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  1. Well, my whole point regarding this bar was that if there was some combatant (in whatever rank) who was entitled to wear Czechoslovak Volunteer Combatants Cross 1918-1919, then he was a Czechoslovak citizen. Ethnically he could be German, of course as Germans represented 30% of Czechoslovakian population. However in period of 1918— October 1938 nobody could officially wear AH medals on his uniform as this was prohibited by law. After dissolution of Czechoslovakia in March 1939 German authorities, vice versa, banned all Czechoslovak decorations in Protectorate and in puppet Slovak state there w
  2. Hello, one small correction and possible explanation. Czechoslovakian Volunteer Combatants Cross of 1918 – 1919, also called "In Difficult Times Medal" was introduced just in 1938. This ribbon is clearly made in German style. In Czechoslovakia (1st Republic 1918-1938) it was absolutely forbidden to openly wear A-H medals and decorations. The only medals from period 1914-1918 which could be worn were those as awarded by Allies (to the former combatants in Czechoslovak legions). This looks like former AH officer, who obviously took part in defending Slovakia (as part of Czechoslovakia) ag
  3. Hello, of course, there are "minis" of A-H Red Cross Honour badges. Few pics, which I found on Internet. Regards, Tifes
  4. Hi, just to complete what Enzo wrote. Honour Badges for Red Cross Merit were established in August 1914, so as Enzo correctly stated there were no award before outbreak of WWI as this one started on 28 July 1914. However, plan to introduce these decorations didn't have anything to do with WWI as Red Cross Merit badges should have reflected upon 30. anniversary of International Red Cross Conference, held in Geneva in 1884. So bit of coincidence...plan for new decoration was made in peace times, but first awardees got it already in war times. Tifes
  5. Thank you for a note, CdC. I didn’t get it from 1812 Overture´s post. It doesn’t change a situation very much. Maker´s mark of V. Mayer´s and Soehne on the first picture is dubious (wherever it comes from) but maybe it´ just a photo that is giving deceiving image. Inspection on the place would be necessary. Unfortunately we are living in the period when new and much better fakes are popping up on the market, many of them with faked hallmarks and maker’s marks. In the eyes of many junior collectors is the presence of hallmark/maker’s mark some kind of “proof” that decoration is alright. Fakers
  6. Hi, Everything what Elmar/Enzo stated it´s very much true. I would just maybe to rank 1st Class up into “non plus ultra rare” category, with just 11 pieces awarded (mostly on high Catholic clergy like bishops) and 9 pieces returned and melted after 1918. Even if financial means to purchase 1st Class wouldn’t be problem then to find one would be the bigger one. Back to your decoration “1812 Overture”. VM maker´s mark…it´s just picture but I don’t like it. General finish of the cross…once again, just the image but I don’t like it either. Central white enameled medallion of the
  7. Morganatic marriage is correct. Therefore "Graf" by birth as issue of morganatic marriage (honestly, I didn’t know) but in 1916 his uncle Leopold IV as reigning Prince raised Bernhard, his brother and his mother to Prince and Princess of Lippe-Biesterfeld (Prinz/ Prinzessin zur Lippe-Biesterfeld), thereby retroactively according his parents' marriage dynastic status. In a time of his marriage he was German “Prinz" for sure (just check his full name in any period document) . In fact this is new cadet princely line “Lippe-Biesterfeld”. Best, t.
  8. Good day to everybody, I glad that you find my contribution useful. One more thing what Laurentis asked: If you look at the title of rulers of Lichtenstein and Monaco now, both are translated as „Fürst“ in German and “Vorst“ in Dutch, however this title didn’t/ doesn´t exist in Netherlands as I know. Concerning prince Bernhard he became Prince-Consort of Netherlands with address “Koninklijke Hoogheid“ on a day of his wedding with the Queen Juliana, which is very much true but since his birth he was „Prinz“ not „Graf“. I have checked English version of Wikipedia and it’
  9. Well, these titles are not fully comparable not because "English language seems to miss certain depth" (Shakespeare wouldn’t agree as do I) but because HRE and England/ United Kingdom are/ were not comparable legal entities. In England/United Kingdom there are not any sovereigns but the King/Queen and in HRE it was in contrary, with many sovereign ducal, princely and even comital families, vast majority of them mediatized in 1806 (and without real power for centuries). “Prince” in English means either son of monarch or lesser sovereign of smaller state, not equal or below to king. Welsh rulers
  10. Hi Marcel, can you send a better close-up pictures of second pilot badge? One thing is sure. It´s not official awarded badge but it might be privately purchased one in period before 1918. Enamels of the wreath look good to me but wreath as such is having bit strange form.Officially awarded badges for field-pilots of the 1st type (FJI) were on needle. There is also true that this needle used to break off very often and pilots themselves replaced it by two hooks and this system was later officially adopted by badges of 2nd type (Karl). However these hooks (Karabinerhafteln) were placed on t
  11. Good evening everyone, to marcel7151: I would say that´s production of Mr. Horváth from Hungary, early 1990s. I am sorry but it´s just a copy. tifes
  12. Ian

    I read your very interesting post on the k.u.k. Seefliegertruppe and was wondering if you have any information on the career of Reinhold Haschke?

    Greeting from Australia


  13. Hello, So, all of them are Golden Bravery Medals recipients (highest gallantry award for enlisted personal and non-commissioned officers in k.u.k. Army). Problem is that in official Schematismus (k.u.k. Kriegsmarine 1918) I can find only J. Molnár. I have also looked into all other possible variants of Schematismus (k.u.k. Army/ Heer, k.k. Landwehr and Hungarian Honvédség) and nothing, neither Sztavjanik nor Obendorfer. Both of them according their ranks (Sztavjanik was Titular Fliegermeister/ senior NCO but heading toward officer rank and Obendorfer was Fähnrich der Reserve/ Reserve Ensi
  14. No diplomatic and/or consular mission of Austria-Hungary in Liberia but Liberia had 2 honorary consuls, one in Vienna and one in Budapest. Honorary consul is (usually) citizen of state in which he is carrying out his consular mission for the country which chose him. He enjoys only limited immunity concerning mostly protection of consular documents. He is not a public official of the Foreign Affairs Ministry, just normal citizens helping particular country in his homeland. It is usually a person of some influence and position (with money). In year 1918 there was Mr. Reinitz Julius (Hon. General
  15. Hello!!!im new un this foro!!!i lern your coments AND please i need you see my badges....i have some very rare.....but i dont know if i have some copys...thanks a Lot,im ready to learn....i love un argentine AND i have the most big colección un south america,regards!!!!

    1. argentineboy


      I try to send you my photos but i cant....the Max total size 2 MB...i cant understand how i can send the photos.. 

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