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4. PERMITTING MAD DOGS TO GO AT LARGE.

That if the owner of any dog after having information, or reasonable ground for believing it to be in a rabid state, or to have been bitten by any dog in a rabbid state, shall permit the same to go at large within the said city, he shall, for every such offence, forfeit and pay the fine or sum of five pounds.

Edited by SCcollector

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5. NOT SECURING FLOWER POTS &c., PLACED ON THE OUTSIDE OF HOUSES FROM FALLING.

That if any person shall place, or fix up, or hang out, or permit or suffer to be placed, fixed up, or hung out, any flower pot, vase, box, or other thing, in, or from any upper window, or to, about, or upon the external part of any house or building, in any street, without sufficiently guarding the same against falling, of being blown or thrown down ;

Every person so offending shall for such offence, forfeit and pay the fine or sum of five shillings; and for a second offence, alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as such first offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of ten shillings; and for every such offence, being subsequent to a second offence, and alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as any prior ofence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of twenty shillings.

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6. THROWING SLATES, &c., FROM ROOFS.

That any person shall throw or cast, or carelessly or negligently permit or suffer to fall from the roof, or any other part, of any house or other building, within the said city, into any street, any slate, brick, chimney pot, stone, iron, wood, rubbish, or other article, material, matter, or thing ; every person so offending shall, for any offence, forfeit and pay the fine or sum of five shillings ; and for a second offence, alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as such first offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of ten shillings; and for every offence, being subsequent to the second offence, and alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as as any prior offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of twenty shillings.

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7. NEGLECTING TO PUT UP PROPER FENCES AND PLATFORMS, FOR FOOT PASSENGERS, DURING REPAIRS &c., OF HOUSES.

That if any person shall take down, or begin to take down, any house or other building whatsoever, in any street, or shall cause the same to be so done; or shall alter or repair, or begin to alter or repair, the outward or external part of any such house or other building, or shall cause the same to be so done; or shall, for any of the purposes aforesaid or otherwise, erect or set up, or cause to be erected or set up, any scaffold, or scaffold poles, in any street; such person

Shall under the direction and subject to the approbation of the Surveyor, erect or set up, or cause to be erected or set up, a proper and sufficient fence of wood or other material, together with a convenient platform, with handrail to the same, to serve as a foot way for passengers outside of such fence,

And shall contiunue such fence and platform, with hand-rail as aforesaid, standing and in good condition,

And shall light or cause the same to be well and sufficiently lighted from sun setting to sun rising,

And shall remove and take away, or cause to be removed and taken away, all or any part of such fence, platform, and hand-rail, when required by the Surveyor,

And if any such person shall refuse or neglect to erect and set up, or cause to be erected and set up, any such fence or platform, with such hand-rail as aforesaid,

Or shall refuse, or neglect to continue the same respectively, standing and in good condition, so long as the said Surveyor shall direct,

Or shall not, under the direction of the said Surveyor, keep such fence well and sufficiently lighted, from sun setting to sun rising,

Or shall neglect or refuse to remove and take away, or cause to be removed or taken way all or any part of the said fence or platform, with hand-rail, after being required so to do by the said Surveyor,

Then, and in any of the said cases, every person so respectively offending shall, for any such offence forfeit and pay the fine or sum of ten shillings; and for a second offence, alleged and proved as such, and not committted on the same day as such first offence, shall fofeit and pay the fine or sum of twenty shillings; and for every offence, being subsequent to a second offence, and alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as any prior offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of forty shillings.

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8. DEPOSITS OF BUILDING MATERIALS AND EXCAVATIONS TO BE LIGHTED, AND NOT TO REMAIN AN UNNECESSARY TIME.

That if any person shall, in any street, hew, saw, bore, chip, dress, or cut any timber, stone, iron, or steel;

Or shall deposit, place, or leave, or cause to be deposited, placed , or left, any hay, straw, coal, stone, slate, brick, tile, lime, mortar, sand, timber, board, iron, steel, rubbish, or other material or thing;

Or shall open, or cause to be opened, any hole, opening, or excavation, of any nature or kind whatsoever;

And shall not, without unnecessary delay (proof of the necessity of delay being on the party complained against,) restore, or cause to be restored, such street to its original or some other proper state, and remove, or cause to be removed therefrom, the said articles or materials, and every of them;

And shall not, at his own expense, when required by the Surveyor, cause a proper and sufficient light to be placed and fixed in, upon, or near the same, and continue such light every night from sun-setting to sun-rising during the time material, hole, opening, or excavation shall remain in such street;

And shall not cause such material, or other thing, and such hole, opening, or excavation, to be well and sufficiently fenced and enclosed, until such material, or other thing shall be removed, or hole, opening, or excavation filled up;

Every person so respectively offending, shall, for any such offence, forfeit and pay the fine or sum of twenty shillings; and for a second offence, alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as such first offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of forty shillings; and for every offence subsequent to the second offence, and alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as any prior offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of five pounds.

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9. DEPOSITING OR THROWING OFFENSIVE MATERIAL AND THINGS INTO THE STREET, BROOKS, &c., OR DROWNING ANIMALS IN BROOKS, &c.

That if any person shall throw, deposit, place, or leave, or permit, or suffer, to fall, run, or flow any offensive matter or thing into or upon any street, or into or in any well, stream, watercourse, beck, goit, pool, dam, pond, or reservoir of or for water, within the said city;

Or shall throw, deposit, place, or leave, or permit, or suffer to fall, run, or flow any offensive matter into or upon any open or uncovered place, within the said city, whether surrounded by a wall or other fence, or not, so as to be a common nuisance;

Or shall drown, or cast with intewnt to drown, any dog, cat, or other animal, in or into any well, stream, watercourse, beck, goit, pool, dam, pond, or reservoir of or for water, within the said city;

Or shall throw, deposit, place, leave, or permit or suffer to fall, any litter, ashes, carrion, fish, dead animal, offal, or rubbish, into any well, stream, watercourse, beck, goit, pool, dam, pond, reservoir of or for water, sewer, channel, pipe, drain or sink;

Or shall place the sweepings or scrapings of any street within three feet of any grate or opening into any drain, or main sewer;

Or shall in any street, lane, or road, place any such sweepings or scrapings otherwise than in separate and distinct heaps, on the side of such street, lane, or road, within the said city;

Every person so respectively offending shall, for any such offence, forfeit and pay the fine or sum of five shillings; and for a second offence, alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as such forst offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of ten shillings; and for every offence, being subsequent to a second offence, alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as any prior offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of forty shillings.

Provided that no person shall be liable to a penalty for throwing, depositing, placing, or leaving any sand, sahes, or other material in the time of frost upon any footpath to prevent accident; or any dung, manure, or other material, in the time of frost to prevent water in pipes from being frozen; or any litter or other proper material, in case of sickness, to prevent noise; or for throwing, depositing, placing, or leaving any rubbish or dirt, occasioned by the rebuilding, repairing, or altering of any house or building : so that sufficient space be left on or in the street, where such rubbish or dirt shall be thrown, deposited, placed, or left, for carriages and passengers to pass along such street, and so that the said rubbish and dirt shall be sufficiently enclosed, and that such rubbish and dirt, and also such dung, manure, litter, or materials, shall be removed by the party throwing, deposting, placing, or leaving the same within a reasonable time, or when required so to do by the surveyor of the said city.

Edited by SCcollector

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10. REMOVING NIGHT SOIL OR OTHER OFFENSIVE MATTER, EXCEPT BETWEEN CERTAIN HOURS.

That if any person shall empty, or begin to empty, any swine-stye, middenstead, ash-place, or privy, within the said city, or shall remove, or begin to remove any night soil, or other offensive matter, or thing, in, along, or through, any street, or use any carriage or cart for any such purposes, except between the hours of twelve of the clock at night, and eight of the clock in the morning, from Lady-day to Michaelmas-day, in every year; or between the hours of twelve of the clock at night, and nine of the clock in the morning, from Michaelmas-day to Lady-day in every year;

Or shall at any time use for any of the purposes aforesaid, any carriage or cart, which shall not have proper covering;

Or shall wilfully, negligently, or carelessly slop or spill any such offensive matter or thing in the removal therefof;

Or shall not carefully sweep and clean every place in which any such offensive matter or thing shall have been placed, slopped or spilled;

Every person so respectivley offending, shall for any such offence forfeit and pay the fine or sum of five shillings; and for a second offence alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as such first offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of ten shillings; and for every offence being subsequent to a second offence, and alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as any prior offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of twenty shillings;

And in default of the apprehension of the actual offender, the owner of the cart or carriage employed for any of the purposes aforesaid, shall be deemed to be the offender;

Provided that this bye law shall not extend to the removing of dung, ashes, dust or manure from any stable or cowhouse, or from any middenstead or ash-place which is used only for keeping the same, so that the same is removed in such a cart or carriage as aforesid, and put into the same in some field, yard, or other private place, and not thrown or deposited in or upon any street, previously to being put into any such cart or carriage.

Edited by SCcollector

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11. PERMITTING FUEL OR GOODS TO REMAIN IN THE STREETS LONGER THAN NECESSARY.

That if any person shall permit or suffer any coal or other fuel, or any goods, wares, or merchandise, to be, or remain in any street, or upon any footpath or place upon which foot passengers usually travel, for a longer time than shall be necessary for housing the same, or removing therefor;

Or shall permit or suffer any such matter, or thing, as aforesaid, to be or remain after sunset, without a sufficient light, in any street, or opon any footpath, or place upon which foot passengers usually travel;

Every person so offending shall for any such offence, forfeit and pay the fine or sum of two shillings and sixpence; and for a second offence alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as such first offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of five shillings; and for every offence being subsequent to a second offence, and alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as any prior offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of ten shillings.

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12. NOT CLEANSING FOOTPATHS.

That if any occupier of any house, building, yard, garden, or land, (not being used for farming or agricultural purposes,) adjoining any street, or the owner thereof, in case the same be unoccupied, or the church warden of any church or episcopal chapel, or trustee of any meeting-house, or dissenters' chapel, or other place of public worship, or any govenor, director, trustee, or manager of any public institiute or building, adjoining any street, shall not from time to time, as often as necessary, or occasion shall require, or when requested by the surveyor of the said city, or by a general notice given by said surveyor, keep the footpath, channel and gutter fronting or adjoining to such house, building, yard, garden, land, church, episcopal chapel, meeting-house, chapel, place of public worship, or public institution or building respectively, swept, cleansed, and free from all accumulation of dirt, snow or ice;

Every person so offending, shall for any such offence, forfeit and pay the fine or sum of five shillings; and for a second offence, alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as such first offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of ten shillings; and for every offence, being subsequent to a second offence, and alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as any prior offence, shall forfeit and pay the the fine or sum of twenty shillings;

Privide that it shall be lawful for the dirt and soil from such sweepuings and cleansing to be left in the street clear of water channel or gutter.

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13. FIRING CHIMNEYS.

That if any person shall wilfully set or cause to be set on fire the soot in any chimney, or negligently suffer the soot in any chimney to catch fire, within the said city; every person so respectively offending shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of five shillings; and for a second offence alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as such first offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of forty shillings; and for every offence being subsequent to a second offence, and alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as any prior offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of five pounds.

Edited by SCcollector

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14. KEEPING SWINE STYLES TO THE FRONT OF STREET, OR SWINE IN DWELLING HOUSES.

That if any person shall keep and use any swine style abutting upon any street;

Or shall keep any swine in or near any street, so as to be a common nuisance;

Or shall, within the said city, keep any swine in any dwelling house, or room therein, or in any cellar thereof;

Every person so respectively offending, shall for any such offence forfeit and pay the fine or sum of five shillings; and for a second offence, alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as such first offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of ten shillings; and for every offence being subsequent to a second offence, and alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as any prior offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of forty shillings.

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15. PERMITTING WATER TO BE CONVEYED OR TO FALL FROM THE TOPS OF HOUSES, EXCEPT BY OR THROUGH PIPES.

That if any owner or occupier of any house, balcony, potico, or other building, shall permit or suffer the water from the roof or top of any such house, balcony, portico, or other building, to be conveyed or to pass, or to fall to the ground, in any street, otherwise than by or through a pipe down the gable, side, front, or back of such ouse, balcony, portico, or other building:

Every person so offending shall for any such offence, forfeit and pay the fine or sum of five shillings; and for a second offence, alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as such first offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of ten shillings;

and for every offence, being subsequent to a second offence, and alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as any prior offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of forty shillings.

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16. RUINOUS BUILDINGS TO BE SECURED.

That if any house, wall, or building, witihn the said city, shall be in a ruinous or dangerous state, or likely to fall, or otherwise to cause injury to any passenger, on any footpath, street, or road;

Or if any fence or fence wall shall be in a dilapidated state, along the side of or adjoining to any foot-path,, street, or road;

It shall be lawful for the mayor or two justices, upon view of same, by writing under his or their hands and seals, to order and direct such house, wall, building, fence, or fence wall, to be properly, and sufficiently, and effectively guarded, supported, repaired, rebuilt, and secured to the satisfaction ofd the surveyor of the sais city;

And if the owner, occupier, or other person having the charge or care of such house, wall, building, fence, or fence wall, shall not cause the same to be properly, sufficiently, and effectively guarded, supported, repaired, rebuilt and secured, to the satisfaction of the said surveyor, within seven days after such order shall have been served upon him, or left at his usual or last known place of abode, or affixed to some part of such ruinous or dangerous house, wall, building, fence, or fence wall, such owner, occupier, or other person shall forfeit the fine or sum of five pounds for each and every day after the expiration of the said seven days, during which the said house, wall, building, fence or fence wall, shall remain without being properly, sufficiently, and effectively guarded, supported, repaired or rebuilt, and secured to the satisfaction of the said surveyor.

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17. DANGEROUS PLACES TO BE FENCED OFF.

That if any place along side of or adjoining to any footpath, street, or road, within the city shall be dangerous to any person, animal, or carriage, from the want of a proper and sufficient fence or fence wall, it shall be lawful for the Mayor, or any two Justices upon view of the same, by writing, under his or their hands and seals, to order and direct the owner, occupier, agent, or other person having charge or care of such place, to make, erect, or set up a proper and sufficient fence or fence wall, to the satisfaction of the surveyor of the said city;

And if such owner, occupier, agent, or other person having the charge or care of such place, shall not cause the same to be properly, sufficiently, and effectually guarded and secured or fenced off to the satisfaction of the said surveyor, within seven days after such order shall have been served upon him, or left at his usual or last known place of abode, or affixed on, upon, or near to such dangerous place as aforesaid;

Every person so offending shall, for every such offence, forfeit and pay the fine or sum of forty shillings for each and every day after the expiration of the said seven days, during which the said dangerous place shall remain without being properly, sufficiently, and effectually guarded, secured, and fenced off as aforesaid.

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18. CAUSING DOORS TO OPEN OUTWARDS, OR PROJECTIONS TO BE MADE INTO STREETS.

That if any person, in any street, cause any door or gate to be hung so as to open outwards;

Or shall contine any door or gate which is now hung so as to open outwards into any street (except underground doors);

Or shall make, fix, erect, hang, put up, or continue if now fixed, erected, hung, or put up, any potico, pillar, porch, door-case, bow-window, shutter-case, shutter-stand, grate, step, scraper, sign, sign-post, barbers' pole, board, shed, or any other thing, so as to project or hang over or into any street, footpath, or place upon foot passengers usually travel, and so as to cause any annoyance or obstruction therein;

And shall not alter or remove such door, gate, portico, pillar, porch, door-case, bow-window, shutter-case, shutter-stand, grate, step, scraper, sign, sign-post, boarbers' pole, board, shed, or other thing within fouteen day after notice given by the surveyor;

Every person so respectively offending, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of five shillings; and for a second offence, alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as such first offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of ten shillings; and for every offence being subsequent to a second offence, and alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as an prior offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of forty shillings.

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19. CARRYING CARCASSES UNCOVERED.

That if any person shall convey or carry, or cause to be conveyed or carried, in any manner, in or through any street, the carcass or any part of a carcass, of any slaughtered animal, without a clean and sufficient cloth covering over the same, every person so offending shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of two shillings and sixpence; and for a second offence, alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as such first offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of five shillings; and for every offence being subsequent to a second offence, and alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as any prior offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of ten shillings.

Edited by SCcollector

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20. PLACING CARAVANS, TENTS, &c., IN STREETS.

That if any hawker, higgler, showman, mountebank, equestrian, gipsy, or other person travelling with or having any caravan, cart, waggon, carriage, vehicle, circus, stage, show, tent, stall, booth, stand, basket, tray, box, trunk, case, umbrella, or machine, shall fix, or place, or suffer to abide or remain, any such caravan, cart, waggon, carriage, vehicle, circus, stage, show, tent, stall, booth, stand, basket, tray, box, trunk, case, umbrella, or machine, or shall otherwise exhibit any show in any street within said city, without the consent of the Mayor or two Justices, except in such place where any regular fair is held, and then during the time of such fair only; every person so respectively offending shall, for any such offence, forfeit and pay the fine or sum of forty shillings; and for every offenbce being subsequent to a first offence, and alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as any prior offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of five pounds.

Edited by SCcollector

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21. SLAUGHTERING OR DRESSING ANIMALS IN STREETS.

That if any person shall, in any street within the city, or in any shop, building, shed, or place open to public view, and adjoining any such street, kill or slaughter any animal;

Or shall singe, scald, skin, or dress any animal or any part thereof, in any shop, building, shed, or place open to view, and adjoining any such street;

Every person so respectively offending, shall, for any such offence, forfeit and pay the fine or sum of five shillings; and for a second offence, alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as first offence, shall forfeit anf pay the fine or sum of ten shillings; and for every offence being subsequent to a second offence, and alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as any prior offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of twenty shillings.

Edited by SCcollector

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22. CATTLE WANDERING IN THE STREETS, &c.

That if any person shall turn loose any horse, mare, gelding, beast, swine, cattle or any kind, in any street within the city;

He shall, for such offence, forfeit and pay the fine or sum of two shillings and sixpence; and for a second offence, alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as such first offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of five shillings; and for every offence being subsequent to a second offence, and alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as any prior offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of ten shillings.

And if any horse, mare, gelding, beast, swine, or cattle shall be found wandering in any street within said city, it shall be lawful for the surveyor to impound such horse, mare, gelding, beast, swine or cattle in such pound or place as shall be appointed for that purpose by the council, and the same to detain in such pound or place, till the owner shall pay the fine or sum of two shillings and sixpence, together with every expence that may have been incurred in keeping such horse, mare, gelding, beast, swine, or cattle;

And in case such fine and expenses are not paid within seven days after such horse, mare, gelding, beast, swine, or cattle, shall have been impounded, it shall be lawful for the surveyor to sell, or cause to be sold by public auction, such horse, mare, gelding, beast, swine, or cattle, paying the proceeds of the sale thereof, after deducting the the said fine and the charges of keeping and sale, upon demand to the owner thereof;

Provided that if the owner shall not demand payment of such proceeds as aforesaid, within twenty-eight days after such sale, the said proceeds shall be paid into the city fund.

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23. GENERAL STREET NUISANCES.

That if any person shall, within the said city, shake, beat, or dust after ten o'clock in the morning, any carpet, drugget, floor cloth, mat, rug, furniture, sack, soot bag, or sooty clothes, in any street, or from any door or window opening into, or adjoining any street;

Or shall, within the said city, wilfully, negligently, or carelessly throw, cast, slop, or spill, any water or other liquid, or any other matter or thing, liquid or otherwise, upon or against any person, so as to injure, damage, dirty, or wet his person, clothes, or property;

Or shall wash, after ten o'clock in the morning, any window opening into or adjoining any street;

Or shall roll, draw, drive, drag, or carry on any footpath or place upon which foot passengers usually travel, any carriage, hogshead, cask, barrel or tub, ladder, pole, timber, stone, bars of iron or steel, furniture, sack, bag, fadge, or bulky article, or any carcass or part of a carcass, of any animal, burthens carried by two or more persons, or cans, pails, buckets, or other burthens suspended on both sides of the carrier (except for the necessary purpose of loading or unloading any cart or carriage, or of crossing the footpath;)

Or shall shall deposit, place, or leave in any street, or on any footpath or place on which foot passengers usually travel, within the said city, any furniture, goods, wares, merchandise, cask, tub, barrel, box, bale, truss, package, hamper, basket, woolbag, sack, bag, can, pail, bucket, stool, bench, stall, show-board, or any article, matter, or thing, which shall be dangerous, or incommodious to, or liable to hurt or injure, persons or passengers on such street or footpath;

Or shall set up, or place, or permit or suffer to be set up, or placed, any blind, shade, frame, covering, or awning, over, across, or along, any footpath, unless such blind, shade, frame, covering, or awning, and the brackets or supporters thereof, shall be, from the surface of such footpaths, eight feet in height at the least in every part thereof;

Or shall place, hang out, or otherwisw expose for sale or exhibition, any goods, wares, merchandize, matter, or thing whatsoever, so as to project into or over any footpath or street;

Or shall put or continue to use upon any footpath, any cellar plate, which shall not be to the satisfaction of the surveyor;

Or shall ride, or drive any horse or other animal upon any footpath, or hang, or fasten any horse or other animal to any building, door, wall, post, rail, tree, or other thing, so that it can or may go or stand upon or across any footpath;

Or shall push up into any street, from any cellar window, or opening in any building, or in any footpath, in any street, any shop window-shutter or bar, without some person being ready to receive the same, so as to prevent any accident to passengers;

Or shall commit any nuisance against any house, shop, warehouse, building, pillar, gate, post, or fence, after public notice, or the words, "commit no nuisance," shall have been painted, posted, or affixed thereon;

Or within the said city, shall erect or fix or cause to be erected or fixed in front of any hotel, inn, beerhouse, shop, warehouse, house or other building, or along the side of any street, or footpath any urinal, or who shall not forthwith remove upon being required to do, by the Mayor, or two Justices, by notice under his or their hands and seal, any urinal, already fixed or set up in front of any hotel, inn, beerhouse, shop, warehouse, house, or other building, or along the side of any street, footpath as aforesaid, so that the liquid therefrom shall flow upon any street or footpath as aforesaid;

Or shall erect, and set up, lay, or make, or cause to be erected and set up, laid, or made, or continue in any building, wall, or other erection, any steam pipe end, pipe, spout, aperture, or hole communicating with any steam boiler or reservoir of water, so that steam or water shall or may flow therefrom, on, to, or over, any footpath within the said city;

or shall throw out upon any street within the city, any water which shall have been used for domestic purposes, or any other offensive fluid;

Or shall hang out, place or expose for sale or otherwise, any cloth, linen, wearing apparel, carpet, or other merchandise, or any butchers' meat, fish, skins of animals, victuals, vegetables, fruit, or other article or thing at the outside of any house, shop, building, window, door, or balcony, except upon the property of the owner of any such house, shop, building, window, door, or bacony, such property being duly and efficiently fenced off to the satisfaction of the Mayor or two Justices, from the public footpath, or street adjoining thereto;

Or shall sell, or offer to sell by auction, any animal, goods, wares, merchandise, or other matter or thing, in any street, without the license or permission of the Mayor or two Justices;

Or shall sell, or shew, or offer, or expose for sale, any horse, or other animal, or expose or shew any stallion, in any street, except in such place as shall be appointed or allowed for that purpose by the Mayor, and except in the regular market or fair, and then during the time of such market or fair only;

Or shall, in or upon any street within the said city, trundle any wheel, hoop, or girth;

Or shall, in any street, make, trim, fire, burn out, hop, cleanse, wash, or scald any cask, (coopering casks, when required in case of accident to be done on the spot, only excepted);

Or shall, in any street, wash, clean, make, or repair any carriage, or any part thereof, except immediate repair on the spot is necessary to the same on account of accident;

Or shall, in any street, bing, make, or repair any coach wheel or spring:

Or shall, in any street, empty, or begin to empty, any cask, tub, barrel, or other vessel, except the same cannot, from its bulk or weight, be taken onto the premises;

Or shall throw or cast down any goods, wares, or merchandise upon the flags or pavement of any street, out of any warehouse or other building;

Or shall, in any street, feed orfodder any horse or other animal, except out of a bag suspended from the head of such horse or other animal, or with food which shall be held or delivered by hand;

Or shall, in any street, slake, sift, or screen any lime;

Or shall, in any street, carry or exhibit any placard or advertisement upon boards, poles or sticks, or otherwise, to the annoyance of passengers or inhabitants;

Or shall fix or place any line, cord, or pole in or across any street (except by the direction of the surveyors of the highways, during the necessary repairs of any street);

Or shall,within the said city, take or tear up any street, causeway, or footpath, or any parts thereof, without the consent, and under the superintendance and inspection of the surveyor, or other officer having legal authority;

Or shall blow any horn, or use any other noisy instrument in any street, for the purpose of calling persons together, or of announcing any sale, show, or entertainment, (the Town Crier, in the performance of his duty, and not making the same announcement oftener than once in the same neighbourhood, excepted) or for the purpose of hawking, selling, distributing, or collecting any article whatever, or of obtaining money or alms;

Or shall throw or leave any orange peel, or other refuse of fruit on any footpath;

Or shall disturb any inhabitant by pulling or ringing any doorbell, or knocking at any door without lawful excuse; or wilfully extinguish the light of any lamp for the lighting of any street, or for the convenience of the inhabitants within the said city;

Or shall, within the said city, burn an effigy

Or shall collect any crowd by brawling, fighting, singing, shouting, or by offereing goods for sale by auction, or otherwise, so as to impede or obstruct any part of any street or footpath;

Or shall stand or loiter in any street or footpath, and refuse to move on when ordered or requested so to do by any constable of the said city;

Or shall, in any street, run or walk any race or match, or fly any kite;

Or shall, in descending any street, ride upon any cart, truck, lorry, hurry, or other vehicle drawn by hand, unless the same be at the time drawn, managed, or directed by some person on foot;

Or shall, within the said city, wantonly throw any stone, snowball, or missile;

Or shall, in any street, skate, or make or use any slide;

Or shall, in any street, play football, cricket, bowls, fives, pitch and toss, skip-rope, trip, quoits, drive-knor, shinty, gowk, or any other game or pastime, which may be troublesome, offensive, dangerous, or annoying to passengers or to inhabitants of the said city;

Or shall, in any street, make or assist in making any bonfire, or set, let off, or throw any fireworks;

Or shall, in any part of the said city, let off any fire balloon, or shall in any street, or within one hundred yards of the centre of any street, or in any building, the windows thereof shall look into such street, discharge any gun or firearms (except in case of necessity or for self defence);

Or shall, in any street or near any house within the city, sing, or sound or play upon any musical instrument, after being by on on behalf of any householder to depart from the neighbourhood;

Every person so respectively offending shall, for any such offence, forfeit and pay the fine or sum of five shillings; and for a second offence, alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as such first offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of ten shillings;

and for every offence, being subsequent to a second offence, and alleged and proved as such, and not committed on the same day as any prior offence, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of twenty shillings.

Edited by SCcollector

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24. FEMALES STANDING OUTSIDE OF WINDOWS.

That if any female shall stand outside any window in any street, for the purpose of cleaning the same, or for any other purpose whatsoever, the sill of which window shall be more than six feet in height from the level of the street; every such female shall, for every such offence, forfeit and pay the fine or sum of twenty shillings.

Edited by SCcollector

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25. REGULATIONS OF MAYOR, &c., ON PUBLIC OCCASIONS TO BE OBSERVED.

That if any direction or order to be given by the Mayor, or any Justice, respecting the route to be observed by persons, animals, or carriages, or for preventing obstructions of the streets and thoroughfares, in times of public processions, meetings, rejoicings, or illuminations, or upon any public occasion, or other large assembly of persons, or in going to or returning from any public place of amusement or otherwise, within the said city, every person driving any coach or carriage, public or private, and every person on foot or on horseback, or having the command or charge of any animal, shall observe such direction or order; and every person who shall not obey and observe any such direction or order, or who shall not comply with the directions of any constable, acting in pursuance thereof, shall forfeit and pay for any such offence the fine or sum of two shillings and sixpence; and for a second offence, alleged and proved as such, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of five shillings; and for every offence being subsequent to a second offence, and alleged and proved as such, shall forfeit and pay the fine or sum of ten shillings, whether such such second offence or subsequent offence shall or shall not be committed on the same day as any prior offence.

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Hi - Kevin. The Metropolitan Police Act of 1824 is even more detailed then these - and is still in force today - well most of it. We often used it to deal with minor nuisances. The Corporation and Town Acts were all based on the London one.

I was particularly interested in the 'button whistle'. For your info. this is the first I have ever seen for a Police Force. They were regularly made for the military and normally date to the early 1800's. This one is then , for a later period. I would think made at home and pronbably not carried by a constable. Rattles were taken over by a different style of whistle - firstly with a pea and then the air type. I wonder if you have any history on this one that would show Police use ?

The tipstaffs are of a ' baluster ' style common in the Manchester area - and of course spreading out from there. The ' 1 ' on both staffs was intended to show that Queen Victoria was the 1st of Her line. She came to the throne in 1837 and by about 1843/44 they stopped putting the 1st. Just no point when there had been no-one else of that name. They are otherwise, almost identical to all of the baluster tipstaffs.

I found on my photographs a nice early Victorian Bradford Special Constables truncheon with the Boer's Head. I must have more in the UK - the problem is accessing them. Keep going - Brian could soon have the largest subject post on the Forum...... Mervyn

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Hi - Kevin. The Metropolitan Police Act of 1824 is even more detailed then these - and is still in force today - well most of it. We often used it to deal with minor nuisances. The Corporation and Town Acts were all based on the London one.

I was particularly interested in the 'button whistle'. For your info. this is the first I have ever seen for a Police Force. They were regularly made for the military and normally date to the early 1800's. This one is then , for a later period. I would think made at home and pronbably not carried by a constable. Rattles were taken over by a different style of whistle - firstly with a pea and then the air type. I wonder if you have any history on this one that would show Police use ?

The tipstaffs are of a ' baluster ' style common in the Manchester area - and of course spreading out from there. The ' 1 ' on both staffs was intended to show that Queen Victoria was the 1st of Her line. She came to the throne in 1837 and by about 1843/44 they stopped putting the 1st. Just no point when there had been no-one else of that name. They are otherwise, almost identical to all of the baluster tipstaffs.

I found on my photographs a nice early Victorian Bradford Special Constables truncheon with the Boer's Head. I must have more in the UK - the problem is accessing them. Keep going - Brian could soon have the largest subject post on the Forum...... Mervyn

Hello Marvyn,

A very nice Bradford staff. A lovely piece.

The button whistle. Go to 'Whistleshop.co.uk' and look in the police whistles section A-G. I donated a snap of my Bradford Button Whistle which appears there along with several others - Dewsbury, Burnley, and Durham County. Also, two more are shown (Durham City and Cambridge) which seem to be air type / button hybrids and are very interesting. Leif, who owns the site, thinks that button whistles probably were made locally and were in police use. It is interesting to note that the Bradford whistle is very similar to the Dewsbury one. As the two towns are very close together, they might have come from the same manufacturer. I initially thought that my whistle might have been 'trench art' but Leif assured me that it was not. The Bradford whistle has a Bradford Borough Police button.

Bradford police came into being on 1 January 1848 and it is reported that rattles were then issued. Gordon Smith (author 'Bradford Police 1974) notes that 'In July, 1856, the long signalling sticks (night sticks) were withdrawn and officers were armed with whistles as an alternative form of signalling.....' On 10 July 1897 Bradford was granted City status so would it be reasonable to assume that the button whistle was in use between those dates? I have few other whistles in my collection, three of which bear the title 'Bradford Police' another is inscribed 'Bradford City Police' Would it be safe to presume, therefore, that the button whistle could have been a very early introduction when the decision was made to introduce whistles in 1856?

Any ideas or comments would be most welcome. The whistle site is well worth a visit and of the highest quality.

Kind regards,

Kevin

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Home Office instructions clearly laid down that Rattles were to be carried as a means to raise an alarm and warning. During the 1880's tests were carried out between rattles and whistles to establish which could be heard at the greatest distance and whistles won by a clear margin.

I think it was in 1883 that the Metropolitan Police issued whistles - however, they had a cork ball and were of a rather strange shape - in outline not dis-similar to your button whistle. Because they were bulky in the tunic they were changed to Hudson's tubular style - although there were many variations. I will be doing a post on 'Raising the Alarm' - however, we must wait for the new Police Section to see the form it will take.

The Night Sticks you refer to were capped walking sticks carried by Sergeants' as a mark of status and to signal the constables to come into to them to receive instructions. They did this by tapping the metal ferrule on the old tramlines or, on the pavement. Some Forces still carried them in the 1930's.

I was not aware that some Forces had adopted these button whistles - some of the Watch Committees and the Chief Constables - who in those days were usually ex Army Officers - were quite eccentric and would have made the decision on their own. The style is well known for the Army - but again, I dont think great numbers were ever made. They are very collected by the whistle enthusiasts - which is a surprisingly large field - particularly in the U.S. I believe the Hudson style of whistle can now sell for in excess of £35 ($50). Probably more if they are named to a Force. Mervyn

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