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Posts posted by Bayern

  1. Yes its an officer or senior NCO sword knot and wurttembergian . WW1 era . the type was common to all officers and beamte .regardless of the regiment . the prussian sword knots were almost identical but with the bottom in black and the leather strap black with silver lace lines . the bavarians were different , the strap was of silver brocade and the form of the knot or gland nearly oval . 

  2. Hello GreyC : Both are as the Prussian says ,dragoons . they wears the tunique dolman , a frogged jacket that was put in service in 1885 and remained until 1905 when its was replaced with the simpler tunique 1905 . 

  3. Dante : Glad to serve. In my last post I forgot something about the Train, there were no specifically trained Trainoffiziere, normally the officers of the Trainbataillonen were former cavalry or artillery officers commisioned to the formations . whereas NCOs and troopers actually were. Traintruppe . both used the uniform of the Train and were considered mounted I dont know how was the mechanism to send a officer to the Train but some sources suggested that the Train formations received officers whose respective regiments had no longer a place for them ..

  4. Hello : A ordonnanzoffizier , was as you states a personal helper of a high command , a divisional or army corps one , normally a lieutenant or captain , he was part of the entourage but not a member of the staff . eyes and ears of the general , was also his messenger. quite a complicated job . Andre Tardieu a notable french politician was in 1914 with 38 years of age mobilized as lieutenant de reserve . he served 4 months as officer d ordonnance to the not yet marshall Foch . after he served under gral Joffre in the same role and in this post he created a efficient informations service. information , spionage . 

  5. Not much , the Netherlands Army , adopted in 1912 a field grey uniform , the same was in use during ww2 till 1940 at least . Numerically the dutch Army was in August of 1914 of about 88000 men raised to nearly 200000 by mobilization . in May 1940 the men mobilizated amounted to 280000 . Take a look to the site www waroverholland nl .

  6. Hello : The Beautiful kepi dates probably from pre WW1 era . and with most precision from 1900 1914 . interesting detail is the  lower ring of soutache around . if it is silver that denotes a division general with special appointment . Pre WW1 the height of the kepi was matter for hot discussions . Regulations established one thing and the fashion others . existed the kepi named polo more or less like the today one , favoured by the youngs , existed the kepi Saumur , taller , and the kepi foulard , nearly a tiare as a journalist of the time wrote . Enfin , c est la France . generally speaking the pre ww1 kepi is taller and less stiffened than the wartime models . and the brim slightly angled . late the brim got horizontal . 

  7. To The Prussian : I had seen before the photo of german officer and others , and i said too , that to me the others are finns . Dutch no , the dutch army styled a high collar not a stand and fall . In reference to the dutch Army and others , exists a book of Blandford Press Army badges and insignia of WW2 . author : Guido Rossignoli . the book is in two parts the second contains British Commonwealth France , Netherlands , included the Colonial Army , Yugoslavia and Japan . In all cases Rossignoli gives a description not only of the badges , gives about the uniforms and the organization . 

  8. Hello : The N coul be for Naik . Naik was a rank in the Indian British Army and is one in today India and Pakistan Armies .is the equivalent of the two chevrons rank in the British Army . below Naik stands the lance Naik . 

    Hello : The N coul be for Naik . Naik was a rank in the Indian British Army and is one in today India and Pakistan Armies .is the equivalent of the two chevrons rank in the British Army . below the Naik stands the lance Naik . 

  9. Hello : Nigel Thomas and Ramiro Bujeiro saids : The 21 Mountain Artillery ,15 Prussian , two of Wurttemberg and four Bavarian were grouped into six bataillons . On 21 january 1916 Prussian and Bavarian replaced their M 1914 field grey ski caps with standard field artillery headgear . also saids that Wurttemberg batteries wore the M1914 ski litewka with black collar piping and field grey shoulder straps with black unit insignia . 

  10. Hello : to anyone interested in the GSWA campaing and the rebellion i suggests the lecture of the book My vanished Africa .author : Peter W Rainier , a south african who took part in the campaign . he destines a part of the book to the war . he took part as a enlisted man but near the commander of the force General Duncan Mackenzie an old friend of Rainier s father . The author expones well the particular character of the SA army of those years .GSWA campaign was a mounted cavalry one but with wide use of mechanical transport . The book is available at Amazon . Rainier in WW2 was a major Royal Engineers if i am not missed , and responsable of the water supply for the 8th army .he constructed a pipeline to secure that supply .He wrote incirca 1945 an article for the Readers Digest about the water pipeline and saids that when the line was still in proof a german advance captured a section of the pipe and the thirsty soldiers of Rommel drilled holes and in great number drinked the water post facto they got ill because the water was  salt water . Rainier says that he never wasted drinkable water to proof a pipeline . In consequence , appears as he contributed to the victory of El Alamein . 

  11. Hello : Knotel and the others said nothing about other piping colour that green , at least for bergmutzen . but as KMB had posted variously piped caps , they existed . I want to remember that during the Weimar era . existed in each infantry division a bataillon of jaegers . from 1925 onwards part of these units were trained and equiped as mountain troops putting at the side the prohibitions of  Versailles treaty . these troops .weared the same bergmutze of WW1 era . returning to the presumptive austrian cap , we had forgottened the swiss army and the finnish army . both weared mountain caps 

  12. Hello: Greek army officers were since 1828 instructed at a Academy founded by Capodistrias . but these not excluded the promotion from rank and file . Greece was involved almost endessly in wars .by the end of the 19 th century , the greek army had a system of reserve officers training . the frequency of the commision of rank and file individuals varied according with wartime or peace time exists . I do not know the greek system but i can say you that : In the spanish army of the twenties existed the so called oficiales chusqueros ,Ncos with at least 15 years of service who opposited for a commision as second lieutnant . or in wartime and youngers , acceded to a commision by way of heroism . always under certain bases . dictated by the educative level of the aspirant .By the times of ww2 the greek army was a peacetime one in august of 1940 the 14 divisions of infantry , the cavalry division and the three infantry brigades were partially mobilized with reserve officers .at the outbreak of the war in October of the same year the mobilization was completed recalling inclusive officers forced to the retirement for political reasons on the background of the turbulent politics of the country .during this emergency surely more than one NCO was promoted to second lieutnant . How long long would a second lieutnant stay on that rank during wartime ? The answer is for the duration of the war in most cases . but to all rule existed exceptions . and theses were ruled by the circumstances of the individual and the war . 

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