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  1. Boer war period medallion with the legend Transvaal Souvenir 1899-1900. I assume it was a private purchase item for those serving or visiting South Africa at the time.
  2. Greetings to all. I would like to find some information on two ABO medals I recently purchased. One to a Korpl J H Muller and another to a Burger F C Swart. Both in relatively good condition, one with a WW1 suspender and the other with the WW2 suspender and block letters. Any information, such as Commandos that they fought in, battles they took part in and any other Boer War and post Boer War info would be greatly appreciated. Regards, Chris
  3. http://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_03_2014/post-6209-0-70741200-1393844157.jpgclick This montage of photos date from 1900 and was by a local Durban photographer. The photos show various events with-in Natal - including the Relief of Ladysmith. The remains of a rosette are at the top. General Buller - top left was the Commander of British Forces in Natal. General White was the Commander during the siege of Ladysmith. I will show an enlargement of this below.
  4. Greetings everyone, I was wondering if anybody knows which QSA bars field-marshal John French (a major-general at the time) was awarded for the Boer war? I know he had 7 bars, where 3 of them were "Elandslaagte", "Relief of Kimberley" and "Driefontein". And based on his merits in the war, I can guess that he probably had "Paardeberg", "Transvaal" and "Cape Colony" too... but it is only a guess... Does anybody know? Thanks, Michael
  5. Hi All PLEASE help, bought these badges in a auction lot. Think they may be CADET related?????http://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_09_2013/post-16213-0-60720900-1379889164.jpghttp://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_09_2013/post-16213-0-89810300-1379889202.jpg
  6. The South African Police were first established in 1913 - mainly to provide one major Force for the whole Country, and also to do away with a multitude of small independent units. They were a para-military Force and based on the British system with British ranks. They were usually ranked third in efficiency following Hong Kong and Rhodesia. They were - unfortunately, always known for their ruthless approach to the public and although I had many as friends, you had to remember that they had fewer then 120,000 men to Police an area the size of Europe. The distance from Durban to Capetown is 1100 miles (1800kms.) Following the change of Government and politics in 1994, their name became the South African Police Service. I have lived and worked in many Countries - many with good Police as in Australia - some with poor service as in Thailand and West Africa. However, I have to say that I have never seen a disciplined and well organised National Police disintegrate as quickly as the SAPS did. I have just seen a report on my server giving statistics for police crime in this Country. I think anyone who is used to getting help from their local Station - or courtesy - will be sadly shocked . Parliament has just been given a figure of 1,448 serving Police who have criminal records. These are for Murder, rape, robbery, theft and corruption. 306 were already convicted criminals at the time they joined. Police officers with criminal records include - a top ranking major-general ; 10 Brigadiers ; 21 Colonels ; 43 Lieut. Colonels ; 10 Majors ; 163 Captains and 84 Lieutenants. With a list of ranking officers such as this, why should the men be any different ?
  7. Thought I would post this. From what I understand this was used prior to and during WW2 by the South African Air Force in the eastern Mediterranean ( east of Malta) and throughout the African theater ( Libya, Ethiopia, Sudan, Madagascar). While I have seen examples in khaki, this is the first I've seen in a green. I would appreciate any additional info on this helmet as well as any help with the identification of the helmet flashes on the puggaree.
  8. I have a QUESTION for the FORUM, please: (Badges are not within my field of expertise......) I have been given to understand that a brass badge which I can best describe as follows: ==================================================== It is of brass. Has two rear lugs for attachment by a sliding pin. It is about 5cm wide and 3.1cm in height The form of the badge is a circular wreath, with a half-wing on each side, left and right. Surmounted by a crown, and within the circular wreath, a crossed bomb and a machine gun. Below is a ribbon on which appears: S.A.A.F. - S.A.L.M. =================================================== is a rare badge, and of possible high value ???????? Is this true? What IS the badge?? When does it date from? What is value?
  9. I'm normally no slouch when it comes to researching medals to the South African Constabulary but I must confess, a new acquisition from the recent City Coins auction has me stumped The medal is a 5 clasp to 564 1st Cl. Trooper F.J. Price. A perusal of the medal rolls, of which there are 2 for Price, shows him to be Frank J (James) Price. There is also a shipping manifest outbound from SA to the UK in 1920 where Price is mentioned as a policeman. Could the fact that he seems to have stayed on with the Police after the amalgamtion of the various forces in 1912 be the reason why I can't find his SAC in the Archives or any reference to him? Input from members who might know where I can look next would be highly appreciated. Regards Rory
  10. Greetings all. I just bought a small medal that I believe is a South Africa WWII Victory Medal. Can you experts out there help me out? Please take a look at the photos and help identify it. Thank you very much. Linas
  11. I just LOVE to stir the "pot" sometimes and to be controversial.......... Especially when people take the FACTS and the TRUTH and use them for their own gains, or try to make us believe that the position is somehow DIFFERENT from what the actual facts are, and how things actually have been PROVEN to have happened in history. ================================================== What do I mean by this? Well the first issue is that if one is a South African, and especially if one lives in Durban or indeed, in the province of Natal (we all have heard of Natal - also known as: "The Last Outpost of the British Empire"), then we will know that every time there is an anniversary to do with the Anglo-Zulu War of 1879, or one of the battles, especially that of the famous Battle of Isandlwana, then we read in the local press, and we hear - most especially from local black politicians about how............ The British army was defeated by the Zulu Army......... using of course the British defeat at Isandlwana (22 January 1879) by a large Zulu army. What upsets me, every time I hear the claim that the BRITISH ARMY was defeated by the ZULU ARMY at Isandlwana, this is a huge distortion of the facts, and a bending of the truth. A "twisting of history" by some, if you like. Yes, the 20,000 men strong Zulu army of the day, did defeat a very tiny part of the British army. I won't go into the details and history of the British and Isandlwana here, but everyone (or most of us) know that the "British Army" at Isandlwana was in fact composed of a few companies of the 24th Regiment of Foot, (about 700 or so fighting men) plus around another 700 men of doubtful fighting ability - that is about 200 irregular Colonials and about 500 of the Natal Native Contingent, all supported by two guns, and various camp-followers and other assorted odds and sods. And so OF COURSE it was relatively easy for these 20,000 screaming savages to over-run the unexpecting makeshift British camp. Although it is said that only about half of the Zulu army was used in the Battle. Of the remaining men, about 5 000 were kept in reserve, and about 5 000 were sent on to attack Rorke's Drift, not far away, where a very small British garrison of about 150 men and a few hundred locals held off an attacking Zulu force of, perhaps, 4 000 or so men, until re-enforcements arrived. We all know the story. But was the British ARMY defeated that day? Some tihnk so. Many local newspaper reporters say so from time to time. Many local Zulu politicians believe so. Even a website called: "BritishBattles.com" believe so, as they clearly state on their website- Isandlwana, the battle that rocked Victorian Britain; at which the Zulus wiped out a substantial British force including the 1st Battalion, 24th Foot. Winner: The British force was wiped out by the Zulu Army. Was the Britsh force a "SUBSTANTIAL" one, as they claim? Of course it was not. Was the British ARMY defeated by the Zulu Army that day??? OF COURSE NOT. The so-called "defeated" British Army was just a few hundred men. What would have happened if the Zulu Army HAD fought in a battle against the British ARMY. Based on the number of Regiments which the British had, under the 1880 (numbered) Regiments of Foot, there were around 110 Regiments. If we accept that the average regiment had/has about 800 men, sometimes more, then there were about 90,000 men in the "Foot". Now add the Regiments of Guards, the Cavalry, the Lancers, The Hussars, the Artillery; the Engineers and other support units, and then of course the entire Royal Navy - who controlled the seas of the whole world in those days, and we will find that Britain could easily have put together an army of, perhaps, 150,000 men and guns together. NOW, did the Zulu Army defeat the British Army???? Of course NOT. And these same people who think that the Zulu Army beat the British Army, are very quick to forget about how the few defenders at Rorke's Drift held off many thousands of screaming Zulus later on the same day. Or they conveniently forget how the Zulu Army was defeated six months later, by the British, at the Battle of Ulundi, following which the Zulu King was captured. Eventually, Zululand was taken over by the British, and incorporated into Natal. And Natal was incorporated into South Africa. And so, Natal is a PROVINCE. South Africa is a REPUBLIC. THIS BRINGS ME TO ANOTHER STRANGE RESULT OF THE BATTLE ISANDLWANA and the eventual DEFEAT OF THE ZULU KING, and the former Kingdom of Zululand being incorporated into Natal, and then, later, into the Republic of South Africa. There lives in northern Natal, at a huge cost to Natal Taxpayers (a cost of about U.S.$ TEN million per annum) a fellow whose name is Goodwill Zwelithini. He is an unemployed Zulu man. He has managed to convince quite a few people, including the local African National Congress (ANC) people who are politically in control of the Natal Provincial Government coffers at the moment, that he is actually King Zwelithini of the Zulu, and that the residents of Natal should pay for his "kingdom" expenses. This means his various wives, children, family, hangers-on, household, "palaces"; transport and everything else besides. Question: HOW CAN YOU HAVE a 'king' in a PROVINCE which is in turn, part of a country which is a REPUBLIC.................?????? Answer: Under international constitutional law, YOU CANNOT. But this Zwelithini fellow, and most of the local ANC politicians, and the press, all like to think that he is a king. He even believes it. He even wears a sort of "military uniform" with all sorts of accessories, meant to make him appear as some sort of "Military / National Leader" - a bit like a Mickey Mouse version of Field Marshal Idi Amin. Zwelithini even goes so far as to wear a chest full of medals. It appears not to bother him that this bunch of very plastic looking medals are ALL THE SAME, WITH THE SAME RIBBONS on EVERY MEDAL. (See pictures attached). I am sorry to say, but this is all a sad joke, as far as I am concerned. Question: Can anyone please identify the uniform worn by Mr Zwelithini, and what rank does he hold, and what army does he belong to......? Secondly: Can those of you who are experts in identifying medals, please tell me what the medals are, that Mr Zwelithini is wearing, please. (I may be wrong, but it appears to me that he got them in a lucky packet......) Thanks guys, All the best, David B 1812 In the Last Outpost of the British Empire ======================================
  12. DOING PROPER MILITARY HISTORY RESEARCH: Here is an example of how you can get a great deal from very little. Doing good research is, or can be a bit like criminal forensic investigation, and in-depth, careful and diligent research can often bring a good result. ========================================================= So, more than twenty years ago, I found an old Kodak Brownie photograph in a box of other photos at a dealer's stall at a Durban flea market. It was just a simple 10.7cm X 6.8cm black and white photo, and not of great quality either. If one examines it closely, it is of what appears to be a fresh, flower- covered military grave, with a hand-made white cross stuck into the mound of fresh earth. (See attached photo) If you look closely at the cross, it reads: Cpl. P.W. Renou, 8 Field Sqdn, S.A.E.C. with below that, a date, partially obscured. So, that is all one has. That is the starting point. Who was Cpl Renou? Where did he die? When did he die? What did he do? What can we find out about this man? So first we get his military papers from the Defence Archives in Pretoria. We find that he was: 189597V Cpl. Percy William RENOU, 8 Field Squadron, South African Engineer Corps. He died of wounds in Italy, 27 June 1944. He enlisted in June 1940. He was married in July 1943. His records show that his medal entitlement (issued in 1951) was: 1939-1945 Star; Africa Star; Italy Star; 1939-45 Defence Medal; 1939-45 War Medal and the Africa Service Medal. In addition, Cpl Renou was MENTIONED in DESPATCHES in March 1942. And apart from the usual technical details of Cpl Renou's training, transfers, promotions, as so on, there is not much more to tell. But I was not finished. Off to my library. And, sure enough, the index of "Salute to the Sappers" by Orpen and Martin, has a entry for Cpl Renou, on page 139, Chapter 11 of S.A. Forces in WWII, Part 2. And here is what it says: "SETBACK AT CHIUSI - ITALY, JUNE 1944" The South Africans managed to clear a way through the drab and narrow streets (of Chiusi), only to be held up beyond the outskirts by enemy fire. Once again the Germans were hitting back and the Sappers (Engineers) had to bear much of the brunt. Both L/Cpl. P. Kelly and Spr. H.H. Dittman were slightly wounded by mortar bombs, but with a section sent off to join an unsuccessful effort at a left hook, work continued after dark to open up a road to Acquaviva. On 27 June the squadron suffered a further loss when Spr. A. Blair was wounded by an “S” mine. Within five minutes, Spr. A.E. Meiring was killed by another and Cpl. P.W. Renou was mortally wounded in going to Meiring’s assistance. No other South African Sapper units in the whole of Italy were so severely cut up by enemy action. (And NOW here is the INTERESTING BIT...................................) For years, Cpl Renou had longed to visit Assisi, some 60km almost due east of Chiusi, and on moving to Italy (from the north African desert campaign), he had written to his wife to tell her that at last his ambition might be realised. On the very eve of his death he had written home to say that he was on his way to Assisi, little knowing how true his words were to prove. To the amazement of his widow, years later, she was informed that because 13 graves at Chiusi were placed too close to the main road, 11 of them were being moved to the main War Cemetery at Castiglione (where many South Africans who were killed in Italy were buried) – but that those of Cpl. Renou and Spr. Meiring were being moved to Assisi, thus fulfilling a Sapper’s ambition long after he had lost his life in trying to help a friend. And so, in this very sad way, Cpl. Renou did get to Assisi. (See attached photo) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- (Note : Chiusi is a small Italian town, roughly midway between Rome and Florence). --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- And SO, all that information (and much more besides), resulted from finding one, little Kodak World War II black and white photograph. Isn't research great !!!!! ???? David B 1812 April 2013 ================================================================
  13. I am really, really happy to be able to show these two articles Henk wrote about medals to Boers who served in the Anglo Boer war. These appeared a number of years apart. I think they will be of great interest to many collectors. Certain portions of text can be found in both articles, but I thought if would be beneficial to post both articles in their entirety. The Original article, with the variations http://www.kaiserscross.com/40184/465722.html A later version of the article with a bit on the wound ribbons http://www.kaiserscross.com/40184/465743.html And a huge thatnks to Henk Loots for allowing me to use them. They are THE articles abouth the award.....
  14. When someone in the Eastern Cape arrives on your doorstep clutching and old chocolate box and says "The butcher told me you are interested in medals..." makes me cast aside my fishing rod and get excited. Opening the box it is dominated by large dress sergeant stripes and crowns. But...next to the original box of issue, an Cape of Good Hope GSM with Bechuanaland clasp..uncleaned, with a QSA, Orange Freestate and Cape Coloney Bars...uncleaned and KSA with box of issue and usual to bars. Issued to The CGHM to 1065 Pte GRP Van Onselen C. Pol The QSA to 1065 Pte GRP Van Onselen Cape. P.D. 1. and KSA to L/Cpl GRP Van Onselen C.P. Dist.1. With sergeant and First Class Sergeant Stripe and crown.http://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_03_2013/post-9930-0-95177600-1364030173.jpghttp://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_03_2013/post-9930-0-89259200-1364030254.jpghttp://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_03_2013/post-9930-0-89259200-1364030254.jpg
  15. Could anyone help me identify these spears? I am told that the upper spear in the first picture is a throwing spear. The blade is 12 inches long, and the end of the shaft has been balanced with a strip of metal wrapped around. The total length is 53 inches. The second spear has a blade length of 9 inches. The haft is 3 inches. Total length is 47 inches. The haft is held in place with intricately bound brass and copper wire. The third spear appears to match descriptions of the iklwa. But having little knowledge on the subject, I really do not know for sure. The blade is 10 X 1.5 inches and the haft is 6 inches. The total length is 45 inches. I remember reading somewhere a description of the iklwa, and it was stated the the spear was 'absolutely no longer than 40 inches. The shield measures 24 X 14 inches. It does show some age, and I do not believe it to be a tourist piece. The original stick was missing. I replaced it with a very old cut-down walking stick. Many thanks in anticipation, Steve. http://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_02_2013/post-15217-0-87818500-1361533546.jpghttp://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_02_2013/post-15217-0-71862900-1361533568.jpghttp://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_02_2013/post-15217-0-43383500-1361533597.jpghttp://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_02_2013/post-15217-0-82800400-1361533637.jpghttp://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_02_2013/post-15217-0-43423100-1361533653.jpghttp://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_02_2013/post-15217-0-02417900-1361533714.jpghttp://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_02_2013/post-15217-0-00394400-1361533744.jpg
  16. I am after additional information about Major Edward "Ted" Pavitt, MC. He was O/C 11 Field Park Company, SAEC, in 1945 and involved in the "Springbok Bridge" over the River Po. He apparently captured some Germans while armed with only a torch. More detail about that incident in particular would be most welcome as well as a photograph of Maj Pavitt if anyone has one. Also any photographs of the Springbok Bridge, 11 Fd Coy and other units that were there would be welcome. Thanks!
  17. The South African Republic - the Boers existed until the Peace of 1902 - minted their own coins in Pretoria from 1892 to 1898. British and Commonwealth soldiers and officers - took many of these coins home and later had them mounted as cufflinks. I showed a pair with 1/2 Kruger gold coins on the Coins section. This pair have two sixpences (6d's) as the main front coin - then a small silver link chain - and then two, three penny silver coins (3d's). These are always known as tickeys in Sth. Africa and were a favourite for the Christmas Pudding. One of these is a Kruger coin - the other dated 1910 - is an Australian 3d. coin. I feel almost certain that these belonged to an Australian who served in the Boer War - he just didn't get around to the cufflinks until 1910. Quite a rare and unusual set - and very collectable. .........................................................http://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_01_2013/post-6209-0-43035700-1358611097.jpgclick.................................
  18. I was able to secure the Van Riebeeck Decoration Miniature a while ago. I already had the Medal. This is a beautiful design and very few were issued. Here is an extract from Wikipedia: "The Van Riebeeck Decoration was a South African military decoration that was in use from 1952 to 1975. It was awarded to military officers, for distinguished service in the field. The only two recipients were a Cmdt Jan Breytenbach (1972) and Lt Cdr Lambert Woodburne The Van Riebeeck Medal was a South African military decoration that was in use from 1952 to 1975. It was awarded to "other ranks" (enlisted men), for distinguished service in the field. Only five were awarded. The Decoration is of silver gilt in the shape of a five-pointed star representing in outline the Castle of Good Hope. Jan van Riebeeck is depicted in relief against a background of three rings representing his three ships, with the words UITNEMENDE DIENS * DISTINGUISHED SERVICE in the outer rings. The Medal is identical but in silver." See attached picture ( Medal on left & Decoration on right)
  19. COMMEMORATIVE MEDALLION SCANDINAVIAN CORPS AT MAGERSFONTEIN 1899 SHAPE: CIRCULAR OBVERSE: QUARTERED ARMS OF THE SCANDINAVIAN NATIONS WITH SURROUND INSCRIPTION "AT MINNET AV DEN SKANDINAVISKA KAREND STRID VID MAGERSFONTEIN 1899". REVERSE: VIKING LONGBOAT AT SEA, AND LOWER INSCRIPTION, "DE KEUNDE ICKE VIKA BLOTT FALLA KUNDE DE." METAL: BRONZE MAKER: C. C. SPORRONG & CO. SIZE: 90 mm REMARKS / HISTORY: 1. REVERSE, ROUGH TRANSLATION: "THEY COULD NOT SURRENDER ONLY FALL (DIE)." 2. OBVERSE ROUGH TRANSLATION: FOR THE MEMORY OF THE SCANDINAVIAN CORPS BATTLE AT MAGERSFONTEIN, 1899. The following was sent to me by a member of another forum and is used for information / reasearch purposes only..... The Scandinavian Corps in South Africa (An edited translation of a chapter in "Svenska Frivilliga" by Lars Ericson) The Scandinavian Corps was founded just before the outbreak of hostilities at a meeting in Pretoria. Recruiting was mainly among Scandinavian miners around Johannesburg, but the corps also contained a number of sailors. The corps was mounted, and in 1899 they consisted of 9 officers and NCOs and 104 ORs. (45 swedes, 24 danes, 18 finns, 13 norwegians and 13 others) The CO was Captain Axel Christer Helmfrid Uggla (a railway engineer) from Sweden. On 16th October 1899 about 50 men of the corps paraded for President Krüger before leaving for the front. His second in command was fellow Swede (from Sundsvall) Erik Ståhlberg, the only officer who was a trained officer. Lieutenant Ståhlberg got about a week to try to give some basic military training to the force, where previous military- weapons- or equestrian training was scarce. The corps tasks were mainly sabotage operations, but they also took part in the Siege of Mafeking and the battles at Magersfontein an Paardeberg. The were present at the siege of Mafeking, were they served as mounted infantry and clearing mines laid by the defenders. They also demolished railway lines and took horses from the british. The second in command, Erik Ståhlberg wrote in 1901 after coming home about the siege: "The bombardment continues day after day. But it is not impossible getting new friends on the opposite side. Sundays and holidays hostilities cease and it is possible to meet the British in all friendliness, swapping meat for whisky!" At the end of November the Scandinavian corps were part of the force sent out to meet the relief column. On 9th December the boer forces had entrenched themselves on a ridge, with the Scandinavians along with two other Boer detachments entrenched as outposts. The Scandinavian force was 3 officers and 49 men. Their task was to give warning and delay a British attack. On 11th December, the Highland Brigade attacked. Captain J. Allum in the Scandinavian trenches tells: "It was a rainy, dark night, the men suffering from the cold, which at this time of the year can be severe. Everything was quiet until around 4.30 in the morning, when a few shots were heard on our right. Then silence for a couple of seconds, perhaps a minute that seemed to us, waiting tensely, as an eternity. It was so silent you could hear your heartbeats. Suddenly a firestorm broke out at the foot of the hill on the Boer right flank, and in the next second the mauser's began to smatter, the wounded screamed and the English hurrahs and commands sounded. This went on for about 15 minutes, then silence fell anew. The first assault was beaten back with heavy losses. The Boers had let the English, marching in formation, come very close before opening a devastating fire." I front of the Scandinavians were 4000 of the Higland Brigade: Black Watch, Seaforths, Argylls and the Highland Light Infantry. After the assault had been broken, the British artillery commenced firing. Before the next infantry attack. The Scandinavians were, according to Captain Ståhlberg, firing 18-20 aimed shots a minute. After half an hour firing 200 men of the Seaforths had worked around the Scandinavian right flank, and the losses among the defenders ros. After renewed attacks with the bayonets the position was overwhelmed. 17 men had tried a countercharge, but only eight Scandinavians managed to get back in the boer lines, the rest killed or wounded. Everyone of the prisoners had been wounded.. It then appeared that the fight had been the result of a mistake. At 3.00 General Cronje had ordered the outposts to get back, but this had never reached the Scandinavians. Captain Ståhlberg again: "After three hours our resistance is broken. Our CO, Captain Flygare falls in the beginning of the battle, shot in the heart. Lieutenant Berentsen is wounded and man after man falls, drilled by bullets. The Highland Brigade, with the Gordons on the right encircles us. In the final act they fell over us like hungry vultures, and our resistance is over. Carl Albert Olsson from Gothenburg tries to save his brother Edvin, shot in the head by pulling him under cover. He is attacked by two scots whose heads he smashes with the rifle butt, only to fall from several bayonet wounds. The Swedish nurse Elin Lindblom, serving with the Scandinavian ambulance with the Boers tells: "Early in the afternoon came the seven men who had succeeded in escaping in the battle at Magersfontein (11), six unscathed, a Dane, Krohn, shot in the heel. The rest of the 49 Scandinavians who had been sent to the forepost, were dead or wounded and the wounded were prisoners with the English. Our ambulance men had gone out with the wagon and in the evening they brought some of the wounded Scandinavians with them, among them Appelberg. He was shot in the stomach and died after a few days and he was buried after a post-mortem examination by a German surgeon. But during the whole day wounded Boers had come in one after the other, some of them wounded who needed bandaging to return to the battle, some in such a state that we had to find place for them in the tent as best as we could. The most seriously wounded man, apart from Appelberg, was perhaps a Boer, named Sauer, who was shot through the throat, and we feared that the spine was injured. We washed and bandaged them as best as we could and gave them water and food. A mobile ambulance cannot do much in these cases, but it was better than nothing. Our tent was entirely full by the evening. The battle continued uninterruptedly and it was impossible for our ambulance men to go to the battlefield where our men had fallen. It became quiet only after three o'clock on Tuesday afternoon and then they could go there, where they found eighteen dead and two wounded; all the others had been brought by the English to their ambulance. The wounded were two Finns, Backman and Viklund, who were in such a bad state that the English had bandaged them provisionally and left them on the battlefield. They had considered them as hopeless. We also thought this, when they were brought to us on Tuesday evening. Backman was delirious with three bullets through the leg, the whole legbone splintered by a bomb, one bullet in the breast and out through the back which was fearfully torn; it was a miracle that he had not bled to death. Viklund was seriously shot through his tender parts and had one flesh wound in the arm as well as heatstroke owing to sunburn. We feared that his spine was injured. They had lain on the battlefield from 5 o'clock Monday morning to 3 o'clock Tuesday afternoon in the burning sun and bitter night cold, robbed of all their clothes. For even here pillagers are found. We had a German surgeon who had no ambulance to work for and helped us to bring those who could be transported, to the hospital. The nearest hospital was at Jacobsdal, one day's travel away or a little farther from our spot. They were sent toJacobsdal with some of our men. Because Viklund was so seriously wounded we thought it better to keep him with the ambulance until we could see how his condition developed." The dead were buried on the battlefield, where a monument was erected in 1908. After Magersfontein the Scandinavian Corps was sent to Bloemfontein, where they reorganized and received 80 men as reinforcements. They were part of General Cronjes command, which capitulated at Paardeberg on 27th February 1900. The Scandinavian POW were sent to St Helena, three of them escaping before the ship left Simonstown. Two let himself be buried in the sand while bathing, and a third jumped overboard with a lifebelt and a knife. All three reached the boer lines safely. The Scandinavian ambulance continued to serve until the end of the war. In 1920, 15 members of the Scandinavian corps received the medal "voor de anglo-boeroorlog" at a ceremony in Stockholm, three of them nurses. Another 30 Swedes got their medal at the South African legation in Stockholm 1937, six of them receiving a "Dekoratie Voor Trouwe Dienst" as well. The monument, which still stands at Magersfontein, was an initiative of the Swedish officer Erland Mossberg, who had served in the Cape Town Town Guard during the war. He was an officer originally in "Jämtlands Fältjägare" (translates roughly as "Jämtland Rifles"), the medical officer of Jämtlands Fältjägare was Josef Hammar, who hade served in the boer forces. Mossberg started to collect subscriptions for a monument. The money were quickly raised, with support of national newspapers. The monument consists of a 6.5 metres high steel, with four corner stones 15 metres high representing the different Scandinavian countries. The names of the men killed is on the monument, which was inaugurated on 25th april 1908 by Pime Minister (and former Boer general) Louis Botha, an honour guard of the Kimberley Regiment present. The monument is placed some distance away from the scene of the actual battle, as the land owner of the battleground ( a scot) didn't want a monument to former enemies. The countries are represented by different inscriptions: SWE: De kunde icke vika, blott falla kunde de (They could not falter, only fall) DK: Nu hviler deres ben bag höjen Bautasten. (Now their bones are resting beneath high stele) FI: På tappra män ser tappra fäders andar ner. (On brave men, brave fathers spirits looks down) NO: Nu tier stridens larm paa valen, I mindet lever heltens ry (Now the battles din is silent on the ramparts, in the memory lives the heroes reputation) Killed in the battle or DOW: 11 December 1899 Magersfontein Danskar 1 Goetterup, Arthur, Naskov 2 Jacobsen, Peter Marius, Köpenhamn 3 Olesen, Frede, Torskind Finnar 1 Kruts Gustavsson, Matts, Nykarleby 2 Mattson, Emil, Nykarleby 3 Hägglöf, Henrik, Wexala (avliden 14 dec) Norrmän 1 Dahlén, Johannes, Larsnäs 2 Nielsen, Oluf, Drammen (avliden 12 dec) 3 Olsen, Einar, Mandal Svenskar 1 Ahlström, Conrad, Lilla Malma 2 Andersson, Julius, Stockholm 3 Appelgren, Carl David, Oskarshamn, fältkommissarie 4 Benson, Albert, Göteborg 5 Benson, Edvin, Göteborg 6 Flygare, Johannes, Natal, Captain 7 Johnson, Nils Alfred, Brunsby, sergeant 8 Landgren, Oscar August, Göteborg 9 Lindström, Emil, Ronneby 10 Mark, Oswald, Göteborg 11 Nykvist, Nils Harald, Göteborg 12 Olsson, Carl Albert, Göteborg 13 Osberg, Fredrik, Göteborg 14 Stael von Holstein, Otto, Kristianstad Tyskar 1 Lindeberg, Gustav 2 von Rassau, Frans Nominal roll of known participants in the Scandinavian corps: The Scandinavians Sw = Sweden Dan= Denmark Nor= Norwegian Fin = Finaland Abrahamsen, A.B. R. (Nor) Ahlström, Conrad F (Sw) ( Died 11/12/1899) Ahlström Carl (Sw) Allum, Captain Julius (Nor) Andersen, Anders (Nor) Andersen, Thorvald (Dan) Andersson, J.C.W. (Dan) Andersson, Johan Alfred (Sw) Andersson, Carl Gustav (Sw) Andersson, Julius (Sw) ( ? 11/12/1899) Andersson, Pontius Alexus (Sw) Andersson, H (Sw) Appelgren, Carl David (Sw) (? 13.12.1899) Backman, Otto (Fin) Backman, Otto (Fin) Baerentzen, William Joseph (Dan) Bagger , H (Dan) Bakman, Sunnion (Fin) Bengtsson (Sw) Benson, A. Edvin (Sw) ( ? 11/12/1899) Benson, C. Albert (Sw) ( ? 11/12/1899) Berg, Ernest (Sw) Bergstedt, K. Pedersen (Nor) Bergström Oscar (Sw) Besseling, Johannes Reinierus (S) Björkman, Axel (Sw) Blombergsson, Elof A (Sw) (? 18/02/1900 Paardeberg) Breckan, Thomas (Nor) Burén Nils (Sw) Carlsson, Carl Albin (Sw) Cederström, Baron Oscar Frederick (Sw) Christense, Wilhelm (Dan) Christensen, Jens F. (Dan) Christensen, Gotthardt (Dan) Christenson, S.W. (Sw) (died 24/01/1900) Clason, Axel (Sw) Claudelin Adolf Wilhelm (Sw) Dahlen, Johannes (Nor) (diedMagersfontein, 11/12/1899) Dahlquist, Frederick (Sw) Eggeling, N (Sw) Einhardt, Rudolf (Sw) Eklund, Johan Alfred (Sw) Eliasson, Hans Peter (Sw) Erikson, Isaac (Fin) Erikson, H. (Sw) Eskilson, Erik A (Fin) Fägerskjöld, Baron Helge Alex (Sw) Field, Einar (Nor) Flindthoff, J.F. (Sw) Flygare, Johannes (Sw) (died Magersfontein 11/12/1899) Fredericks, S.A. (Dan) Friis, Jens Jörgen (Dan) Friis, Aage Jens (Dan) Fröhling, C.G.A. (Sw) Frölén, Lars (Sw) Fromén, Georg Wilhelm (Sw) (died 24/01/1900) Goetterrup, Arthur (Dan) (died Magersfontein 11/12/1899) Grafvert, Gustav Adolf (Sw) Gustafsson, Axel Wilhelm (Sw) Gustafsson, Carl (Sw) Gustafsson, Matts (Kruts) (Fin) Gustafsson, Wilhelm (Sw) Hägglöf, Henrik (Fin) ( died 14/02/1899) Hallberg, Theoblad J. (Dan) Hammar, Josef (Sw) Hammerstrand, Albert F (Sw) Hansen, Adolf (Nor) Hansen, Karl M (Nor) Hansen, Emil Ferdinand (Dan) Hanson, A (Sw) Hatcher, Rymond (Sw) Hedberg, E (Sw) Hoyer, A.G. (Nor) Huet, Gustav (Sw) Hult, Gustav Adolf (Sw) Hultin, Carl (Sw) Ihlen, C. (Nor) Jacobsen, Peter Marius (Dan) (died Magersfontein 11/12/1899) Janek, Hjalmar Petterson (Sw) Johansson, Per Erik (Sw) Johansson, Jacob (Fin) (died St Helena 11/09/1900) Johansson, Charles O. (Sw) Johansson, David (Sw) Johnnson , H (Sw) Johnson, Herman (Fin) Johnsson, Erik (Fin) Johnsson, Nils Alfred (Sw) ( died Magersfontein 11/12/1899) Johnsson, Ole (Nor) Jörgensen, H. J (Dan) Jungmarker, Viktor (Sw) Kemp. Charles I (Sw) Kielland, Hjalmar (Nor) Knauer, Harald (Dan) Knutsen, Charl (Nor) Korhenen, Gabriël (Fin) Kramer, Maurits (Sw) Krohn, Peter (Dan) Landby, H. (Sw) Landgren, Oscar August (Sw) (diedMagersfontein, 11/12/1899) Lang, Carl Magnus (Sw) Larsen, Einar (Dan) Larsen. Hans (Nor) Larsen, Ludvig Holge Christian (Sw) Laursen, Laurs (Dan) Lindblom, A.S. (Sw) Lindblom E.C. (Sw) Lindquist, Arthur (Fin) Lindström, Emil (Sw)(diedMagersfontein, 11/12/1899) Lindström, Otto Erik (Sw)) Lindwall. Karl (Sw) Lundberg, J. (Sw) Mark, Osvald August (Sw) (diedMagersfontein, 11/12/1899) Matson, Mats (Fin) Mattson, Emil (Fin) (died Magersfontein 11/12/1899) Mellquist, Carl Emanuel (Sw) Michelsen, C.J. (Nor) Michelsen, Frans H (Dan) Mickelson, Johan (Fin) Möller, August Gustav Otto. (Dan) Mortensen, J. (Dan) Nepken, Dobe (Dan) Nielsen, Carl Peter (Sw) Nielsen, Hans Peter Christiaan (Unknown) Nielsen, Ingvold Schröder (Nor) Nielsen, I.E.P.S. (S) Nielsen, Jens (Dan) Nielsen, L (Nor) Nielsen, Matts (Fin) ( died St Helena 07/06/1901) Nielsen, Oluf (Nor) (died Kimberley 21/07/01) Nielsen, Peder Hans Christiaan (Dan) Nielsen, Sören (Dan) Nilsen, N O. (Nor) Nordahl, Evrard (Sw) Nykvist, Nils Harald (Sw) (diedMagersfontein, 11/12/1899) Nyman. Jan (Fin) Odman, Andrew John (Sw) Ohlson, Charles (Sw) Ohlsson, John Martin (Sw) Oleson, Frede (Dan) (died Magersfontein 11/12/1899) Olsen, Einar (Nor) (died Magersfontein, 11/12/1899) Olsen, Johannes (Nor) Olsen, J. P. (Dan) Olson. Anton (Sw) Olsson, Carl Albert (Sw) (diedMagersfontein, 11/12/1899) Onsum, Axel Frank (Nor) Osberg, Fredrik (Sw) (diedMagersfontein, 11/12/1899) Overland, Johannes (Nor) Paulsson, Ole (Nor) Pedersen, Carl (Nor) Petersen. Peter (Fin) Petersen, Jörgen Peter (Dan) Petterson-Janek, Hjalmar (Sw) Randers, E.R. (Sw) Randers, Norman (Nor) (died Magersfontein) Rank, Johannes (Fin) Rasmussen, Sofus J.L. (Dan) Raw, Aage (S) Reinholdt, W.H. (Dan) Reismüller, H.G. (Sw) Rohdin, Hugo (Sw) Roissdorf (Sw) Ronning, Andreas (Nor) Rossan, G.L (Sw) Rubech, Ludvig (Dan) (died Jacobsdal, 17/03/1900) Rudbeck, August B. (Sw) Ruthström, John Rudolf (Sw) (died Modder River, 15/02/1899) Rydholm. Carl Herman (Sw) Rydström. John (Sw) Samuelsson. Carl (Sw) Sandoen, N. (Nor) (died 24/01/1900) Sauer, Louis (Dan) Schaedtler, Victor (Dan) Schaedtler, O. (Dan) Schiönning, Aage From (Dan) Schmidt, Carl (Dan) Schröder-Nielsen, Peter Einar Ingvald (Nor) Schutz, John (Fin) Schultz, Carl Paul Frederick (Nor) Söderström, Johan Axel E. (Sw) Stålberg, Erik (Sw) (died Magersfontein) Stael von Holstein, Otto (Ole) Wilhelm (Sw) (died Magersfontein, 11/12/1899) Steenberg, Schack (S) Steenberg, Anders Wilhelm (S) Sten, J (Sw) Stenberg, A. W. (Fin) Stenberg, Schack August (Dan) Stenros, Karl Anders (Fin) Stolze, Wilhelm Ludwig (Sw) Svensson, Hildur Charlotta (Sw) Svensson, Johan Emil (Sw) Tholyorn (Nor) Thomsen, Julius (Dan) Thorén, Arthur (Sw) Ueckerman, Sigurd (Nor) Uggla, Axel Christian Helmfrid, comdt (Sw) Van Aken, Johannes Arnoldus (Sw) Von Holstein, Stael (Sw) Van Kal, Hugo Cornelis (Sw) Viklund, Johan Niklas (Nils) (Fin) Walldon C.O. (Unknown) Wallenberg, Nils (Sw) Wehlan, Frank (Sw) Werner, I.E. (Sw) Werner, Sven Erik (Sw) Widhom. F.V. (Fin) Wiklund, Andreas (Fin) Wiklund, Johan Nikolas (Sw) Winberg, Anders, Efraim (Sw) Wipam, William (Sw)
  20. SAC BADGES,INSIGNIA AND BUTTONS FROM MY COLLECTION This force was established in October, 1900 after it was incorrectly judged that the Anglo-Boer war was over. The SAC served in operations in the field until the conclusion of the war in 1902. They then took over the policing of the Orange Free Sate, Transvaal and Swaziland. In April 1908, the SAC merged with the Transvaal and OFS police. This force was initially formed by Major-General Baden-Powell of the siege of Mafeking and Boy Scout fame. Recruiting was done in the Cape Colony, Natal, the United Kingdom and Canada. Selections standards were very high and this resulted in a very competent force being formed. The Constabulary suffered heavy losses during the Boer War with 9 Officers and 85 men being killed in action. They also had 2 Victoria Crosses awarded to their members.
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