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Bulgarian Red Cross Medal

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Hi New World,

The temporary status applied only for the Austrian Awards I am not familiar with the Awards That was passed as information to me

The asterisk is the mark for Brass and I am 100% sure about that

If you are not sure about this information take your St Alexander Award to a jeweler and test it

 

Here is some information from Military  dealers from around the world-,Austria, North America and UK

-FRANZ JOSEPH ORDEN, Ritterkreuz mit der Kleindekoration zum Offizierskreuz mit KD.
AE - vergoldet und emailliert, im ovalen Bandring Sternchenpunze(Starmark)

  Note:  AE is  Bronze/Brass,  AR is Silver AU is Gold

-Military Merit Order 3rd class (Commander) with original full length ribbon. WW1 period (late Ferdinand issue). Most likely of Austrian manufacture (probably Schwerdtner). Suspension eye marked with a 'star punch' which was customary for Austrian decorations marked for replacement in gold/silver gilt after the War. Ultimately, we are uncertain why the mark is there (for this is not an Austrian decoration) but interesting never the less - undoubtedly of War period manufacturing. Gilded

Note: This is Bulgarian Award

 

- Order of Franz Joseph Knight badge in bronze gilt with star hallmark

 

However, perhaps we can ask the Members in the Austrian Section who are more knowledgeable  for more clarification

Graf

Edited by Graf

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Quote

 

 

Scan0005.jpg

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Hi New Word,

I have more information regarding your question

It is from a Austrian Dealer and expert on Austrian Decoration and Orders

"I send you scans. Gold and silver punches until the end of 1918.

The circled ones are the most common.

The Sternchenpunze is always only on bronze. Attention there are different,

depending on the manufacturer." See the scans above.

 

One is for sure Star mark is for Bronze made decorations and Orders

 

I also made a request on the Astro-Hungarian Forum. You can follow it as well

 

Regards

 

Graf

 

Edited by Graf

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Thank you, this is very interesting info!

We now established that these badges were made in Austria.

I don't think the asterisk marks Red Cross badges for being war period (these were approximately from 1890-1900s, there was no war in Austria at the time).

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Hi New World,

 

So far It is for sure that the Star mark is for items made of bronze and it is an Austrian mark. It looks like that they are made at any time not just war time Also that there are different Star marks used by the different makers

. I have to follow the link about the info for the practice of replacement of some of the Decorations to prove it or to rule it out

Back to the detective work ha ha ha

 

Best

 

Graf

 

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HI New World,

 

this is the  latest reply from the Austrian dealer expert it was very kind of him

 

yes, this was true. It was planned to replace the Bronze decorations after the war but due to the end of the Habsburg monarchy, quite understandable no replacements took place.

 

Best regards,

 

 

Best

 

Graf

 

 

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Hi New World,

 

Further detective work found

1 The Star mark is not a hallmark It was a  mark  stamped on products manufactured in the most common materials available to jewelers such bronze, copper, nickel and (especially) tombak.

-the star-mark denotes "unedles Metall", so not gold, platina or silver, and is not a hallmark, but is believed to be an (Austrian) jewellers mark to assist in identification of the type of metal used (and thus: the commercial value) of the piece.
2. During the WW1 the jewelers were being asked to refrain from the usage of .all precious metals and also zinc and nickel and several other alloys( needed for the military purpose). The use of copper/bronze/brass and tombak (a brass/copper/zinc alloy) was introduced and the items were marked with the Star mark and sometimes the maker mark. 

3.The different makers used different Star marks, because it was not an approved hallmark and the awarded people were advised that they can replace them precious metals when the time allows

4. Precious metals were still but the Orders and decorations were very expensive

5 Because many Orders for other countries, including Bulgaria, were made in Austria, the makers used the Star mark when the Order was made from copper/bronze/brass and tombak i suspect that many of those countries during and around WW1 period ordered  decorations  from  copper/bronze/brass and tombak due to the high cost. ONLY for special occasions they ordered expensive decorations

That is why not many Bulgarian decorations exist made of Gilded Silver and only handful luxury.

We know that later King Boris III was very modest person , and also very well controlled by the Bulgarian Government. During his period even much less decorations from precious metals were made

This trend was followed by other countries as well The extravaganza of the earlier periods before  WW! period was not there any more The use of precious metals was significantly reduced due to economic and other factors

 

Graf

 

 

 

Edited by Graf

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so, based on the above facts - can we conclude that badges marked with asterisks were made during WWI period?

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It started during WW! period however continued later on, which is obvious from your St Alexander Officer Cross and other Decorations from a later periods. I have to check my Decorations...till now I never looked fro this mark

From all the information i managed to get  nobody knows exactly when this mark was introduced, because there is not official document The year 1916 is the most speculated one

It is believed that one of the makers introduced it and the rest followed with their own star marks

When was stopped no one is sure, however it continued well  after WW1

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Looks like Mihailo, Metropolitan of Serbia and the first president of the Serbian Red Cross, was one of the recipients.
01.thumb.jpg.63fab57f9dddcf5116299c5d97980051.jpg
02.jpg.db7e87f51209709b2797c21dc1f8dfa7.jpg

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Paja, Even though the award is not fully in front view on this image, I think it is Russian award instead.

Imperial-russian-SIGN-OF-THE-RED-CROSS-F

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Similar design but when I compare the badge on the photo and the one from your post I can see I'm wrong, my apologies.

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badge for british soldier medic for 1912-13 wars , sold on DNW 

image.jpeg

Orderly J. R. Waight, British Royal Red Cross Society

1914 Star (J. R. Waight, B.R.C.S. & O. St. J.J.); British War and Victory Medals (J. R. Wright, B.R.C.S. & St. J.J.) note variation in surname; British Red Cross Society Balkan War Medal, 1 clasp, Bulgaria, silver-gilt and enamel, hallmarks for Birmingham 1912, reverse inscribed, ‘John R. Waight’, with brooch bar, ‘Balkan War 1912-13’, enamel damageBulgaria, Medal of Merit, with royal crown suspension, Ferdinand I, bronze, unnamed; Bulgarian Red Cross Badge of Honour, silver-gilt and enamel, pin-backed, good very fine except where stated (6)

image.jpeg

https://www.dnw.co.uk/auction-archive/lot-archive/lot.php?department=Medals&lot_id=225856

 

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Nice discussion of Red Cross badges and medals, however there are still some badges we didn't cover.

For example, this and similar badges are sometimes called Air Chemical Defense badge, however I am not sure that's accurate, as it has Red Cross elements to it. 

Any thoughts?

RC_Ch_1.jpg

RC_Ch_2.jpg

RC_Ch_7.jpg

RC_Ch_8.jpg

Similar Badge without Air Defense shield.

It says 'For Service'

RC_NS_1.jpg

RC_NS_2.jpg

RC_NS_3.jpg

Another one without shield, seller calls it badge for pilot-medic...

RC_NS_v2_2.jpg

RC_NS_v2_3.jpg

RC_NS_v2_4.jpg

RC_NS_v2_5.jpg

and one more without the shield

RC_NS_v3_3.jpg

RC_NS_v3_6.jpg

RC_NS_v3_7.jpg

RC_NS_v3_9.jpg

Edited by new world

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Thanks to ALL!!  Especially Igor for this precious document!!

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My latest addition for the early model red Cross badges with open design

The small one on the left with the ribbon

001.JPG

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Congratulations ! :thumbup: 

 

Now you must to make one picture with all your badges ! :) 

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Bulgarian Red Cross badge from my collection

b1.JPG

I have more but I can post only one foto.

I found a sistem hehehe not wery good in computers

b2.JPG

b3.JPG

b4.JPG

b5.JPG

b6.JPG

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bge 2.jpg

b7.JPG

It has golden crowne I allways see silver that look strange to me and now is in my collection

b8.JPG

I post only the rare model all others are more les common variations

bg1.jpg

bg2.jpg

But orders are much nicer 

NIKON FOLDER (1519).JPG

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Hi Jovanmara,

 

If the those red cross badges are from your collection  then Congratulations.

The Queen Eleonora badges are very nice -also the 1st Class Star is a very rare and desirable

I am still looking for one There is a dealer who has 2 of them however i am not prepared to pay  the price he demands -over 3500 US$

 

Here is my collection  of this Order - plus the miniature in Gold (French made)

My information is that the 1st Class was given in two separate boxes -One for the Star the other one for the neck cross/badge

Pic106.JPG

Pic103.JPG

005.JPG

008.JPG

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Hello Graf

Yes all fotos are from my collection You can see on my Facebook I am posting every day Red Cross orders and medals Jovan Mara and on photos -albums-timeline there is collection of all my posts .

I do not post Bulgarian ordersa simply because this is badge page but they are beautifyl I have lot more.

the gold one is stunding I never see it.

 

Best regards

Jovan Mara

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Hello Graf

Do You have Facebook profile it is for me easy to communicate on FB. my profile is Jovan Mara Serbia

BR

Jovan Mara

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Graf--astounding mini, thank you for posting it!   It is only the 4th that I have seen in over 40 years!  And a better example than the others too.   Seem to be at least one mark on the ring, have you identified it?

Somewhere I have an image of an Honorary distinction "For Incentive of Philanthropy" first class set in a case--case lid has only Ferdinand monogram on lid.  Maybe for foreign recipient?     

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