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Everything posted by Christian1962

  1. It means "Kommandeur und Divisionskraftfahroffizier". Regards Christian
  2. The crowns were not changed at the same date as Karl became emporer. It was done in October 1917. So should be pieces which displayed the single crown between approx. January/February 1917 and autumn 1917. Existing pieces were issued as long as on stock. Regards Christian
  3. The national Coat o Arms was changed in 1915 from the single "Rudolph"-style crown to the double "Rudolph"-style and Hungarian Crown. Therefore you will find two versions of some medals during WW1. Compare with "Signum Laudis": here was the single crown in use until the death of emporer Franz Joseph. The medals of emporer Karl show the new type double crown. Regards Christian
  4. Here you can see how the medal looks like if its stamped and not casted: https://www.dorotheum.com/de/l/7149163/ Regards Christian
  5. Here are some more: Generalmajor Arthur Zar: 28.03.1918 FJO-R+KD 24.08.1918 EKO 3+KD+X Generalleutnant Rudolf Busich: 15.06.1916 FJO-R+KD+X 00.00.19__ EKO 3+KD Generalmajor Kurt Hermann von Herrenalb: 05.03.1917 FJO-O+KD 24.03.1918 EKO 3+KD Generalstabsarzt Dr. Franz Zhuber von Okrog: 22.02.1915 FJO-R+KD 04.02.1917 EKO 3+KD Generalintendant Ludwig Eitel: 13.08.1915 FJO-R (it´s to assume with KD) 19.03.1918 EKO 3+KD Generalintendant August Fratz: 11.05.1916 FJO-R+KD+X 02.12.1917 EKO 3+KD Generalintendant Ludwig Kramberger: 23.12.1914 FJO-R+KD 07.02.1917 EKO 3+KD Generalintendant Josef Lamatsch Edler von Waffenstein: 12.05.1915 FJO-R+KD+X 17.02.1916 FJO-O+KD+X 00.00.19__ EKO 3+KD+X Generalintendant Ferdinand Lanzendörfer: 13.08.1915 FJO-R+KD 19.03.1918 EKO 3+KD Generalintendant Heinrich Freiherr von Raabl-Werner: 13.08.1915 FJO-R (it´s to assume with KD) 16.03.1918 EKO 3+KD 00.00.1920 FJO-O+KD (nachträglich) Generalintendant Anton Richter: 15.09.1915 FJO-R+KD+X 15.04.1920 EKO 3+KD+X (nachträglich) Generalintendant Johann Schrböck: 22.02.1915 FJO-R+KD 18.12.1917 EKO 3+KD Generaltintnendant Moritz Skutetzky: 06.06.1915 FJO-O+KD 26.02.1917 EKO 3+KD Generalintendant Karl Urbauer: 10.07.1915 FJO-R+KD 20.06.1917 EKO 3+KD I could just provide data for later Bundesheer-Generals, but you can see it was not as rare as people would think. Regards Christian
  6. I can add some names: Generalstabsarrzt Dr. Karl Brenner 12.02.1915 Ritterkreuz FJO+KD+X 05.05.1920 EKO 3+KD+X (nachträglich) Generalstabsarzt Dr. Ernst Dub Ritterkreuz FJO+KD EKO 3+KD+X Generalstabsarzt Dr. Josef Feix 04.04.1915 Ritterkreuz FJO+KD 00.00.1920 EKO 3+KD (nachträglich) Generalstabsarzt DDr. Erhard Glaser 23.01.1915 EKO 3+KD 12.10.1915 Offizierskreuz FJO+KD Generalstabsarzt Dr. Ignaz Hofer 07.04.1915 Ritterkreuz FJO-KD 00.00.1920 EKO 3+KD+X (nachträglich) Generalstabsarzt Dr. Ignaz Kauder 22.02.1915 Ritterkreuz FJO+KD+X 00.00.1919 EKO 3 +KD+X (nachträglich) Generalstabsarzt Dr. Adolf Knobel 09.03.1915 Ritterkreuz FJO+KD 23.05.1917 EKO 3+KD+X Generalstabsarzt Dr. Jakob Lochbihler 24.12.1915 Offizierskreuz FJO-KD 15.12.1917 EKO 3+KD Generalstabsarzt Dr. Emil Mattauchschek 18.03.1915 Ritterkreuz FJO+KD 00.00.19__ EKO 3+KD Generalarzt z.V. Dr. Gottfried Nickl 11.03.1918 Rittekrreuz FJO+KD+X 00.00.19__ EKO 3+KD+X (nachträglich) (out of a list of 70 Generalstabsärzte ÖBH) etc., ect. In general it´s to say: Order of Franz Joseph was bestowed for wartime service of medical officers, support and supply officers, Pioniere and Sappeure, Train etc. EKO 3+KD(+X) was awarded for frontline service under fire. But in some cases there was awarded EKO+KD(+X) as second decoration for the before mentioned group of officers. It was more simple for me to extract my list of medical officers. But there were others too. Maybe I will have a second look tomorrow and can provide more names..... There is a Train-officer: Generalmajor Dr.h.c. Carl Graser 06.12.1917 Ritterkreuz FJO+KD 01.12.1920 EKO 3+KD (nachträglich) Regards Christian
  7. Good morning! You are right assuming that "Nazarener" are not jews but a christian sect/renewal movement as cited from Meyers Konversationslexikon. The "BH"-signature should be from the official library of the Austrian ministery of defence. I will check that later and correct it when wrong. A new point: please don´t forget the the k.u.k. army was very tolerant of many religious communities . So there existed an own corps of Jewish military rabbis (look at the pic below which is from "Schematismus für das k.u.k. Heer 1910, pg. 1235 and Rangliste 1918). During WW1 this corps was extended to 77 rabbis in 1918. Why should they have excluded Jews from the bestowing of the Karl-Troop-Cross... Regards Christian
  8. Here are the statues for the Karl-Truppen-Kreuz. I wouldn´t find any passage which would exclude the award for jews: https://alex.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/alex?aid=stv&datum=1916&page=6549&size=27 As we all know Austria-Hungary was a multi-national and multicultural empire. There was no reason to exclude jews from distinct decorations - just with one exception: the Order of the Fleece which was a House Order of the Habsburg Dynasty. Kindest regards Christian
  9. It could awarded just once. And it´s not true that it could not be awarded to Jews - that´s pure nonsense. Emil Sommer, later chairman of the Jewish Front Fighters Union earned it in 1918. Just as example. Regards Christian
  10. Gentlemen, I can just provide some points: 1. The number of more than 400 FML is out of any doubt in my opinion. There is a good overview in Jörg Steiner´s book "Schematismus der Generale und Obersten der k.u.k. Armee 31.12.1918": https://library.hungaricana.hu/en/view/Andere_Steiner_1992/?pg=0&layout=s 2. I am sure there were many FML without EKII. German decorations in general were bestowed just to officers who served in functions and commands connected to german troops or under german command. There were many FML who never had this connection. Don´t forget that many of them were on duty in homeland functions, esp. called back to duty generals. 3. EKII was often given out like a tinnie. There were many doctors and even military officials who received it. 4. EKI was not as rare with lower-ranking officers. There were captains and majors who received it. I can give some examples: Ernst Pauer von Arlau, Edmund Glaise-Horstenau, Alfred Jansa, Rudolf Zu der Luth, Franz Böhme, Friedrich Moro. 5. Indeed it´s a problem that foreign decorations are just listed in the "Personalverordnungsblatt für die k.u.k. Armee" and not in "Rangliste". So you can just find them if you go through ten thousends of pages between 1914 and 1918. Just my two cents. I hope Glenn can provide some more facts. Regards Christian
  11. The text is: "S(einem)/l(ieben) Toni Kolbesen zur fr(eun)dl(ichen) Erinnerung. 1913. Rebhahn Oberstlt." Obstlt Rebhahn and Oberleutnant-Rechnungsführer Anton Kolbesen served together with Armeeschießschule in 1913. Rebhahn was former officer of IR 92, which had white as "Regimentsfarbe". All fits. I could find Rebhahn last time in Schematismus 1914. He received knight´s cross of Franz Joseph-Orden in 1913 or 1914. Rebhahn received Orden der Eisernen Krone 3. Kl. mit der Kriegsdekoration on 22.11.1914 serving with k.k. Landsturm-Infanterieregiment Nr. 12. He lost his life in the field on 2nd of August 1915 with rank of colonel as acting commander of IR 77 north-west of Lublin. On 27.10.1915 he was posthumus awarded "Ritterkreuz des Leopoldordens mit der Kriegsdekoration". Regards Christian
  12. I am not sure about the "b", the rest should mean "Im Auftrag des b.... Regimentskommandeurs". b.: evt. "beurlaubten"? Regards Christian
  13. "Im Auftrag des b(ayerischen) Roten Kreuzes"??? It would be helpful to know the context... Regards Christian
  14. It´s a "Schlaraffe": https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schlaraffia Regards Christian
  15. "Meinem lieben guten Papa einen dankbaren Gruß von sein lieben treuen Sohn Emil" - Emil not confirmed.
  16. I could imagine it´s a private purchase officer´s bayonet. The knot is a 1917/18 officer´s knot with a cypher "K" for "Karl I.". Regards Christian
  17. Dolmage was a british officer as we can read. Regards Christian
  18. The highest WO rank is "Chefinspektor". For further information: https://www.bmi.gv.at/Downloads/files/UniformUnterscheidungszeichenBundespolizei2016.pdf Regards Christian
  19. It´s an "Bezirksinspektor" of the Austrian federal police after 1945. This insignia were in use until the end of the 1990ties. A kind of NCO rank. Regards Christian
  20. I could just give a time frame for the pic: EH Karl was promoted to Generaloberst effective with 01.11.1916. Here he is still General der Kavallerie. On 26.05.1916 he got the allowance to wear the prussian Pour le merité. This should narrow down the time frame for the pic to May - October 1916. Krafft was under EH Karl´s command from September/October 1916. I would assume the pic was taken then. Sorry no hint for the town. Regards Christian
  21. I was referring to the last order of precedence which was given out by the "liquidierendes k.u.k. Kriegsministerium" in 1918/19. You will find it in Michetschläger "Das Ordensbuch der gewesenen österreich-ungarischen Monarchie". I tryed to make a pic but it is not of best quality, sorry for that. It´s quite interesting because they were featuring a new Kriegserinnerungsmedaille 1914 - 1918 and a Kriegserinnungskreuz. Regards Christian
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