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Everything posted by dksck

  1. I'm really having trouble understanding the meaning of the word "Staffelstab" and the numbers often associated with that word. For example, in a regimental history there is a passage, explaining that a newly formed M.G. platoon received equipment from Staffelstab 26. Your assistance is greatly appreciated.
  2. Can anyone provide or point me toward biographical information about Oberstleutnant [August?] Kündinger? He was a member of Ulanan 19, but apparently was temporarily assigned to a variety of other units as acting commander. I've read most of those histories, but none of them seem to provide much information about him. The only other information I've found is: I think his first name was August, he was born sometime in 1867, died sometime in 1942, contributed a couple of articles to a monthly publication of the Christian Science Church in the 1930s, and is referred to as "General" in that publication. Thanks in advance!
  3. Thanks for sharing! I usually don't have anything to contribute, but I do have a few items from SR 108. There is a rifle (2nd Company, weapon nr. 3.) a small desk-top statue of veterans' rememberance, and some postcards. One of the most interesting things (at least to me) is a small group of post cards sent by a member of SR 108 as a prisioner of the French. The first card is dated Oct. 20, 1916 and the last card was sent July 24, 1919. I didn't realize that the French refused to release prisioners for so long. Thanks again for the post!
  4. Great work and thanks for sharing. From the picture, it's clear that this is the right fellow. However, there was another "Leutnant von Heider" who served with Ulanen 19, but was temporarily commanded to a minenwerfer unit. He was wounded on August 5, 1915 and died soon thereafter. Thanks again.
  5. I'm trying to learn how Hans von Oedheim died. All that I've found tends to repeat the same information, that he moved back to the western front with his regiment in 1917, fell ill and died "of that disease." What "disease"? I found a website that shows an official record with a cause of death, but I can't read the hand writing. All help is greatly appreciated. Thanks in advance! https://www.leo-bw.de/web/guest/detail/-/Detail/details/PERSON/wlbblb_personen/1012181065/Capler+von+Oedheim+gen+Bautz+Hans+Wolfgang%3B+Oberstleutnant+Soldat+Kommandeur+1870-1917
  6. I had a postcard of a memorial that I put somewhere "safe" and now I can't find it! The memorial was a large, naturally shaped rock with a soldier's figure sort of draped on top. The inscription read something like "I am not dead, if you remember me." The memorial was surrounded by evergreens in the near background. And I think it was for an infanterie regiment. I've done internet searches combining all of the various words that I can think of and found lots of great memorials, but not that one. All help would be greatly appreciated. Thanks
  7. I'm not certain that this is the right place to put this question, so please forgive me if it needs to be relocated. I'm having trouble distinguishing between items connected to Grenadier Regiment Nr. 10 and Bavarian Infantry Regiment Nr. 10. I have a piece of equipment marked "10.R.M.G.24" According to one book by Gortz, the mark "10.R.M.G.24" indicates Grenadier Regiment Nr. 10 but according to the longer book if it was Gren. 10 it would be 10.G.R..M.G.24. So what unit is this item from? But now what about photos, documents, etc. that are marked "Infanterie Regiment 10" or some variation of that -- no "G" or "Gren"? For example, what about photos of guys wearing helmet covers with just a number "10"? Is that Gren. 10 or B.I.R. 10? Or something else? I finally figured out many of the photos with "10" shoulder boards are from Train Bataillon Nr. 10 because of the geographical location of the photo or other context. But what about a Wehrpass or other document that identifies the unit as "Infanterie Regiment Nr. 10" but it's not a Bavarian document? Was Grenadier Regiment Nr. 10 referred to as IR 10 casually and/or in print at times? Or does "Infanterie Regiment Nr. 10" or variant in print or written, indicate it is really Bavarian I.R. 10? Your thoughts and help are greatly appreciated.
  8. Thanks again for all of the help. I managed to discover that a "querriegel" is not quite like a bar put "transversally over a door" but there are elements of that present. It was a "cross trench" like a bar that crossed the door or gate. It was something of a fall back position that was intended to "block" or "bar" the enemy from advancing any farther in that direction. Not to be confused with the second line of trenches but rather the "querriegel" often ran from the front to the second trench -- crossing from one to the other -- and intended to prevent or "block" or "bar" the penetration of flanking assault. They also aren't to be confused with communication or approach trenches in that they were more heavily constructed with defesive action in mind. At least that's what I've been able to piece together. Thanks again.
  9. Please forgive me for taking so long to thank you for your help. I got so frustrated that I gave up on that line and moved on to another. Now I'll go back and try to make sense of things with the information you have added. Thanks again!
  10. Hello Mr. Red Eagle Order: Thank you for trying to help and please forgive me for taking so long to thank you! I wish that I had more information about the man and the award. The only other information that I have is that family members had the impression that is was an unusual medal or one that few if any other members of his regiment received, but then we probably all have stories about how a veteran's account became inflated or magnified by time and the family. I was leaning toward the Prussian award, but that would be extremely rare... if I undestand it's award and significance. With regard to your suggestions, I don't understand why would he have received a medal from Lippe-Detmold when he was in a Hannoverian regiment? Thank you and everyone else for your time and assistance.
  11. I'm trying to help a friend understand exactly what medal her distant relative received in April 1918. All that the brief obituary offers is that he was a Vizefeldw. from Hannover, serving in Regiment Nr. 74 and that he received the "Kriegsverdienstkreuz in Gold". I thought it would be easy to show her a picture of the medal or maybe even get her a copy (i.e. fake) to put in a frame, but I can't even understand which medal he received! Would this be the Prussian Kriegsverdienstkreuz or the Saxon Kriegsverdienstkreuz or something else? There is no mention of it being with or without swords, but family legend indicates that he received it for combat. Your help in explaining this to me and my friend would be grately appreciation. Thank you
  12. A few months ago that question of why we collect came up during a concerted effort on the part of some people to stop a military collectors' show. Some of may know of the Ohio Valley Military Collectors Society and it's annual Show of Shows. There are several videos of past shows that offer pretty representative examples of the type of activity at these gatherings. After outgrowing several other venues, for the last several years the OVMS has rented space at the Kentucky State Fairgrounds in Louisville, Kentucky, to hold the show. This year, however, there was considerable doubt that the show would occur. As some of you may know, the political left in the United States has been striking out at anything and everything it deems inappropriate or offensive. Well, after several left-wing lunatics learned that a vendor at another gunshow held on the grounds had Nazi christmas ornaments for sale there, they demanded that the Kentucky State Fair Board not rent its facilities to the OVMS. Essentially they claimed that anyone who owned, sold, collected or even looked at anything with a swastika was a nasty, hateful, racist person and therefore should not be allowed on the Kentucky State Fairgrounds much less be allowed to rent space there. The OVMS tried to address the concerns of the Fair officials (ironic term isn't it?) and finally managed to convice them that the OVMS was not a "nasty, hateful, racist" organization, but only just barely. The Fair Board agreed to allow the SOS with certain conditions such as no reproductions. This was not an isolated incident. Since the 1960s, gun collectors have been under attack by the political left. More recently many of these same people and their younger political allies have attacked anything to do with the Confederate States and the Civil War. The point is that, at least in the US, collectors are increasingly having to defend themselves. A good and convinceing answer to the question of "why do you collect" is becoming a matter of life and death for those of us who enjoy it. Thanks!
  13. Hello again folks: I have run across another word that I really don't understand. In this case the word is "Querriegel". Its in an account of the fight north and east of Ypres in late July 1917. The author uses the word several times as though anyone would know what it means. From the context of the sentences, it appears to be either a single place or some sort of defensive structure that was to be found at more than one place in the landscape. I've pretty much exhausted the internet searching for possibilites and have found explanations ranging from the single word "crossbar" to more complex explanations about it referring to "a wooden crossbeam on a gate of a canal or sluse lock." As always, any and all help is greatly appreciated. Most gratefully yours -- Steve
  14. I recently ran across a word that leaves me uncertain. What exactly is "Übermaterialschlacht" ? I think that I understand "Materialschlacht", but not certain what adding the "Über" to the front of it does to the meaning. As always, any and all help would be greatly appreciated. Thank you
  15. Hello and congratulations on owning a wonderful luger. I'm jealous! The quotation about the creation of the regiment and the MW unit suggests that you have found the website for IR 186--GenWiki. Just in case you haven't found it already, look near the botton of that page and you will find a section labeled "Literatur". There are two sources listed: Die Hessen im Weltkrieg 1914 - 1918, nach Aufzeichnungen u. Berichten v. Mitkämpfern. Hrsg. v. F. W. Deiß; Charlottenburg, zum IR186 von Seite 97 bis 113; and Pfeffer, Georg und Neubronner, Carl: Geschichte des Infanterie-Regiments 186, Erinnerungsblätter deutscher Regimenter, G. Stalling, Oldenburg i. O., 1926, mit 282 Seiten, 74 Abbildungen, 4 von 6 Karten, und 20 Skizzen über den Kampf des Regiments an der Westfront ... The second title will probably provide the most details about the history of you luger after it joined the Regiment and it is available through Bookfinder.com and ZVAB.com for a reasonable price. Thanks again for sharing. I'm still jealous!
  16. Please try to forgive my very, very limited abilities when it comes to the German language. I can make it through most things, at least with a vague understanding in most cases, but I keep encountering this phrase -- "Strich-Dauerfeuer' -- with regard to German machinegun fire and don't really understand what it means. I can quess that 'Dauer' means something about duration, and the context usually suggests 'Strich' means something in the way of a 'dash' or short, brief or burst of fire. But that is all just a guess. I would appreciate a more meaningful, accurate definition. Thank you!
  17. Thank you for the answers. I just can't seem to understand the organization of the Army. I have a few of the books that people have recommended -- Cron, etc. -- I even managed to get a copy of the relatively new book by Kelso, Under Arms for the Kaiser (almost sounds like deoderant but really deals with schulterklappen) -- but I just can't find any good explanation for lots of things. I realize that part of the reason is that the organizational structure changed over time, but even the basic issues/questions seem to lack explanations. I think it's interesting that in the midst of what many folks would consider to be crisis and turmoil, German command decided it was a good idea to tinker almost continuously with issues like this. When and why did they (whoever "they" are) decide to assign the 200 series regiments to Reserve units? And then when and why did they stop that practice. Similarly, when, where, and how were the reserve regiments and landwehr regiments formed and put in the field, and what was the relation, if any to the original regiment. Thank you again for your help. All additional information or suggestions for my reading/library are greatly appreciated.
  18. Am I correct in my understanding that there was no IR 243, but only a RIR 243? If something is marked "II/243", does that mean 2nd Battalion/ RIR 243? Your thoughts and explanations would be greatly appreciated. Thank you
  19. First, please forgive me for bothering all of you will such a trivial matter,, but I don't know where else to turn. Just last month I was doing some on-line research into the German infantrie in the Battle of Sambre. I found a website with an English langauge translation of "Cours d'histoire militaire. La 5e armée française sur la Sambre : du 21 au 23 août 1914 / Lieutenant-Colonel Lestien," http://www.europeana1914-1918.eu/en/europeana/record/9200140/BibliographicResource_3000073965996 I remember that it was a type-script copy and the bibliographic citation from the title page, which I copied word for word in the false belief that it would be enough to find it again, was: "Lt. Col. Lestien, Higher School of War. Military History Course. The 5th French Army on the Sambre: From 21 to 23 August 1914, Defense Historical Service, 2013-294531, Bibliothèque nationale de France, April 11, 2013." Evidently Lt. Col. Lestien was an instructor at the French "Higher School of War" and had poured over the original French documents at great length. I was excited to find it because my French is non-existant and here was a source that offered enough detail to allow me to compare German accounts of the battle with French accounts in detail, in some cases minute by minute. For example, I cited one passage that recounted the conflict between Gen. Verrier and Gen Sauret over responsibility for the Aiseau/Presles area and another passage that mentioned a French artillery barrage on "the Bellemotte farm." Now I can't find the English language version of this course. I've tried hundreds of google and bing searches on countless combinations of key words to no avail. Any and all assistance would be greatly appreciated. Most gratefully yours -- Steve
  20. Many of us in the U.S. face a similar but slightly different problem, particularly with firearms. There are two parts to the problem, but they are inter-related. The first part of the problem is that prices are spiraling upward based on bad information found on the internet. Here in the U.S. it often begins like this: a dealer finds an item, maybe at an estate sale, cleans it up a little and then goes to the internet to find out the price of a similar one that recently sold. Well, let's say he finds one that "sold" for $2000.00. The dealer interprets this to mean that if he prices his at $2500.00, he's being "reasonable. The problem at this point is that the information he found on-line isn't necessarily real. Yea, the one he found is listed as being "sold" for $2000.00, but in reality the guy ended up bidding up his own item. A couple of months or weeks later, you'll find the same guy with the same item, but in the meantime lots of folks "use" this information to price their own items. At the same time, buyers see that this item recently sold for $2000.00 and he/she has always wanted one, so when another one comes up for $2500.00 it seems reasonable and he/she buys it. Well, that simply pushes up the prices higher and higher. The result is that prices simply spiral upward out of reason or rationality. The second part of the problem involves the big dealers who can lay out the kind of money that Mr. Rauch and Mr. Weitze exchanged at the beginning of this thread. The situation often goes something like this: An auction of some prominent collector is announced by an auction house. The auction house lists the items on line and maybe even prints up a fancy color catalogue. The day comes and collectors and small dealers show up from around the county. When the bidding starts, however, it quickly becomes apparent that there is one or two "on-line" and/or telephone bidders who are buying everything, often paying 2, 3, 4 or even 5 times what the same item is currently selling for. All of the collectors and most of the dealers are priced out of acquiring anything. Occasionally the auctioneer will toss a bone to one of his friends by cutting off the bidding, but other than rare instances like that, most of us are there only to serve as "shill bidders", driving up the prices for the auctioneer. At three auctions in the past six months several collectors and small dealers have confronted auctioneers after the events about this issue. In once case, the auctioneer threatened to have the disgruntled bidders "removed" and basically told them not to come back. Now, these are folks who had spent thousands of dollars just in travel to attend this auction and in the past had purchased tens of thousands of dollars of items at this guy's auctions. In the case of another auction, the folks in the audience who had been shut out of purchasing everything discovered that the "phone bidder" who purchased the vast majority of the items was really in the back room of the auction house and was permitted to bid anonymously because he knew if people knew he wanted the item, they would just bid it up. Well, he ended up with most of the lots anyway, spending hundreds of thousands of dollars (probably more than a million) and paying more than any of the other collectors and dealers were willing to pay. When confronted about this, the guy became real smug and said whatever the price he pays might be, it's always "wholesale," because he has a lengthy list of "stupid customers" who will buy anything he puts through his shop. He went on to explain that these "stupid customers" really didn't care about the item or the history involved; they either simply wanted something to hang on the wall and brag about to their friends or were "dot-com" millionaires who were buying these things as "investments" -- on his advice of course. Well, thanks for letting me rant. I don't know what I'm going to do. Some collectors and small dealers call it a "bubble" and think that it won't last. All that I know is that items which I was able to purchase a year or two ago for $500 are now $1500 to $2000 and items that I purchased six months ago for $2000 now have a starting price for $4000 to $5000.
  21. I don't have much to add, but I'll be watching for future posts on your efforts. I have a luger from IR 139 and look forward to learning more.
  22. Thanks guys! Sometimes I can't find the forest for the trees. I had found the stuff on Wiki and some other sites, but when I was looking over all the on-line sources such as the Regierungsblatt, I was finding this kind of stuff: https://books.google.com/books?id=K-pTAAAAcAAJ&pg=PR48-IA58&dq=Brodeffer&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi9u5yG4rTJAhVD4SYKHcvUCcEQ6AEIHzAA#v=onepage&q=Brodeffer&f=false Rather than the name of the Regiment, I somehow came to the conclusion that it must be some sort of rank in the Regiment or a duty position related to the laying of the guns. Thank you again.
  23. I was looking through on-line sources to find information about 2. Bayern Artillerie Regiment in the 1870s and keep finding the word "Brodeffer" or "Brodesser". Unfortunately, I can't find a definition for the word anywhere. Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thank you!
  24. Thank you so much. I have been trying to figure this out for months now. You mention Gortz, p. 109. I have looked through my copy of German Small Arms Markings, and the big book on lugers but can't find anything relative on page 109. I have not been able to find a copy of his Handbuch Deutscher Waffenstempel here in the US so I could not judge whether it would be a valuable addition to my library. I also believe there were at least a couple of different versions of the big luger book. Which book or edition do I need to add to my collection so that I can see page 109? Finally, Mr. Noll, I've heard and read about your books for years but have never been able to find one or even see one. Is there any possibility that you will be making a new edition or version available? Thank you all again for everything. Most Gratefully Yours Steve
  25. Let be begin by apologizing for not having any pictures. I have a 1912 Erfurt luger marked "B.S.A.9" There is no second date and there is no sear safety or any other indications of police use. I've looked through the book by Gortz and Bryans and a couple of other source, but have not been able to identify the unit with any degree of confidence. Your help would be greatly appreciated. Thanks
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