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Bob

Lieutenant General Jambyn JAMYAN (1916-2007)

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From the book "Generals of Mongolia":

Jamyan was born in the former Peasant’s county (now Buyant county) of Khovd province in 1916.

He studied at the Central school of the Ministry of Internal Affairs from 1937-1938, the Border Guards school in the Soviet Union from 1938-1940 and the Military Academy named after Frunze in Moscow, the Soviet Union from 1945-1947. He also attended the evening classes of the Pedagogical University in Ulaanbaatar from 1948-1951 and the evening classes of the Marx and Lenin institute from 1951-1953. Jamyan also graduated from the Institute of the Communist Party of Soviet Union in Moscow in 1957.

Jamyan was drafted to the military service in 1935. From 1935-1937, Jamyan served as a private at the Uvchuu border guards sub-unit of Uench Border Guard regiment. From 1940-1945, he served as the assistant to and later as the Chief of the Cadre Division of the Border Guard and Internal Troops Department under the Ministry of Internal Affairs.

From 1947-1948, Jamyan served as the Deputy Chief of the Border Guard and Internal Troops Department under the Ministry of Internal Affairs. From 1948-1953, he served as the Deputy Minister of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in charge of the military affairs and Deputy Chief of the Department of the Border Guard and Internal troops. From 1953-1954, Jamyan headed the European Division of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. From 1957-1958, he worked as the Vice Minister of the Ministry of People’s Inspection and from 1958-1959, he was worked as the Minister for People’s Inspection. He headed the State Control and Inspection Committee under the Council of Ministers from 1959-1972, Chief of the State Board of Civil Defense from 1972-1975, Chair of the Central Council of the Mongolian Society for Assisting the National Defense 1975-1983 and Chair of the Mongolian Veterans Committee from 1983-1987.

Besides the above duties and responsibilities, Jamyan headed the Arbitrary Department of the Mongolian People’s Republic from 1959-1961. He also worked as the First Deputy Director of the Party Control and Inspection Committee under the Central Committee of the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party from 1965-1972 and the Chairman of the Mongol-Vietnamese Friendship Union from 1962-1984. Since 1965, he headed the Mongolian Committee to support the struggle of the Vietnamese People and since 1959 he headed the State Harvesting Commission. Jamyan also headed the Mongolian Association of Wrestlers from 1961-1981.

J. Jamyan was bestowed the rank of the Lieutenant General by the Resolution # 414 of the Council of Minister of the Mongolian People’s Republic on October 25, 1972. In 1953, he was also conferred the title of Diplomatic envoy.

Jamyan was elected as the deputy of the People’s Great Khural for 10 times and the member of the Party Control and Inspection Committee under the Central Committee of the MPRP from 15-18 and 20th Conferences of the Party.

For his labor achievements, Lt. General Jamyan was bestowed the title of the Hero of Labor of the Mongolian People’s Republic in 1981 by the Decree of the Presidium of the People’s Great Khural. Jamyan was awarded the Order of Sukhbaatar three times, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor Valor four times, the Order of the Polar Star two times and other Mongolian medals. He was decorated with the Order of the Red Star of the USSR, Order of the National Flag of the DPRK and Order of the Friendship of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

Pages 96-97. Book “Generals of Mongolia”. Ulaanbaatar.

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From the big blue book on Mongolian awards:

#281. 223. JAMYAN Jambyn was born in Buyant county of Khovd province in 1916. He was bestowed the title of the Hero of Labor of the Mongolian People’s Republic on July 9, 1981 by the Decree of the Presidium of the People’s Great Khural #231. At the time, Lt. General Jamyan was the Chief of the Central Council of the Mongolian Society for Assisting the National Defense.

Jamyan was drafted to the military service in 1935. Since 1948, he served as the Deputy Minister of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Deputy Chief of the Directorate of the Border Guard and Internal troops, Director of the Division of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Deputy Minister of the Ministry of People’s Inspection, Chair of the State Control and Inspection Committee under the Council of Ministers, Chief of the State Board of Civil Defense, Chair of the Central Council of the Mongolian Society for Assisting the National Defense and Chair of the Mongolian Veterans Committee. From 1957-1987, Jamyan headed the State Harvesting Commission for 30 years. During this period, the State Harvesting Commission succeeded in garnering on average 764.3 thousand tones of harvest and 1.2 million tones of hay annually. For the excellent management and organization of the harvesting campaigns, J. Jamyan was bestowed the title of the Hero of Labor of the Mongolian People’s Party. He was elected as the deputy of the People’s Great Khural and delegate to the MPRP Conferences for many times. He was also a member of the Central Committee of the MPRP.

Jamyan was awarded the Order of Sukhbaatar three times, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor Valor four times, the Order of the Polar Star two times, Mongolian medals and the awards of the USSR and other nations.

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A picture of Jamyan, probably late 1970's

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Two pics of the General in his office

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Two pics of the General among war and labor veterans.

On one pic he's standing behind a person with 3 SB's (Jamyan himself would later also have 3).

On the one where he's seated, I'm curious about the person sitting to his right. That older man looks like he's had an interesting life:)

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A picture of Jamyan, probably late 1970's

"Jamyan also headed the Mongolian Association of Wrestlers from 1961-1981"

I originally thought he was wearing a Jugoslav order on his right side, but now believe that this is actually an award of the international wrestling federation: http://www.fila-wrestling.com/

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Here's what I managed to keep together: a USSR-MPR-DPRK-Lao-Vietnamese-Chechoslovakian cross-over group!

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Consisting of:

Soviet:

* Order of Red Star nr 3700430, awarded in 1971. His Soviet Red Star awarding is on this list I posted elsewhere here (search General Suurin Baldan). Unfortunately he does not fit neatly in the linear manner of awarding so we can not assume to know who got a red star based on a number alone in the future. Nice is that the document for the red star includes a picture of Jamyan!

* Soviet victory commemoration medals... 45-75 an 45-85… the 45-85 one is of the rare (5000 only) awarded to foreigners variation. Comes with documents.

* Only a red document for a kind of Znak? Maybe somebody can tell me what it's for?

DPRK:

* Order of the National Flag 1st class, nr 1.361 awarded on 11.9.1952... long before the armistice. Includes document.

* Thanks to forum member CtahhR, translation of the award reason mentioned in the document: "He was awarded the highest award by decision of the DPRK Engineers General Secretary Kang Yanguk whilst he was serving with the 3rd Korean (Army ?) 1st Korean (Front ?) as supervisor of Livestock (Sheep?) Transportation." The North Koreans apparently were having food problems even then...

It doesn't get much better than that! And a great piece of knowledge... the UN "allies" on the South were not just fighting against North Koreans and Chinese... but also against a Mongolian livestock supply specialist

Vietnam

* Order of the Friendship of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (1978). Includes document, with text on reverse I will see if I can get translated. Maybe notes (in Mongolian) on why it was awarded.

* A smaller Vietnamese badge without a document

Czhechoslovakian

* SVAZARM: Pre Military training badge (1980) incl. document.

Laotian

* Lao Order of Freedom 2nd class (1987). Incl. document

Mongolian

* Hero of Labor Soyombo nr 248, awarded 1981. It comes with the document, and the document actually has his picture in it as well.

* Document 1

- Polar Star 1172 awarded in 1935

- Honorary Medal of Combat 5988 awarded in 1937

- Polar Star “no number” awarded in 1951

- Medal 40 years etc. awarded in 1961

- Order of the Red Banner of Labor Valor 1915 awarded in 1961

- Order of SB 516 awarded in 1966

- Order of SB 1186 awarded in 1976

* Document 2

- Order of SB 1507 awarded in 1981 (same date as the Hero of Labor)

* Document 3

- Order Order of the Red Banner of Labor Valor 4354 awarded in 1974

- Order Order of the Red Banner of Labor Valor 4206 awarded in 1971

- Medal 60 years etc. “no number” awarded in 1981

* Document 4

- Order Order of the Red Banner of Labor 5285 awarded in 1986

* Document 5

- Virgin Lands Medal “no number” awarded in 1979

* Range of other documents

- 1921-1971 medal, in 1971

- 1945-1975 medal, in 1975

- Some kind of agricultural badge, in 2006

- A blue document for what I am not sure, in 1975 – see scan later, any help?

- 11 other paper doc’s (softcover) for assorted medals, badges, etc

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:speechless1:

An extraordinary grouping, as always, Bob! :jumping: :jumping:

It would be great if you could post scans of all the documents and more detailed pictures of the medals, if you have a chance.

Congrats!

Alex

Edited by RedMaestro

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The Soyombo doc inside

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DPRK doc/award

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Red Star award

http://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_06_2011/post-679-0-26078200-1308417012.jpghttp://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_06_2011/post-679-0-35525400-1308417027.jpg

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Here the little red Znak document - "Honorary Badge for the Civil Defense of the USSR" as per a forum member on other forum.

http://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_06_2011/post-679-0-12099100-1308417171.jpghttp://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_06_2011/post-679-0-15788400-1308417262.jpg

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http://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_06_2011/post-679-0-26693700-1308417411.jpghttp://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_06_2011/post-679-0-53965500-1308417442.jpg

The Vietnamese doc with (I think) Mongolian on the reverse (indicating why/when the Friendship medal was awarded?)

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Not often we see Lao doc's/awards

http://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_06_2011/post-679-0-62702600-1308417618.jpghttp://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_06_2011/post-679-0-44186700-1308417632.jpg

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Supposedly a document belonging to a Mongolian "World Peace Prize" (never heard of that before...) - only the document

http://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_06_2011/post-679-0-72746400-1308417719.jpghttp://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_06_2011/post-679-0-00304600-1308417929.jpg

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The Chechoslovakian doc... wonder what this is for?

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I won't bother with the interiors of the 20 or so Mongolian docs.

There's also some things issing:

- For sure the wrestling association award

- Range of other documents / ribbon bars / swords / uniforms / etc which may pop up eventually

- For instance: 22048 medal book (labour medal i suspect), Order of Polar Star 17340 in 1975 doc, old style (green) document for KGB badge, an east german medal, various other low end Soviet medals/badges, 3x “world peace prize”, etc.

- Also a sad story: Jamyan had 3 SB's (of which one came with the Soyombo; all 3 not in my hands)... but they were stolen from his house several years ago while he was at a function. At his funeral replacement SB's were held on display while his awards were carried pinned on a cushion by his Border Guard Troop colleagues

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Magnificent group, thank you for posting this.

Jan

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Will try to get more scans of documents when I have them as a guest again out of the safe place.

First though, some more photographs. Here is another picture of Jamyan (dated 1978).

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And here another one, Jamyan with a group of generals.

Of particular interest is the General (second on right; Jamyan himself is 3rd on the right) with as it appears 2 Soviet Orders of Red Banner and (possibly) also a Order of Friendship?

His name is is Lt. General Tseden-Ish. He was for many years the Vice-Minister of Public Security and Chief of Border Guard Troops Department. He was apparently one of the best border guard commanding officers. His picture is also illustrated in Urnukh Khuuji's book p. # 119.

Picture is dated 2004: "celebration of the 60th anniversary of the institution of the 'Mongolian General rank"

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And finally here a great picture (1981) of Jamyan with a group of Partisans of the revolution.

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Bob, below is the translation of the hand-written Mongolian text on the inside cover of the document.

Office of the President.

#109

Socialist Republic of Vietnam

Independence, Freedom and Happiness

Order Certificate

J. Jamyan from Mongolia is awarded the Order of Friendship by the decree # 57 of the President of Socialist Republic of Vietnam dated June 20, 1978.

Hall of the President.

Hanoi city. June 20, 1978

http://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_06_2011/post-679-0-26693700-1308417411.jpghttp://gmic.co.uk/uploads/monthly_06_2011/post-679-0-53965500-1308417442.jpg

The Vietnamese doc with (I think) Mongolian on the reverse (indicating why/when the Friendship medal was awarded?)

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Bob, below is the translation of the hand-written Mongolian text on the inside cover of the document.

Office of the President.

#109

Socialist Republic of Vietnam

Independence, Freedom and Happiness

Order Certificate

J. Jamyan from Mongolia is awarded the Order of Friendship by the decree # 57 of the President of Socialist Republic of Vietnam dated June 20, 1978.

Hall of the President.

Hanoi city. June 20, 1978

Thanks - unfortunately no reason given but who knows, there may at some point be hope in the Vietnamese archives (i'm not going to hold my breath on this though:))

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