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Question about the Collar of Hanedan

Rusty Greaves

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Gentlemen, I've been engaged in research on some Khedive Abbas Hilmi II materials relating to Egypt and have a question about an award he received. He was given the Collar of Hanedan (is the correct name in English? I have seen it called the Collar of the Hanedan-ı Âl-i Osman, Hanedan-ı Âli Osman Nişanı, and the Collar of the Order of Omani Hanedani), which as I understand is normally awarded to princes & princesses of the Ottoman Royal family and to some heads of state. I am having trouble finding good & detailed images of this award. I would appreciate any information from the learned experts here regarding this Ottoman award. Below are the only two  images I have found so far of the Collar of Hanedan that are of low-resolution and do not provide much detail.  Following that are some well-known images of Khedive Abbas Hilmi II (reign=1892-1914) wearing the Collar of Haneda), and a couple illustrations of other Ottomans wearing the Collar. 


Two images of the Collar of Hanedan. Above is an image identified as "Hanedani Ali Osman nişanı", from: https://www.pinterest.com/offsite/?token=107-763&url=https%3A%2F%2Fi.pinimg.com%2Foriginals%2F26%2F31%2F21%2F26312134dfb49c8ba2a095808b0386e0.jpg&pin=493918284123639152&client_tracking_params=CwABAAAADDYxMTMzODgzNDYxOAA~0. The drawing below is identified as "Hanedan-ı Âli Osman Nişanı", from: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a5/Huisorde_van_de_Osmanen_aan_lint.jpg


Photo of Khedive Abbas Hilmi II in summer military uniform of a Field Marshall, wearing the Collar of Hanedan in addition to other Ottoman decorations and the breast star of Order of Imtiaz (One Egyptian source identifies that as the Supreme Order of Imtiaz in Brilliant, is that a correct designation?) This portrait is from from the French weekly newspaper L'Illustration, No 3148, June 27, 1903, later used on a number of contemporary Egyptian postcards. From: https://www.flickr.com/photos/kelisli/501497462/in/photostream/


Portrait of Khedive Abbas Hilmi II, from the Prince Muhammad Ali Hassan Mansion, now known as “Atlı Köşk” (Mansion with the Horse),  Istanbul, showing the Collar of Hanedan worn with the neck badge of the Order of Imtiaz and the breast star for that Order. (From: http://lcivelekoglu.blogspot.com/2013/12/tarihten-bugune-dusen-notlar-20-aralik.html


Stencil colored lithograph portrait of Khedive Abbas Hilmi II showing the Collar of Hanedan worn with the neck badge of the Order of Imtiaz. One of the very rare Weißenburg illustrated broadsheets (Weißenburg, Burckardts Nachfolger, c. 1895]), probably executed after 1889, possibly in 1895, 43 x 34 cm. From: https://www.zvab.com/Abbas-Hilmi-II-Egypt-Illustrated-broadsheet/12256693498/bd#&gid=1&pid=1


Postcard portrait of Khedive Abbas Hilmi II, possibly from an original illustration published in the journal al-Hilal 1 (16), 1892, pg 26, and also later used in a modified form in the German Newspaper Illustrierte Zeitung, No, 3030, 25 July 1901, Leipzig & Berlin,  showing the Collar of Hanedan. From: https://www.pinterest.com/offsite/?token=153-738&url=https%3A%2F%2Fi.pinimg.com%2Foriginals%2Fc0%2Fd5%2F7e%2Fc0d57e5927d8c536e98a66c17e009930.jpg&pin=557039047630494865&client_tracking_params=CwABAAAADDExMTY3ODQyNTUwNgA~0


Studio ortrait of Khedive Abbas Hilmi II wearing the Collar of Hanedan and the breast star of the Order of Imtiaz. This is a 1910 portrait of the Khedive, the year he returned from his pilgrimage and the year of his coronation anniversary, made by the studio Atelier Reiser, of Alexandria & Cairo. The signature on the lower left is that of Abbas Hilmi II. I believe that this portrait is the basis for the bust on the obverse of the Abbas Hilmi II commemorative medal celebrating his coronation anniversary and return from Hegaz. From: http://www.amar-foundation.org/020-khedive-abbas-ḥilmi-ii/


Portrait photo identified as Abdulmejid II, the last Caliph of Islam, the 37th Head of the Ottoman Imperial House from 1922 to 1924, wearing the Collar of Hanedan. From: https://www.pinterest.ca/pin/516295544775706676/


Self-portrait of Caliph Abdulmejid II, the last Caliph of Islam, who also was an important painter of late Ottoman art, showing the Collar of Hanedan. From: http://selfportraitsofcolor.tumblr.com/post/141011922378/caliph-abdülmecid-ii-self-portrait-turkey-1943


Şehzade Yusuf Izzeddin in a portrait at Windsor as the Ottoman Crown Prince, 1911 wearing the Collar of the Hanedan-ı Âl-i Osman (I cannot identify many of his awards other than the Order of Osmanieh on the 2nd row to the viewer’s R). From: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/84/Z.K.H._Prins_Yusuf_Izzedidin_van_Turkije_1857-1916.jpg



Edited by Rusty Greaves
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The collar of this Order, is very well illustrated, along with its neck ribbon fitted with enamelled ribbon-ring, in: Stephen Patterson: "Royal Insignia - British and Foreign Orders of Chivalry from the Royal Collection"; London, Merrell Holberton, 1996, page 167.

Enzo (E.L.)

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Elmer (Enzo), many thanks for the reference for the Collar of Hanedan. I apologize for my ignorance of some standard phaleritsics reference materials, I am an avocational researcher in this field and not a collector. My university library has the Patterson volume and I will borrow it this weekend. 

Cheers,  Rusty

While I wait to get that information to post here, I've added another couple images of the Collar of Hanedan. The first image shows the Collar of Hanedan worn by Ahmed Nihad, 38th head of the Imperial House of Osman, 1944-1954, as well as the neck badge of the Order of Imtiaz and the breast stars probably for the Order of Osmanieh and Order of Medjidie. 


From: https://www.reddit.com/r/Kaiserreich/comments/8edxkw/ahmed_nihad_should_be_the_leader_of_the_ottomans/

And below is relatively low-resolution  image of Osman Fuad, 39th head of the Imperial House of Osman, 1954-1973  showing Prince Fuad wearing the Collar of Hanedan with the alternate suspension device as seen in the first image of Khedive Abbas Hilmi II in my previous post, along with his other awards.


From: https://www.denizler.org/urun/614944/sehzade-osman-fuad-im




Edited by Rusty Greaves
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Below are two good illustrations of the the Collar of Hanedani, although they are not very high resolution images and some aspect of the design of the neck badge are still unclear in these photos. 


The above illustration is from the Stephen Patterson reference that Elmar Lang provided. As Enzo noted, this is from Patterson, Stephen, 1996. Royal Insignia: British and Foreign Orders of Chivalry from the Royal Collection. Merrell Holberton Publishers, London. This may be the example presented to King Edward VII. The Royal Collection Identification Number is RCIN 441555a & b.  The text description of the collar is on pg 162, and the above image is on pg 167. The text in Patterson calls this the Collar of the Order of Al Handedani, it is in its presentation case. Although the collar is not fully pictured in this photo, the description identifies 18 larger links that are hollow, gold with red and white enamel decorated with the crescent moon and (five-armed) star symbolism. Between these main links are another 19 smaller links of gold with red and white enamel, each ornamented with a 6-armed star. The central link of the collar that is the attachment for suspending the neck badge is the same size & shape of the larger links, but is ornamented with an oval surmounted by the Sultan's turban. I do not know what the imagery in the center of the white oval is, unless it is a variant of the "Ottoman Sun" motif. The reverse of all links is identified as plain. The collar is 695 mm in length x 18 mm wide. 

The pendant badge is gold with red, white, and yellow enamel. The central medallion is surrounded by a white laurel wreath on the inferior half, joineded in the center with a yellow enameled “wrap”. The superior margin of the pendant medallion is surrounded with a white enameled ribbon with a yellow “daisy” ornament in the middle. The central medallion is ornamented with the imperial Tughra of Abdul Hamid II surrounded by a red enamel border with the dates 699 AH (=AD 1299, the date of the founding of the Ottoman Empire) on the inferior margin and 1311 AH =AD 1893, the date the award was established by Sultan Abdul Hamid II) on the superior margin. There is a small relief ornamentaion that appears to be a band with a central medallion to the left of both dates on the margin of frame of the central medallion. None of the images I of the neck badge I have seen are high enough resolution to more precisely identify this element. I have not yet found any translation of the inscriptions above and below the Tughra. The suspension device is a gold and white enamel crescent moon and star. The badge could be worn attached either to to the collar, or worn at the neck suspended from the red and white ribbon by the gold and enamel clip (it appears it was occasionally worn suspended from the clip without the use of the red & white ribbon) that is decorated with the crescent moon and star designs(as 5 individual elements) as seen on the collar links (shown resting on the ribbon; this is the attachment shown in the first image of Khedive Abbas Hilmi II wearing the Collar on my 16 January post here and by Osman Fuad in the last picture of my post from 18 January, both without use of the ribbon). The pendant badge is identified as 50 mm wide x 83 mm high.


The above photo of the Collar of Order of Hanedani Ali Osman Nishani  (translated as: Order of the Illustrious Ottoman Dynasty) is from a December, 2008 auction by Mortan & Eden in association with Sothebys (http://www.mortonandeden.com/pdfcats/36web.pdf). This auction listing identifies that this Order only has one class of the award, this Collar. The description identifies the Collar as consisting of 28 links (unlike the total of 37 identified in the Patterson description above), in gold with red and white enamel, alternating star-and-crescent and six-pointed star links The gold ring at the top of the image is identified as the "gold central ring for carrying the gold and enamelled collar badge". However, that ring appears to simply be the closure for the Collar, and the central link with the oval and Sultan's turban is missing from this example.The auction description does note that the collar is "detached in six places but with all links present", however the number of links is not in agreement with the Patterson description and the central attachment link is clearly missing. The alternate suspension clip is pictured above the neck badge. The neck badge is described as having a gold centre with the Tughra of Abdul Hamid II, and the the dates AH 699 (AD 1299) and AH 1311 (AD 1895). It is identified as measuring 44 mm wide x 72 mm high. These dimensions do not match well with those given for the Royal Collection example above. This example is stated to be in a case, custom-made by Spink and Son Ltd (not original?). The description notes that the Order of Hanedani Ali Osman Nishani was exclusively awarded to members of the Ottoman Imperial Family and for foreign Royalty (with the single exception of the Grand Vizier Tewfik Pasha), and was awarded on a total of only 50 occasions. The auction listing estimate for the sale of this item in 2008 was between £30,000-50,000. 

Edited by Rusty Greaves
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Many thanks for posting this museum image Carol 1, this helps resolve the discrepancies in the reported number of links in the collar. The example you illustrate has 18 larger links in the collar, + the special central link for the suspension device, and 18 of the smaller links with the 6-rayed star=37 links in total.  

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