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Rusty Greaves

Egypt Khedivate Judge's Badge question

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On 03/05/2018 at 13:54, Rusty Greaves said:

Below is an Egyptian medal commemorating the termination of the Mixed Courts in October 1949 (they were initially established in October of 1875), and the unification of the Egyptian Court system. I have a couple questions about signatures & hallmarks on these medals. The first example from Sixbid.com/Stephen Album Rare Coins may be silver, see the hallmarks on the reverse below. All 3 examples have a signature under the R shoulder of the obverse Farouk I bust, and I wonder if anyone knows who this may identify as the medallist? The signature appears to be similar to that on the Egyptian 1955 five pound coin showing Tutankhamun riding in a chariot with a drawn bow (underneath the forequarters of the horse), also on the 3rd & 5th Anniversary of the Revolution 1 pound Egyptian coin, and is a design very similar to that on the Republic of Egypt Military Medal of Courage (lacking this signature on the obverse). The 2 examples from eBay are bronze, they lack the hallmarks seen on the Sixbid.com/Stephen Album Rare Coins medal, and the eBay listing identifies the "STB" signature, seen on all 3 medals on the inferior of the reverse to the R of "MIXTE", as that of Tewfik Bichay. Is that a signature Bichay used? The engraving of this medal seems much less fine than any other Bichay commemorative pieces I have seen.

3944922l.jpg

This 1949 medal from an auction taking place on 18 May, 2018 on Sixbid.com/Stephen Album Rare Coins (lot 1776) shows King Farouk I on the obverse and the inscription of the commemoration of the end of the Mixed Courts and judicial symbols. I am unclear what the symbolism of the R side of the design may be that is overlapping with the scales of justice? The medal is identified as 42 mm in diameter weighting 32.27 g, no material is identified, but note the hallmarks on the inferior margin of the reverse to the L of "MIXTE" suggesting this is a silver medal. (https://www.sixbid.com/browse.html?auction=4785&category=141394&lot=3944922


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Two of these medals are offered on a current eBay listing by egynotes_74. Both are identified as 43 mm in diameter, variably weighing 27.27 (shown above) and 27.32 g. Both of these eBay medals are identified as bronze and lack any hallmarks seen on the silver example above. The example shown above is supposedly identified as being the work of Tewfik Bichay because of the "STB" hallmark on the inferior portion of the reverse. (https://www.ebay.ie/itm/EGYPT-BRONZE-MEDAL-OF-KING-FAROUK-1949-MIXTE-NE-EXTREMELY-RARE/222926942423?hash=item33e77b30d7:g:X1kAAMXQyY1TV6cB) - this example is shown above & (https://www.ebay.ie/itm/EGYPT-BRONZE-MEDAL-OF-KING-FAROUK-1949-MIXTE-EXTREMELY-RARE/222944960504?hash=item33e88e1ff8:g:afAAAOxyoA1RSx18)

Incidentally, the 4th photo in my April 27 post on this thread showing Youssef Zulficar Pasha talking with Aly Maher Pasha, also is of interest to my research on the Mixed Courts. Zulficar was a judge on the Mixed Courts beginning in 1926 and became vice President of the Alexandria Court of Appeals. In addition to being father of Queen Farida of Egypt (married to King Farouk I), Zulficar married Zainab Sa'id, the daughter of former Prime Minister Muhammad Sa'id Pasha, and she was the sister of the influential modernist artist Mahmud Sa'id (who painted the portrait of the President of the Appeals Court, Jasper Brinton, shown in my post on this thread of 1 December, 2016). As I've noted elsewhere in this thread, Mahmud Sai'd also was a judge on the Mixed Courts. Although Mahmud Sa'id is currently quite well-known for his paintings that can command high auction prices, he was never a professional artist, his work on the Mixed Courts was his profession.  At least one of my posts incorrectly says he only served on the courts for a short time. Sa'id joined the Mixed Courts in 1922 as an Assistant Judge, he then served as a Judge on the District Courts of Mansourah in 1927, and in Alexandria from 1937 until resigning in 1947 at age 50. Youssef Zulficar is controversial for his sympathies with the Axis powers during the early potion of WWII, making several communications with the Germans regarding King Farouk's potential interest in alliance with the Axis, and delivering one communique about the upcoming British & Soviet invasion of Iran, while serving as the Egyptian Ambassador to Iran (1939-41). Zulfikar was initially opposed to his daughter's marriage to Farouk, and later drew Farouk I's ire by discussing the marriage and 1948 divorce following the King's abdication. 

I believe that the signature S.T.B is Sadek Tewfik Bichay, who was the brother of Fahmy Tewfik Bichay. 

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On 03/05/2018 at 13:54, Rusty Greaves said:

Below is an Egyptian medal commemorating the termination of the Mixed Courts in October 1949 (they were initially established in October of 1875), and the unification of the Egyptian Court system. I have a couple questions about signatures & hallmarks on these medals. The first example from Sixbid.com/Stephen Album Rare Coins may be silver, see the hallmarks on the reverse below. All 3 examples have a signature under the R shoulder of the obverse Farouk I bust, and I wonder if anyone knows who this may identify as the medallist? The signature appears to be similar to that on the Egyptian 1955 five pound coin showing Tutankhamun riding in a chariot with a drawn bow (underneath the forequarters of the horse), also on the 3rd & 5th Anniversary of the Revolution 1 pound Egyptian coin, and is a design very similar to that on the Republic of Egypt Military Medal of Courage (lacking this signature on the obverse). The 2 examples from eBay are bronze, they lack the hallmarks seen on the Sixbid.com/Stephen Album Rare Coins medal, and the eBay listing identifies the "STB" signature, seen on all 3 medals on the inferior of the reverse to the R of "MIXTE", as that of Tewfik Bichay. Is that a signature Bichay used? The engraving of this medal seems much less fine than any other Bichay commemorative pieces I have seen.

3944922l.jpg

This 1949 medal from an auction taking place on 18 May, 2018 on Sixbid.com/Stephen Album Rare Coins (lot 1776) shows King Farouk I on the obverse and the inscription of the commemoration of the end of the Mixed Courts and judicial symbols. I am unclear what the symbolism of the R side of the design may be that is overlapping with the scales of justice? The medal is identified as 42 mm in diameter weighting 32.27 g, no material is identified, but note the hallmarks on the inferior margin of the reverse to the L of "MIXTE" suggesting this is a silver medal. (https://www.sixbid.com/browse.html?auction=4785&category=141394&lot=3944922


s-l1600-1.jpg

s-l1600-2.jpg

Two of these medals are offered on a current eBay listing by egynotes_74. Both are identified as 43 mm in diameter, variably weighing 27.27 (shown above) and 27.32 g. Both of these eBay medals are identified as bronze and lack any hallmarks seen on the silver example above. The example shown above is supposedly identified as being the work of Tewfik Bichay because of the "STB" hallmark on the inferior portion of the reverse. (https://www.ebay.ie/itm/EGYPT-BRONZE-MEDAL-OF-KING-FAROUK-1949-MIXTE-NE-EXTREMELY-RARE/222926942423?hash=item33e77b30d7:g:X1kAAMXQyY1TV6cB) - this example is shown above & (https://www.ebay.ie/itm/EGYPT-BRONZE-MEDAL-OF-KING-FAROUK-1949-MIXTE-EXTREMELY-RARE/222944960504?hash=item33e88e1ff8:g:afAAAOxyoA1RSx18)

Incidentally, the 4th photo in my April 27 post on this thread showing Youssef Zulficar Pasha talking with Aly Maher Pasha, also is of interest to my research on the Mixed Courts. Zulficar was a judge on the Mixed Courts beginning in 1926 and became vice President of the Alexandria Court of Appeals. In addition to being father of Queen Farida of Egypt (married to King Farouk I), Zulficar married Zainab Sa'id, the daughter of former Prime Minister Muhammad Sa'id Pasha, and she was the sister of the influential modernist artist Mahmud Sa'id (who painted the portrait of the President of the Appeals Court, Jasper Brinton, shown in my post on this thread of 1 December, 2016). As I've noted elsewhere in this thread, Mahmud Sai'd also was a judge on the Mixed Courts. Although Mahmud Sa'id is currently quite well-known for his paintings that can command high auction prices, he was never a professional artist, his work on the Mixed Courts was his profession.  At least one of my posts incorrectly says he only served on the courts for a short time. Sa'id joined the Mixed Courts in 1922 as an Assistant Judge, he then served as a Judge on the District Courts of Mansourah in 1927, and in Alexandria from 1937 until resigning in 1947 at age 50. Youssef Zulficar is controversial for his sympathies with the Axis powers during the early potion of WWII, making several communications with the Germans regarding King Farouk's potential interest in alliance with the Axis, and delivering one communique about the upcoming British & Soviet invasion of Iran, while serving as the Egyptian Ambassador to Iran (1939-41). Zulfikar was initially opposed to his daughter's marriage to Farouk, and later drew Farouk I's ire by discussing the marriage and 1948 divorce following the King's abdication. 

 

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S.T.B is Sadek Tewfik Bichay who was the brother of Fahmy Tewfik Bichay.

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Thanks for your input on this! Would that be a reason for the quality difference compared with other Bichay medals? 

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Posted (edited)

The portrait of King Farouk I on the medal commemorating the termination of the mixed courts in 1949 shown above, is the model of for a portrait on another medal issued in 1950 under Fuad I celebrating the 25th anniversary of Fuad I University (1925-1950). The university was founded in 1908 and know as the Egyptian University until 1940. It was named Fuad I University (until 1952) in his honor, since it became a public institution under his reign in 1925. Currently, it is known as Cairo University. This commemorative medal adds a bust portrait of Fuad I behind and to the right of Farouk I. The illustrated example is from current eBay auction (https://www.ebay.com/itm/EGYPT-KING-FUAD-FAROUK-MEDAL-25TH-ANNIVERSARY-OF-FOUAD-UNIVERSITY-1950-RARE/222970807446?hash=item33ea188496%3Ag%3AQXwAAOSw3ydVyhKg&_pgn=4&_nkw=egypt+medal&rt=nc) that identifies the manufacturer as Bichay and adds the name "M. Farag" as another manufacturer (does that name mean anything to more knowledgable folks or is this a confoundingg of some aspect of the inscription?). An example of this bronze medal on Worthpoint (https://www.worthpoint.com/worthopedia/1925-1950-king-fouad-farouk-bronze-403321281) identifies the manufacturer as solely Maison Bichay, it gives the diameter as 60 mm (same as the eBay listing) and weight of 77.6 g.  No "STB" hallmark is visible on any photos I've seen of this medal.

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Obverse of the King Fuad I and Farouk I medal commemorating the 25 yr jubilee of Fuad I University (now Cairo University) in 1950 showing the same bust portrait of Farouk I as in the 1949 medal commemorating the closing of the Mixed Courts made by Bichay. 

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Reverse of the university anniversary commemorative medial. 

Edited by Rusty Greaves

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Here is another example of the silver Parquet judges' badge from a recent auction on eMedals. This badge is identified as 113 mm high X 85 mm wide, and made by Froment-Meurice of Paris. There is no maker's mark on the reverse of the badge, but the case clearly identifies Froment-Meurice on the inside of the cover.

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The example below with damage to the central legend is from a recent  offering on Lundin Antiques also is silver, measured as 112 X 85 mm, but interestingly is identified as coming from the courts in Alexandria. As a silver badge, it probably derives from the Parquet as well (http://www.lundinantique.com/medals.html) . 

judge_badge_from_alexandria_court_of_justice_326604.jpg.8fa71c674eabe95f00214b051995fa66.jpg

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I have a small amount of information related to the 2 studio portraits of the Egyptian judge that I posted on 27, October 2017 (and re-posted below here). The signature in the lower right of each portrait is that of the studio, Jean Weinberg of Cairo. An image of the reverse of the first portrait is reproduced below that portrait.  https://www.ebay.com/itm/EGYPT-OLD-VINTAGE-PHOTOGRAPH-JUDGE-WITH-SCARF-AND-MEDAL-JEAN-WEINBRCE-CAIRO/312199905275?_trkparms=aid%3D222007%26algo%3DSIM.MBE%26ao%3D1%26asc%3D52935%26meid%3D00c834136082464b8a1f03494b4e0efc%26pid%3D100010%26rk%3D4%26rkt%3D12%26sd%3D273338376524%26itm%3D312199905275&_trksid=p2047675.c100010.m2109

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I also have seen a few images of judges from the early post-Mixed Courts period (after 1949) that show a range of mixed configurations of the sashes, and the Ottoman crescent & star emblems attached to those sashes. All of these come from the photographic inventory of shebacoin on current eBay auctions. I do not know if these represent formal regalia distinctions associated with different courts, legal roles, experience & rank, or idiosyncratic choices by these judges, or possibly other kinds of court employees. The first image is a portrait of a Republic period judge, possibly taken in the 1950s.

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This is a photo of a Republic of Egypt judge, apparently wearing the sash of the Appeals Court. Although there is no date identified for this photo, it is likely an "early" post-1953 Republic-era portrait. Attached to the sash is the Saladin Eagle and 3 stars as seen in the illustrations of modern Egyptian Judges (see the last, 4th, image in my post of April 27, 2018). The regalia differs only in the placement of 2 stars below the Eagle, as opposed to all 3 appearing above the eagle in photos of current Egyptian judges. Note the similarity of the decorative knot on the sash to that of the Mixed Court or Native Court judge in the Weinberg Studio portrait above (also from shebacoin's eBay inventory), and the modern Egyptian judges shown in my posts of 1 November, 2017, and April 27, 2018. https://www.ebay.com/itm/EGYPT-OLD-VINTAGE-PHOTOGRAPH-Judge-with-the-scarf/273416587171?hash=item3fa8e607a3:g:dKkAAOSwK6NbebRb

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The sash of the above post-1949 judge is not a configuration I have seen before, only the form is similar to that above. I have not seen such a clear image of a bicolored sash, but it may be similar to the sash of the judge in the following portrait. It is identified as an Egyptian judge. The single star is see only in 1 other judge's portrait I have come across (also the next portrait illustrated below). https://www.ebay.com/itm/EGYPT-VINTAGE-PHOTOGRAPH-A-small-judge-wearing-a-scarf/312191646480?hash=item48b0127b10:g:UMcAAOSw0S9bThIn

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This studio portrait is identified  as coming from an Armenian studio, and portraying a post-1949 era Egyptian judge. The sash appears to be bicolored (and may be similar to that of the Judges sash above), and is reminiscent of the sash worn by Judge Apostolo N. Gennaropoulo of the Mixed Court's Parquet that I illustrated on 24 March, 2017. I originally interpreted Judge Gennaropoulo's sash as bicolored, but have changed my mind based on the color image of a sash that I illustrated on 27 April, 2018 and the image of Judge Michael Hansson that I posted on 3 May, 2018. This image, and probably the above image as well, are the only photos I have seen that shows the decorative sash knot for a lower court (below the Appeals Court) sash configuration, suggesting that it may be a component of several lower court regalia, possibly pre-1949 as well. https://www.ebay.com/itm/Old-Armenian-photographer-in-Egypt-Judge-with-the-scarf-PHOTO-VARIJABEDIAN/273203620917?hash=item3f9c346c35:g:zm0AAOSwf95a80zw

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The above portrait shows a man identified as an Egyptian judge wearing a tricolored sash (or bicolored with a differently colored central stripe as shown in the color sash image from my post of 27 April, 2018; possibly in the photo of Judge Gennaropoulo's posted on 24 March, 2017; and in the black & white image of Judge Hansson that I posted on 3 May, 2018) with multiple stars of two different sizes. As seen in the other photos, this is a post-1949 period judge prior to the 1953 establishment of the Republic. The only other portrait of a judge with multiple stars in 2 sizes is shown in the second portrait of my 27 April, 2018 post, showing 3 smaller stars below the crescent, & 1 larger star and 3 smaller stars above the crescent (this judge also wears a pleated, apparently single colored sash with the decorative sash knot that probably also has gold metallic thread decorations). The configuration of 3 stars, usually above the crescent, is the most common insignia in portraits of post-1949 judicial regalia, and is retained in modern Egyptian judicial insignia. This judge wears a turban rather than a Tarboosh, and his traditional "long shirt" (gallebaya) in a dark-color, rather than the western-style coat shown in all other images I have seen of post-1949 Egyptian judges, or the high-necked narrow-collared coat of the Mixed International Courts (and probably the "Native" or National Courts) before 1949. This eBay seller has 2 additional images of this same judge: one working in his office in a turban and a lighter-colored gallebaya without his judge's sash and emblems, & a further image of him outside in that same outfit (native garment-gallebaya, and turban) also without any judicial regalia. https://www.ebay.com/itm/EGYPT-OLD-VINTAGE-PHOTOGRAPH-Judge-with-the-scarf/273147885787?hash=item3f98e1f8db:g:5lkAAOSw13ZayXDv

 

 

Edited by Rusty Greaves

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I have determined what part of the design on the reverse of the 1949 King Farouk I medal commemorating the closing of the Mixed Courts of Egypt represents. In my post on this thread of 3 May, 2018 I noted what was, at least to me, a puzzling design element on the R side of the reverse of this medal; a "triangle" overlapping with the scales of justice and the portion right of that to the margin of the medal. I am including an image of the reverse of the bronze version of that medal, designed by Sadek Tewfik Bichay, in this post below as a reference. 

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Reverse of the 1949 King Farouk medal commemorating the closure of the Egyptian Mixed Courts. (https://www.ebay.ie/itm/EGYPT-BRONZE-MEDAL-OF-KING-FAROUK-1949-MIXTE-NE-EXTREMELY-RARE/222926942423?hash=item33e77b30d7:g:X1kAAMXQyY1TV6cB)

The "triangle" is a portion of an image used on a commemorative stamp that was issued on 14 October, 1949 to observe the closure of the Mixed International Courts. The "triangle" is simply a representation of a turned-over portion of a page or banner from the stamp's design (shown below) that apparently has been used by Sadek Tewfik Bichay for the motif elements on the reverse of this medal. This is clear in the images of the stamp commemorating the 1949 ending of the Mixed Court system. The stamp's design also makes it apparent that the central element of the scales of justice (the pillar of the balance) represents the double-edged sword symbol, common in western depictions of Lady Justice (and in use in Egypt as the pillar of the scales of justice), that often is identified as a representation of reason,  the power of law, and the double-edged configuration is used to suggest the impartiality of the law. 

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Block of 4 Egyptian stamps from a current eBay auction showing the design adapted for use on the reverse of the Farouk I medal commemorating the termination of the Mixed Courts.From a current eBay auction: https://www.ebay.com/itm/EGYPT-1949-Abolition-of-Mixed-Courts-Control-Block-MNH/142950418402?ssPageName=STRK%3AMEBIDX%3AIT&_trksid=p2060353.m1438.l2649

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First day cover (14 October, 1949) envelope from Alexandria, Egypt commemorating the end of the Mixed Courts. The dates below the scales of justice identify the date of origin of the Mixed Courts (1875 AD) and their end date (1949 AD). From a current eBay auction: https://www.ebay.com/itm/EGYPT-1949-Abolition-of-Mixed-Courts-First-Day-Cover-FDC-Alex-CDs-Rare/142957707271?ssPageName=STRK%3AMEBIDX%3AIT&_trksid=p2060353.m1438.l2649

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An English language version that is probably a first day cover (the date is unclear in the postmark, but the envelope identifies this as a first day cover on the lower left, and the address to a philatelist also suggests this probably is a first day cover) from Cairo commemorating the abolition of the Mixed Courts. The sword of justice can be seen here as the pillar of the balance. The hilt matches the design on the Cairo High Court of Justice (see next photo). From an August 2018 eBay auction: https://www.ebay.co.uk/itm/EGYPT-1949-POSSIBLE-FDC-OFFICIAL-COVER-STAMP-ISSUED-ABOLITION-OF-MIXED-COURTS-/273386954439?nma=true&si=cPHwS%2FtTJRlY2xkoq1HOZakCN%2Bw%3D&orig_cvip=true&nordt=true&rt=nc&_trksid=p2047675.l2557

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The Egyptian High Court of Justice in downtown Cairo showing the symbolism of the sword of justice used as the pillar of the sales of justice on either side of the frontispiece of the building. As Egyptian Zogist noted in this thread on 16 November, 2016, the inscription (translated by Egyptian Zogst as "justice is the foundation of kingship/governance") is the same motto as appears on the judges' badges for the Mixed Courts (shown in the next image below). From Wikipedia: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Egyptian_High_Court_of_Justice.jpg

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Enameled motto on a silver Parquet form of the judicial badge of the Egyptian Mixed Courts. This is a close up of a portion of the badge shown in my post on this thread of 6 December, 2017 from a Spink & Son auction (https://www.the-saleroom.com/en-us/auction-catalogues/spink/catalogue-id-srspi10156/lot-63685e70-7557-48b1-aabf-a83200b99d8c)

 

Edited by Rusty Greaves

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Below is another example of the English language first-day cover envelope with the commemorative end of the Mixed Courts stamp (see the 4th photo in the post above for October 17) that shows the postmark for 14 October 1949, from Alexandria. Alexandria and Cairo were the two locations with permanent District Mixed Court jurisdictions. From a recent eBay auction: https://www.ebay.com/itm/Egypt-1949-Alexandria-National-Courts-Commemoration-Abolition-Mixed/273338212665?ssPageName=STRK%3AMEBIDX%3AIT&_trksid=p2057872.m2749.l2649

s-l1600.thumb.jpg.c86b5e58475eaafd09f9f82d38a1460d.jpg 

And below is an image of another version of a first-day cover for this stamp from Port Said (where one of there District Mixed Courts was located periodically). From a recent eBay auction: https://www.ebay.ca/itm/DR-WHO-1949-EGYPT-FDC-DISSOLUTION-OF-MIXED-COURTS-CACHET-d52065-/163285951903

s-l1600-7.thumb.jpg.f438e0d892cdaa77fb2adc64aeb85d80.jpg

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Below is a nice high-resolution image of an example of the gold and silver version of the Judges' badge for the District Courts of the Egyptian Mixed Courts. It shows some variation in the distribution of the gold gilding in comparison with the silver that may be of interest in seeing some variation in the manufacture of this judicial emblem. This example comes from a 2014 auction by Jean Elsen & see Fils, archived onto acsearch.info website (https://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=3990624). While the silver Parquet badges frequently appear on auction sites, the gold and silver District Court version of this badge is more uncommon. I illustrated an example in this thread on my first post (17 November, 2016),  and in the photograph of my wife's great-grandfather on that same post; Egyptian Zogist contributed an example in a painted portrait of an unidentified probable European judge of the Mixed Courts on 23 November, 2016 (apparently misidentified as a portrait of Khedive Abbas Hilmi II on Pinterest, the only source I have identified for this image). The same badge seen in my first photo in the 17, November 2016 post is also shown in my 6th image on my post of 24 March, 2017 (that I mis-labelled as an Appeals Court judges' badge, which are gold - I corrected that labelling in a repost of the image on 4 April, 2017). This example was made by Froment Meurice of Paris. There are some differences in which parts of the badge design are gilt in gold on this example compared with other images, and there may be some variation in other probably genuine badges. The gold on the exterior rays is sown in the the judges portrait Egyptian Zogist contributed (23 November 2016), and in the high resolution images I recently received of my wife's great grandfather. However, the example I illustrated on 17 November, 2016, 24 March, 2017 and 4 April, 2017 lack this gilding. The gold on the hand and whisk in the upper left and right corners above the tablet with the inscription appears to be shown in the portrait that Egyptian zogist found, but is lacking on the 17 November, 24 March, and 4 April, 2017 example. The 24 March ( & 17 November & 4 April ) example also lacks the gold on the cipher on the tughra on the inferior portion of the design. It also has gilding on the upper outer fold of the drape under the innermost upper tassel ornaments that is not present in other examples of the District Court gold and silver badge.  The badge shown below also has 2 additional unique elements if the coloration represents the gold contrasting with the silver. There is gilding of the oak branches in this example that does not appear in any other examples. This example from the Jean Elsen & see Fils auction also suggests that one other illustration that seemed a bit ambiguous to me because I was comparing it with the cleaned 24 March & 4 April ( & 17 Novemebr 2016) badge, that appeared to be the clearest example of the gold & silver distribution in the gilding of the design. The badge I illustrated on 6 December, 2017 (and the close up of the legend on the tablet in the illustration from my post here on 17 October, 2018) may have a distribution of gold that indicates it is could also be a variant District Court badge rather than a silver Parquet version. However, some anomalies may indicate that the "gold" coloration is simply tarnish. That particular badge appears unique in not having gilding on the drapery decorative margin above the fringe in the two folds on either side under the inner upper tassel, having the rays around the central 5-pointed star above the tablet appearing to gilt. Most problematic if this is a bi-colred badge, the central table in that example appears to be silver rather than gold. The gold on the drapery bring and on the cordage timing the upper corners of the drapery are the strongest suggestion that the 6 December 2017 may have been a District Court gold & silver badge rather than just being a tarnished Parquet Judges' badge. 

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The above badge's measurements are given as 117 x 87 mm. This may be named badge, it is attributed to Joseph Timmermans (or Jules Timmermans) who is identified as a Procureur General for the Mixed Tribunals of Alexandria from Belgium.  I have not yet had any success tracking down additional information about Timmermans. Technically, the Procureur General is the Parquet's branch of the Mixed Courts and badges of most members of the Parquet is identified in the literature as of silver (as seen in several examples on this thread). As part of exploring the variation in forms of the badges worn by different judges and officials of the Mixed Courts, this might suggest that while the majority of judges and any other members of the Parquet who may have worn this insignia had a silver badge, perhaps the Procurer General wore the gold and silver badge.  However, I cannot find any suggestion that prosecutors wore a badge other than the silver version specified for the Parquet. In the auction listing, Tillermans is identified as also holding a 3rd Class Order of Osmanieh from Turkey and the 5th Class (Chevalier/Knight) Belgian Order of Leopold (l'Ordre de Leopold).

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The acsearch.info archive also has a good-resolution illustration of a silver Parquet badge, shown above, from a 2018 auction by Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. (https://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=4974323). This badge was made by Stobbe of Alexandria. The measurement for this badge is given as 117 mm tall by 88 mm wide. 

 

Edited by Rusty Greaves

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Here are a couple additional images of post-1949 judges wearing the judicial sash and the crescent and star emblems  that replaced the regalia of the Mixed courts that were in place from 1875 until 1949. The crescent and star probably disappeared as judicial emblems shortly after the 1953 revolution, replaced by the Eagle of Saladin, but retaining the 3 stars (usually positioned above the Eagle, but see the example of a Republic era judge I posted in the 3rd photo on 12 September 2018 in this thread with 2 stars below the crescent and 1 above). These 2 individuals below show the same orientation of the bicolored sash with the lighter color (green?) in the lower position, but note the images on this thread of other post-1949 judges (the 4th and 5th photos on 12 September) who wear the sash with the lighter strip orientated in the inferior position. The judges in the 4th & 5th photo also sport only 1 star above the crescent, and note also the post-1949 and pre Revolution Egyptian judge in the 6th photo on 12 September who wears a three stripe version of the sash that appears similar to that  used for the Parquet during the period of the Mixed Courts, in addition to the multiplicity of stars adorning his sash (3 large stars below the crescent, 3 large stars above the crescent, and 3 smaller stars above the upper 3 larger stars).  Both judges' sashes exhibit the elaborate fringed knot used during the period of the Mixed Court era at least for the Appeals Court judges and possibly those of the District Courts (and the Parquet?) as well. I illustrate these post-Mixed Court period photos to show some of the derivation of the judicial regalia that derives from the Mixed Courts into the post-1949 judiciary, and is later adapted to the post-Revolution period judges sash & emblems. As more of these photo exist from this period, they also demonstrate some of the variant configurations of judicial regalia that are either undocumented in easily accessible literature, or subject to some whims of the judges themselves.  

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Post-1949 Egyptian judge wearing the sash, crescent, and 3 stars. The Fez has been retained as part of the judges regalia, but the high-collared long tunic-style jacket of the Mixed Court era has been replaced with a European style coat. From a crest eBay auction of an original 14 x 9 cm print from the Studio Vart (?): https://www.ebay.com/itm/Old-Armenian-photographer-in-Egypt-Judge-With-a-medal-and-scarf-STUDIO-VART/273500934866

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A young judge in the post-1949 period, also wearing a western style jacket and leaving his fez on the table where his right hand is resting.  From a recent eBay auction or an original 23 x 16 cm print froth studio Adel (?):https://www.ebay.com/itm/EGYPT-VINTAGE-PHOTOGRAPH-A-young-judge-with-scarf-studio-adel/273502381828

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Close-up image of the sash and crescent with stars regalia of this same young judge shown above. https://www.ebay.com/itm/EGYPT-VINTAGE-PHOTOGRAPH-A-young-judge-with-scarf-studio-adel/273502381828

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As a further interesting illustration of variation in depiction Egyptian judges at this time period (and in the spirit of the US celebration of Halloween), here is a boy dressed in a hybrid judges costume that includes the fez, a more European-style robe, and a sash with the crescent and 3 stars that is actually an abbreviated form of the French epitoge, which is the French academic and judicial scarf, derived from the medieval chaperon, and is the counterpart of the  English academic regalia's hood. This is an original 14 x 9 cm print, possibly titled "The Little Judge" from the studio Photo Charles. From a current eBay auction: https://www.ebay.com/itm/EGYPT-OLD-VINTAGE-PHOTOGRAPH-CUTE-BOY-The-Little-Judge-PHOTO-Charles/312156615770

 

Edited by Rusty Greaves

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Below is an unusual image of another post-1949 & pre-revolution individual identified as a a judge. The hand-tinted, matted original studio print (23 x 18cm) has a bicolored sash (lighter colored stripe [green?] worn uppermost) with the crescent and 1 star in the superior position. What seems unusual to me is that this man is wearing a white uniform (rather than the more common western-style suit at this time period) and is identified as a police officer (at the same times his judicial appointment?). The eBay listing identifies the name Ali Arafa, of Port Said, but I do not know if this is the subject's name or the studio name. I am including close-ups of the inscriptions on each of the lower corners. (https://www.ebay.com/itm/EGYPT-VINTAGE-PHOTOGRAPH-POLICE-OFFICER-Judge-HAND-COLOR-ALI-ARAFA-PORT-SAID-/273502359767?_trksid=p2385738.m4383.l4275.c10)

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inscription on the lower R of the above photo.

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inscription on the lower L of the above photo. 

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To follow up on a couple additional aspects of judges' costume, I want to illustrate a few images of post-termination of the Mixed Courts and pre-Republic period when all judicial duties were given to new National Courts that assumed the jurisdiction over cases involving foreigners as well as Egyptian citizens. These first photos show the use of non-official dress (perhaps only outside of he courtroom?) related the Egyptian judge I illustrated in the final photograph (6th image) on my post of 12, September 2018. I mentioned in that post that there were 2 additional eBay photos of this judge in traditional dress without his judge's sash and the crescent & stars emblems he wears in that image (included below for comparison). I am including the those photos I referenced here, below the one of the judge wearing his sash with crescent and star emblems. In both portraits, he wears a light-colored gallebaya without his judge's sash and emblems. I have no information about what court this judge may have served, and do not know if the use of traditional clothing suggests it is part of one of the Muslim or another division of National Courts that replaced the Mixed Court system. 

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Above is the Egyptian judge wearing a tri-colored sash (probably similar in color to that illustrated on 27 April, 2018 on this thread) with the crescent and multiple star emblems, previously posted here on 12 September, 2018, from a current eBay auction of an original 14 x 9 cm black & white print (https://www.ebay.com/itm/EGYPT-OLD-VINTAGE-PHOTOGRAPH-Judge-with-the-scarf/273147885787?hash=item3f98e1f8db:g:5lkAAOSw13ZayXDv:rk:33:pf:0). Unlike the other post-1949 judges I have found photos of, this individual wears more traditional Egyptian costume with the judicial regalia (sash with crescent & stars). Unlike all other photos I have seen, he wears a turban rather than a fez, along with a dark traditional tunic (gallebaya) that is unlike the coat of the Mixed Court era (see the 2 illustrations of the same Egyptian judge in Appeals Court regalia posted on this thread on 27 October, 2017) or the western-style jackets more common among the 1949-1953 as shown in several posts here on this thread (see 3rd photo on the post of 27 April 2018; the 4th &5th images posted on 12 September, 2018; and the 3rd & 4th photos posted on 31 October, 2018). 

 

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The same judge, identified as working in his office, wearing a turban, gallebaya, but no official judicial regalia. From a current eBay auction of an original 14 x 9 cm print (https://www.ebay.com/itm/EGYPT-OLD-VINTAGE-PHOTOGRAPH-Judge-in-his-office/273147887546?hash=item3f98e1ffba:g:k~oAAOSwlJlayXGK:rk:30:pf:0). 

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The same judge outdoors in turban, gallebaya, and without judicial regalia. From a current eBay auction of an original 14 x 9 cm photographic print (https://www.ebay.com/itm/EGYPT-OLD-VINTAGE-PHOTOGRAPH-Judge-standing-on-the-bridge/312105737674?hash=item48aaf39dca:g:OPsAAOSwH1VayXIX:rk:31:pf:0). 

 

As a correction, the second photo I posted on 27 April, 2018 that was identified on the eBay site and an Egyptian Judge, appears to be wearing regalia that suggests the Egyptian or Libyan Parliament (I have included it below as well). He is not wearing judicial regalia. The man in the 27 April image is wearing a watered silk sash (with a darker border) with the crescent with 3 stars closely spaced within the arms of the crescent that is part of the sash emblem for members of the Egyptian Upper House of Parliament, and a lapel pin with 8 major rays. The Libyan regalia is similar in design to the of the Egyptian Upper House of Parliament, as noted by Owain on 18 May, 2016 on the thread "Libya - unknown order and medal" started by James Hoards on 15 May, 2016 here in the Middle East & Arab States section:

The visible lapel badge on my 27 April posting (and below) has 8 major rays, in contrast with the 6 rays of the Egyptian Upper House of Parliament badge (see eMedals image below). Additionally, the watered silk sash has a darker border that I have not seen for the Egyptian parliamentary sash. That photo is identified as coming from Egypt, although no studio is specified. Does anyone know if there were other variants of this regalia for Egyptian officials? 

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Photo I posted on 27 April of an alleged Egyptian judge, whose regalia may indicate he is a member of the Egyptian Parliament (or Libyan?). I am correcting my past illustration of this individual as a post-1949 pre 1953 judge because of the bordered sash, configuration of the crescent and 3 stars, and the lapel badge. This 14 x 9 cm original print is from a past eBay auction with the identification: "Egypt old vintage photo of judge with scarf". https://www.ebay.com/itm/EGYPT-OLD-VINTAGE-PHOTOGRAPH-Judge-with-the-scarf-/273105393192?nordt=true&orig_cvip=true&rt=nc&_trksid=p2047675.m43663.l44720

 

An identified Egyptian sash with crescent & star insignia, the sash badge, neck badge, and lapel badge for a member of the Egyptian Upper House of Parliament is shown below from an eMedals past auction listing https://www.emedals.com/africa/egypt/an-egyptian-upper-house-of-parliamentary-set-w1572). This shows that the neck and lapel badges have a configuration of 6 major rays in contrast with the 8-rayed lapel badge visible in the other images here. The sash of green watered silk also lacks the darker border shown in the image above and the the two photos 

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Below is a better photo of an individual wearing the same regalia seen in the 27 April, 2018 image I am correcting as not representing a judge, but the photo below shows all of the regalia that is partly covered in that 27 April image. This is from a current eBay auction (https://www.ebay.com/itm/Armenian-photographer-in-Egypt-member-of-the-Egyptian-Upper-House-of-Parliament/273500928337). The seller initially identified this man as an Egyptian judge, but I am currently unsure whether this represents a member of the Egyptian Upper House of Parliament or possibly a man wearing that for Libya, given the differences between the sash border and number of rays on the lapel badge compared with the eMedals example shown above. Both portraits (below and on 27 April) show an 8-rayed lapel badge. The sash badge attached to the decorative knot shown in the eMedals image above and the photograph below are 8-rayed . The photo below is identified as from Egypt, taken by an Armenian studio, K. Papazian in Cairo, and is an 18 x 13 cm original print. 

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Below is another individual in a photo from a current eBay auction (https://www.ebay.com/itm/EGYPT-OLD-VINTAGE-PHOTOGRAPH-Judge-With-a-medal-and-scarf/273500915471) identified as an Egyptian judge, but wearing regalia that suggests either an Egyptian or Libyan member of Parliament. What is visible of his sash shows a lighter border than that of the individual above or the man I initially illustrated on 27 April (but it is very difficult to determine color or hue in black & white photos). The sash does have the same crescent & 3-star emblem of Parliamentary regalia. The lapel pin shows 8 major rays. Unlike the individual above, this man wears a turban and gallibaya. This 22 x 15 cm original print is said to be from Egypt, but no studio is identified. 

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Edited by Rusty Greaves

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