Jump to content

HEADS OF STATE IN 1914


Recommended Posts

(painted by Sir Luke Fildes 1911)

KING GEORGE V TH.

KING OF THE UNITED KINGDOM AND BRITISH DOMINIONS

AND EMPEROR OF INDIA - FROM 6 MAY 1910 UNTIL HIS

DEATH IN 1936.

GRANDSON OF QUEEN VICTORIA AND THE FIRST COUSIN

TO THE RUSSIAN TSAR NICHOLAS 2 ND. AND OF KAISER

WILHELM 2 ND. OF GERMANY

THE BRITISH ROYAL FAMILY WERE ORIGINALLY THE HOUSE

SAXE-COBURG GOTHA - CREATED IN 1714 WHEN GEORGE

1 ST. INHERITED THE THRONE. BECAUSE OF ANTI GERMAN

FEELING HE RE-NAMED THEM THE HOUSE OF WINDSOR.

KAISER WILHELM 2 ND.

EMPEROR AND KING OF PRUSSIA FROM 15 JUNE 1888 TO

9 TH. NOVEMBER 1918. HE WAS THE ELDEST GRANDSON

OF QUEEN VICTORIA.

HE WAS BORN ON 27 JANUARY 1859 AND DIED IN EXILE IN

HOLLAND ON 4 TH. JUNE 1941 - AGED 82

Link to comment
Share on other sites

http://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_03_2014/post-6209-0-68677300-1394022381.jpgCLICK

EMPEROR FRANZ-JOSEPH 1 ST.

BORN 18 AUGUST 1830 - DIED 21 NOVEMBER 1916

EMPEROR OF AUSTRIA AND APOSTOLIC KING OF HUNGARY

FROM 1848 TO 1916..

ON 28TH JUNE 1914 THE ASSASSINATION OF ARCHDUKE

FRANZ FERDINAND - HIS NEPHEW , LED TO AUSTRO-HUNGARY

DECLARING WAR AGAINST THE KINGDOM OF SERBIA.

THIS ACTIVATED ALLIANCES WHICH LED TO WORLD WAR 1.

Link to comment
Share on other sites

http://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_03_2014/post-6209-0-01099200-1394023160.jpgCLICK

NICHOLAS 2 ND.

EMPEROR AND AUTOCRAT OF ALL THE RUSSIAS

COMMONLY KNOWN AS THE TSAR (OR, CZAR)

BORN 18 MAY 1868 - DIED 17 JULY 1918 ( BY EXECUTION)

HE WAS TO BE TSAR FROM 1ST NOVEMBER 1894, UNTIL

FORCED TO ABDICATE 2 ND. MARCH 1917. HIS ENTIRE

FAMILY WERE HELD IN CAPTIVITY AND WERE SHOT BY THE

COMMUNISTS WHO HAD DE-THRONED HIM.

HE BROUGHT RUSSIA INTO THE WAR IN 1914 AND AS A

RESULT 3.3 MILLION RUSSIAN MEN WERE KILLED.

Link to comment
Share on other sites

MEHMED V th. RASHAD

OTTOMAN SULTAN AND CALIPH

BORN 3 NOVEMBER 1844 - DIED 4 JULY 1918

HE WAS THE 35 TH. OTTOMAN SULTAN.

HIS REIGN WAS FROM 27 APRIL 1909 TO 4 JULY 1918.

HE DID NOT HAVE GREAT POWER AND HIS MAIN ACT WAS

TO PROCLAIM A JIHAD AGAINST THE ALLIED

POWERS ON 11 NOVEMBER 1914, WHEN THE OTTOMAN

GOVERNMENT JOINED WITH THE CENTRAL POWERS.

(GERMANY ETC..)

Link to comment
Share on other sites

http://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_03_2014/post-6209-0-00149600-1394024424.jpgCLICK

RAYMOND POINCARE

PRESIDENT OF FRANCE

BORN 20 AUGUST 1860 - DIED 15 OCTOBER 1934

A SKILLED POLITICIAN HE SERVED FRANCE THREE

TIMES AS PRIME MINISTER.

HE WAS PRESIDENT FROM 1913 TO 1920.

VERY ANTI-GERMAN HE WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE

RE-OCCUPATION OF THE RHINELAND IN 1923 WHEN

HE WAS PRIME MINISTER.

Link to comment
Share on other sites

PRESIDENT WOODROW WILSON

BORN 28 DECEMBER 1856 - DIED 3 FEBRUARY 1924

HE WAS THE 28 TH PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES

AND HELD OFFICE FROM 4 MARCH 1913 TO 4 MARCH 1921

AN ASTUTE DEMOCRAT HE KEPT THE U.S. OUT OF THE WAR

DURING HIS FIRST TERM. THERE WAS STILL STRONG ANTI-

BRITISH SENTIMENT AND MANY OF THE POPULATION WERE

GERMAN.

HOWEVER, ON RE-ELECTION IN 1916 HE REALISED THAT

AMERICA WAS NEEDED. HE WAS ABLE TO BRING HIS

COUNTRY INTO THE STRUGGLE. HE WAS A DOUR MAN AND

A STRONG RACIST - HOWEVER, WE MUST REMEMBER THE

TIMES. HE WAS AN IMPORTANT FRIEND TO THE WEST.

Link to comment
Share on other sites

  • 10 months later...

CAROL I

KING OF ROMANIA

20 APRIL 1839 - 27 SEPTEMBER (OLD STYLE) / 10 OCTOBER (NEW STYLE) 1914

ELECTED TO THE THRONE OF ROMANIA IN 1866, DURING HIS 48 YEARS REIGN (THE LONGEST IN ROMANIAN HISTORY) HE OVERSAW A PROFOUND DEVELOPMENT OF THE ROMANIAN STATE, INCLUDING FULL INDEPENDENCE FROM THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE IN 1877 AND PROCLAMATION OF THE KINGDOM IN 1881. FEARFUL OF RUSSIAN AGGRESSION, IN 1883 HE SIGNED A SECRET TREATY LINKING ROMANIA WITH THE TRIPLE ALLIANCE TO PROTECT IT FROM A POSSIBLE ATTACK. WHEN WWI BROKE OUT, CAROL DISCLOSED THE DETAILS OF THE TREATY TO THE CROWN COUNCIL CONVENED ON 3 AUGUST 1914 CONVINCED THAT THE HONOURABLE THING TO DO WAS TO ENTER THE WAR SUPPORTING THE GERMAN EMPIRE AND HIS RELATIVE, EMPEROR WILHELM II (CAROL WAS A HOHENZOLLERN-SIGMARINGEN BY BIRTH). THE CROWN COUNCIL MEMBERS STRONGLY DISAGREED AS GERMANY WAS NOT THE VICTIM OF AN ATTACK, OPTING IN THE END FOR NEUTRALITY. KING CAROL CONCEDED DEFEAT AND DIED TWO MONTHS LATER, ON 10 OCTOBER 1914, ALLEGEDLY OF A BROKEN HEART FROM BEING OVERRULED IN THE CROWN COUNCIL.

FERDINAND

KING OF ROMANIA

24 AUGUST 1865 - 20 JULY 1927

FERDINAND SUCCEEDED HIS UNCLE ON THE THRONE OF ROMANIA FOLLOWING THE LATTER'S DEATH IN 1914. HE OVERSAW ROMANIA’S ENTRY INTO WORLD WAR I ON 27 AUGUST 1916 ON THE SIDE OF THE TRIPLE ENTENTE AND AGAINST HIS GERMAN RELATIVES, THUS GAINING THE NICKNAME ‘THE LOYAL’. THE END OF THE WAR FOUND FERDINAND THE RULER OF GREATER ROMANIA, FOLLOWING THE UNION OF BESSARABIA (OCCUPIED BY RUSSIA IN 1812), BUKOVINA (OCCUPIED BY AUSTRIA IN 1775) AND TRANSYLVANIA (WITH A MAJORITY ROMANIAN POPULATION) WITH ROMANIA IN 1918. HE RULED UNTIL HIS DEATH IN 1927.

Link to comment
Share on other sites

  • 5 years later...

Albert I of Belgium, born April 8, 1875, Brussels, died February 17, 1934, Marche-les-Dames near Namur, king of the Belgians (1909–34), who led the Belgian army during World War I and guided his country’s postwar recovery.

0c.jpg.b42ff0b81e5d99c0eee2da5f9ef68f59.jpg

Link to comment
Share on other sites

 

Peter I of Serbia, born July 11, 1844, Belgrade, died August 16, 1921, Topčider, near Belgrade, king of Serbia from 1903, the first strictly constitutional monarch of his country. In 1918 he became the first king of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes (later called Yugoslavia) until his death.

0d.jpg.0fd3f699ce0fb41396c3e4b6e4b6c113.jpg

Link to comment
Share on other sites

Emperor Taishō of Japan, born August 31, 1879, Tokyo, Japan, died December 25, 1926, Hayama, the 123rd ruling descendant of the Japanese imperial family, who reigned from 1912 to 1926.

0d.jpg.3d6c0ced4e0862c8f772b72897d71bed.jpg

Link to comment
Share on other sites

Victor Emmanuel III, born November 11, 1869, Naples, Italy, died December 28, 1947, Alexandria, Egypt. King of Italy from 29 July 1900 until 9 May 1946, whose reign brought the end of the Italian monarchy.

0c.jpg.6ada09f0968184264ab0f0fabf42f5c6.jpg

Link to comment
Share on other sites

Bernardino Luís Machado, born March 28, 1851, Rio de Janeiro, died April 29, 1944, Porto, Portugal, Brazilian-born political leader who was twice president of Portugal (5th October 1915 until 12 December 1917, and from 1925-26). Portugal joined the allies on March 9th 1916 when Germany declared war on her.

Although he was not head of of state in 1914 (that was Manuel José de Arriaga Brum da Silveira e Peyrelongue, President of Portugal from August 1911 until May 1915). He did lead Portugal into World War 1.

0d.jpg.1e0200871f9e624f62a46f02c1f749c6.jpg

Edited by graham
Link to comment
Share on other sites

Vajiravudh, also called Phramongkutklao or Rama VI, born January 1st, 1881, Bangkok, Siam [now Thailand], died November  26, 1925, Bangkok, king of Siam from 1910 to 1925. On 22 July 1917, Siam declared war on Germany and Austria-Hungary.

0c.jpg.be3dbe203e7c6945f620369c83e3c70b.jpg

Link to comment
Share on other sites

Venceslau Brás Pereira Gomes was the 9th President of Brazil between November 1914 and November 1918, during the First Brazilian Republic. Brás was born on the 26 February 1868 in Brasópolis (formerly São Caetano da Vargem Grande), Minas Gerais State and died 15 May 1966 at Itajubá, Minas Gerais, Brazil. His government declared war on the Central Powers in October 1917 during World War I.

0d.jpg.35c45bf3695ca5de75b664159d4acb29.jpg

Link to comment
Share on other sites

Aurelio Mario Gabriel Francisco García Menocal y Deop, born December 17, 1866, died September 7, 1941, was the 3rd President of Cuba, serving from 1913 to 1921. He authorized Cuba's declaration of war against the German Empire on April 7, 1917.

0c.jpg.f0f5221fc29dff5867d382311a80a576.jpg

Link to comment
Share on other sites

Alexander, born July 20, 1893, Athens, died October 25, 1920, Tatoi Palace, near Athens. King of Greece from 11 June 1917 until his death in October 1920. Greece officially declared war against the Central Powers on 30 June 1917.

His father king Constantine I was King of Greece in 1914, his reign was from 18 March 1913 until 11 June 1917 and then again (after his son Alexandra died) from 19 December 1920 until 27 September 1922.

0d.jpg.095d2b7b69af68c9639c0c84be4d785f.jpg

Edited by graham
Link to comment
Share on other sites

Ferdinand I (Ferdinand Karl Leopold Maria), born February 26, 1861, Vienna, Austria, died September 10, 1948, Coburg, Germany. First king (5th October 1908 until 3rd October 1918) of modern Bulgaria.

0c.jpg.634299ad8e6e56e3864ff38852d02907.jpg

Link to comment
Share on other sites

  • 2 weeks later...

Join the conversation

You can post now and register later. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account.

Guest
Reply to this topic...

×   Pasted as rich text.   Paste as plain text instead

  Only 75 emoji are allowed.

×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.

 Share

  • Blog Comments

    • Two years down the line.   My mother-in-law passed away this summer, as did one of her sisters-in-law.   My exhibition opened, and we had a marvellous speakers' night with four Peacekeeping veterans, including a Meritorious Service Medal winner.  But Covid closed it down in March 2020, and while still there it hasn't reopened.
    • Sounds great other than the Orange & Mango squash only because I prefer cran-pomegranate juice.
    • "(...) disgusting herbal concoction (...)" I took note of this description, to enrich my otherwise limited, English "Wortschatz"...
    • At work the standard indian tea such as PG tips is referred to as chimp tea. This goes back to the days when we had a Spanish girl working for us whose command of the English language was extremely limited. One lunch she said she was going to the shop could she get anything. I asked if she could get a pack of tea bags. She returned with some disgusting herbal concoction. I tried to explain what was required but without success. I then remembered PG tips had a picture of a chimpanzee on the packe
    • When I read Lapsang Souchong i decided to post something about these Tea . Many years ago I dont  know about Lapsang until I read James Michener book Centennial and the description of the savour of the Lapasang as a mix of tar and salt & smoked made me proof . It was exact ! and i liked it since then .
×
×
  • Create New...