the Club. Here is the cover page of our 2017 A3 size wall calendar. And this is the January page: Regards, cimbineus
  4. Gordon, Let me show you something interesting. This is the April page of our Signum Laudis Forum's wall calendar for 2017. And, here is the picture in a bit bigger size. This Bronze grade was awarded to a Soviet citizen, that is why the award docoment is written in Russian. You can see two types of miniature as well. Regards, cimbineus http://signum-laudis.hu/ https://www.facebook.com/SignumLaudisForum/
  5. No problem, Gordon. Yes, the Order of Hungarian Freedom was instituted to award Hungarian and foreign nationals who actively participated in struggle for freedom, independence and democracy. It could be awarded posthumously as well. It had two grades but there was no specific mentioning of any kind of distinction between them. In practice the majority of the awardees were freedom fighters, partisans, participants of national liberation movements in Hungary or in other countries, i.e. Spain, France, Belgium, Yugoslavia, Slovakia, Soviet Union, etc. Amongst the awardees there were about 70 Soviet military persons of different ranks but basically high commanders, and about two dozens other foreign citizens, and 111 awards were made posthumously. Yes, it was awarded after 1948 too, and in 1957 came the 3rd type of the Order, with the Coat of Arms of '57 on the back side, with already a totally different interpretation of "struggle for freedom", meaning the participation in suppression of the revolution of '56 in Hungary. In 1961 came the 4th type, which already was in three grades and was in the so called "War Awards" series.
  6. Dear Dave, Well, this was the first governmental/presidential order of the Hungarian republic founded on 10th May 1946. The piece in the picture is the first type of the order, the so call "Jesus Christ" type, because the two five-edge stars around Kossuth's head remembers the crown of thorns which was placed on the head of Jesus during the events leading up to the crucifixion of Jesus. The orders were numbered with continuous numeration without any logic or special meaning, not separated ever the two grades. It had a special ribbon, not in accordance with Hungarian traditions. This first type was awarded on five occasions to allover 505 Hungarian and foreign citizens in two grades: silver (~66%) and bronze (~34%). (By administrative mistake nine persons received it twice.) So, the order you showed us is a correct one, but on a wrong ribbon and in a latter case. Later that year, in December 1946, they changed the order and introduced the 2nd type already in better quality but without numbers, and all previous orders of the 1st type should have been replaced by new ones. The ribbon became a traditional triangle-type one. From December 1946 only the 2nd type of the order was awarded. Regards, cimbineus
  7. Austrian WWI Long Service Awards

    Iver, It is nice, indeed, and the picture is excellent too. Regards, cimbineus
  8. Dear dond, Thank you for this clue. It is interesting, however, I think it may not be the reason for this seemingly overcomplicated production. My arguments: - The basic part of the wreath and the cross-arms made from one piece. This suggests that they originally also meant to be "war" decorations, since the "peace" crosses have no wreath at all in between the cross-arms. - The number of these double-layered pieces represents the majority in my collection, if not all of "war" Merit Crosses, which suggests me that the reason for this must be somewhere else. One more observation. Some of these additional layers are gold plated, some not, but some even enamelled, just to complicate the picture even more. Here is one more picture, where we can clearly see the added upper layers on the wreaths. Regards, cimbineus
  9. Here are the pictures of the booklet.
  10. Gents, Some time ago I noticed that the wreath between the cross arms consists of two layers. Why? What is the rationale behind? It is obvious that this technique makes the production even more complicated and more costly. So, why then? Sometimes the two layers are soldered so perfectly that it is simply impossible to detect this interesting feature. I would appreciate any ideas or explanations. Here are some examples. Many thanks in advance. Regards cimbineus
  11. Here is one more Iron Merit Cross with Crown (Eisernes Verdienstkreuz mit der Krone - EVK mdK) from Zimbler.
  12. Austrian WWI Long Service Awards

    Gents, I would like to share with you some different types of reverses of the Service Crosses after 25 years of service from my collection again, since my previous picture vanished. The first is one of the "usual" types. The second and third are covered with "Perlmutt" or mother-of-perl. The fourth and fifth are enameled in quite different qualities. The sixth and eighth made of silver with the appropriate hallmarks. The seventh one is covered with "Bein/Horn" or simply bone. Regards, cimbineus
  13. Gents, Here is the overall view of the group. Now, a closer view of the booklet: The main features of the group: Here are the backs with the numbers:
  14. Factory Guard Uniform

    Gordon, Before 1970 the structure of this organization basically followed the structure of the national economy and consisted of separate branches. In 1970 all those partially separate sub-organizations and branches were united into one overall organization which covered the national economy as a whole. After the fall of communism this organization fall apart again and was replaced by a big number of private enterprises of this kind which process basically ended in 1997. Since that time this business/task of the civilian armed guards is fully privatized. Regards, cimbineus