Jump to content

Police Dienstpass and Soldbuch

Recommended Posts

Maximilian Brummeier was born on the 12.06.1906 in Linz / Austria. He was a carpenter by trade, was married and hat one child. In 1929 he joined the austrian army´s (Bundesheer) Infantry Regiment 14, served until 1935 and reached the rank of Zugsführer (Sergeant / Unterfeldwebel of the Wehrmacht). Then he joined the austrian police force. After the Anschluss in March 1938 he was taken into german police service. He mostly served as a beat cop with a short service in Poland from Sept. 1939 to Jan 1940.

His Soldbuch was never issued to him so it neither has his photo attached nor bears his signature.

His promotions (corresponding Wehrmacht ranks are given in brackets)

00.00.0000: Zugsführer (Unterfeldwebel)

11.07.1935: Polizei–Wachmann auf Probe

01.07.1937: Polizei–Wachmann

01.10.1938: Revier–Oberwachtmeister der Schutzpolizei (Feldwebel)

01.04.1941: Hauptwachtmeister der Schutzpolizei (Oberfeldwebel)

His awards

00.00.0000: Militärdienstzeichen II. Klasse (Austrian longs service award)

00.00.0000: Polizei–Dienstauszeichnung III. Klasse

30.01.1944: Kriegsverdienstkreuz II. Klasse ohne Schwerter

Link to comment
Share on other sites

Can you make out the locations on page 15 that show where he served in Poland?

I have a Dienstpaß to a member of Pol.Btl 103 who were also active in Poland during the same period and were involved in some of the earliest attrocities of the war.

Link to comment
Share on other sites

Here are some scand for the Pol.Btl 103 Dienstpaß, and some history of their actions in Poland...

The Invasion of Poland in 1939 and the first police operations in Poland in 1939/40

A total number of 17 Police Battalions, stationed as active police, were deployed within the framework of the army high command (Armeeoberkommando (AOK)), in the invasion of Poland. These 17 police battalions were organized into six police groups, three Hamburg police battalions being among them: (I/2, II/2, III/3, later 101, 102, 103), within police group 2, under army high command 10 (AOK 10).
The three battalions, each with battalion staff and four companies, were assembled on 1.09.1939, and transported to Poland on 6.09.1939. They were preliminarily posted to Kielce, Tomaszow and Konskie. They were then transported by train to Breslau, and from there to Tschenstochau by Hamburg buses. All three battalions accompanied or followed the advance of the units of AOK 10. During this phase of the war the police battalions were active in the repressive measures taken against the civil population, including executions following drumhead court-martials held by the army, the SS or police, in combat against the Polish regular army, the guarding of prisoners of war, the support of units of the SS and SD (SS Security Service), the gathering of weapons, and in the "resettlement" of the native population ("Umsiedlungsaktionen").
This "Umsiedlungsaktionen" also involved the eviction of Poles and Jews from the areas within the "Generalgouvernement", e.g. from the "Warthegau", annexed to the German Reich. And so in October 1939, Police Battalion 103, among others, was transferred to Poznan (Posen), and took part in the expulsion of the civil population from the town and surrounding countryside. Numerous killings were carried out during this operation, as indicated by testimony given in later preliminary proceedings. These killings mostly took place when expelling people from their accommodation under orders from an SS Junker. Numerous elderly people were murdered, under orders, on the spot, to spare them the strain of the transport ("Belastung des Transport"). The German judiciary later regarded this involvement in the "resettlement" ("Umsiedlung"), when at all, as "wrongful deprivation of personal liberty" ("Freiheitsberaubung"), and judged it as coming under the statute of limitations (the legislative enactment prescribing the period of time within which proceedings must be instituted to enforce a right or bring an action at law), and therefore not sentenceable.

Link to comment
Share on other sites

Here is one to an eventual San-Oberwachtmeister in the Schutzpolizei who served with many units, the main two being Res.Pol.Btl 121 from March 1940 to August 1942 and Schuma Btl 60 from March to June 1944. After tat there are no further entries so it is possible that he was enlisted into 30 Waffen-Grenadier Division der Waffen-SS (Russische Nr 2) which Schuma Btl 60 was absorbed into. It fought the FFI in France but suffered with low morale problems which saw 2 mutinies with many German officers & NCO's being murdered by the soldiers.

Helmut Conde was decorated many times, being awarded the Wound Badge in Black & Silver (last wound was in October 1944), EK II, Ost Front Medal, Infantry Assault Badge in Silver and a Sports Award.






















Edited by hucks216
Link to comment
Share on other sites

Thanks again! The only other Dienstpaß I own belonged to an Austrian WWI veteran who served with the police from 1939 to 1945. He got a few nice awards and was severely wounded during WWi, I could show some pictures in an few days.

Do you have any other Dienstpässe?

Link to comment
Share on other sites

I have a number of Dienstpasse. Including the ones you have seen I have...

III/SS-Pol.Rgt 23 at Warsaw Ghetto Uprising in 1943 & Warsaw Concentration Camp Guard. KIA on first day of the 1944 Warsaw Uprising.

Pol.Btl 103

1./Pol.Btl 303 at Babi Yar

3./Pol.Btl 322 & 7./Pol.Rgt 5 with the former at Bialystok & Mogilev Ghetto massacres in 1941

Pol.Btl 121 & Schuma Btl 60

Pol Btl 308 & 2./Pol.Btl 307- KIA 9th May 1942.

and the only Polizei Soldbuch I have...

8./SS-Pol.Rgt 26 at the liquidation of the Bialystok Ghetto in 1943. Comes with his Sturmtage, Nahkampftage & Bandenkampftage sheets clearly showing he was at the liquidation of the Ghetto.

Edited by hucks216
Link to comment
Share on other sites

I'll show some scans from one of the remaining Dienstpaß and the Soldbuch.

This Dienstpaß belonged to Oberwachtmeister der Schutzpolizei Franz Hain who served with Pol.Btl 322 and then Pol.Rgt 5. With the former he took part in the massacres at Bialystok in July 1941 and Mogilev in October 1941..

Taken from The Yad Vashem Encyclopedia Of The Ghettos During The Holocaust Vol 1 – Pg 50 and Pg 492...

Bialystok July 1941

On July 8th 1941, SS chief Heinrich Himmler, visiting Bialystok in the company of Kurt Daluege, ordered the execution of 2,000 Jews as a punishment for the Jews’ alleged participation in looting. On July 12th, members of Police Battalions 316 & 322 concentrated approximately 4,000 Jewish men in the municipal stadium. The following day, the men were murdered in groups in the Pietrasze Forest. By the end of the month the Bialystok Ghetto was established containing 43,000 Jews.

Mogilev October 1941

On October 2nd/3rd 1941, members of Einsatzkommando 8 (Einsatzgruppe B) and Police Battalion 322, aided by local police, murdered 2,270 Jews from the Mogilev Ghetto outside the nearby village of Kazimirovka. In a second operation on October 17 – 19th Police Battalion 316, aided by Belarussian police murdered some 3,700 Jews near the village of Polykhovichi. The Ghetto was finally liquidated on October 23rd 1941.

Taken from Pol.Rgt Mitte Kriegstammbuch..

1st August 1941 – Pol.Btl 322 shot 72 Jews in a creek outside Bialowieza

31st August 1941 - 7. and 9 Company (2 & 3 Kompanie Pol.Btl 322) drove through Jewish actions in Minsk. Here, about 700 Jews, including 54 women were arrested and taken to the prison of Minsk

1st September 1941 – 9 Kompanie (3 Komp./Pol.Btl 322), along with the SD & NSKK shoot 914 Jews outside Minsk, including 64 Jewish women. Among these are the 700 Jews who were rounded up on 31st August. The 64 Jewish women were shot as they were found to be without the Yellow Star during the round-up.

2nd October 1941 – From 1530 9 Kompanie is in the Mogilev Ghetto together with senior staff of HSSPF Russland-Mitte & Ukrainian Aux.Police. 2,208 Jews rounded up. 65 shot ‘while trying to escape’.

3rd October 1941 – 7 & 9 Kompanie, along with senior staff of HSSPF Russland-Mitte, execute 2,008 Jews in the forest outside Mogilev.

The signature of Hptm Gerhard Riebel seen in the Dienstpaß shows that this man served in 3./Pol.Btl 322.

SS-Pol.Rgt 5 was established in Slovenia in July 1942 from Pol.Btl’s 64, 322 and a newly raised III Btl made up of ethnic Germans. Between June 1942 and January 1943 it took part in two major operations, Operation Enzian in Slovenia in 1942 and in an operation against partisans in Mitrovica along with the Bulgarian 24th Division and Serbian Volunteer Corps.

Edited by hucks216
Link to comment
Share on other sites

And here is the Soldbuch to Zugwachtmeister der Schutzpolizei Josef Pfaffenbichler who took part in the liquidation of the Bialystok Ghetto in 1943 while serving with SS-Pol.Rgt 26. This 'Aktion' is shown as an entry in the Campaign listing in the Soldbuch and also as 5 seperate entries on the Bandenkampftage sheet.

The Yad Vashem Encyclopedia Of The Ghettos During The Holocaust Vol 1 – Pg 51...

In mid-July 1943, the authorities in Berlin decided to liquidate the Bialystok ghetto and move its production facilities to the Lublin area. The ghetto had a population of 30,000 at this time and the decision to liquidate it was kept secret. On August 16th 1943, before daybreak, German soldiers, SS men and Ukrainian auxiliary forces under Georg Michalsen ringed the ghetto. In the ghetto streets posters printed in the name of the Judenrat urged all Jews to report to the ghetto gate for deportation. While most inhabitants heeded the call, a number went into hiding in bunkers and hideouts prepared in advance.

German & Ukrainian forces spent the next five days systematically combing the ghetto and trapping thousands of fugitives. Between August 17th and 23rd 1943, more than 26,000 Jews were deported from the ghetto – some 7,600 to Treblinka, about 4,000 to Auschwitz-Birkenau and approximately 15,000 to labour camps in the Lublin district to which 5 ghetto factories were transferred as well. During the operation, hundreds of Jews were killed in and around the ghetto and some 300 patients in the hospitals were murdered. On August 24th about 1,200 children and 60 elderly Jews were deported to Theresienstadt; on 7th October 1943 they were subsequently deported to Auschwiz-Birkenau and murdered after a plan to swap them for German PoW’s fell through.

The final liquidation of the ghetto was met with stiff resistance from the Jewish Underground but coming so soon after the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, the Germans were in no mood to allow any resistance to gain ground and with brutal measures defeated the resistance within a number of hours.

All the Jews, according to the deportation plan, had to be sent to Treblinka in five train transports. The transports, which included 76 freight cars, arrived in Treblinka on August 18 & 19th)( 3 of the transports passed through Treblinka heading to Auschwitz, Majdanek & Theresienstadt) The two transports from Bialystok were the last to arrive and be murdered in Treblinka. At that time the camp had already ceased to be fully operational. Part of it had been destroyed during the uprising a few weeks earlier and the number of Jews remaining in the camp to carry out the grim work had been greatly reduced so that the time taken to ‘process’ the Bialystok transports had been greatly increased. These difficulties were the reason why 2 of the other 3 transports were sent on to Majdanek & Auschwitz. It had always been part of the plan to send the children to Theresienstadt for the prisoner swap plan.

The deportation & liquidation of the Jews from Bialystok was the last large-scale killing operation in which Globocnik and the Operation Reinhard staff were involved. Upon accomplishing this mission and in recognition of his work, Globocnik was promoted and appointed by Himmler as the Higher SS & Police Leader (HSSPF) in the Trieste area of northeast Italy.

Between 11,000 to 15,000 of those deported to the Lublin area were murdered in November 1943 during the Aktion known as Erntefest (Harvest Festival).

And from another (forgotten) source....

August 16, 1943: Bialystok Ghetto; Deportations begin again. (Final liquidation of the Ghetto.) At Himmler's orders, families are separated. The usual procedures of selection commence. Many Jews were shot and beaten throughout the process. There would be no repeat of the resistance experienced in the Warsaw Ghetto. Bialystock would be emptied of Jews from this time on.

August 17, 1943: Bialystok; The latest deportation continues. 1,200 children are selected for transport first to Theresienstadt. Four weeks later, those children still alive were sent to Birkenau where all of them met the fate of death. 53 Adults volunteered to join them.

August 18, 1943: Bialystok; Thousands of more Jews are deported to Treblinka. The last train to ever be sent there again. All the Jews were sent to the gas chambers. Afterwards, the camp closed down for good.

After the Ghetto Aktion, in September 1943 SS-Pol.Rgt 26 operated against the partisans of the Kolpak Brigade in the Zamosc area before taking part in Operation Heinrich in Oct-Nov 1943 between Nevel & the Latvian border. For the final month of 1943 it took part in Operation Otto and advanced from both sides of Zebezh and aimed to push south to the Dvinsk-Polotsk rail line. In January 1944 as part of Polizei-Kampfgruppe ‘Jeckeln’ it deployed with the 263 Infantry Division.

Josef Pfaffenbichler was killed in action in January 1944.

Edited by hucks216
Link to comment
Share on other sites

  • 3 weeks later...

This Dienstpass belonged to Johann Frohmann, born in 1896. He served with the austrian army in WWI from 1915 to 1919 and was severely wounded and awarded with the Silver Bravery Medal 2nd Class, twice with the Bronze Bravery Medal, the Karl Troop Cross, Wound Medal and Austrian War Commemorative Medal. His last rank was Corporal.

He was called up for police service in 1939 and served with various posts all over Austria. His last police rank was Hauptwachtmeister der Schutzpolizei der Reserve

Link to comment
Share on other sites

  • 1 year later...

I am in the posession of a Polizei Dienst Pass of a member of the NSKK 9. Verkehrskompanie Stuttgart, which according to D.Hochstetter ("Bericht Offermann") were attached to the Pol. Rgt. Mitte and to III.Batl.322.

Unfortunately, there seems to be only one significant entry on their action:

6.-12.08.41 „Teilnahme an den Kampfhandlungen des Pol = Rgts. Mitte im Verbande der 252. Inf. = div. ostwärts Sluck nördlich und südlich Rollbahn 1."

This seems nearly the same entry as in the one of Franz Hain above (it possibly might even be the same handwriting). However, the next entry for the Minsk massacre on the 1.9.1941 is missing in the NSKK Polizei Dienst Pass, as are all other and further entries compared to Franz Hain.

This NSKK member was in the east from 09.07.1941 – 10.03.1942 and then sent home because of a pneumonia.

Would the missing entry on the 1.9.1941 mean that the NSKK 9. Verkehrskompanie Stuttgart was NOT the NSKK unit mentioned by hucks216 above?

Link to comment
Share on other sites

Join the conversation

You can post now and register later. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account.

Reply to this topic...

×   Pasted as rich text.   Paste as plain text instead

  Only 75 emoji are allowed.

×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.


  • Create New...