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GermanyWhy Did Gallipoli Fail? Why Did Albion Succeed? A Comparative Analysis of Two World War I Amphibious Assaults

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File Name: Why Did Gallipoli Fail? Why Did Albion Succeed? A Comparative Analysis of Two World War I Amphibious Assaults

File Submitter: AndresT

File Submitted: 12 Nov 2014

File Category: Germany



Why Did Gallipoly,allipoli Fail? Why Did Albion Succeed? A Comparative Analysis of Two World War I Amphibious Assaults

By Major Gregory A. Thiele
The First World War witnessed very few amphibious assaults. The British
conducted a well-known landing at Gallipoli in 1915, which was a heartbreaking
failure. The Germans also conducted an amphibious assault in
1917 in the Baltic. Although this German landing, codenamed ALBION,
was successful, it has been nearly forgotten. Both Gallipoli and ALBION
are fascinating in their own right, but they prove most illuminating when
compared. Examination of both operations reveals that the decisions
made before each operation began, before a single soldier set foot on
shore, largely determined the outcome of the campaign.
The aim of this essay is to investigate the reasons for British failure at
Gallipoli and German success in the Baltic. This essay will essentially be
divided into four parts. The first part will describe the failure at Gallipoli.
The second part will analyze OPERATION ALBION, a campaign with
which many will be unfamiliar. The third part of the essay will discuss the
factors that made Gallipoli distinctive from ALBION and which may
have contributed to the outcome of each. The fourth part of the essay
will compare aspects of the two amphibious assaults.
The Dardanelles had been a target of interest for the British Royal Navy
from the outset of the First World War. The Ottoman General Staff
realized this and had improved defences guarding the Straits, and “At no
time after 17 August 1914 (two and a half months prior to the outbreak of
hostilities) were the Dardanelles defences unready to receive an attack.”1
The Royal Navy had conducted a first, tentative bombardment of the
Turkish forts at the entrance to the Straits on 3 November 1914. The
action “thoroughly alarmed the Ottoman general staff … [and] accelerated
the program of fortification and defensive improvements.”2 The Turks,
more alert than ever, would be ready when the Royal Navy returned in
mid-March 1915.
The...



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Thanks for this. With the 100th anniversary of Gallipoli coming up this year, this is a worthwhile read.

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