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Hungarian Partisan Badge Database


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Here's a cased, late numbered (6064) example. The mini is not numbered indicating a) the minis were no longer being numbered at this point, or b) an un-numbered mini has been substituted. A pretty nic

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Just recently I was able to aquire a rare copy of the Partizan 'Little' Lexicon. In this book are the biographies of aproximately 1500 men and women who were considered the 'true' partizans, rather than the more 'political' assumption to the Hungarian Partizans Association. From looking at the number database and the the database we aquired at the National Museum, almost every badge under the 1500 number was given to individuals who actualy participated in anti-fascist acitivity. Unfortunatly, the book does not give the numbers of the badge and the name to go with them, but as Mr. Sandor Pal was #444 his bio was in the book:

Sandor Pal was a philosopher and a political leader in the partizan movement. He practiced as a university teacher before WW2 and in 1919 joined the Communist Hungarian Party (Kun Bela). He escaped "abroad" (probably Russia) and returned in 1927 to work as a publisher and editor of the periodical "Society Outlook". During the war he joined with the 'Hamza' partizan group, which was comprised mostly of film and media artists (!!) He worked with the civilian sector of enlisintg partizans alongside Somogyi Miklos who recruited actual soldeirs. Pal worked througout the nation in work sabotage, communications, and producing forged documents. In all Pal worked in context with 13 different partizan groups. Pal's greatest acomplishment was managing to steal an address list of Hungarian and German State Security agents GESTAPO and Aroow Cross) operating in Hungary which was then distributed to the various partizan groups.

For all his work as a good communist he was arrested, tortured and interogated as a 'Titoist' spy and spent the years 1950-1954 in prison. After his release from prison he became the director od the National Translation Office. In 1956 he was accepted back into the party and from 1957 he worked as the head of the philosopy department at two national univerisites SOTG and ELTE.

sadly, none of the names in the two otehr award books Gordon and I have appear in the lexicon. If anoyone has a document, post the name and if the name is in the book, I can translate it.

Additionaly - I have been trying unsucessfuly at getting more interviews with the current Partizan Association...but perhaps a door will open soon!

Edited by hunyadi
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Fantastic information!!

The truth is out there.....

By the way, was/is there a "Whos Who" of Socialist Hungary?

Yes - there are, but from what I have seen, they are regualted to certain 'fields' like economics, film, etc... this book is the 'whos who' of the partizan. The book was compiled from the research of about 50 writers and was published by the Hungarian Military Museum. That may be a place to go back and look?

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Hello Gents,

Here is my modest contribution to this topic. I am sending images of two more Partisan Badges. These are especially interesting ones, since they belonged to one family, a husband and wife. Dr. Janos Beck was a participant of the illegal communist movement from the mid '30s and as such, he participated in the Spanish Civil War from 1936. He was awarded the very scarce (RR) Spanish War Commemorative Medal on 22nd October 1956(!). More over, earlier, in 1946, he received the even scarcer (RRR) Order of Hungarian Freedom, the highest, the silver grade, which was an order for partisans and the first order established after the war. Later he became an engineer in chemistry but from late '40s he worked for the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Hungary. His badge has the very law number of "84". His wife, also an illegal communist from late '30s, was awarded the Partisan Badge no. "1249".

Regards,

cimbineus,

No.: "84"

part-84-egyben-w_www.kepfeltoltes.hu_.jp

No.: "1249"

part-1249-egyben-w_www.kepfeltoltes.hu_.
Edited by cimbineus
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...Can you tell us more about the Becks' lives?

I would like to know more. It is very interesting.

Hi again,

I know nothing about his wife's activities. Dr. Beck himself was born in 1915. During the Spanish civil war he was captured and deported to France. He escaped and returned to Hungary where he continued his illegal communist activities. In 1942 he was arrested and sentenced for two years in prison. After 1945 he was posted to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs by the Communist Party. He was arrested again in 1949 because of his good relationship with L?szl? Rajk. He was sentenced for 8 years in prison by his own comrades, but was released in 1955. His real diplomatic carrier started in 1961. He was the ambassador of Hungary in several countries, among others in Cuba too. In 1979 he retired from the MFA. He died in 2001. That is all what I know about him.

Regards,

cimbineus

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cimbineus,

Welcome to the forum. Very nice early numbered Partisan Badges. When you say he was awarded the Spanish War Commemorative medal you are refering to the "Munk?s-Paraszt H?talom?rt Eml?k?rem" and when you mention the Order of Hungarian Freedom you are refering to "A Magyar Szabas?g ?rdemrend ez?st fokozata, 1946"? I just want to make sure all of the people who read this thread will be sure what medals you are talking about. "A Magyar Szabas?g ?rdemrend ez?st fokozata, 1946" was numbered on the back. Do you know what the number of his award was?

As a friend of Rajk he was lucky not to have suffered the same death sentence.

I would be interested in meeting with you some time soon. Always interested in meeting Hungarian collectors and sharing my uniform and medal collection with them. I live in the Rozsadom area of Buda. Give me a call sometime on 06-20-480-4158.

I want to edit this post as my mobile number came us being in the U.K. which it is not. It is in Budapest.

Regards,

Gordon

Edited by Gordon Craig
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Hi Gordon,

Thank you for your kind words. No, of course, I did not mean the "Munk?s-Paraszt Hatalom?rt Eml?k?rem". That was for active participation in suppressing the revolution in Hungary in '56 and awarded from April 1957. I meant the "Zalka M?t? Eml?k?rem" which was instituted in '56 and first time awarded on 22nd October 1956, just one day before the revolution. That was for the participation in the Spanish civil war. Yes, the other one I mentioned was the "A Magyar Szabads?g ?rdemrend" of '46 and its number was "55". But, of course, you know, that in this case the number does not matter. There was no any hierarchy in numbers. Those orders were awarded in random, regardless of their numbers and a certain percent of them simply had no numbers at all.

Thanks for your kind offer. I am very happy to meet other collectors too.

Regards,

cimbineus

Edited by cimbineus
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cimbineus,

Sorry for my mistake on the Zalka Mata. Must have been asleep when I typed that one! As for the number on the "A Magyar Szabads?g ?rdemrend" I realize that the medals were awarded randomly and I was simply courious if you knew what the number on the medal was that he was awarded. Since there doesn't appear to be a list of who received these awards it helps to be able to put a name to at least one number.

Regards,

Gordon

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