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Lukasz Gaszewski

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Lukasz Gaszewski last won the day on March 19 2011

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About Lukasz Gaszewski

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  1. I agree. Although the sequence of the decorations is a bit odd.
  2. It looks like either the Russian Order of St. Andrew (albeit it is seldom seen worn like that) or Russian Order of the White Eagle (more likely to be worn in that manner). Considering the Duke's status, I would vote for the first. I cannot figure out either, what the silver medal could be.
  3. If I were to compare the Grunwald badge to a military counterpart from another country, I would point to the U.S. Combat Infantryman Badge (CIB), with the difference that unlike the latter, the Grunwald badge was not limited to infantry, but could be granted to other services as well. Still, the direct participation in combat was the necessary condition. Similarly, just like the CIB, which was normally not granted to the ranks above colonel, but could be conferred to a general on an honorary basis, the Grunwald badge could be bestowed upon generals, and in that case it was made of a silver rather than bronze metal, although that was never formally established, as far as I know. The Grunwald badge was worn on the left pocket of the uniform.
  4. Typical of British collars. Different person, different era, same order (well, almost), same ties. Field Marshal Alan Brooke in all his glory (courtesy Defence Academy, UK - https://www.artuk.org/discover/artworks/field-marshal-viscount-alanbrooke-18831963-kg-gcb-om-gcvo-dso-42715).
  5. War does not determine who is right. Only who is left.
    (Attributed to Bertrand Russell)

  6. It is the cross (order) of the Royal Confraternity of the Cubicular Knights of St. Ildefonsus and St. Attilanus of Zamora (Real Cofradía de Caballeros Cubicularios de San Ildefonso y San Atilano de Zamora). The ribbon should be green with red side stripes. Here is the website of the Confraternity: http://caballeroscubicularios.es/
  7. It looks like the ribbon of the Romanian Bărbăție și Credință Medal.
  8. ¡Hola Antonio! I am not sure about the said period, but in the first half of 19th century Theresianum pupils used to wear dark uniforms, with Litzen on collar. Attached is a miniature portrait, dated 1834, of the future well-known Polish painter Henryk Rodakowski, depicted as an 11-year-old boy, in the Theresianum uniform (courtesy National Museum, Warsaw). The uniform worn by the future king seems to be kind of similar to Rodakowski's jacket (albeit with double button rows and without epaulettes), so still Theresianum rather than Sandhurst. Besides, he entered Sandhurst in 1874, when he was 27. On the photo he looks younger. I wondered at first if that was not the uniform of Collège Stanislas de Paris, where Alfonso was educated, but it looks different (courtesy https://les8petites8mains.blogspot.com/2018/09/histoire-de-l-uniforme-scolaire-en.html😞 Here is a link to the picture of a parade of the Theresianum cadets from late 19th/early 20th century: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Maly_Defilierung_des_Akademikerbataillons.jpg
  9. I wonder what "Krakau" by Artur Müldner's name can mean (assuming he was that captain). As far as I know there is no any particular sea in Cracow. Perhaps it was the current living place of the person. Admiral Juliusz Ripper (died in 1914 just a few weeks before the outbreak of WWI) also lived in Cracow upon retirement.
  10. 1. Preußen - Königlicher Kronen-Orden II Kl. am Kriegsband 2. Preußen - Roter Adlerorden II Kl. 3. Rußland - St. Stanislas-Orden (I Kl. ?) 4. Oldenburg - Haus- und Verdienstorden des Herzogs Peter Friedrich Ludwig - Großkomtur 5. Oldenburg - Haus- und Verdienstorden des Herzogs Peter Friedrich Ludwig - Großkomtursstern 6. Preußen - Dienstauszeichnung für Offiziere 7. Preußen - Kriegsdenkmünze für 1864 8. Preußen - Roter Adlerorden II Kl. - Stern 9. Preußen - Königlicher Kronen-Orden II Kl. - Stern 10. Herzoglich Sachsen-Ernestinischen Hausorden - Großkreuzstern 11. Österreich - Franz-Joseph-Orden - Großkreuzstern 12. Rußland - St. Anna-Orden I Kl. (should be won on the right side) The sash is of the Sachsen-Ernestinischen Hausorden 13. Preußen - Königlicher Kronen-Orden II Kl. am Kriegsband 14. Preußen - Roter Adlerorden II Kl. 15. Oldenburg - Haus- und Verdienstorden des Herzogs Peter Friedrich Ludwig - Großkomtur 16. Rußland - St. Stanislas-Orden (I Kl. ?) 17. Preußen - Dienstauszeichnung für Offiziere 18. Preußen - Kriegsdenkmünze für 1864 19. Preußen - Kaiser Wilhelm-Centenarmedaille 20. Preußen - Roter Adlerorden - Stern I Kl. 21. Oldenburg - Haus- und Verdienstorden des Herzogs Peter Friedrich Ludwig - Großkreuzstern (?) 22. Herzoglich Sachsen-Ernestinischen Hausorden - Großkreuzstern 23. Rußland - St. Anna-Orden I Kl. (should be won on the right side) 24. Österreich - Franz-Joseph-Orden - Großkreuzstern The sash is of the Roter Adlerorden I Kl.
  11. On the left side there are two Orders of Bravery, Medal of Bravery and star of the Order of Republic (the class is impossible to tell with that resolution). On the right side there is the medal "Freedom to People - Death to Fascism", the medal "10 Years of Yugoslav Army" and two Russian commemorative medals for WWII. On the jacket lapel there is the Order of Labour, most probably 3rd class. The two remaining medal are too indistinct to tell.
  12. I have an extra question: the first medal is worn on a red ribbon with black edges, while that of the other medal is plain red. Does anybody know if these are the correct ribbons for both classes?
  13. With all respect, but I will insist on Baden - for at least two reasons: 1. the eyelet - typical of Baden's medals. Can you think of any other German-speaking country's medals with the eyelets like that? 2. the ribbon - I will insist that the edges are white, not yellow like in those Anhalt or Mecklenburg medals shown above. Yellow used to come out quite dark on old photos - just have a look at the prince's Militärverdienstkreuz of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Its ribbon should have yellow and red edges and the yellow look even darker than the red. The sequence of colours on the ribbon of our researched medal (dark with dark side-stripes and white edges) matches the ribbon of the Friedrich-Luisen-Medaille.
  14. Good photos, Bob! You have made me want to visit the museum, when I am in Dresden next time. Still, I think all the museum collections will not counterbalance the loss of the Diamond and Ruby Suits of the Order of the White Eagle, stolen from Grünes Gewölbe last year. BTW: times do change. When I lived in Germany in 1990s it was impossible to see any items with Hakenkreuz symbols on display in public. Even in a museum! Now it seems very different indeed.
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