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Actually there are two crosses "AL VALORE MILITARE".

The first one, instituted in 1942, made of brass, should have a blue/white/blue/white/blue ribbon, with the sword over it.

The second one, instituted in 1943, made of war metal (zama), should have the solid blue ribbon, without sword, like the one in picture.

In 1941 another cross has been created too, similar to the 1942 model, but with the words "CROCE AL VALORE MILITARE"

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There are so many variants of this cross which are difficult to list all. In all its forms, it is the most common medal in Italy.

The most relevant difference between kingdom and republican variants, apart from the VEIII changed in RI, is the front size: for the kingdom crosses the front is the side with the VEIII (Vittorio Emanuele the 3rd), while for the republican ones the front is the one with the star.



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