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new world

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  1. hi, Classes of order changed over time. Initially there were 6 classes similar to what you described: - Great Cross (1st class) - Grand Officer (2nd class) - Commander (3rd class) - Officer (4th class) - Knight (5th class) - Silver Cross (6th class). In 1930s separate Grand Cross was added: - Grand Cross, - 6 classes as before. Crown and swords were always elements of the design, with exception of lower classes which could be awarded with or without the crown (5th and 6th classes). There were 2 distinctions to indicate awarding related to war: - Military distinction was introduced around 1915-16 for awards given during war time. Center medallion color was also changed from green to white for awards with military wreath. - Around Balkan Wars time awards were give on ribbon of Bravery order to signify wartime merits. Another major modification was done around 1937 where special design of medallion on reverse was used ("flat" version). After Monarchy ended in 1944 there were additional modifications, but this is a different story altogether. Hope this helps.
  2. This fake can certainly fool some collectors. Fakers are getting better at their craft.
  3. As previous posters said - this is very interesting document, because the commemorative medal should have been given to a soldier KIA, hence the ribbon with black stripe. Medals that came with this document are on incorrect ribbons. Furthermore, the document and medal were given to the son of the soldier with the right to wear the medal. This is not a common document, congrats! "Is it possible to have a translation of the father and sons names?" Father: Dobri Nikolov Obretenov Son: Nikola Dobrev Nikolov
  4. I agree with ilieff, these are officers, and as such they wear awards on triangular ribbons. I think they were awarded Soldier Bravery when they were in NCO/soldier ranks and awards were on usual flat ribbons. Once they advanced to the officer ranks they started using triangular ribbons.
  5. These awards were to NCOs as seen in the photo, these were Soldier crosses and are supposed to be on straight ribbons, most of them are seen on straight ribbons as well. And yes - they were given in the envelopes. Officer grade Bravery awards were given on triangular ribbons.
  6. How did Simeon get St Alexander star with swords in the middle? He never commanded any military units during war, he was too young, basically a child to participate in WWII. I understand that he gets Grand Chain of St Alexander as a Bulgarian Monarch, but that should be regular version without swords.
  7. Interesting - all known attributed Civil Merit awards seem to be to foreigners. Except 1st class posted by Igor. Small sample to draw any conclusions, perhaps Bulgarian documents did not survive.
  8. Thank you Igor, this is really nice example of this award! Perhaps my post was not very clear, what I was trying to say was - we can't say that they specifically made 1st class or 2nd class in flat emission. Rather, they made limited quantity of 'flat' Commander crosses, which later could be awarded by themselves (as 3rd class) or paired with 1st or 2nd class stars. We don't know how this pairing process worked and how many - if any at all - 1st class awards were created. Following Igor's example, we know there was one award of Civil Merit. We don't know of any Military Merit 1st class awards. Interestingly, the awards for 2nd class with documents I observed were both given to foreigners - one to an Italian Diplomat and another to a Professor/Rector of a University in Slovakia.
  9. I received new book. I quickly went through the book and overall I like it. There are some interesting photos of the awards and documents that I never saw before. The format of the book and design of the pages remind me of books by Petrov.
  10. Well, it's debatable whether there was even a 1st class in flat emission. The size of the cross during 1930s was the same for 3rd, 2nd and 1st classes, only the star identified the award to a certain class. This means that if you have a neck cross in 3rd class you can match it with a star and make it a 1st or 2nd class set. We have to look at the awards with provenance. In over 20 years collecting I never saw a 1st class in flat emission neither in Civil Merit nor in Military Merit. Furthermore, I only saw few 2nd class sets which came with the documents. Again, not saying with 100% certainty that 1st class did not exist in flat version, perhaps they are just so rare that I never encountered one, but based on my personal experience I am sceptical.
  11. Than you for posting these medals! This variation is super rare, was supposedly made only for one year.
  12. hi Igor, It seems quite reasonably priced at only 22.30 Euro. It looks like the books can be ordered here: https://bgknigite.com/shop/орденът-за-храброст-сред-отличият/?v=a112b4dbca96 Seller accepts PayPal and other forms of payment (bank, etc.). I am a bit confused on the area this book covers - the title makes it sound like it focuses on Bravery Order, but I see that 1st half is on other Bulgarian awards and last part is on modern Bravery order, which leaver around 70 something pages to cover actual Bravery Order from Royal times. The books appears to have some material and photos from this forum. Anyway, I am looking forward to this book!
  13. Nice, he was a pilot. I am sure there were more than one awarding of this order to Romanians.
  14. Just because the quality of these old stars is lacking it does not mean they are automatically fakes or copies. There were official manufacturers with consistent top quality products and there were private makers, with whom the quality was all over the place.
  15. Good luck to him. My guess is it will be sitting there forever at this price.
  16. Lovely Bravery awards, thanks for sharing! That box for 3rd class is quite rare!
  17. Excellent medal! It's the rarest of them all.
  18. Very nice Royal Romanian medals, they look original to me! Is there anything specific you'd like to know?
  19. I second 922F's opinion, this crown looks like Eastern Orthodox type, it was probably taken from some church award. The cross is early Schwerdtner type, pre-1908 type. I'd say the original crown was lost or damaged and was replaced with church one.
  20. This mis-matched set of Bravery order was sold for 12 000 Euro + 27% buyer's premium, total of 15 240 Euro!!!
  21. 922F, Your stories are like the ones from the spy novels! You lived through some interesting times and events! In reference to possibility of your host being Petrov or Pavlov it looks like they were too young. You said then your host was around 60 in 1980, which will make him around 100 today. Pavlov passed away couple years ago and he was in his 80s. I don't have data handy for age of T. Petrov, but for some reason I though of him as being younger as well. I could be wrong, but I recall reading somewhere that he was in his 40s in 1980s.
  22. Hi 922F, Your story is a fascinated one, even if it was not Raynov. Not everyone was able to put together such great collection, it was certainly off limits for an ordinary collector during communist time. First, rare awards were always super expensive and not affordable on a regular salary. One had to have extra sources of income, often illegal ones, like having secret factory to make things in high demand - clothes, shoes, etc. Such entrepreneurs vigorously protected they identities and did not display their wealth, did not buy expensive items, because that could create unnecessary attention from the authorities and would lead to jail time and confiscation of illegal gains and property. Second, awards were considered antiques and dealing in antiques was prohibited, it was considered illegal trade, and such dealers were treated as parasites. There were laws against such activities, again resulting in jail and confiscation. Lastly, tsarist awards were against the ideology and collecting them was not encouraged. Considering above points I would guess the collector you met was someone well connected to party and government, perhaps someone famous - like a writer, artist, professor, scientist, or perhaps a retired military or law enforcement. Someone who was allowed exceptions from the laws and with whom the law enforcement was closing their eyes on his activities. Considering that your host was inviting people to his apartment to see the collection, I think his hobby was not a secret to the authorities. If it was not Raynov, do you think it could be one of the people who researched the awards and later wrote the books on the subject - someone like Prof. Pavlov or T. Petrov?
  23. Here is an article about robbery of Raynov's home: https://www.168chasa.bg/article/2375452 There are some medals mentioned in the list of stolen items. Also, apparently he had large art and books collection, which you likely saw if you visited his home. At the bottom of the page there are photos his house and apartment building - do they look familiar? More: https://blitz.bg/article/18802 http://bolgari.org/oshte_prizhive_bogomil_rainov__stopil__domashniia_si_muzei-el-916.html https://www.marica.bg/balgariq/100-g-ot-rojdenieto-na-bogomil-rajnov
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