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Everything posted by Christian1962

  1. He was a long time Aide de Camp of Franz Joseph. Therefore he received the Franz Josef Kreuz. I accidentially met a Countess Hoyos last week and she told me it is said that he was one of the first to see Kronprinz Rudolf after his suicide in Mayerling. Regards Christian
  2. I think, I could provide some infos too: 01.11.1878 Leutnant i.d.Res. (DR 3) 01.11.1889 Oberleutnant (DR 14) 01.05.1897 Rittmeister (DR 14) 01.05.1908 Major (DR 14) 01.05.1912 Oberstleutnant (DR 14) 01.11.1914 Oberst [70] (DR 14) 01.05.1918 Generalmajor with rank from 14.06.1918 Here a link to Austrian States Archives: https://www.archivinformationssystem.at/detail.aspx?ID=76043 Regards Christian
  3. Hello, foreign orders were just listed in "Haus-, Hof- und Staatshandbuch". Here is a copy from the 1914 issue which should display all decorations bestowed until 1913: I could find some more in the 1916 issue: Here follows the link: https://alex.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/alex?aid=shb&datum=1916&size=45&page=61 and I can add his last list of Austrian decorations - effective with March 1918: Link: https://library.hungaricana.hu/en/view/RanglistenHeeres_1918/?pg=59&layout=s&query=Hoyos Regards Christian
  4. Dear Glenn, you are right with Ruhestandsschematismus. Because of the fact that I don´t own any of them and they are not available online, they are not on my screen. Thank you for your post. Kindest Christian
  5. The MVK was introduced in 1849 and it was instituted with the "war" ribbon even for peacetime and wartime service. The war decoration was instituted in 1860 and the ribbon was still the same for both. There was never another ribbon for the imperial MVK. Regards Christian
  6. I agree with Simius Rex. It is a fireman rank of "Feuerwehrmann" after 1945. The star is not embroidered but stamped. Therefore it is not a lieutenant-equivalent rank. Here you have an actual pic, if you scroll down: https://feuerwehr-wildermieming.at/2017/03/16/jahreshauptversammlung-2017/ Regards Christian
  7. If you want to check foreign orders for Austrian colonels and generals you have just the chance to do it in the k.u.k. Staatshandbuch. Only here the foreign orders were listed. I have checked the last one of 1914 and here Lawrowski did not own any foreign decoration. Here the link: https://alex.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/alex?aid=shb&datum=1914&size=31&page=676 Regards Christian
  8. I read "Feneteör" which makes not really sense. I could not find a similar name or place. Regards Christian
  9. You are welcomed, I always try to do my best, but not every effort leads to the goal.... 🤷‍♂️ Regards Christian
  10. Yes, you are right. Same as EK12/13 is covering the JK1908. Regards Christian The Tyrolian ribbon was a nonsense - sorry. It´s clear that it´s red cross WW1. The problem is that the Schematismus is not very accurate. But there is missing too much. This is the reason why I am not happy with the match "Pfeffer". It is possible that our guy did not serve in Bundesheer because he was dismissed in 1919/20 and called back to duty in 1938 as E-officer. He would have owned a 25-years service cross otherwise. So he would not be listed in any Schematismus. Hard to find. It will remain an enigma.... Regards Christian
  11. Nicolas, wearing of republican Austrian orders (note: Ehrenzeichen/Verdienstorden) was strictly forbidden in TR, just war medal 1914 - 18 and long service crosses could be worn. I am not sure about red cross decorations but that´s not very relevant because the were extreme sparly awarded to Bundesheer officers. If someone would have worn a republic order on his ribbon bar against regulars then he would not have done thos on last position. Thet would not make any sense. The ribbon would not match and grade of the Ehrenzeichen/Verdienstorden. Rosettes were not in use. Italian Order of the Crown is the best and most plausible match. Germand red cross Ehrenzeichen would have had a miniature cross instead of a rosette. The bar is post march 1938 - Wehrmacht and not Bundesheer style. I could find a Militärzeugverwalter Johann Pfeffer who became Wehrmachtbeamter in 1938. He owned: Silberne Militärverdienstmedaille am Bande des Militärverdienstkreuzes Bronzene Militärverdienstmedaille.X Goldenes Verdienstkreuz mit der Krone.X Karl-Truppenkreuz Ehrenzeichen 2. Kl. vom Roten Kreuz.KD Österr. Kriegserinnerungsmedaille 1914-18.X Jubiläumskreuz 1908 Ritterkreuz des ital. Kronenordens ungar. Kriegsmedaille This is the best match but not 100 %. There would be missing one TK-ribbon and a second sword device. Regards Christian Thi Yes, an Italien Orden would have been on last position anyway. I would not bet my collection on a red cross ribbon. My problem is this small piece of ribbon between ÖKM.X and JK1908: I would think it´s the Tyrolian commemorative medal 1914-18. An Austrian red cross decoration from WW1 would be before ÖKM.X and not after. But the Tyrol medal makes no difference here because they were not listed in ÖBH-Schematismus. Regards Christian
  12. My first impression would be: EK2 1914 Franz Joseph-Orden Ritterkreuz mit KD Militärverdienstkreuz 3. Kl. mit KD.X Silberne Militärverdienstmedaille am Bande des MVK Bronzene Militärverdienstmedaille am Bandes des MVK Karl-Truppenkreuz Kriegsmedaille Österr. Kriegserinnerungsmedaille 1914-18.X Tiroler Landesdenkmünze (small ribbon along ÖKM.X) Jubiläumskreuz 1908 Erinnerungskreuz 1912/13 Ungarische Kriegserinnerungsmedaille Offizierskreuz des italienischen Kronenordens I will try to find out candidates for that combination. The rarest decoration here would be the Italien Order of the Crown. I made a look through all recepients which are listed in ÖBH-Schematismus 1937, but no match at all. I am sure there were more awards after the print of this Schematismus in 1937. He could have received it during his Wehrmacht service too.... I fear it will be hard to give this bar a name. Regards Christian
  13. It should be the grand officers breaststar of the Royal Bulgarian Order of Military Merit with war decoration. Here a link: https://auctions.live-bidder.com/clients/rauch/en/sale/showLot/455/4410 Regards Christian
  14. Alexander Pappenheim is still listed as Oberlieutnant in Schematismus 1848. There was no Schematismus 1849. In Schematismus 1850 he is listed as "Erster Rittmeister" in DR 2. So we don´t know exactly when he was promoted to Rittmeister. For me it sounds strange that he should have been portraied in 1847 as Rittmeister. I would assume that the stars were added later or that the pic is wrong dated? I think that the cockades were not changed as quick and were worn ahead. This will not be a distinctive hint in my opinion. Regards Christian
  15. Quite a very good peace too.😍 I myself could purchase some parts of the Fattovich collection during the last years. Mostly collectors copies of rarest pieces. But their price increases very rapidly last year as you coul see last week at Rauch´s. That´s too much for copies. Regards Christian
  16. I could find the link now: https://alex.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/alex?aid=rgb&datum=1849&size=45&pos=246 Regards Christian
  17. FM Radetzky started in August 1848 introducing rank stars in his army. They were officially introduced with Reichsgesetzblatt 127/1848 and Erlass of Ministry of War dated with 14.02.1849 for all officers. Rank stars for NCO were introduced with Entschließung from 30.08.1849. Rank laces were introduced for Militär-Verpflegspersonal with 09.05.1848. I hope this informations will be sufficient for you. Regards Christian
  18. Zounds! That´s a really good one. Exeptional piece - my congratulations. I just own a simply Lieutnant´s piece. Regards Christian
  19. Good news! I could find now the order of precedence effective with November 1917. It was published via "Erlass vom 15.11.1917, Präs. 31500": Here is the link: https://alex.onb.ac.at/cgi-content/alex?aid=stv&datum=1917&page=15066&size=45 Regards Christian
  20. I have tried to find out the correct precedence of k.u.k. orders with help of a friend who works in the Austrian State Archives. There was just a single sheet to find: Another file would have been more interesting but it is missed. This special file was the reply of the Obersthofmeisteramt to Michetschläger when he asked for the precendence for his book. BUT: so we can assume that he published the correct precedence in his book on base of this reply! Regards Christian
  21. I have no evidence that ÖBH-Schematimen are oneline anwhere but I think I can help you researching in my own database. There are not so many officers with this combination of decorations as I assumed. Most of them had an EKO.3.X and/or an order of the Austrian Republic or the Prussian EK2. This narrows the candidates quite down: Oberstleutnant Franz Reicher (IR 5) You must know that the Tyrolian War Medal 1914 - 1918 was not listed in Schematismus. And they were not very accurate with foreign medals such as the Hungarian war medal. Reicher is the best match for active officers between 1928 (first printed Schematismus) and 1937 (last printed). It is evident that there could have been retired officers who never were listed in a Schematismus. Regards Christian
  22. I have checked out now all owners of GMVM.X. No one of them owned a peacetime FJO of any grade. That fact should rule out the variant with GMVM.X on that bar we are discussing. But let´s make another experiment: let us assume the first ribbon stands for al GMVM.X which orders and medals could follow? Variant 1: GMVM.X LO-KmtK.X FJO-KmtK/St (peacetime) - which just was owned by FZM Tamásy (who held no GMVM.X) FJO-KmtK.X MVK.3.X KM 1873 EK2 Variant 2: GMVM.X LO-KmtK.X FJO-KmtK (peacetime) - which was not held by any GMVM-holder FJO-O.X MVK.3.X Variant: GMVM.X LO-R.X FJO-every grade (peacetime) - which was not held by any GMVM-holder ... All following variants are not worth discussing them. In my humble opinion that would rule out GMVM.X at this ribbon bar anyway. Therefore I would like to follow Triad´s argumentation. At the other hand, if we look onto the variant MVK.2.X and LO-R.X we find: Hugo Martiny Hugo Edler von Habermann Ernst Horsetzky von Hornthal Ferdinand Kosak Heinrich Goinger Gustav Szekély de Doba Gabriel Graf Marenzi Viktor Bauer von Bauernthal Karl von Stöhr Franz Weiss-Tihany-Mainprugg Karl Steiger Eugen Edler von Luxardo Ladislaus Jonik von Jamny Julius Phleps Josef Pacor von Karstenfels Paul Hegedüs Livius Borotha Georg Ritter von Szypniewski Viktor Edler von Kandler Johann Schwalb Dr. h.c. Eduard Fischer Balthasar Pintar Josef Freiherr von Janecka Johann Haas von Haagenfels Franz Graf Zedtwitz Oskar Minnich Heinrich Freiherr von Salis-Samaden Ludwig Rath Adolf Kornhaber von Pilis Franz Edler von Haam Alfred Edler von Hinke Johann Ritter von Mossig Rudolf Obauer von Bannerfeld Walter Schreitter von Schwarzfeld Ernest Edler von Terboglaw Ferencz Biffl von Pilca Now let´s have a look who out of this group owned a peacetime FJO-O/R: Dr. h.c. Eduard Fischer Paul Hegedüs Josef Pacor von Karstenfels Julius Phleps Johann Schwalb Walter Schreitter von Schwarzfeld Gustav Szekély de Doba Ernest Edler von Terboglaw Franz Graf Zedtwitz Now we exclude all who owned an EKO.3 because this is not on the bar, who will reach the next level: Johann Schwalb Walter Schreitter von Schwarzfeld Ernest Edler von Terboglaw And now we look who out the last three officers owned to more decorations with swords and in addition KM 1873 and EK2: Ernest Edler von Terboglaw Again in my humble opinion it´s a little bit more convincing. We could now discuss another variant: FJO-KmtK.X LO-R.X FJO-O/R (peacetime) But there is not one officer from colonel upwards who held that combination. Maybe there are some few from lieutnant-colonel downwards, but I can´t check that now. Regards Christian
  23. It´s no question that GMVM ranked before LO-K and LO-R but this not the point regarding the ribbon bar above because Pokorny owned EKO3.KD(X?) and not FJO (peacetime). That rules him out as owner anyway. Regards Christian
  24. I could find out one most likely candidate for that ribbon bar: Generalmajor Ernst von Terboglaw. He owned: MVK 2.X, LO-R.X, FJO-O, MVK.3.X, BMVM.X, KM, EK2. This would provide that he did not wear the full size peacetime FJO-O on his breast pocket but just on the ribbon bar. The combination of MVK2.X, LO-R.X and a peacetime FJO (R or O) appears to be a real rare case. But in addition with MVK.3.X and BMVM.X, KM and EK2 it could be a single case! Here a potrait of him for comparison: https://picryl.com/media/gmernst-edler-vterboglaw-bcdf8b I could not find the variant FJO-K.X, LO-R.X, FJO (peacetime), MVK.3.X, BMVM.X, ... anyway. You can check it out yourself there: Steiner Jörg, Schematismus der Generale und Obersten der k.u.k. Armee - Stand 31.12.1918. https://library.hungaricana.hu/en/view/Andere_Steiner_1992/?pg=0&layout=s Regards Christian
  25. There was a given precedence for k.u.k. orders and medals, but sometimes it was not followed by the makers of ribbon bars. Your can see this precedence in the "Personalverordnungsblatt für das k.u.k. Heer" (see below) where all awards during WW1 were published. They were ranked (following Michteschläger, see below): . . . Komturkreuz Leopold-Orden Militärverdienstkreuz 2. Kl. Orden der Eisernen Krone 2. Kl. Ritterkreuz Leopold-Orden Offizierskreuz Franz Joseph-Orden Orden der Eisernen Krone 3. Kl. Ritterkreuz Franz Joseph-Orden Goldene Tapferkeitsmedaille für Offiziere Silberne Tapferkeitsmedaille für Offiziere Militärverdienstkreuz 3. Kl. Silberne Militärverdienstmedaille am Bande des des Militärverdienstkreuzes Bronzene Militärverdienstmedaille am Bande Militärverdienstkreuzes . . . Following this precedure the ribbon bar above should contain: Militärverdienstkreuz 2. Kl. Ritterkreuz Leopold-Orden Ritterkreuz Franz Joseph-Orden (peacetime) Militärverdienstkreuz 3. Kl. (most appearent, but could be Silberne MVM.X too) Bronzene MVM.X Kriegsmedaille Eisernes Kreuz 2. Kl. BUT: some weeks ago I could take a look on an estate of a k.u.k. Oberst and arty brigade commander. Here was the precedure different: Komturkreuz Franz Joseph Orden with swords Ritterkreuz Leopold-Orden Orden der Eisernen Krone 3. Kl. Militärverdienstkreuz 3. Kl. SMVM.X BMVM.X Karl-Truppenkreuz However, it is most likely that the above ribbon bar contains a commander Franz Joseph then a MVK 2. Kl. Otherwise in most cases there would be an Iron Crown 2. Cl. between them. Anyway both combinations would be very rare. Regards Christian
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