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  2. These crosses are still around on German ebay and according to the offering, it's a multi-piece cross with iron core, but non-silver (still silver marked...) frame. Those are brand-new, and most unlikely to be associated with any older German firm that made awards "back in the days". Only good thing here: they are offered as fake. Nothing for my collection, but if someone needs a filler... there are worse made ones, for sure.
  3. In general, I can give thumbs up for this statement, but I have to clearify: Baden changed from gold to silver gilt - or, to be acurate, to silver with a mechanical gold plating - as far back as 1910. So, this wasn't made due to war caused gold shortage, but just to save some money for the state. However, it is very easy to alter a knight's cross 2nd class to a (gilt) knight's cross 1st class, just by gilding it. From poor pictures, I couldn't tell original and manipulated pieces apart... they are a mine field, in my opinion. Unless they have the "D" mark stamped in the medaillon body. As a Baden collector, I avoid anything else.
  4. Today
  5. I had the same recently, and must clearify: such a combination of metal bows was never worn officially, but rather put together by a collector. You could only have the "1870 - 71." or one of the two other "1870." and "1871." bows, or maybe both of the latter in strange cases, plus, of course, the "1866." to any of those combinations. But not all at once. Your medal, Dean, seems to be an early striking, with the spotty arranged letters in the reverse inscription. Such a medal would most likely have been awarded in 1839 to a veteran of the Napoleonic wars... See Volle, Henning. Die Orden und tragbaren Ehrenzeichen des Großherzogtums und der Republik Baden. Freiburg im Breisgau 2019. p. 389–408.
  6. Dear CCJ, I agree that the loops on the left side are for the Iron Crescent. The horizontal loops on the right side are for a medal/ribbonbar which can be filled by any piece which is appropriate for the rank. Talking about rank, I don't have a great view of the shoulderboards but I think it is a colonel if my eyes do not deceive me, this would allow for some lovely steckkreuzen together with an EK1 on the lower right side. Kind regards, Laurentius
  7. The Ludvigsen volume gives award numbers for both pre- (mainly 1860s/1870s) and WW1 awards by years, the Geile work on Prussian WW1 awards gives the WW1 awards, those to the army only, with names, ranks, and dates. However, we have to keep in mind that from late 1916 on, they were produced and usually awarded in silver gilt! Once, when I had a damaged example, I discussed this very issue with Daniel Krause, who assumed there were ca. thirty commanders and roughly a dozen grand commander crosses in real gold awarded in WW1...
  8. Production of appointments. An officer was required to display his appointments, including his truncheon, at the beginning of his shift, to his supervisor. This was a long-standing practice but not one which continues to the present day. Police forces were organized on para-military lines. Officers saluted their superiors, boots were polished, faces shaved and, naturally enough, the shift would begin with an army-style parade.
  9. Right Sascha, that guy is a terrible purveyor of crap. I see the same stuff being offered every week, and apparently there are buyers for this Schrott.
  10. Gents, Almost five years later, this "set" is once again listed on the well-known auction site. Asking price: $12,499.00. Although the current owner/seller is located in California and not Greece, the same qualifiers identified in the above historical posts pertain. Regards, slava1stclass
  11. What decorations would be appropriate on the right side of the tunic breast? I know the Turkish War Medal and possibly other foreign but I really don’t see many Germans with awards on the right side And on this tunic, two sets of loops on the right
  12. Hello! Does anybody know how many Iron Crosses that was awarded to Finnish soldiers during ww2? Is there any list of it´s recipients available?
  13. A grouping with a Virtituti Military and a Grunwald 3rd class is exceptionnal!!!
  14. There were many German settlers in the Netherlands Indies. Most came as traders seeking their fortunes, gradually participating in all aspects of the colonies life. Paul
  15. Hi Patrick, Thank you for the information, and the information you have sent me. There are 675 American recipients of this medal, is there anyone who has the names or partial name-lists of these recipients? I am probably looking at an officer at least captain or more. Sampo
  16. Hello All, Slightly off topic (or at least geographically distant) is the baton experience in Western Australia Police. On joining in 1973 we were presented with a dinky little rubber baton. It had a tightly wound steel spring at its centre, covered with a slightly flexible firm rubber outer- 14 inches long. This was particularly useless as a tool to subdue an angry man as it just didn't have the reach to connect from a safe distance. You virtually had to be wrestling with the crook before you could use it. It did have the novelty value of being able to be thrown down onto the footpath in front of lonely night beat constable, whereupon it would, if thrown just right, bounce up in front of him- to be caught in the hand ready for the next bounce. This was great fun until some imperfection in the footpath cause it to bounce back- not directly in front of the bored constable but sideways into a window. A surprising number of 'damage' incidents were detected and reported by vigilant police on the night beat!! The second issued baton was I think the best- a long spun aluminium beauty- it had a beautifully knurled handle, and was about 26 inches long. It looked impressive and that alone made it very effective as a control tool . It also had great 'reach' when it had to be used. Lastly we got the ASP- an extending baton of 24 inches which most coppers will know. It was light and easily carried when closed and had reasonable reach when used. Many of us felt it had the potential to cause excessive injury because it was thin, hard steel and so were reluctant to use it unless absolutely necessary. Couple of photos attached- don't have one of the aluminium model.
  17. I'm guessing the sash is for the Russian Order of St. Stanislaus.
  18. This is a Montenegrin General uniform . very russian style .but note the badge on the peaked cap that was characteristic .the uniform is the M 1910 service uniform for Generals and Officers . he wears also laced ankle boots with leggings common practice in the major part of the Armies but very rare in the Russian Army
  19. Yesterday
  20. Just to add a link to the topic in another section. I suppose that he is wearing Russian uniform in the first picture...
  21. Many thanks Trooper_D Yes, you are right. He is wearing Order of Danilo V class, as well as Order of Danilo I class set, which is one of three breast stars on the second picture. The other should be of Italian order of the Crown. Third medal could be French LH, and the last Montenegro Medal of Obilić. On the first picture, I can't even identify the ribbon sash he is wearing
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