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Found 22 results


    • FOR SALE

    Vintage Good Quality Reproduction Of The Most Desirable Form Of The Third Reich Gorget This is an EXTREMELY rare gorget to find, in any condition. The German Heer (Army) standard bearer's gorget, introduced in 1936, is absolutely one of the most desirable and handsome of all gorgets issued by the third reich. The half moon-shaped back plate is made of a heavy alloy with a shiny finish (nickel and silver). The insignia is two crossed army standards, with the heer eagle on them, with a highly detailed army eagle in the center, over a sprig of oak leaves. There are also large oak leaf sprigs at either corner, attached to two buttons in the corners. There is some fading to the silver due to wear and age, but it still retains all of the original detail, both on the background and attached insignia. Complete with original 25 link chain. Total weight is 260.8 grams / 9.2 ozs. 18.5cms x 9.5cms approx. Located in central UK. Viewing can be arranged. Price On Application. Contact via ad or email. Thank You.


  2. British War and Victory Medal Geoffrey Sheringham was born 26th June 1882 son of Colonel A. W. Sheringham of the Cheshire regiment and came from Caston in Norfolk, he went to Felstead school were his address was "Flexmoor" Caston, Norfolk. Gazetted Second Lieutenant 6th January, 1900 he served with the 3rd Bn The Cheshire Regiment attached to the 4th Bn serving in the South African war (Queens and Kings South Africa Medals,sadly missing) and then transferring to the 2nd Bn until 1908 when he resigned his commission due to "financial circumstances" (also noted in his records as “unable to live on his pay") I would suspect that debt played a large part in his resignation… He is noted on the school record as working in Mexico, Alaska and ranching in California. On the 30 January 1916 he return to the UK from New York on the ship Finland arriving in Liverpool On arrival Geoffrey wrote to the Army board on the 2nd February 1916 for appointment to a temporary commission in the regular army, the response was as follows; "I am directed to inform you that this application cannot at present be entertained. I am however to add that if he were to enlist and is subsequently recommended for good service in the field, a further application on his behalf would receive consideration." When qualified officers were needed to be turned down must have meant that his past was in need of serious redemption……. Geoffrey enlisted into the ranks on the 1st March into the 9th Lancers as a trooper and then transferred to 3rd Bn the Norfolk regiment before transferring to the 9th Bn the Norfolk regiment on the 24th March 1916 embarking for France 16th May 1916 as a Lance Corporal. He then volunterred to be attached to the 71st Machine Gun Company for the Battle of the Somme (1 July 1916). In its short history the MGC gained an enviable record for heroism as a front line fighting force. Indeed, it commonly served well in advance of the front line. It had a less enviable record for its casualty rate. Some 170,500 officers and men served in the MGC with 62,049 becoming casualties, including 12,498 killed, earning it the nickname 'the Suicide Club'. On the 14 July Geoffrey was evacuated from the field and was drafted to the 165 Machine Gun Company, 55th (West Lancashire) Division. He would have taken part in the following engagements: The Battle of Guillemont (4-6 September) The Battle of Ginchy (9 September) The Battle of Flers-Courcelette (17-22 September) The Battle of Morval (25-28 September) On the 15 December 1916 he returned to the UK to attend Officer Cadet School and on the 27th March 1917 was commissioned into the 3rd Bn Northumberland Fusiliers. In 1917 due to trench foot he transferred to the Kings African Rifles and gazetted on the 20 Aug. 1917 as Temporary 2nd G. Sheringham, from acting Capt. (additional) to be acting. Captain while commanding a company and in 1919 he was noted as an assistant Political Officer in Dar-es-Salaam Tanganyika. In 1930 Geoffrey at the age of 48 returned from Africa on the ship Durham castle from Dar-es-Salaam. From 1935 to 1950 he lived in Tenarife
  3. To continue the espionage theme, here is a single british war medal..........Lt Walter Reginald Ames, Royal Fusiliers and Intelligence Corps; Born 1890, his father was John Carlovitz Ames a renowned composer and whose mother was Clara Henriette Marie, Gräfin von Pölzig. Clara married the British ship-owner George Acland Ames on 13 July 1854. Clara and Ames separated in July 1869, and Clara returned to Pölzig. She lived as a "the young countess" in the Schloss and died 10 years later in Beiersdorf. The Ames family in England inherited the Schloss on the death in of 1884. Walter went to school at Clifton collage and then went to work on the family estate near Korschen in East Prussia until the Germans attacked Russia in 1914 and the subsequent Russian invasion (see the press clipping; He is noted as being an Interpreter before being gazetted on the 10 December 1914 as a 2nd Lt and noted as serving in the 10th (Intelligence) Bn, Royal Fusiliers; http://archive.org/stream/RoyalFusiliersIntelligenceCorps1914-18/TheRoyalFusiliersAndTheIntelligenceCorps_djvu.txt No mention of his war service other than him not being able to be posted to the Mediterranean and him returning to be discharged on medical grounds in 1917, noting his service being with the 5th Bn Royal Fusiliers from the 13th Bn although on his “Return” certificate he is noted as being in the Intelligence Corps (confirmed on his MIC). He clearly did not deploy to France until 1916 and was awarded the British war and Victory medal for his service, He is noted being discharged as having having Osteo-arthritis and was awarded the silver war/wound badge. His medals were sent in 1923 to an address in Luxemburg His medical condition seems to have not stopped him working as he is noted on his marriage licence in 1923 as being a “Courier, Foreign Office” In 1941 it is noted that he was living in Wiesbaden near Frankfurt Am Main, Hessen (Hesse) No other information is currently available.
  4. Is DOUGLAS LIONEL BAKER the DOUGLAS LIONEL BAKER.........??????? OK - so WHO of you would like a research CHALLENGE? Is Douglas Lionel BAKER (who died on 26 April 1941) the same as Douglas Lionel BAKER (who died on 26 April 1941) ????? Puzzled ?? Yes - of course you are. And so am I. BACKGROUND: I recently bought 5 medals to "Baker" - a WWI Trio to L/Cpl Herbert Lionel BAKER - a South African who served in the 4th Infantry, then in the 3rd Mounted Rifles and finally in the S.A.S.C. (MT). And I have his full personnel file from Defence HQ in Pretoria with all his details from when he enlisted on 1.9.1914 to when he was de-mobbed on 1.4.1919. He was married to Margaret Baker. All good so far. AND with this trio came a WWII PAIR (consisting of the Defence Medal and the War Medal) as well as the Medal / Condolence Slip (shown here) and issued to a WOII D.L. Baker (for two medals), as well as two medal boxes (shown here) addressed to a Mrs H.L. Baker (the mother of Douglas Lionel Baker). The initials of "H.L." were those of her husband (and Douglas' father, Herbert Lionel) - as it was customary to address the spouse of a married couple in those days by the initials of the husband. You will see that the Bakers resided in the town of Gwelo - in Southern Rhodesia. I then did some further genealogy research and found that a Douglas Lionel Baker was born on 11 August 1916 to a Herbert Lionel and Margaret Baker. Now if you go to the CWGC website, and search Douglas Lionel Baker and the date of death, you will find ONE Douglas Lionel Baker, who died (and was buried) in KENYA on 26 April 1941. NOW THIS IS WHERE the matter starts to get a bit fuzzy, shall we say. IF you KNOW how to use the modern CWGC website, you will know that they are being very thorough, and are even allowing us to obtain COPIES of the actual DOCUMENTS filed for the deceased person, the subject of the search. The PROBLEM with the papers for Douglas Lionel Baker, is that the MAIN search shows him to be No. 6296009 Warrant Officer Class II (Company Sergeant Major) Douglas Lionel Baker of the 1st Battalion, "The Buffs" - Royal East Kent Regiment. NOW, if you examine the supporting filed papers you will find that THREE of the five papers refer to W.O.II D.L. Baker of the Royal East Kent Regt. BUT the other two papers refer to a C.S.M. Douglas Lionel Baker of the Rhodesia Regiment, attached to the 3rd Company of the 4th King's African Rifles. WHY??? WHY??? WHY???. Is this the SAME person??? (And remember that the WWII pair, and the Medal Slip (for WOII D.L. Baker) and addressed to Mrs H.L. Baker came WITH the WWI Trio to H.L. Baker - who we KNOW was the father and mother of D.L. Baker). SO: Are we talking about the SAME D.L. Baker??? Why does the CWGC refer to TWO different units in their records? We must ASSUME that D.L. Baker lived with his parents prior to WWII IN RHODESIA. Did he enlist and serve with the Rhodesia Regiment, later Attch. to the K.A.R. - and then (for whatever reason) found himself with the Buffs - and for whom he was serving when he died. (And we don't know how, or why he died - he was just 24 years old). IS Douglas Lionel BAKER the Douglas Lionel BAKER??? And WHY is he?? Or not? There is a little something for you guys to get your head around.......................... Comments and opinions most welcome. One possible suggestion (from a collecting friend) was that it IS the same Douglas Lionel Baker, and that upon his death, BOTH Regiments he served with submitted their papers to the CWGC. (From the David Bennett Collection)
  5. I have previously written on this GMIC FORUM about my medal group to Lt. Col. Reginald James SHEARCROFT, MBE. (East Surrey Regiment and Royal Indian Army) In 1987 I bought a TEN medal group to Lt Col Shearcroft. It is illustrated elsewhere on this site. Apart from the award of the MBE (and the MID) notable is the presence of the 1914-19 Territorial Force War Medal, and later, for WWII - the Burma Star and the India Service Medal - obviously for service in the INDIAN army. Records show us that Lt Col Shearcroft served in the Army for 36 years, BUT THERE IS NO MEDAL PRESENT WHICH rewards him for his service. Not an Army LS&GC medal nor an Efficiency Medal nor anything similar. BUT SURELY he should have got something? Yes, of course. After all, the man progressed through the ranks from Private to Sergeant to Major to Lt. Colonel. 36 years. BUT WHERE IS IT???? I have asked this question in many Groups (including this one) and the most usual (and at the time, probably correct) answer was that Shearcroft likely DID earn a LS&GC whilst in the ranks, but that once he became an Officer, decided NOT to wear it - so that his fellow officers could not easily see that he had spent many years in the ranks.................. BUT THE MISSING MEDAL WAS NOT / IS NOT present with the Group........ AND THEN, earlier this year (2016), after owning Shearcroft's group for nearly thirty years I FOUND IT !!!!!!.. Whilst doing some research I discovered that Shearcroft's Army LS&GC medal (INDIA issue, no less) had been auctioned by Dix Noonan & Webb to a collector in England in 2012 - and the collector, in turn, had bought it as an Army LS&GC TYPE example. Anyway, about four months or so back, following exchanges of correspondence between myself, DNW and the gentleman concerned, it was agreed to sell the "missing" LS&GC medal to me. This was done and NOW I HAVE IT.....!!!!! I am of course, extremely pleased to have completed this important RE-UNITE after nearly THIRTY YEARS. The medal itself is an Army Long Service and Good Conduct Medal, Third Type (1930-1936), GVR (C), Commonwealth bar - INDIA. I have also discovered (since I last wrote on the subject) that after Shearcroft left the Army, after the War, he emigrated, with his wife, first to South Africa (Port Elizabeth) and then later to Rhodesia, where he died in Salisbury in 1967. This would explain how I was able to buy his medals from an S.A. Dealer in 1987. I have done a huge amount of research on Shearcroft, and have ALL the LG entries for his M.B.E. award; his promotions; his various Army appointments, etc etc. There is just ONE MATTER not yet COMPLETE - that is the LG entry for the M.I.D. apparently awarded to Shearcroft. I have found the L.G. website VERY DIFFICULT (and impossible, at times) to use and search, and if there is ANY KIND SOUL out there with more patience than myself, it would be much appreciated if Shearcroft's MID entry could be found, please. And, of course, as you can imagine, the FIRST PRIZE, GOLD MEDAL, PINNACLE of everything would be to find a PHOTOGRAPH of Shearcroft. Anyone ??????? Thanks for reading this. All the best, David BENNETT - Durban North.
  6. I have been trying to locate the MC citation / London Gazette for Lieut. Ralph Lincoln Weaver, born in the US of Canadian parents who was serving with the 24th Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force on his death in October 2nd, 1918. I began the evening with the naive belief that I could navigate the search functions on the LG site and ended it with some very unkind thoughts about both the Gazette and, quite unfairly, my computer. Any assistance would be appreciated! Peter
  7. Another ebay purchase hidden away a single British war medal to possibly one of the the best known Great war authors; Captain Guy Patterson Chapman OBE MC better know as Guy Chapman (1889-1972), editor, publisher, professor of history and author, Guy Chapman, the son of a wealthy barrister, G. W. Chapman, was born in London in on 11th September 1889. He was educated at Westminster School, Christ Church College (1908-11) and the London School of Economics before becoming a lawyer in 1914. Later that year Chapman married Doris May Bennett at Kensington Register Office. On the outbreak of the First World War, Chapman joined the Royal Fusiliers as a junior officer. He later wrote: "I was loath to go. I had no romantic illusions. I was not eager, or even resigned to self-sacrifice, and my heart gave back no answering throb to thought of England. In fact, I was very much afraid; and again, afraid of being afraid, anxious lest I show it." Chapman was not impressed by the quality of his training: "The ten months' training, which the battalion went through before it reached France, was therefore a compound of enthusiasm and empiricism on the part of the junior subalterns and the other ranks. We listened hopefully to the lectures of general officers who seemed happier talking of Jubulpore than of Ypres. We pondered the jargon of experts, each convinced that his peculiar weapon, machine-gun, rifle, bayonet, or bomb, was the one designed to bring the war to a satisfactory conclusion." Chapman arrived on the Western Front in August 1915. He was appalled by the state of the trenches. "The trench was not a trench at all. The bottom may have been two feet below ground level. An enormous breastwork rose in the darkness some ten or more feet high. All about us there was an air of bustle. Men were lifting filled sandbags on to the parapet and beating them into the wall with shovels. Bullets cracked in the darkness. Every now and then a figure would appear on the skyline and drop skillfully on the fire step." Chapman also found the mud a serious problem: "Rain had made our bare trenches a quag, and earth, unsupported by revetments, was beginning to slide to the bottom. We hailed the first frost which momentarily arrested our ruin. Saps filled up and had to be abandoned. The cookhouse disappeared. Dugouts filled up and collapsed. The few duckboards floated away, uncovering sump-pits into which the uncharted wanderer fell, his oaths stifled by a brownish stinking fluid." In the summer of 1916 Chapman took part in the Battle of the Somme. He found that the morale of his men suffered after the offensive failed to break-through the German front-line: "The men, though docile, willing, and biddable, were tired beyond hope. They lived from hand to mouth, expecting nothing, and so disappointed nowhere. They were no longer decoyed by the vociferous patriotism of the newspapers. They no longer believed in the purity of politicians or the sacrifices of profiteers. They were fed up with England as they were with France and Belgium. The best they could count on was a blighty, a little breathing space to stretch their legs and fill their lungs with sweet air." After surviving the Battle of Arras in 1917, Chapman was badly affected by a mustard-gas attack. "The Boche dropped half a dozen mustard-gas shells round headquarters. I had heard them, but since I had smelt nothing had neglected to put on my gas-mask. Now my eyes had begun to run, and as soon as I opened them fountains of water gushed down my cheeks. Doctor Toulson washed them and washed them. It was no use. The flood continued." After treatment he returned to the Western Front and was still there when the Armistice was signed in 1918. He was awarded the Military Cross in December 1919: For conspicuous gallantry and leadership near Ghissignies, on 4th November, 1918. When the battalion was going through Gihissignies in support of the attack, information was received that the left company of the leading battalion had been held up. Under heavy shell fire he went forward to reconnoitre, and found that the supporting battalion appeared likely to become prematurely involved in the fighting. By his energy and initiative in taking command of the situation this was prevented. Chapman was demobilised in February 1920, with the rank of major. After divorcing his wife he got a job as manager for a new London branch of an Irish publishing firm, Chapman and Dodd, in Denmark Street, Soho. In January 1924 the writer, Storm Jameson, came to the office. Chapman later commented: "She was wearing a heavy coat over a faded pink knitted dress, and a hat which did not suit her, and she smiled at me. She was rather lovely, with long cool grubby fingers, and she held herself badly: she made me think of a well-bred foal, unbroken and enchantingly awkward. Something she said at that first meeting, I forget what, made me laugh with pure pleasure." They soon began a relationship. The couple married on 1st February 1926. Later she wrote: "We went to places, obscure ruined monasteries, small provincial art galleries, the house in which a dead philosopher spent his life, salt marshes, trout streams, some turn in a rough nameless road which offered a view of a smiling valley and a line of hills, because, although he had not seen them, he knew they were there. He made all other company a little dull." Chapman became a university lecturer and eventually became Professor of Modern History at the University of Leeds (1945-53). He published several books including an account of his wartime experiences, A Passionate Prodigality (1933). He also edited two important collections of prose from the war, Fifty Amazing Stories Of The Great War (1936) and Vain Glory (1937). Other books by Guy Chapman include Culture and Survival (1940), Beckford (1952), The Dreyfus Trials (1955), The Third Republic of France (1962) and Why France Collapsed (1968). After his death on 30th June 1972, his wife, Storm Jameson, edited A Kind of Survivor (1975), a selection of Chapman's autobiographical writings.
  8. DSO, OBE, Single British War medal; Captain William Lewis Blennerhassett, Intelligence Corps, 5th Army - Examiner of German prisoners, seconded MI.1(c) (Secret Intelligence Service) attached to the Foreign Office Political Intelligence Department, served Great war, France, Switzerland, USA and post war in Russia and Lithuania. William Lewis Rowland Paul Sebastian Blennerhassett was born on 6 October 1882. (Rowland Lewis) (William "Willie" Paul Francis) Rowland Sebastian Blennerhassett (he used the initials R.P.F.C. Blennerhassett, placing Rowland first; W.L.R.P.S. B'hassett, placing William first, and was published and his medals were issued as "W.L. Blennerhassett" He was the son of Rt. Hon. Sir Rowland Blennerhassett, 4th Baronet and Countess Charlotte de Leyden. He married Olivia Frances Grove, daughter of Sir Thomas Fraser Grove, 1st Baronet and Frances Hinton Northcote, on 14 July 1910. By profession was a member of the London Stock Exchange. He died on 24 May 1958 at age 75. He gained the rank of Captain in the service of the Intelligence Corps. He was decorated with the award of the Croix de Guerre. He was decorated with the award of the Companion, Distinguished Service Order (D.S.O.) in 1920. He was invested as an Officer, Order of the British Empire (civil) in 1920. 1914 August 1914, Second Lieutenant (temporary) “Such was the ad hoc manner in which the War Office assembled the “Intelligence Corps” at the outset of hostilities that its recruits came in all shapes and sizes - Blennerhassett is recorded as having reported for duty with his father’s sword and two spare shirts, and to have proved a hopeless motor-cyclist, writing off one of the unit’s Sunbeams after a journey that lasted just 50 yards”. November 1914; Mentioned in Despatches by Field-Marshal French, Commanding-in-chief, British Army in the Field, 20th November, 1914 (Gazette 17th February, 1915) Blennerhasset (t) W. L., Second Lieutenant (temporary) Intelligence Corps He was noted that; “The most eccentric original member of the Corps was probably William Blennerhassett, Thirty-one years old at the outbreak of war, he was described as; An extraordinary fellow, son of a Irish Baronet and a German women. He knows a great many of the Bavarian nobility including prince Rupprecht and he is the oddest creature in some ways, very eccentric and liable to take great likes and dislikes” November 1914; The undermentioned temporary Second Lieutenants to be temporary Lieutenants: W. L. Blennerhassett (General Headquarters of the British Expeditionary Force). 1915 April 1915; Graded for purposes of pay as Staff Lieutenants, 2nd Class.) Dated the 6th August, 1914, Temporary Lieutenants: — W. L. Blennerhasset. (General Headquarters of the British Expeditionary Force) November 1915; Blennerhassett and General Sir George Macdonagh, Director of Military Intelligence met with Irish MP, J.E.Redmond on his visit to the front. http://www.rte.ie/…/Account_of_a_Visit_to_the_Front_by_J.E.… 1916 August 1916; Promotion of temporary Capt. W. L. Blennerhassett 5th Aug. 1916, attached to the 5th Army under Lieutenant General Hubert de la Poer Gough June 1916; Graded for purposes of pay as Staff Captain 25th June 1916:— W. L. Blennerhassett. December 1916; Awarded the French Croix de Guerre, 30th December 1916 (As reported in the catholic newspaper “The Tablet”) attached to the 5th Army under Lieutenant General Hubert de la Poer Gough “The French decoration of the Croix de Guerre has been conferred on Captain William Lewis Rowland Paul Sebastian Blennerhassett, Intelligence Corps, son of the late Right Hon. Sir Rowland Blennerhassett, and uncle of the present baronet” A fellow officer remembered; at the end of 1916 he (Blennerhasset) came to the attention of the Commander in Chief when he crossed no-mans-land and persuaded some German soldiers to desert to the British (possibly liked to the award of the Croix de Guerre). 1917 Not Known 1918 February 1918; He was graded for purposes of pay as Staff Lieutenant, 3rd Class, (Temporary Captain. W. L. Blennerhasset), General List, from graded as Staff Lieutenant, 1st Class 4th February 1918. March 1918; Seconded to MI.1(c) (Secret Intelligence Service) under Captain Sir George Mansfield Cumming RN and attached to the Foreign office, Political Intelligence Department and sent as an agent to Berne, Switzerland. “The reports of the British military agent in Berne, Captain W.L. Blennerhassett to MI.1(c) and forwarded to PID (Political Intelligence Department) were very revealing about the activities of German agents in Switzerland and confirmed PIDs suspicions of the reliability of some of the information it received from that country. Blennerhassett identified the most formidable German agent active in Berne as a man called “Bismarck” who used “Typically” German methods to achieve his ends; a mixture of cunning and childish simplicity. All the concierges in the major hotels in the city were in German pay and they intercepted the mail of the most important “opposition” Germans and Entente agents and passed them to “Bismarck”. Blennerhassett reported that another “Formidable” German agent in Berne was named “Loewengard (see note below) The book “Armour against Fate” states; “His Family contacts explain why he was sent by the secret service to Switzerland to try to establish contact with the German “opposition” Note: In January 1918, Adolf Loewengard a former stockbroker and German intelligence officer based in Switzerland had recruited a former British Soldier Franz Bruno Grob (who had also worked for a number of British Stockbrokers and had been hand picked up to work for MI.1(c) by Mansfield Cumming in Switzerland) as a double agent. The leading German anti-war politician living in Switzerland was Karl Ludwig Krause who was funded by MI.1(c), he was one of those fermenting political dissent within the German armed forces 1919 June 1919; Murmansk Command, Intelligence Corps (noted Russian Speaker) Awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) and MID, Intelligence Corps “D.S.O. London Gazette 21 January 1920: For conspicuous gallantry near Siding on 11 June 1919, when doing intelligence duties, On the advance of the Russian troops being held up, he collected three men and led an advance under heavy fire, thereby assisting greatly in re-establishing the situation. As Intelligence Officer in charge of the forward area, he has rendered invaluable services in controlling an area of some 3,000 square miles.” MID; Mentioned in Despatches, Murmansk 11th June 1920, Blennerhassett, T/Capt. W. L. R. P. S, DSO Special List”. Times obituary 1958, “Blennerhassett ‘worked his experience of revolutionary Russia into material for two novels. The Red Shadow and The Dreamer, which were distinguished less for style or narrative than for their precise descriptions of scenes and events witnessed by the author.” October 1919; Captain Blennerhassett, attached to Foreign Office, Political Intelligence Department and is appointed “Interpreter” with the League of Nations, he attends the First International Labor Conference in Washington, DC USA http://www.erudit.org/revue/meta/2005/v ... 609ar.html According to his Times obituary from May 1958, ‘His abilities as a linguist were known to the Foreign Office” December 1919, Special Appointments Class FF (staff captain) Temporary Capt. W .L. Blennerhassett, General List 1920 July 1920; General List, The undermentioned relinquish their commission on completion of service: Temporary Captain W. L. Blennerhassett, D.S.O., 20th May 1920, and retains the rank of Captain July 1920; Foreign Office, Acting British Vice-Consul at Kovno, Lithuania, with a role to investigate German commercial interests in the Baltics (Foreign Office file FO 3716725) report to the Board of Trade on its “handicap to British trade” Acting British Vice-Consul at Kovno (Kaunas), Lithuania (until June 1921); His obit (Times 26.5.1958, p.states that he "occupied a position in Lithuania on behalf of the British Government"; (Foreign Office file FO 511/16 is a document written by W. L. Blennerhassett at Kovno 4.2.1921); November 1920, Awarded the OBE (civil) London Gazette November 1920, Captain William Lewis Blennerhassett, D.S.O. Services in the Political Intelligence Department, Foreign Office. “The Political Intelligence Department (1918–1920) was a department of the British Foreign Office created towards the end of World War I. It was created on 11 March 1918 by Permanent Under-Secretary Lord Hardinge, It gathered political, economic, and military conditions in both allied and enemy countries and prepared reports for the cabinet, the Foreign Office, and other departments” 1923 He returned to London Stock exchange where he was "a prosperous & highly respected member" for 30 years, with offices at Warnford Court, Throgmorton Street, London 1924 William Lewis Blennerhassett (named in error "Charles Blennerhassett") is mentioned in "The Zinoviev Letter" ch.2 "The Letter", p.57 Published by Heinemann, London (1967) “The Zinoviev letter has been one of the great unsolved mysteries of British politics. Purporting to be an official directive from the Moscow Comintern to the British Communist Party to foment insurrection in the Army, its publication had a devastating impact on the Labour Party's performance in the 1924 General Election. But the truth about its origin and its well-timed publication has tantalised historians and politicians ever since. In this absorbing narrative, the authors reveal in detail for the first time: How the letter was forged by a group of reckless Russian emigres in Berlin. How it was planted in the European intelligence network. How it was received and mistakenly authenticated by the Foreign Office in London. How a former secret agent, single-handed, forced Whitehall to publish it. How the secret service and its "master spy" conspired to ensure the letter's maximum impact”. 1932 “At the time our story opens, in the year 1932, William Lewis Rowland Paul Sebastian Blennerhassett had been a member of the London Stock Exchange for the past thirty years. He could trace his family back to the 14th century, when a Blennerhassett had served as Mayor of Carlisle. Numerous Blennerhassett’s had served in Parliament. William himself had earned a DSO for his service in Military Intelligence and the Foreign Office. He had been a delegate to the League of Nations. In the 1920s, he even published two novels set in revolutionary Russia. He was a rich, respected, highly respectable family man, justly proud of his illustrious heritage. Unfortunately, as events would shortly prove, he was also utterly lacking in humor or any sense of proportionate response. On the morning of May 26, as Londoners read their "Evening Standard," they saw featured within the pages of the newspaper an ad for a yo-yo company. It told the tale of a "worthy citizen" named "Mr. Blennerhassett," who became addicted to playing with yo-yos. It closed with the words, "To-day, he is happy in a quiet place in the country, and under sympathetic surveillance he practises Yo-Yo tricks...So beware of Yo-Yo, which starts as a hobby and ends as a habit." I'm not sure of the wisdom of an ad that touts its product as a likely gateway to madness and the asylum, but never mind that”.He sued the company for slander in a very high profile high court case and lost Published works As "W.L. Blennerhassett" he wrote for; "The National Review" June 1918 "Blackwood's Review" Dec.1918, Jan.1919 & Feb.1919; "The Gospel According to Karl Marx" published. In "The Cornhill" magazine Dec.1919 "A Tragedy of Error: being a contribution towards 'The truth about 1918' " pub. in ["The Cornhill" magazine Dec.1920]; William Blennerhassett worked his experience of revolutionary Russia into material for two novels, "The Red Shadow" (published Duckworth 1922) & "The Dreamer" (published Chapman & Dodd 1922), Contributed to "Encyclopaedia Britannica" on the history of Finland (EB vol.9 pp251-253 of 1962 edition) and Lapland (EB vol.13 p.718 of 1962 ed.) both under the initials "W.L.B."; He wrote letter on Russia to the TIMES 29.6.1920 p.12 Clubs Member of the Wellington & Savile Club
  9. Single WW1 British war medal (only entitlement) to Major George Washington, Canadian army.... Whether by default of design seems to have embellished his military service by adding the DCM and other medals as well as his length of service.....having said that he served with distinction at home and abroad.....he also had a liking for taking photographs of naked women...... !! George Washington was born in 1872 in Leicester, England. he enlisted in the British Army serving 12 years with the Scots Greys, 2nd Dragoon Guards and 1 year with the Leicester Imperial Yeomanry in South Africa (note the five mentioned) and was discharged unfit. He never was later assigned to the Camel Corps in Egypt. He was never wounded and was only ever awarded the The Queen's South Africa (QSA) Medal Clasps: Wittebergen, Cape Colony, South Africa 1901. On the 24th od May 1916, on the recommendation of the Duke of Connaught, Governor General of Canada, he was given a commission as the Adjutant of the 227th ( Manitoulin Island and Sudbury) Battalion. Attested into the 51st Soo Rifles and then the 227th battalion at Sault Ste. Marie. Promoted major and placed in charge of Number 1 Company On the 10th of April 1917 he embarked from Halifax for England on the H.M.T. Carpathia with the 227th Battalion. On May 26th 1917 he was struck off strength of CEF in England for dispersal to Canada, surplus to establishment and discharged from the CEF in June 1916. On the 14th of February 1918 he was appointed conducting officer escorting wounded soldiers to Canada and new battalions back to England. (He claims to have experienced six submarine attacks during his eight trips across the ocean). On the 7th of January 1919 the Toronto Telegram reports that Colonel Bickford has selected major Washington for special duty with the Canadian Siberian Expeditionary Force. There is no record that he did go to Russia and on the 20th of January 1919 he was attached to clearing service command, Quebec. In January 1920 he was S.O.S. of the CEF at St. John New Brunswick. On the 20th of September 1920 he was suspended from the Toronto camera Club for taking nude pictures after being warned not to do so. He died on the 30th of March 1927. 2
  10. Harold Dorman Patterson was born in 1875 in West Derby Lancashire he was appointed Home Office, Inspector under the Aliens Act in 1910 and was appointed temporary 2/Lt in the embryonic Intelligence corps, disembarking at St Nazaire 14/9/1914 Returning to the UK in 23/4 1915 (according to his documents) with neurasthenia (shell shock), he was sent to the Duchess of Connaught Canadian Red Cross Hospital, Cliveden, Taplow, Bucks. In early 1916 he was attached to the Home Defence (cyclist) company at the Bell hotel, Great Driffield, Yorkshire and later to the 9th Hampshire regiment. However in truth Harold was a member of Mi5 he is noted on official records joining on 12 April 1916 and leaving in July 1919. He was Port Control Officer at Newcastle and later at Southampton. On 29 June 1918 the Military Control in Southampton reported the arrival in the port of a Russian officer (one Major General Lodijensky) who professed that his mission was to prevent Kerensky journeying to Paris and attempting to ‘put himself at the head’ of the intervention. If that happened, the general informed his interviewer (noted as Captain H.D. Patterson), ‘the whole cause will be lost’, as ‘Kerensky’s name bears no weight with the people whose sympathies have been laboriously enlisted. Major General Lodijensky was a general in the Russian army. After the monarchy was overthrown, he fled Russia and eventually wound up in Hollywood, where he earned a living for a while doing extra work in films and acting as a technical adviser on films about Russia. The film The Last Command is based partly on his life. As you would expect from his life in the shadows little else is know....... Harold was awarded the OBE in 1919
  11. War takes it toll sometimes years after the event.........I hope that this article highlights one mans extreme gallantry and not his flaws......a single 1915 star We first come across Honorary Temporary Sub-Lt RNVR James "Hardy" Brown when he was MID for his services during the advance on Kut-el-Amara in 1915 and again in 1916: I can only assume he was skipper of one of the Lynch Brothers Tigris river steamers. His RNVR records note him being on the river steamer "Mejidieh" or "Medijidieh" He is next mentioned in the London Gazette 1917; His Majesty The KING (is) pleased to approve of the appointments of the undermentioned Officers to be Companions of the Distinguished Service Order in recognition of their gallantry and devotion to duty in the Field: He was invested with the DSO by the Duke of York 20/07/1920. The DSO to a temporary Sub Lt.......is very rare! “Temp. Sub-Lt. James Hardy Brown, R.N.V.R. For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty throughout the campaign. He has navigated his ship at high speed, night and day, in all weathers, with marked zeal and determination. He has at all times set a magnificent example of courage and initiative”. In 1917 He was transferred to the army with a note that his middle name was "Harvey" to the Inland Water Transport as a Lt temporary Captain (DSO). We find him next in 1918 as shipping controller, Caspian sea noted in the Naval review; " On the reoccupation of the city in November, 1918, the majority of companies owning ships formed a pool under the guidance of Lieutenant-Colonel J. H. Brown, D.S.O., I.W.T., and almost the entire financial and other business of the pool, including storing, fuelling, wages of crews, freight charges, etc., was controlled by his office. To eliminate one among the numberless obstacles to the running of the pool, the Shipping Controller (Lieutenant-Colonel Brown, I.W.T.) employed one steamer, known locally as the Green Alexander to supply mazoot to any ship that needed it at Baku". He appears to have brought back a wife as he married in 1918 Vita daughter of J M Dual of Baku (Russia) and appointed an OBE in 1919. It appears civilian life also had its fair share of adventures, he is noted as a banker "J H Brown Ltd" foreign bankers and in 1924 he was made bankrupt as Lieutenant-Colonel James Harvey Brown, 18 Palace, Court, London, W. 2, and St. Stephen's Chambers, Telegraph Street, London, E.G., banker. In 1931 he was found guilty of fraud and sentence at the old bailey to 18 months in prison and in 1937 his appeal was upheld and exonerated. An article was written on his death; http://newspaperarchive.com/lethbridge-herald/1945-09-20/page-5/ A colourful Canadian who lived his last lonely years in a Chelsea flat was found dead at home and a jury later brought in a verdict that James Harvey Brown 65 died of chronic alcoholism. In 1937 Brown told friends that if he could have sold out his interests at a fair price in 1920. He was born in or Halifax he son of a lawyer his friends said In early life he went to Texas to be a cowboy. At 21 he inherited a fortune but lost it At 25 he made another from a shipping venture in San Francisco A later he lost this fortune in the sugar market In 1910 he went to Persia and worked on the opening of the upper Karum river the waterway leading to the Batum and Baku oilfields He formed a company for the transport of mail arid made another fortune First Great War he was a director of river transport on the Tigris and Euphrates and for his services there received the DSO and OBE. A few years after that war ended he found himself again a poor man In April 1931 he was sentenced in London to six months imprisonment for converting to his own use the property of the International Brick Co of which he was a director That sentence was quashed by the appeal court Six years later he was sentenced to 18 months on a charge but again the conviction was quashed by the appeal court. When the Second Great started Brown attempted to enlist again but he was too old He came a voluntary ambulance driver.
  12. Picked this little lot up....WWII pair and Palestine 1945-48 GSM...named to Edward Tookey...came with some photos and other bits including the field blouse..the insignia on the blouse have confused me...it has cloth patch on both sleeves small White triangle within a black triangle,( 1st division infantry?????) and a REME sleeve badge....the blouse has his name inside but it's not the one he is wearing in the photos...can anyone shed any light on why these badges are present? ..thanks in advance Pick
  13. I acquired this group at a recent online auction; it's to Lt.Col. Dennis Daybell, The Life Guards. he was a solicitor in private life, who was commissioned for WWII service. The group came with a nice lot of supporting documents.
  14. These medals look like replacements to me but can someone give me a definitive answer ? My reasoning is the position of the top of the crown in relation to the base of the suspender and the quality of the engraving ...thanks Chris ' alt='' class='ipsImage' width="1000px" height="736px"> ' alt='' class='ipsImage' width="1000px" height="736px"> ' alt='' class='ipsImage' width="1000px" height="736px"> ' alt='' class='ipsImage' width="1000px" height="736px"> ' alt='' class='ipsImage' width="1000px" height="736px"> ' alt='' class='ipsImage' width="1000px" height="736px">
  15. I have also posted this on the BMF, so apologies, but thought I would share here too. For me, this was a case of one thing leads to another, with a welcome surprise at the end. As mentioned before, my main interest is Napoleonic wars and Waterloo campaign medals, but I am increasingly being drawn into the mid Victorian Indian/Afghan wars. Anyway, the more I look into that period, the more I am drawn into the later Indian/Afghan exploits (and medals)...after all, it is a continuum (even to today). I realise that most of you will know a lot more about this period and Tochi than I do - I am very much a beginner, so happy to be corrected. Recently, on impulse, I bought an India Medal with clasp 'Punjab Frontier 1897-98', to a 8870 Private G. Francis of the 3rd Rifle Brigade. I had no research or history to go on. Initial results have been pleasantly surprising, sad and disappointing with equal measure. Turns out that this medal belonged to 8870 Private George Francis and that he was with 3 Rifles during their ill-fated (certainly for 3 Rifles) expedition with the Tochi Field Force. The medal roll confirms his medal and clasp...also that he was "deceased". His service papers were located and they showed that he attested on a 'Short Service' engagement, into the Rifle Brigade, at Winchester, on 25 March 1887. Born Takely, Bishops Stortford in Essex, aged 18 years and seven months. Trade given as Groom. Father given as Samuel Francis. At his attestation medical, he was described as being 5 feet 5 1/4 inches. 134lbs in weight and a chest measurement of 33inches. Fresh complexion, blue eyes and brown hair. Wesleyan by religion. Following training (home), he served in Egypt from 19 October 1887, then South Africa on 2 August 1888 and then finally to India on 21 April 1894 (where he served for 8 years and 140 days up to his death in the Tochi Valley). He was granted 1 GC badge on 3 August 1889 and a further 2 GC badges on 23 February 1893. He extended his service (in order to to complete 12 years) on 31 March 1894. He died at Datta Khel, in the Tochi Valley, on 21 July 1897, after 10 years and 121 days service: The Rifle Brigade Chronicle for 1897 describes, at Pages 123/4, how Private Francis was the first man of the Bn to die in the Tochi Valley Expedition (as Batman to the CO), on 21st July 1897, and describes: "On the 21st (July 1897) occurred the first death in the Battalion, during the expedition (Tochi), Private Francis, the Colonel's batman, dying that evening of dysentry. How little did any of us then anticipate the terrible numbers we were to lose later on in that real Valley of Death, the Tochi, which at the date of writing, the 8th December (1897), stand at 3 officers, and 98 rank and file." I believe that the Private Francis referred to in the Chronicle is 'my Francis' as the only other Pte Francis listed on the medal roll for 3 Rifles at the time is an 'A. Francis'. This Francis does not show in any casualty lists. Also, the date of death fits with his service records and the 1897 Chronicle (at Page 229) lists Rifleman Francis G (8870) having died at Datta Khel on 21st July (1897). Following is a brief resume of the fearsome trials and tribulations that George Francis would have been exposed to during his part of the Tochi expedition: Tochi Field Force was formed in June 1897, with aim to exact retribution on the tribes (around the village of Maizar) who (a month earlier) had ambushed the Political Officer for Tochi, and his army escort. The Force included 6 Indian battalions and 2 British battalions (2nd Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders and the 3rd Rifle Brigade). The 3rd Rifles were stationed at Rawalpindi and the assembly point for the force was Datta Khel (some 15 miles to the north east of Maizar). 3 Rifles travelled to Khushulgarh by train arriving on 30 June and, that same day (evening) they began an 8 day march to Bannu (averaged 14 miles per day). With daytime temperatures in excess of 100 degrees F, marching was done at night, when it was a slightly more bearable 98 degrees! Despite many severe heat cases there were no fatalities for 3 Rifles (although the Argyll's lost 3 men). At Bannu they rested for 3 days, then marched west, through the Tochi valley, to Miranshah (approx 3,000 feet above sea level) and then, after a rest, onto Datta Khel where they arrived on 18 July. Of the 801 Riflemen who had begun the 170-mile march, only 726 completed it, the rest having left at various stages of sickness along the route. With all the battalions present at Datta Khel, the Tochi Field Force was complete and ready for operations (39 days after the Maizar ambush). Unfortunately, as we now know, George Francis did not make it to the 27th of July, when his Batallion marched out to join the 1st Brigade in the systematic destruction of all the houses there and around Maizar, as punishment for the ambush of 10th. June. As we said, George had the dubious honour of being recorded as the first in his Battalion to die from dysentry. Dysentery and fever were rife and by August/early September the number of men reporting sick daily was in three figures. and the force HQ decided that the battalion had to return to India to recover its health. It left Bannu on 30th October and there ended the the Rifle Brigade's Tochi expedition. They had marched through the Derejat and Tochi valley in midsummer amid duststorms and plagues of flies without ever seeing the enemy, until by the end, "we had now only a mere handful of sound men with us; the others pale, feeble and worn out, were either hospital patients or too weak to get along without assistance and had to be carried in bullock carts". Not a single man had been lost in action but over 120 died from Fever and Dysentery. So, in conclusion, I was pleased that the medal belonged to a soldier who had a story to tell (and I know that there is more to discover about his service), but sad and disappointed that it ended the way it did. I still consider myself to be a complete novice at research and this is very much outside my knowledge base, so, as always, I would be very grateful for anything that anyone may have to add or wishes to comment on -including the medal itself (and the edge naming). I have to assume that this is his only medal entitlement. However, when I next have time, I will visit Kew and see what more I can find in the Muster records about his service. Sources: Rifle Brigade Chronicle for 1997 (http://www.archive.org/stream/riflebrigadechr02owngoog#page/n130/mode/2up) WO 363 Series, for his Service Papers (Ancestry) WO 100/89, for India Medal Roll The London Gazette, 7 September 1897, Issue 26889, Page 4989 (https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/26889/page/4989 As a footnote, I have come across an interesting picture of the CO who Pte Francis served, as his batman, at the time of his death in the Tochi Valley: Lt. Col. Curzon was CO of 3 RB during the Tochi expedition - some brief biographical details follow, including a note about how badly the Tochi experience affected his health in later years: Owen
  16. Dear All, I believe this image to show a Field Officer of the Rifle Brigade wearing the Crimea Medal with a single clasp, the Turkish Crimea Medal, and the breast badge of a Knight (5th Class) of the Turkish Mecidî Nişanı (Order of the Mejedie). Judging by the composition and the dates of operation of the photographer (William Savage, of Winchester), the original negative was taken in the early years of the 1860s. I think I can discern a black arm band on the subject's left arm, which might suggest that it was taken during the period of official mourning immediately following the death of Prince Albert in December, 1861. Going through Hart's Army List for 1860, I first created a shortlist of all those officers of the regiment over the rank of Lieutenant who had war services listed - forty-seven names. Deleting those who received other orders, decorations and/or medals prior to 1860; those who had more than one clasp to the Crimea medal; and those who did not receive the Mecidî Nişanı, I was able to reduce those forty-seven to three names. One of these, Fitzhardinge Kingscote, lost his right hand in the storming of the Redan, and portraits of him do not, in any case, resemble the subject of this image; another, Charles Vane Fitzroy, never achieved field rank, and retired as a Captain in 1870. The remaining name was that of Major Hercules Walker (later Col. Hercules Walker Myln). The only fly in the ointment of this identification is that he conducted a belated draft of men of the 2nd Rifle Brigade to India, and appears on a Supplementary Roll dated September, 1859, for the medal without clasp. He returned to England shortly thereafter, and married on 15th March, 1860, in Somerset. Could the issue of his Indian Mutiny Medal really have been delayed as long as December, 1861, or even later? Could the image be earlier, and he in mourning for someone else? Or is this another officer altogether? Comments, suggestions and assistance will be most gratefully received.
  17. greetings. trying to locate the 1914 star to Sgt or Lt G F Antell from Canada. have the rest of the group. best, braxton bradford
  18. greetings. braxton bradford here. has anyone seen a colonial auxilliary forces medal with the cypher GRV? the ones i've found have GRI. the medal is a silver vertical oval w/silver crown, ring attached to the ribbon with oak leaved top bar. best, braxton
  19. Some years ago, I acquired, as a gift from a friend, two Q.S.A. medals, and both with no clasps. Now, I have done my research on these two medals, and I even have actual copies of the original handwritten regimental medal rolls, for both. And, as you might expect, both QSAs are entitled to a number of clasps, confirmed. So, here are the details : To: 8206 Pte J. Johnston 1st Highland Light Infantry (the 71st) Missing clasps are: Cape Colony; Wittebergen; S.A. 1901 (not entitled to a K.S.A.) and, also, To: 133 Tpr Francis George Hollington, 2nd Victoria Mounted Rifles. Missing clasps are : Cape Colony; Rhodesia; S.A. 1901. (not entitled to a K.S.A.) Now obviously, I would like to replace the clsaps. And so, in summary, I will require: 2 x Cape Colony; 2 x S.A. 1901 and one each of Wittebergen and Rhodesia. Naturally, original clasps would be best, failing that, good quality copies, until (hopefully) originals can be obtained. DO ANY GROUP Members know of a good, reliable source / supplier who may be able to assist me. I have obviously found some suppliers of copy clasps on the interent, but as I have not yet approached them, I cannot say if they are reliable, nor if their copies are of decent quality. I know that in the past, Dixon Medals used to deal in replacement clasps, but I see that their website no longer shows a section for clasps. Can ANYONE ASSIST ME, please? Thank you. David B 1812 ---------------------------------------------------
  20. Ferdinand Matthias Feuerheerd (sometimes spelt Fenerheerd) This has been one of the most difficult to research even though I have been in touch with the family, the Feuerheerd family although originally from Germany were at the time of the great war Anglo-Portuguese (A story from the family was at some stage in the trenches he met a first cousin who was on the German side). He was born about 1864 in Oporto, Portugal and naturalised British citizen since 1889 (and the son of naturalised parents) he was living in Winchester Hampshire when war broke out, he was noted as a retired wine shipper. Ferdinand worked as did all the family for the firm Feuerheerd Bros Port wine exporters from Oporto. he married Miss Drake,daughter of Major Drake, of the Northumberland Fusiliers. Feuerheerd’s was founded in 1815 by the German trader Dietrich Matthias Feuerheerd who established his business in Oporto. In 1926 the company was sold to the Barros family and in 2007 to Quinta D. Matilde – Vinhos, Lda which is owned by some members of the Barros family. Feuerheerd’s became famous over the years for the quality of its wines, especially a few of its Vintage Port. Nowadays, the brand acquired by Barão de Vilar - Vinhos, SA, giving birth to a new partnership between the Van Zellers and the Barros family, determined to revive the long tradition of quality of Feuerheerd’s wines. The Family have confirmed that he served with the Portuguese military intelligence in France; however there is no confirmation of this as his army records are lost. 1915 appointed “Special Appointment” as a censor attached to Army Headquarters (Graded for purposes of pay as a Staff Lieutenant, 2nd Class.) F. Fenerheerd, and to be temporary Second Lieutenant. Dated 3rd May 1915. He graded for purposes of pay as a Staff Lt., 1st class Temp 2nd Lt. F. Fenerheerd, vice Hon. Lt.-Col. J. M. Richardson (Agricultural officer) , 5th April 1916. (Hon. Lt.-Col Jasper Myers Richardson, RGA TF, Educated at Trinity Hall, University of Cambridge, leaving in 1869, Hon. Lt. Col Retired Militia (Welch, Caernarvonshire, RGA TF) who at the time of his death he was a General Staff Officer (Agriculture) Wounded on 21 March 1918 and died of wounds on 30 March 1918. 5th Apr 1916 age 68). He relinquished his rank in 1921 and died in Guernsey 7 September 1921 If you had to take anyone to war taking a wine importer would seem a good idea.........
  21. A chance look at German ebay and a successfully purchase of a broken WW1 victory medal named to G-73411 PTE. FJ Andrae. Middx R has come up with an interesting story....http://www.ebay.co.uk/itm/Bronze-Medail ... true&rt=nc Frederick Jacob Andrae was born in 1883 Germany (the 1901 census has the place as Gilbroth but no such place exists) the surname seems to be Bavarian. He is noted in 1901 as being a barman at the William IV public house in Shepherdess Walk and in 1911 as a publican at the Springfield Hotel, Springfield Terrace, Bounds Green Road, New Southgate, he was made a naturalised UK citizen in 1910. In June 1916 he was called up and served 31st and 30th (Works) Battalion, Middlesex Regiment. Authorised by Army Council Instruction 1209 of 1916, the Middlesex Regiment formed two labour battalions, numbered 30th and 31st (Works) Battalions, manned by recruits who were naturalised British citizens but of enemy alien parentage. The men mainly came from German backgrounds and were for the most part not of low medical grade (such as was the case with the units of the Labour Corps). The two units remained in England as part of the regiment and were never transferred to the Labour Corps. However Fred seems to have managed to get to France arriving in Bologne in march 1917 with the 2 Infantry Labour Company - and returning home over two years later at the end of 1919. He was awarded the British War Medal and Victory.
  22. I bought a group of medals some years ago to a Trooper/ Sergeant, Churchill, 2nd King Edwards Horse. One medal which is a private medal I think from the Regiment as the ribbon colours are the same as regimental colours. The medal shows an angel on one side and the other says for courage in the field in Irland. I have tried to find out what he may have done as the main actions that I can find relate to the easter risings in Dublin around the post office. can anyone help to cast any light on what he may have been involved in.
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