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Yugoslavia - Order of Merits for the People III

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Order of Merits for the People III was instituted on June 12, 1945 and its name was changed three times:
-1945-1961 Order of Merit for the People 3rd Class (Орден заслуге за народ III реда)
-1961-1973 Order of Merit for the People with Silver Star (Орден заслуге за народ са сребрном звездом)
-1973-1992 Order of Merits for the People with Silver Star (Орден заслуга за народ са сребрном звездом)

In the beginning it was being awarded "for merits in the struggle against enemies of the people and for strengthening and organizing people's government and the Yugoslav Army."
-Law of 1955 added new criteria: "...and for merits in the fields of economic, cultural and social development of the country."
-Law of 1973 replaced the words: "for strengthening and organizing people's government and the Yugoslav Army" with the following: "for merits in development of socialism and socialist self-management and for organizing and strengthening total people's defense, security and independence of the country." So this order was practically being awarded for merits in all fields.

According to Stojan Rudež since July 1945 when it was awarded for the first time until December 31 1985 it was awarded 282.864 times making it by far the most awarded Yugoslav order. Next one is Order of Labor with Silver Wreath awarded 182.910 until 1986, so 100.000 times less. The number from Mr. Rudež's book can't be taken as total because Order of Merits for the People with Silver Star was also being awarded in huge quantities after 1985. 

There are basically two types:
-Type 1 (1945-1973) golden star and silver combatant 
-Type 2 (1973-1992) silver star and golden combatant 

I presume this change was made because of the previous name change (1961) when III became "with silver star". So order named "with silver star" which in reality had golden star existed over a decade. No matter how you put it the name is problematic:
-Order of the Merits for the People with Golden Star (I) golden star and base, silver combatant and rays
-Order of Merits for the People with Silver Rays (II) golden combatant and base, silver star and rays
-Order of Merits for the People with Silver Star (III) Type 1 (1945): golden star, silver combatant, rays and base
-Order of Merits for the People with Silver Star (III) Type 2 (1973): golden combatant, silver star, rays and base
So from 1973 onward both II and III had silver stars while before that I and III had golden stars. Order of Merits for the People with Silver Rays received even more inadequate name because all three classes including both types of III have silver rays.

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Edited by paja

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My general classification of different variants:
Type 1:
-1.1 ZIN/ZNB screw variants
-1.2 IKOM, screw variants + remade variants 
-1.3 ZIN/ZNB vertical needle

Type 2:
-2.1 IKOM remade variants
-2.2 ZIN/ZNB vertical needle
-2.3 IKOM double horizontal needle

Edited by paja

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Type 1.1.1,  ZIN Belgrade
Number and Roman numeral on the back side. Wider screw nut with Cyrillic inscription "ЗАВОД ЗА ИЗРАДУ НОВЧАНИЦА" (The Institute for Manufacturing Banknotes). I believe numbers range from 1 to around 20K but there are also examples with numbers between 70K and 77K.

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Edited by paja

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On the earliest orders one can see three rivets the back side which are keeping the combatant in place. Examples with numbers over 2K don't have visible rivets.

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Edited by paja

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Just one more 1.1.1 with number between 70K and 77K.

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Edited by paja

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Type 1.1.2,  ZNB Belgrade
Number and Roman numeral on the back side. Narrower screw nut with inscription "Z.N.B. KOVNICA" (The Institute of National Bank - Mint). Based on what I've seen so far numbers range from 78K to 82K (?) but there are also examples with numbers between 194K and 200K.
Numbers on IKOM 1.2.1 range from 20K to 77K so placing that variant in the classification before this one also makes sense. I decided to put it (1.1.2) together with 1.1.1 because they were both made in Belgrade with the screw nut practically being their only difference. 

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Edited by paja

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Type 1.2.1, IKOM Zagreb
Number, silver hallmark (rooster in hexagon - .800 fineness) and Roman numeral on the back side. Wider screw nut with inscription "IKOM ZAGREB" (Industrial Mint Orešković Marko). Numbers range from around 20K to 70K. Some examples were not hallmarked.

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Edited by paja

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Type 1.2.2, IKOM Zagreb
Number, hallmarks (rooster & IKOM) and Roman numeral on the back side. Narrower screw nut with inscription "IKOM ZAGREB". Numbers range from 71K to 192K (?). Considering that there are 1.1.2 examples with numbers ranging between 78K to 82K (at least), I believe there's some overlapping. So far I've seen both 1.1.2 and 1.2.2 with 78K and 79K numbers...
Incorrect inscription on the box, "Orden za zasluge za narod" instead of "Orden zasluge za narod" ("Order for Merits for the People" instead of "Order of Merits for the People").

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Edited by paja

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Type 1.2.3, IKOM Zagreb, remade by ZIN/ZNB
Remade 1.2.2, number, hallmarks (rooster & IKOM) and Roman numeral on the back side. Belgrade factory replaced the screw with vertical needle without inscription.

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Edited by paja

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Type 1.2.4, IKOM Zagreb, remade by IKOM
Remade 1.2.2, number, hallmark (IKOM) and Roman numeral on the back side. Zagreb factory replaced the screw with double horizontal needle. Numbers range from 126K to 164K (?).

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Edited by paja

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Type 1.3 ZNB Belgrade
Unnumbered, Roman numeral on the back side. Vertical needle with inscription "ZNB KOVNICA".

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Edited by paja

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Type 2.1.1 IKOM Zagreb, remade by ZIN
Remade 1.2.2, number, hallmarks (rooster & IKOM) and Roman numeral on the back side. Belgrade factory replaced the screw with vertical needle with inscription "ZIN KOVNICA", removed the gilt from the star and gilded the combatant. 

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Edited by paja

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Type 2.1.2 IKOM Zagreb, remade by IKOM
Remade 1.2.2, number, hallmarks (rooster & IKOM) and Roman numeral on the back side. Zagreb factory replaced the screw with double horizontal needle, removed the gilt from the star and gilded the combatant. 
Type 2 awarded in 1974 but the box and the document bear pre-1973 name.

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Edited by paja

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Type 2.2 ZIN Belgrade
Unnumbered, vertical needle with inscription "ZIN KOVNICA".

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Edited by paja

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Type 2.3 IKOM Zagreb
Unnumbered, double horizontal needle.

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First raw:
Type 1.1.1,  ZIN Belgrade (with 3 rivets)
Type 1.1.1,  ZIN Belgrade
Type 1.1.2,  ZNB Belgrade

Second raw:
Type 1.2.1, IKOM Zagreb
Type 1.2.2, IKOM Zagreb
Type 1.2.3, IKOM Zagreb, remade by ZIN/ZNB

Third raw:
Type 1.2.4, IKOM Zagreb, remade by IKOM
Type 1.3 ZNB Belgrade
Type 2.1.1 IKOM Zagreb, remade by ZIN

Fourth raw:
Type 2.1.2 IKOM Zagreb, remade by IKOM
Type 2.2 ZIN Belgrade
Type 2.3 IKOM Zagreb

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Edited by paja

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I class, IKOM Zagreb, converted by ZIN Belgrade
Remade 1.2.2, number, hallmarks (rooster & IKOM) and Roman numeral III on the back side. Belgrade factory converted it into I class and replaced the screw with vertical needle with inscription "ZIN KOVNICA".

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Edited by paja

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I've acquired the 2nd class (silver rays to be more precise) of this order recently so I've decided to share some photos.

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I already posted my great-grandpa's 3rd class somewhere but here's some more detailed photos. Paja I've noticed that your IKOM piece (93,268) has a close number to my great-grandpa's (93,633). :beer:

1.thumb.jpg.9570ec62e3d039372f7b4840e80cce0d.jpg2.thumb.jpg.109017cce1edd6ddee50f9cfeb8caa37.jpg Also have this box for the 3rd class with a number written on the bottom (87,436).

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Edited by BalkanCollector

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Very nice, thanks for sharing! :beer:
Do you perhaps know which year was your great-grandpa awarded with Merits for the People?

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You can search the Official Gazette here.
If you wish I can check  if something can be dug up, just send me PM with name :)

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