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What does the Seal of Emperor Hirohito look like and his regular signature?

Is there a copy (in Japanese) of the surrender signed on the USS Missouri?

What is the highest medal in Japan similar to U.S. Congressional Medal of Honor?

Edited by pjcampo1
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Hi pjcampo,

the Japanese Emperor uses two kinds of Imperial seals; the Dai Nippon Kokuji, which is the State seal and the Tenno Gyoji, which is his Privy seal. For instance award documents signed by the Emperor would carry the State seal (see picture of Emperor Hirohito's signature below the chrysanthemum mark and above the State seal on an award document). The Privy seal would for instance, be used by personal appointments, such as the appointment of a cabinet minister (enclosed a picture of the Privy seal above which Emperor Hirohito signed as Regent on behalf of his father, Emperor Taisho).

A Japanese document, signed by the Emperor and the whole cabinet on 14 August 1945, is often seen in books on the Japanese surrender. However, this is not a Japanese copy of the Missouri document, but the Imperial rescript on the decision to surrender. I am sure there must be also a Japanese translation of the actual surrender document signed by foreign minister Shigemitsu, but I haven't seen one. Should add that this Imperial rescript has the Privy seal of the Emperor below his signature

Japan had no bravery medal such as the Congressional Medal of Honor of Victoria Cross. Its highest military award was the order of the Golden Kite, which came in seven classes. Depending on one's rank a different class was awarded for brave or outstanding service during war.

Hope this information is useful. regards





Edited by pieter1012
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