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It is me again! :cheeky:

Can anyone explain to me what is the difference between a "Reserve" unit and a "Ersatz" unit in the Wehrmacht? I never paid too much attention on this, but now it would be important to understand this stuff.

Thanks in advance,



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Hi Douglas -

I believe that "Ersatz" refers to replacement units - the "repo depots" of WWII US Army fame, in an imperfect analogy, while the reserves are just that - officers witha reserve status - part timers. They could be attached to active duty units and usually were during wartime when they served as full time soldiers/airmen/seamen. Each unit would have an Ersatz unit from which to draw replacements.

What I do not know if whether there were EM/NCO reservists in the Whermacht or if it was only officers who could be reservists.

Edited by DonC
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