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Alan Baird

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  1. Hi, ''A good man but has a difficult way to die.'' or ''The 7% solution.'' The retirement of Police Constable 883 James Ferguson of the City of London Police in 1911. On the 8th of June in 1911, Police Constable 883 James Ferguson retired on pension from the City of London Police. It is recorded on his ''superannuation records'' that he retired from the service because he was suffering from ''''General Paralysis.'''' General paralysis is also known as ''general paralysis of the insane [G.P.I.] or general paresis or paralytic dementia. It is a severe neuropsychiatric disorder which occurs in the late stage of being infected with syphilis. This disease affects approximately 7% of those infected with syphilis and is more common among men. This disease was originally considered to be a type of madness but in the late 1880's its connection with syphilis was discovered. It was inevitably fatal and originally accounted for as much as 25% of the diagnosed residents in public psychiatric hospitals. The discovery of penicillin eventually rendered the disease curable. Symptoms of the disease first appear from 10 to 30 years after the individual is infected and manifests itself with such difficulties as fatigue, headaches, insomnia and dizziness etc. Then comes mental deterioration and personality changes ie loss of social inhibitions, impairment of judgement, concentration and short term memory loss, euphoria, mania, depression or apathy. As the illness progresses delusions are common and then the patient is affected by confusion and seizures and with severe muscular deterioration and eventually dies bedridden and completely disoriented. This would have been an extremely unpleasant way for James Ferguson to die and it would have been a very difficult time for his wife Ellen Mary Ferguson nee Brider. I would suspect James had infected his wife with syphilis and this might be why they never had any children but I am not sure about that. Approximately 6 months before James Ferguson's retirement from the City of London Police he was disciplined for being drunk on duty. This indiscretion was probably caused by suffering from the disease. It is interesting to compare these two men who had venereal disease ie James Ferguson and James Kelly. James Ferguson was a good solid City of London Police Constable who completed his pensionable engagement in 1911 and who had at some point, in the last 10 to 30 year, contracted syphilis. It might have only been the one time he strayed who knows but he is part of the 7% who will die the most horrific death. James Kelly on the other hand was well known to use prostitutes nearly all the time, up until he murders Sarah Ann Kelly nee Brider in 1883. He even treats his venereal disease himself instead of going to a doctor. He dies at the grand old age of 69 in Broadmoor Lunatic Asylum and during his 39 years on the run had travelled the world especially in America.
  2. Here we have some original research from 2009 but the details were not recorded as well as they could have been. If you have dealt with these early City of London application forms to join the Force, it is easy to know which facts come from that document. Police Constable 883 James Ferguson's joining date and address etc clearly come from this original document. When the London Museum returns to normal working I will request copies from his personnel file.
  3. Here are some photographs showing the marriage certificate for James Ferguson and Ellen Mary Brider in 1889 and confirmation of his abode as being 21 Cottage Lane.
  4. Part two of the story of James Kelly and Police Constable 883 James Ferguson. On the 26th of July in 1887, James Ferguson joins the City of London Police and his address is recorded on his application form as being '21 Cottage Lane, City Road.' Police Constable 883 James Ferguson is lodging in the Brider family home. I believe the murder of Sarah Ann Kelly nee Brider, at this address in 1883, would still have been an important and well known local story. Police Constable 883 James Ferguson would have almost certainly have known of the tragic events that occurred at 21 Cottage Lane. On Monday evening on the 23rd of January in 1888 James Kelly successfully escaped from Broadmoor Lunatic Asylum. James Kelly would never take the most direct routes, he would bypass any dangerous area's which might involve a higher risk of getting caught. The journeys took longer and they were more tiring but he always got to his intended destination in the end. The destination was London and it is believed he was still in London during the Jack the Ripper murder spree. For James Kelly to have remained free in the East End of London especially when these murders were taken place proves he had certain abilities and skills. When James Kelly escaped from Broadmoor in January of 1888, enquiries would have almost certainly been made with the Brider family at 21 Cottage Lane, City Road, to ensure James Kelly was not being aided by the family or residing at the property. I would think the family would have felt much safer knowing that one of their lodgers was Police Constable 883 James Ferguson of the City of London Police. James Kelly did make negative comments and assertions about Mr and Mrs Brider at his trial and who knows what an insane person will do or what form of revenge they may take. During the Jack the Ripper murders in the last quarter of 1888, James Kelly would certainly have been considered as a candidate and would have ticked most of the boxes for potentially being the murderer. James Kelly was already a convicted murderer, who used a knife to kill his wife and stabbed her several times in the throat. James Kelly was declared 'insane' and hated prostitutes as they had given him 'venereal disease.' James Kelly had sexual problems with his wife, abandoned by his mother as a baby and had a grandmother who appears to have shown little affection. James Kelly was a loner and never had any kind of father figure in his life. James Kelly was very cunning and devious and manipulative. James Kelly was an upholsterer and used various knives and sharp tools. James Kelly knew Whitechapel and the East End of London. James Kelly throughout his life remained mentally unstable. On the 10th of November in 1888, Metropolitan Police Detectives spoke to Mrs Brider and raided 21 Cottage Lane, in an attempt to capture James Kelly. Police Constable 883 James Ferguson was still residing at 21 Cottage Lane and so certainly knew about the raid and its purpose. It should be remembered that James Kelly's last known address in London was at 21 Cottage Lane and he had lived there for more than a year. Mr and Mrs Brider had also signed the original petition for clemency for James Kelly in 1883 and this act may have made the Police more unsure about how the Brider's felt about James Kelly. I would suspect that both the Metropolitan Police and the City of London Police would have been happy to have a Police Constable boarding with the 'Brider family' in their family home at '21 Cottage Lane.' It was like having a ready made undercover operation already in place. It is even possible that having Police Constable 883 James Ferguson boarding with the family, prevented James Kelly from contacting or visiting the Brider family. I am sure the neighbours would have been aware of James Ferguson's employment within the City of London. James Kelly was a cunning and devious man and would certainly not have taken any chances in contacting the Brider family or by visiting 21 Cottage Lane, if he thought he was in the slightest danger of being caught. It is believed sometime near the end of November in 1888, James Kelly left London to travel to France. Since James Kelly did not speak any French, it must have been a very difficult time for him to survive in France and that may be the reason why in the future he would select to travel extensively within America on several occasions and also to travel to Canada. James Kelly's 39 years on the run were filled with overseas travels and he would occasionally come home to England. Whilst abroad he twice attempted to give himself up but the authorities were so incompetent that all his efforts failed. On the 24th of October in 1889, Police Constable 883 James Ferguson marries Ellen Mary Brider and the marriage certificate states that James Ferguson is still residing at 21 Cottage Lane, City Road, with Ellen Mary Brider's parents and family. Ellen Mary Brider is recorded as residing at 15 Radsworth Street, Baldwin Street and this is probably due to her employment. Therefore Police Constable 883 James Ferguson remained at 21 Cottage Lane after the murders had stopped but when there was still false alarms that Jack the Ripper may have returned. Ellen Mary Ferguson nee Brider would have been very close to her dead sister Sarah Ann Kelly nee Brider as they both shared the same room in 21 Cottage Lane in the family home. On the 22nd of April in 1907, Broadmoor Lunatic Asylum officially discharged James Kelly from their establishment because the authorities had failed to recapture him. By approximately 1917, it is known that James Kelly is now totally deaf and his periods of unusual behaviour make him a target of much abuse. By approximately 1924, James Kelly's general health is beginning to fail. On Friday the 11th of February in 1927, James Kelly is now an old man with a wrinkled face and grey hair and with his failing health, presents himself to the Broadmoor Lunatic Asylum and surrenders himself stating he wished to 'come home and die amongst his friends.' Unfortunately it was not long before James Kelly decided he did not like what was happening to him or the way he was being treated in Broadmoor but because he was now old and carefully supervised, there was nothing he could really do about the situation. On Tuesday the 17th of September in 1929, at 7.15am, James Kelly dies in Broadmoor Lunatic Asylum and was buried in Broadmoor's Cemetery on the 20th of September in 1929. James Kelly took his secrets of what he actually did and where he was in 1888/1889 to his grave. The above is not saying James Kelly was Jack the Ripper but was to highlight Police Constable 883 James Ferguson's connection with 21 Cottage Lane and the Brider family and his connection to James Kelly through his wife Ellen Mary Ferguson nee Brider etc. [The Secret Prisoner 1167 by James Tully....... for anybody that wants to read further on James Kelly.]
  5. Hi, Another City of London Police Constable who may have known Police Constable 881 Edward Watkins? James Kelly the murderer who was also a Jack the Ripper suspect and Police Constable 883 James Ferguson's involvement in the case. James Kelly was brought up in a religious household but at the age of only 15 his world was turned upside down. Suddenly and without warning James Kelly was told that Teresa Kelly whom he always believed was his mother was actually his grandmother and that Teresa's daughter Sarah Kelly was his birth mother. Sarah Kelly at the tender age of 15 gave birth to James and then left and never returned and so James had never met his own mother. James's father was John Miller a clerk who deserted Sarah when he realised she was pregnant with his child. James Kelly was therefore illegitimate which still held a stigma especially in Victorian times. All this family history suddenly came out because his mother had now died and he had been left a very considerable amount of money. Everything he knew about his family from the past was now gone and everything new about his family had just been told to him. Sarah Kelly had married a man of means both they were both now dead. It is believed that Teresa Kelly was also not the most affectionate of individuals so the way in which she told James may not have been filled with empathy. These events may have had a detrimental effect on James Kelly's metal stability. [James Kelly was born at 43 St Mary's Street, in Preston, on the 20th of April in 1860. Sarah Kelly died on the 29th of July in 1874.] The next stage of his life which is quite destructive, this is when James Kelly the 18 year old Liverpudlian obtains money from his trust fund to go and live in London. He returns to his trade as an upholster and takes whatever work he can find and this is when he learns about Whitechapel and the East End of London. Learning the layout of the local area but more so learning about drinking and prostitutes. James Kelly only makes a couple of friends and they are also probably a bad influence on him. At this stage in his life, he can still reason that things cannot go on the way they were going and so James now 19 years old leaves London for approximately the next two years. James Kelly is then drawn back to Whitechapel and the East End of London which is again financed with money from his trust fund. James Kelly is stronger and more mature but he is still mentally unstable. This time his drinking is much heavier and again his sexual frustrations are release with the use of prostitutes and these encounters appear to be on a regular basis. The use of prostitutes means James does not have to get involved in a relationship with women which is better for his unstable mind. James Kelly spends most night drifting from Public House to Public House in the East End. Again James does upholstery work all over Whitehapel and the East End of London. Then he meets 'Sarah Ann Brider' of 21 Cottage Lane, off City Road who was considered a modest and pious girl, hard working and from what appears to be from a caring and good family. Sarah must have been a very attractive girl because it is said she drove James wild with desires and released strong emotions within him. This chance encounter changed James Kelly's life and suddenly he returned to being a religious 21 year old, with a good trade and with expectations and in March of 1882, he even moved into 21 Cottage Lane and was lodging with the family. All appeared well for a while but it was destined to fail. James Kelly had never had a serious relationship with a woman and the house was small and all the family and 2 lodgers were living in the house and so there was no privacy for the couple. James Kelly lived at 21 Cottage Lane for over one year and his sexual desires increase but Sarah would not allow him to full fill these demands. James Kelly became increasingly volatile and jealous and he began to blame Sarah for their failed sexual relationship. Trivial matters turned into outbursts, he would call her vile names and then cry and ask for forgiveness. Mentally he was unstable and physically he was increasingly in poor health with severe headaches and discharge coming from his ears. Then James Kelly reverted back to his old habits of drinking and obtaining sexual satisfaction from prostitutes but his ended up with him being infected with 'Venereal Disease.' Rather than go to a doctor he attempted to treat himself and the family discovered his secret. James Kelly decided the only course available to save their relationship was to marry Sarah and on the 4th of July in 1883, Sarah Ann Brider became Sarah Ann Kelly. After the wedding they both returned to 21 Cottage Lane and got changed into their working clothes and Sarah went to her work and James went out to look for work. Unfortunately the newly married couple did not even get to share the same room and it is believed the marriage was not even consummated in this final two weeks of Sarah's life. James Kelly's mental and physical condition was still volatile and poor and the family witnessed these outbursts. On Thursday the 21st of June in 1883, Sarah was innocently late coming home from work and James Kelly basically lost all control and screamed and shouted threats and obscenities at Sarah and even her mother was concerned and came to see what was happening. James Kelly then apologised and cried and begged for forgiveness but this time Sarah said she had enough and had heard this all before and would never forgive him. James Kelly suddenly jumped up and grabbed Sarah around the neck and dragged her head down to the floor and stabbed her with his penknife in the neck, digging away with the blade into the wound. Mrs Brider tried to pull James off her daughter by his hair but he through her across the room knocking her unconscious. James Kelly then ran away. When Mrs Brider recovered she screamed for help and people came running from all directions. The doctor attending quickly called a cab and transported Sarah and her mother and himself to St Bartholomew's Hospital. James Kelly was arrested for attempted murder. Sarah Kelly was in a 'dying state' in the hospital and her statement was quickly taken of what had occurred. Sarah Kelly died in the evening of the 24th of June in 1883 and the charge against James Kelly was changed to that of 'murder.' James Kelly's behaviour after the murder gives a good insight into his mental thought process and instability. Firstly he believed that he would not be hanged for Sarah's murder because God had another purpose for him. Secondly James Kelly wrote to Sarah while she was dying stating he loved her, felt unwell, forgive me, only meant to frighten you, we have both made mistakes etc but never admitting the thing he had done to her. It was well written but was a manipulative piece of penmanship. James Kelly also wrote to Mrs Brider and again in the letter it stated his love for her daughter but hinted that others were to blame for what happened and he did not want to tell the world the full story. The jury found James Kelly guilty of murder and the judge had no hesitation in imposing the 'death sentence.' James Kelly then began an incoherent tirade of how it was not his fault and everybody else was to blame and was forceably removed from the dock. Later after the sentencing, a petition was raised to request clemency in an attempt to prevent the death sentence from being carried out and this was signed by 71 individuals. The interesting point about the petition is that it was signed by Mr and Mr Brider and this may be why the Police would interview Mrs Brider and search 21 Cottage Lane, in the future, when trying to recapture James Kelly. The sentence was reduced to 'committed murder whilst insane,' but this was done more so because the Government was looking into the whole process of pleading insanity. James Kelly was off to Broadmoor Lunatic Asylum and he soon realised he did not like the life in the hospital. James appears to have planned his escape over several years. James Kelly's cunning and manipulative nature can be seen in his letters to the doctors and he managed to get his way, a small piece at a time. James Kelly worked in several places in the asylum but he only wanted to work in the kitchen gardens and eventually his wish was granted. The kitchen garden area was the best location in which to make an escape from Broadmoor Lunatic Asylum. James wanted a violin and to be in the asylum band and this request was also granted and this allowed him to wear civilian clothes when the band was practising, instead of wearing the asylum uniform. James Kelly then managed to copy the keys hanging from an attendant's belt which was a huge achievement. Where would the cunning James Kelly hid the double headed key so that it was safe? James Kelly kept the key in a secret compartment he made in the body of the violin. It is believed James Kelly even managed to smuggle £5 into the asylum which in those days was a large amount of money. James Kelly plated red herrings with the inmates about where he wanted to go once outside which was totally the opposite on where he planned to go. James Kelly basically kept his escape plan secret from everybody. This is the first part of the story and I will continue the second part after I have had my tea.........
  6. Hi Peter, Your information is very interesting and much appreciated and everything adds to the story. The information on Melville's younger son Sir James Benjamin Melville was fascinating and Andrew Cook's book appears to be a good read and I will definitely visit your site. Sometime in the future I will go back over the research for these individuals previously listed and usually you can find new information. many thanks, Alan.
  7. Detective Sergeant William Lennard [Special Branch. C.I.D. Scotland Yard.] - other known Royal and protection duties were as follows :- William Lennard's career in Special Branch started in 1905. It is recorded that Detective Sergeant William Lennard was also on Royal assignment guarding the Duke of Windsor in London and in Oxford and which also included the Duke of Windsor's various friends and other members of the Royal family. During the First World War Detective William Lennard was also given the heavy responsibility of protecting Cabinet Ministers and other leading figures :_ [1] This included Winston Churchill. [later Sir Winston Churchill]. [2] Augustine Birrell the Secretary for Ireland. [3] Right Honourable Lewis Harcourt. Detective Sergeant William Lennard was given a presentation gold mounted and inscribed walking stick as a souvenir of their association. [4] General [later Field Marshall] Jan Christian Smuts. Detective Sergeant William Lennard was given a photograph of Jan Christian Smuts in s silver frame which he treasured for the rest of his life. There is a hand written and a typed history of his Police career which appears to relate to his retirement.
  8. Again Detective Sergeant [Special Branch] William Lennard strikes again...…...…. ''The dramatic arrest of Mrs Emmeline Parkhurst by Detective Inspector George Riley and Detective Sergeant William Lennard of Special Branch.'' Mrs Emmeline Parkhurst had been serving a prison sentence in Holloway Prison but because of her poor state of health, due to her hunger strike and being force fed, she had been released for a week to recuperate. The Government did not want any of the suffragettes to die in custody and so the release was allowed under the, ''Cat and Mouse Bill.'' Obviously Mrs Parkhurst did not return when she was due to and Special Branch was given information that Mrs Parkhurst would lead the funeral procession of Emily Davison. On the 4th of June in 1913, Emily Davison died at the Epsom Darby by walking in front of the King's horse during the race. On Saturday the 14th of June in 1913, Emmeline Parkhurst who was staying with a friend at West Minster Mansions, in Great Smith Street, left the building to secretly attend and lead this important suffragettes funeral. Detective Inspector George Riley and Detective Sergeant William Lennard of Special Branch arrested her and immediately took her back to Holloway Prison. Special Branch were responsible for monitoring Suffragette activities.
  9. This relates to another early Special Branch Policeman......…. ''''King George V expresses his appreciation for the manner in which Detective Sergeant William Lennard of Special Branch had performed his duties whilst stationed at Milton Ernest.'''' On the 4th of September in 1914, Mr Carrington from the Privy Purse Office at Buckingham Palace was commanded by King George V to request the approval of Sir Edward Henry the Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police, as to rewarding Sergeant Lennard for the manner in which he had performed his Royal duties whilst stationed at Milton Ernest. The Royal duties involved being in charge and responsible for the safety of the Royal Highnesses Prince Henry [later the Duke of Gloucester] and Prince George [later the Duke of Kent] when they stayed with the Ampthill family at Milton Ernest in Bedfordshire. A cheque for £2.00 was enclosed with the letter which was showing King George V's gratitude to Sergeant Lennard. Sir Edward Henry G.C.V.O. K.C.B. C.S.I. Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police wrote back on the 5th of September in 1914 and stated that His Majesty's gracious appreciation of Sergeant Lennard's services will at once be communicated to him and he will receive the gratuity that was kindly enclosed. The original letter from Mr Carrington of the Privy Purse Office at Buckingham Palace has survived and there is a copy of the original letter from Sir Edward Henry, Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police at Scotland Yard. Police Sergeant William Lennard. Warrant number 88145. Joined 30/12/1901, as a Police Constable attached to Highgate or 'Y' division. Retired on pension on the 3/1/1927, as a Police Sergeant attached to the Commissioner's Officer at Scotland Yard or 'CO' division. [Special Branch]. Would have been awarded the Metropolitan Police Coronation medal for 1902, as a Police Constable whilst attached to Highgate of 'Y' division and the Metropolitan Police Coronation medal for 1911 as a Police Sergeant whilst attached to CO at Scotland Yard - Special Branch.
  10. Hi, There are some outstanding questions relating to Edward Watkins and his family who are residing at the family home at 2 Bramley Street, Walmer Road, in the Parish of Kensington, in 1871. There can often be discrepancies with these types of records and therefore you have to be aware that the information may not be 100% reliable for numerous reasons. The England Census of 1871 took place on Sunday the 2nd of April in 1871. Many thousands of ''enumerators'' were responsible for the delivery and collection of this information. Sunday was a good day for doing this work as many people would be found in their homes. Each enumerator was responsible for ensuring the census was completed in a specific area. They hand delivered the ''Household Schedules'' that by law must be completed by the head of the household. These ''Household Schedules'' would have been handed out well in advance of the 2nd of April deadline for completion. The enumerators then returned on the stated date and gave any advice or assistance required and collected the completed Household Schedules. Once the ''Household Schedules'' were collected, the enumerators would transfer and enter this information into the ''Census Enumerator's Book.'' [C.E.B.] On completion of their enumerator's duties the ''Household Schedules'' and the ''Census Enumerator's Books'' were then sent to the ''District Registrar'' who would also check the presented documentation. On completion of this, the documents were sent to the ''Censuses Office in London,'' where again the information would be checked and then the ''Household Schedules'' would be destroyed. If the original information in the ''Household Schedules'' was wrong then it might be impossible to correct these errors. Enumerators would often interpret the information given on the forms, as to what they thought it meant and again these errors might be impossible to correct etc. The shear volume of work that was required to manually transfer the information from the Household Schedules to the Census Enumerator's Books, would have created errors even for the most diligent of workers. Imagine what it would be like in 1871 trying to collect the completed 'Household Schedules'' from say individuals that cannot read or write or cannot speak English or are aggressive or drunk etc. It would have been an extremely challenging job being an ''enumerator.'' I will post my queries regarding Edward Watkins England Census of 1871 at a later date, after I have completed some further research. I have included a photocopy of a ''census cartoon'' from this period and a poem regarding the frustrations of being an enumerator - published in 1881.
  11. Hi, Since Edward Watkins, I believe, fathered 6 girls, it is easy to get the names confused. [1911 4 were alive/2 died]. Anyway the girls in the England Census in 1871 were :- Mary born 1864. Sophia born 1866. Sophy born 1870.
  12. Hi, Edward Watkins and family in 1871...... The question is, ''what kind of man was Edward Watkins.'' My answer to that would be, ''Edward Watkins was practical and down-to-earth and who used his common sense to achieve his goals.'' I believe, we can use the information in the England Census of 1871 to evidence and understand what is going on in Edward Watkins life and that of his wife and children. The information in this specific census is confusing and difficult to understand but when you consider the whole picture, then his strategy becomes clearer. In the England Census of 1871, we find Police Constable [Metropolitan Police] Edward Watkins is boarding at 2 Great Charlotte Street, in the Parish of Christchurch, in Southwark. He is residing with Edwin P Greggs and family and Edwin is a Coffee House Keeper. Edward Watkins is recorded as being 27 years old and employed as a Policeman and is listed as being married. Edward Watkins joined the Metropolitan Police on the 31st of October in 1870 and was assigned to Lambeth or ''L'' division and given the warrant number of 53299, collar number of 84. When I first realised that Edward Watkins was residing separately from his wife and children, I thought, this probably indicated the family were having major marital problems. It would be extremely difficult for a Metropolitan Police Constable [3rd class] who is poorly paid to maintain two residences. There is no indication of him having any other funds other than his Metropolitan Police weekly wage so this arrangement would be difficult for him to keep up for any real time. Edward Watkins wife Elizabeth Watkins [29] who was born in Kersey, in Suffolk, in 1842 and his daughters Mary [7] who was born in Kensington in 1864 and Sophia [5] who was born in Kensington in 1866 are residing in the family home at 2 Bramley Street, Walmer Road, in the Parish of Kensington. These are the only three members of the family recorded, for this particular address, in the census for 1871. Interestingly, Edward Watkins parents John [70] and Elizabeth Watkins [67] are residing at 3 Bramley Street, Walmer Road so are residing close by. I believe Edward Watkins enjoyed being a Metropolitan Police Constable and knew he was good at the job but he wanted more and that came in the form of joining the City of London Police. City of London Police were paid more than Metropolitan Police and so there was a financial benefit to changing forces. There may also have been an elitist element to being part of the City of London Police. Therefore he applied and joined the City of London Police on the 25th of May in 1871 and from his application form we can confirm his wife and 2 children were residing at 2 Bramley Street, Walmer Road and that this is recorded as his family home. All these details have to be recorded because for example to join the City of London Police you must have no more than 2 children etc. Now we have ''Edward Watkins little white lie'' because his daughter Sophy [Sophia] Watkins was born between October to December, in Kensington, in 1870 and should have been recorded on the England Census of 1871 but she was not. Baby Sophy [Sophia's] age would have normally been recorded as ''under 1 year'' or the number of months as a fraction of 12 ie 6 months old 6/12. If his daughter was recorded on the England Census of 1871, there would be a permanent danger that the discrepancy could be found out. Edward Watkins wanted to join the City of London Police and if he did not act quickly, over a period of a few months, he would forever miss his opportunity to join. Elizabeth Watkins then disappears and I can fin no record of her death etc. Then ''Julia Ann Watkins'' is born is Bishops gate in 1872. This may have been Elizabeth Watkins final daughter but in the England Census of 1891 it records her mother as being Augusta Ann Watkins. Augusta Ann Watkins [nee Fowler] is another mystery for another day.
  13. Hi, Many thanks for the help because it all seems to make sense now..... The letter is obviously referring to Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee Parade through London which took place on the 20th of June in 1887. I would suspect the letter is referring to some special advantage points, along the route that Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee Parade through London would take, that spectators could use but only if they possessed the Ivory paper/authorisation and they could only remain up there until the procession came into view. Obviously the Police Commissioners were heavily involved in Queen Victoria's security for her Golden Jubilee.
  14. Hi, An interesting letter puzzle..... Police Constable 881 Edward Watkins of the City of London Police, during the Jack the Ripper reign of terror, was commanded by Sir James Fraser who was the Commissioner of the City of London Police. Here we have a letter, on very fine paper which was written by Sir James Fraser's boss and that was Henry Matthews, the Home Secretary. The letter is dated the ''18th of June in 1887'' and was written to Lord Cranbrook who in 1887 was the ''Lord President of the Council.'' The position of being the ''Lord President of the Council'' is considered to be the fourth of the'' Great Officers of State.'' The letter reads, '''Dear Lord Cranbrook, The Police Commissioners inform me that Ivory papers will enable the holders to …………...……….etc. Unfortunately I have never been very good at deciphering old hand-writing, even when it is very neat and tidy and I am not sure what the contents of the letter relates to but I thought the letter might be of interest to somebody. I have attached a copy of the letter and photograph of Henry Matthews.
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