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  2. More from this excellent website: https://www.theatlantic.com/photo/2014/04/world-war-i-in-photos-soldiers-and-civilians/507329/ Just a couple of samples: French troops, three of which are wearing what looks like British 'Military medals' German POW's
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  5. What is that medal on the watch fob's ribbon? Can we also get a photo of the reverses?
  6. Reinhard, The Al Bakir University Star was awarded between 1976-2003 to the distinguished students in the Al Bakir University for Military Higher Studies, All Iraqi Army, Navy and Air Force Officers were allowed to attend this University regardless of their rank. There are two types of Al Bakir Stars. Both stars are 3 inches in diameter and are identical except for the center disc. The Italian made (higher quality) was used between 1976-1991. Iraqi made after 1991. The Iraqi's used the Italian- made star and attached their own disc. The Italian center disc is very well made and the Iraqi center disc is glazed and not as well made. The items represented in the center disc are a sword (Ground Forces), anchor (Navy) and wing (Air Force). The book represents knowledge, the torch represents the power of knowledge and science, and the quill pen represent science. Inside the book is a verse from the Holy Qur'an (God give me more knowledge). Written below the book is Al Bakir University 1976 A.D., 1396 A.H. There is also a pocket hanger with the central disc which is worn on the military uniform, a central disc with a spring pin fastener on the reverse which is worn on the civilian clothes, and an cloth patch with the Al Bakir emblem embroidered on the patch. Below is a picture of the Iraqi made star, hanger , civilian badge and patch. This information is from my first book on Iraqi Militaria Identification Guide with Translations. Bob
  7. hc8604

    Chinese Badge

    Traditional characters for reference to compare to the badge: 親愛精誠 (on the badge is read right to left). Yeah it looks like it. I am guessing the members are associated with the military academy probably. Or they fled from the communists in 1949 and established themselves as a music club instead. Is the badge nickel plated? or some type of silver colored metal finish?
  8. For those of you interested in Ethiopian medals the feature article in the upcoming July-August 2020 issue of the Journal of the Orders and Medals Society of America is by Owain and describes the medals and combat infantryman's badges issued by Ethiopia for the Korean War and also provides a list of Ethiopians who received United States decorations during that war. The issue went to the printer yesterday and should be out to the membership by the second or third week of July. Cover.pdf
  9. I've been reorganising after moving earlier this year, and thought this group might be of interest. It belonged to Major Jordan of the Landwehr-Fussartillerie and came out of the woodwork years ago from the USA. Since Jordan died in 1945 in Thuringia, I believe these items were souvenired by US forces prior to the area being taken over by the Soviets.
  10. Peter, Yes, the bronze one is mine too - whilst scarce they do appear for sale fairly often. Perhaps the silver one was for a senior officer or a trial piece. Owain
  11. I assume the bronze one is yours as well? As I understand it, for those who collect ALL the UN Korea Medals, that one is the Holy Grail. Well done! Other than that, I have nothing to contribute, I'm afraid, except to comment that the Ethiopians seem to be a law unto themselves when it comes to orders and medals. But a lovely thing. Thanks for sharing this piece.
  12. Hi Petar, Thank you for your opinion. Also you do not have to feel sorry for the "bad name" created by the fakers. That is the human nature and greediness that makes those people to do such things. Comparing to what has happened with Orders and decorations from other countries that is a very small problem I can reassure you that even people with a "good" names and reputation such as well known Experts, Dealers, Sellers and Auction Houses have closed their eyes and for the sake of nice profit cheated the collectors community..and still doing it I have been keeping an eye on the Market and i can notice what is going on. However that is a very small issue comparing to much bigger frauds in our society It will be very nice from you if you have pictures and information of the "hew wave" of fakes of Bulgarian Orders Regards Graf
  13. Gentlemen, I attach an image of a mystery piece recently acquired - a UN medal for Ethiopia in silver. This is the first time I have seen such a piece and other than being in silver is identical to the standard issue in bronze. Any suggestions as to why? The joy of collecting Imperial Ethiopian awards continues............. Owain
  14. I would welcome any comments on this 'Order of the Liberation of Spain' medal:
  15. Hi Graf, I am glad that there are serious places where such topics are discussed. Unfortunately, counterfeits have always been associated with collecting - just a good collector needs to know what and where to buy. Often greed overcomes the reason when you buy something at a very reasonable price. I am very pleased that you have such a great knowledge of Bulgarian orders. I will show here the counterfeits I know to protect other collectors from fraud. I am sorry that a bad name has been created for the market and collectors in Bulgaria. fraudsters are a very small part, but as we say in Bulgaria - a spoonful of tar can ruin a whole bucket of brown. The hit now are the fake cortes from the kingdom of Bulgaria - several people have specialized and make excellent fakes, but I will release this in another topic. greetings from Bulgaria
  16. Hi Graham, The first cross you have is similar to mine. For me it's a textbook medal In the Nimmergut's Deutsche Orden und Ehrenzeichen, the second medal you show is a variant Christophe
  17. It would be great to get some comments on these two combat Anhalt Friedrich Kreuz's with differences of the crowns, leaves, lettering and dates:
  18. Chris ,I understand your point of view about the Nazi Kulturbearer Sic . but regarding the War Veterans as a whole i want to said that the mixture of Heros and Bastards was very current among War Veterans of every country and in all the Wars . I want to say too that in a War with millions of men movilized for the real fight or for reaguard duties all previous dispositions regulating the concession of awards were desbordated and they were adequated amplying whitin the frame existent the scope of the concession .
  19. Whats the problem ? He was a Medical Officer .It was not uncommon that one Regimental or Bataillon Doctor remains all the War into the same unit .Regimental and Bataillon doctors normally served in Front line Lazaretten .
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  21. I don't know if this will be helpful, but it looks like the soldier in the painting is wearing a gorget around his neck which means that he's an officer (or maybe my eyes are deceiving me.) His hat looks like a not-very-accurately drawn field bonnet worn by the Royal Sappers & Miners. The uniform ensemble does, in fact, resemble the sappers and miners working dress (not their regular uniforms) from around the year 1825. I am puzzled by the absence of buttons and shoulder straps on the tunic of the man on your painting. (Maybe the artist just overlooked including these details.) Perhaps you could use this information as a springboard for further research. Simi.
  22. I found an old photograph from the 1920's that shows a Studentenmuetze identical to yours being worn. All this young lad needs now is an organ grinder, a tin cup and a street corner to stand on, and PRESTO... he's in business !!
  23. Like others, I am surprised how long this topic existed before I checked it out. Very interesting things. I feel like many of the awards issued during WW1 were still awarded with a huge dose of birth elitism. Where a common enlisted person could perform a truly heroic act and receive maybe a citation or a different class award vs a field or administrative officer (nobleman) who didn't do much of anything could be issued a high award. With regards to war crimes and actions deserving of those trials: It is troubling to think of how people justify their actions and how those actions get recognized. There were many honorable people but there are also a trove of people who were despicable. Through the passage of time, history (if properly recorded and available) can vindicate or accuse those actions of the individuals. Submarines are an offensive weapon. Unable to take many if any prisoners. While the destruction of survival gear or killing in cold blood is unconscionable to survivors, I can understand the reluctance for an enemy to potentially expose their boat/crew to further attacks. The Laconia incident was a perfect example of that very thing and brought war crimes investigations. Wonder if the Germans would have won, would the pilots/crew of the B-24's been brought forth on war crimes? Some actions (airborne raids, Covert behind enemy lines operations) are by definition not able to accept prisoners. The very act of having prisoners bogs down and hinders the objectives. How many people were gunned down to press forward to achieve an objective? Philosophical debates. My favorite commanders to research on the German side: Felix Graf von Luckner (S.M.S. Seeadler) and Karl von Müller (S.M.S. EMDEN) Just my two cents. Best Regards, Justin
  24. Hi Petar, You have more exposure to those fakes in Bulgaria. Always is a good experience when you have in your hands both the fake and the original item and carefully analyze and compare both (as on your picture) Then you can have a better chance to detect fakes even from pictures, although no one is bullet proof We all have our bad experience with fakes. With time we develop a nice guts feeling to accept or reject an item Regarding the enamel i am sure that as we improve our knowledge and experience the fakers do the same and they perfect their work It is their job Our job is to keep the collectors informed to prevent fakers making profit at our expense eBay is a good site for the fakers and most of us keep ourselves alert. Unfortunately, some professional dealers are buying and selling such fakes knowingly or not knowingly to make profit. There are few books out there how to detect fakes i suspect they are read by the fakers and they correct their work accordingly. BTW Welcome in our Forum. You already contributed few nice listings with rare items i suppose you are not novice in collecting Bulgarian Orders Graf
  25. Glad to be of help, Gordon. The construction of the cap is very high quality with beautiful hand-embroidered details and should fetch a tidy sum on eBay-Germany or eBay-Austria. It falls into a category of collectibles known as "Studentika" which has become very popular among certain European collectors. Simi. https://www.google.com/search?rlz=1C5CHFA_enUS777US777&source=univ&tbm=isch&q=Studentika&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjDnYjd1KnqAhUonOAKHQwYBI0QsAR6BAgBEAE&biw=1270&bih=631
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