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Showing results for tags 'Kriegsmarine'.
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Signature of Konter Admiral Walther Koehler - retired Dec 1944. Koehler was recall as a Kapitan Zur See in the Navy of the Third Reich. On 16 April 1941 he was appointed as Commander of Information for the Prize Count of Hamburg. He was next assigned as Reichs-Commissioner of the Prize Court for Berlin-Riga from 23 Jun. 1941 to 31 Mar 1942, at the same time he was the Reichs-Commissioner for the Prize Court of Berlin-Soloniki from 01 Nov. 1941 to 31 Mar. 1942. Kapitan Zur See Walther Koehler was promoted to Konter-Admiral (Rear Admiral), Acting on 01 April 1942. This was a full promotion and not an honorary title. Admiral Koehler was next assigned as Reichs-Commissioner of the Prize Court at Berlin from 01 April 1942 to 01 Mar. 1943. Rear Admiral Koehler served as a Judge for the Prize Court of Hamburg from 01 Mar. 1943 until his retirement from active service on 31 Dec. 1944 at the age 62 (1944 Annual List, and web.genealogie). He returned to his position of “Standing Assessor” of the Upper Sea Office, Berlin from 01 Jan 1945 to 08 May 1945 when the War in Europe ended, and the Third Reich fell. Walther Koehler was born on 2 September 1882 in Sulau parish, Silesia, Prussia. It appears he came from a Military Family. He joined the Kaiserlich Deutschen Marine (Imperial German Navy, Crew of 1901) on 8 Apr. 1901, at the age of 18 years, as a See Kadett (Sea Cadet). Served with East Asiatic Squadron 28 Nov. 1903 to Mar. 1905 (S.M.S. Hertha), transferred to S.M.S. thetis. Served in East Africa (Maji Maji Rebellion) 26 Sep. 1905 to April 1906. Lieutenant z.S Koehler commanded "Detachment Koehler" during the uprising. Served on various ships. 14 Oct. 1913 assigned as Navigation Officer on S.M.S. Leipzig East Asiatic Squadron. Iron Cross 2nd Class battle of Coronel; and Iron Cross 1st Class battle of the Falklands. Koehler was one of 18 survivors of the Leipzig (Also the ranking survivor). Taken Prisoner 8 Dec. 1914 to Jan. 1918 when interned in Holland. Re entered service in the Navy 21 Dec. 1918. Retired 27 Sep. 1932. Recalled as above in 1941. By Captain George Albert (army historian)
On the shoulder straps of the KM field grey uniform, only a limited number of destinctive devices were worn. Most seen are the crossed anchors (with and without Latin letters/numbers or Arab numbers above), the winged shell on an anchor or the crossed lightning flashes with a 'schwinge' on an anchor. This Unteroffizier however, is wearing the steering wheel in metal, as for Transportation Units, an intersting variation
This beauty I believe was used for the timing of torpedoes from launch to impact (or not), but it could perhaps be one used for navigation....or maybe both. It is still functional. The reverse of this chronometer/stopwatch is KM-marked and is also stamped "65 G" (presumably some kind of serial number). The interior works are stamped "Junghans" within an eight-pointed star; the numerals "68" underneath and a production serial number "48683". The white face is marked with the maker's name and two sets of numerals around the perimeter: red numerals in descending order ("EU=2hm" - whatever that means); and black numerals in ascending order measuring seconds. There is also a small timer in the upper portion of the face which measures the minutes elapsed. Interesting to note is that two marks have been hand-inked onto the face of this smaller minute timer at the 5 and 10 minute points. There are small, round, slightly-raised yellowish dots located under each of the large black numerals which I assume to have been "glow-in-the-dark" material (which no longer glows). Interesting, as well, is the unique, functional, protective wooden case (also stamped with the serial number "65 G") which houses this chronometer/stopwatch...probably the reason why it is still fully-functional. The heavy-duty cord fitted into the wooden case would be used to wear the stopwatch around the neck in the close quarters of the U-Boat and prevent damage from banging against the metal of the periscope or other objects. I am hoping to get some feedback on this KM-U-Boot item, especially the purpose of the red numerals, please. Thanks, and enjoy viewing this item. John