The Prussian

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  1. Well, they were Landsturm soldiers. First a man has to serve in an active unit for 2 or 3 years (if he volunteered, he could serve more years). After this active period, he became a Reserveman. The active + reserve time is 7 years. 2 years active = 5 years reserve 3 years active = 4 years reserve Then the men came to the Landwehr 1. contingent 2 years active = 5 years Landwehr 3 years active = 3 years Landwehr After that they came to the Landwehr 2nd contignent und the 31st march of the year, when they reached their age of 39. All men, who didn´t serve active, in reserve or Landwehr, came to the Landsturm (1. contingent age 17-39 ; 2. contingent age 39-45)
  2. Hello! Photo 2: That´s no leather, it´s oilcloth. The 3 upon the collars means 3rd infantry brigade, so the boys came from around Rastenburg (East-Prussia)
  3. Hello! 1) Unteroffizier in WW1. Unit invisible. Probably infantry because of the red(?) cap band. 2) Landsturm. To ID the unit I might know the collar numbers 3) bavarian soldiers between between 1860 and 1873, probably late 60s, early 70s 4) like 3
  4. We see 3rd army, IV.corps, but no divisional markling. Probably the man served directly with the IV.corps?
  5. Hello! What does O.H.B. stands for, please?
  6. Hello Chris! What about the buttons? Blank or "lioned"?
  7. Hello John! Yes, you´re right! After armistice in the east, the Sturmbataillon 8 came under command of the 17th army at the western front
  8. Hello John! The Sturmbataillon had been set-up december 28, 1916 by A.O.K. Südarmee. The Ersatz came: for staff and storm-companies from II.Ers.Btl./Inf.Rgt.21 for MGK: 4.Ers.MGK/XVII.AK for trench mortars: Pi.Ers.Btl.17 The bataillon probably fought in all major battles of the Südarmee, espacially: 2.3.17 and 12.-13.3.17: Battle of Lipnica-Dolna 25.6.17: Patrols at Lipnica-Dolna 29.6.-3.7.17: Defense of the russian offensive 29.6.-3.7.17: Battle of Brzezany 4.-20.7.17: Trenchbattles at the Narajowka, between Narajowka and Zlota-Lipa and Ceniowka
  9. Hello! Here is a link about a lot of original movies about the Great War:[]=689
  10. Hello! B.A. VII fits to the colours of the shoulder straps. "Bekleidungsamt VII" (Clothing office 7th army corps) The VII. corps was in Münster. St.A. ? No idea in military... Normally St.A. stands for "Staatsanwaltschaft" (public prosecutor´s office), but they had different uniforms.
  11. Hello dante! Very noice thing! Interesting the two different green colours! A cover with green numbers like this was worn between mid/end august 1914 until november 1916. But we have Landsturm. Those units recieved their helmets in march 1915. The number is the number of the infantry-bataillon, which set-up the Landsturm-Bataillon (later they had the army-corps-number and the number of the bataillon). Here we have two possibilities: 1) Prussian infantry-brigade no. 5 (Stettin) or 2) Bavarian infantry-brigade no. 5 (Zweibrücken)
  12. Hello! That phot must have been taken east of Binarville (Argonne)
  13. Hello! Then we have another question. Did the french fly through english operation zones? If not, the photo might have been taken south of Amiens up to the Alsace front. Because the altitude is 3000m, such a big trench system might be close to the front
  14. Ah. Ok. Thank you! But the photo is from 1916. So probably french.
  15. Hello Spasm! What do you mean with "Shermans"? Germans? Hmmm, I´m german, but we didn´t write "Month/Day/Year"...
  16. Hello! The english would write 7-29-16, wouldn´t they? And germans would write the "One" as a "1" and not as a "I" Probably it was taken by french?
  17. Hi Chris! Probably it survived, because it´s not a card from Ernst, but a card at Ernst...
  18. That´s strange. First I thought it was a brand new tunic with brand new shoulder straps. But why should one fix shoulderstraps and sow the numbers on later? Probably it´s a tunic from a theatre or a movie production company? (That could happen, if the ain´t no stamps in the inside!) In a lot of movies or documentaries you won´t see a number upon the shoulder straps!
  19. Hello Bernhard But now I think it´s Gremmels. Why should he write two different "r´s"??? Gremmels is a popular name in that area!
  20. Hello Shawn! But you asked for the units... Here is a list of all units, engaged in april at Arras, especially the heavy artillery. You see the changing of divisions, but I don´t know, if any artillery had been changed too. Heavy artillery didn´t belong to the divisions, but to the army (6th army). If you can´t read the german language, lt me know. In this case important: Seit = Since Bis = until
  21. Hello Shawn! I don´t know, which artillery units were attached to each regiment, but I have a composition of the entire artillery of the battle of Arras. (Vimy was a part of that battle). Interesting for you the first line (6th army, Gruppe Vimy)
  22. Hello! Very nice! In 1879 Major v. Rantzau was commander of II.Btl. of that regiment, and in 1883 he was à la suite in that regiment and commanded the Infanterie-Lehr-Bataillon
  23. Hi Mattyboy! Coluld it be a K instead of an R? Sächsische Kriegsverdienst-Medaille?
  24. A good question. Chris, how could you know, he hadn´t been in frontline with 442? Could you please show the entire document? I can´t see a date, when he awarded the IC. His units were: 1.7.18 (IR 442): 231.Inf.Div. (Avocourt/Verdun until august 7, 1918) Since 3.8.18 Garde-Gren.Rgt.3 (maybe Ersatz-Btl.): 5.Garde-Inf,.Div. (Marne, Aisne-Ailettes, Argonne, Woevre)