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Kriegsmarine Admiral

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About Kriegsmarine Admiral

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    Kaiserliche Marine, Kriegsmarine and it's Admirals.

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  1. For Char. Konteradmiral Andreas Fischer I found an award under the abbreviation BRJM. What does it mean?
  2. Unknown #5 Does anyone recognize this full Admiral? He is wearing the Großkreuz des Königlich Ungarischen Verdienstordens. I think the photo was taken in 1938/1939.
  3. Hello guys, here is a photo of Emsmann from "Deutschlands Admirale 1849-1945" Band 1. Below it is his entry in the 1909 Kaiserliche Marine Rangliste. Since he was active during WW1 as "Offizier zur Disposition in aktiven Dienststellung" it is odd that he isn't listed in the 1916 and 1918 Rangliste under that section. I have two question regarding his awards: 1. Does anyone know the class of his Turkish Medal of Merit of the Red Crescent visible on Komtur's photo above the Gallipoli Star? The Medal of the Red Crescent came in 3 classes: Bronze, Silver and Gold. 2. On the ribbon bar posted by Gensui we can see he also had the China Medal. Most likely for his service during the Boxer Rebellion with the SMS Cormoran. Would the class of this medal for him be Bronze (for combatants) or Steel (for non-combatants)? Thanks!
  4. Thank you very much guys for the help! You are correct Daniel, he was awarded the Commander's Cross of the Order of the Star of Romania with Swords on Bravery Band of Military Virtue on 7 November 1941. He didn't mount this award on the ribbon bar. Also, his Finnish Order of the Cross of Liberty 1st Class with Swords (10 December 1941) is also missing from the ribbon bar.
  5. Thank you. Do you agree that the other ribbons are as I wrote above? Slowakisches Kriegsiegerkreuz (can you guess the class?), Medalla de la Campaña Española (1936–1939), Erinnerungsmedaille für die Verteidigung der Slowakei?
  6. Hello, I would appreciate if anyone could help me identify the awards from the ribbon bar of Leopold Bürkner. My ID of the ribbons so far: First row: - Eisernes Kreuz (1914) 2. Klasse (hidden) - Kriegsverdienstkreuz (1939) 2. Klasse mit Schwertern (most likely) - Herzoglich Anhaltisches Friedrich-Kreuz - Ehrenkreuz für Frontkämpfer - Wehrmacht Dienstauszeichnung 1. Klasse - Wehrmacht Dienstauszeichnung 3. Klasse - Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 1. Oktober 1938 mit Spange "Prager Burg" - Medaille zur Erinnerung an die Heimkehr des Memellandes - Slowakisches Kriegsiegerkreuz (I was told it may be the 3. Klasse, is that correct?) Second row: - Königlich Bulgarischen Militär-Verdienstorden (could the class be Kommandeurkreuz?) - Offizierskreuz des Königlichen Ordens der Krone von Italien (awarded to Bürkner on 02 August 1935) - Offizierskreuz des Königlich Spanisch-Marrokanischen Mehdauia-Ordens (or is it also a Kommandeurkreuz?) - Medalla de la Campaña Española (1936–1939) ??? (Bürkner took part in the Spanish Civil War and was also awarded the Spanienkreuz in Silber mit Schwertern) - Königlich Spanischer Militär-Verdienstorden mit Rot Verliehen OR Erinnerungsmedaille für die Verteidigung der Slowakei (based on the fact the last ribbon in the first row is the Slowakisches Kriegsiegerkreuz) OR perhaps neither but something else ??? - ??? - Kommandeurkreuz des Königlich Ungarischen Verdienstordens ??? (awarded to Bürkner on 10 August 1938) - ??? (black ribbon?) - Königlich Spanischer Orden für Verdienste zur See mit Weiß Verliehen ??? Please share your opinions regarding the questions bolded in black in brackets and also where 3 "?" appear. Thanks
  7. Thank you Claudio, but your photo shows Admiralarzt Willy Mücke, not Hugo Caanitz. Photo of Caanitz attached below.
  8. - Eisernes Kreuz (1914) 2. Klasse - Hamburgisches Hanseatenkreuz - Großherzoglich Oldenburgisches Friedrich August-Kreuz 2. Klasse mit Spange “Vor dem Feinde” - Ehrenkreuz für Frontkämpfer - ??? Does anyone recognize the last ribbon? At first glance, the last ribbon looks like the k.u.k. Österreichisches Militär-Verdienstkreuz 3. Klasse mit der Kriegsdekoration. But that award is not listed for Maertens in any of the Rangliste. Other ribbon with a similar device, Kaiserlich Türkischer Eiserner Halbmond is also not listed. And I don't think it's the Ehrenzeichen des Deutschen Roten Kreuzes either. Perhaps someone will have an idea. It could be a foreign award with this kind of circle device. Member of the forum "P.F." suggested something from South America from the 1920/1930s. There is also an possibility it's indeed the Österreichisches Militär-Verdienstkreuz 3. Klasse mit der Kriegsdekoration that was somehow left out of the Rangliste for Maertens. Any help is appreciated.
  9. Hello, I don't know if there are any experts on the Ehrenzeichen des Deutschen Roten Kreuzes on this forum, but I will try anyways. I hoped someone might be able to help my two colleagues and me with this dilemma. On the first photo below you can see the ribbon bar of Admiralarzt Dr.med. Hugo Caanitz. The two colleagues and me both agreed the last ribbon is the Ehrenzeichen des Deutschen Roten Kreuzes. However, we can't agree on the Class. I know it's hard to determine the Class just from the ribbon, but perhaps someone will have an idea. The 1st colleague colleague thinks the Class is 1. Klasse. The 2nd colleague also thinks it's the 1. Klasse. His explanation: "I see your dilemma with the class, but I would be inclined to opt for the first class, given his rank. 2nd class would be too low for a Konteradmiral- of course, you need to work out what rank he was when awarded the Red Cross. Note too, the pin-back can be represented on the ribbon bar as well as the first class, etc. But I see from the photo he is not wearing the pin back." Unfortunately we don't know what rank Caanitz was when he was awarded the Ehrenzeichen des Deutschen Roten Kreuzes. I think it's the 2. Klasse. According to this article on the german wikipedia https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ehrenzeichen_des_Deutschen_Roten_Kreuzes, the 1. Klasse was worn around the neck. Caanitz isn't wearing the award around the neck, only on his ribbon bar. On the other hand, the 2. Klasse was worn as a medal with the ribbon on the medal/ribbon bar. This would fit with Caanitz' case. The Class between the 1. and 2. Klasse is the Verdienstkreuz, which was worn as a pinback cross next to other badges. As you can see on the photo, Caanitz is not wearing the Verdienstkreuz on his uniform. That's why our dilemma is between the 1. and 2. Klasse. I think it's the 2. Klasse simply because the 1. Klasse seems to be too high for someone of Caanitz's rank (Admiralarzt=Konteradmiral). Some time ago, the 1st colleague and me determined that Alfred Fikentscher (at that time most likely Admiralstabsarzt=Vizeadmiral) was wearing the Verdienstkreuz des Ehrenzeichens des Deutschen Roten Kreuzes, based on one photo from "alamy" where he was wearing the pinback cross next to his EK 1. That class (Verdienstkreuz) is lower than the 1. Klasse, so that's why I think the 2. Klasse makes most sense for Caanitz, based on his rank. My point is, Fikentscher at that time was one of the more senior Medical officers of the Kriegsmarine, and even he wasn't yet awarded the 1. Klasse, so why would Caanitz have been awarded such a high Class as an Admiralarzt, rank lower than Fikentscher's. If anyone can help with this I would be very grateful. On the second photo below you can see the table of the Classes of the Ehrenzeichen des Deutschen Roten Kreuzes. In my opinion the Grosskreuz class would include both the neck order and the star. Thanks
  10. Hello, does anyone recognize this award (circled red)? At first I thought it is the Iron Cross 1st Class, because of the ribbon of the 2nd Class he is wearing on the buttonhole. But after closer inspection it doesn't look like the Iron Cross. Thanks
  11. I have a few questions about this officer's career and awards. You can look at his career here: https://www.oocities.org/~orion47/WEHRMACHT/KRIEGSMARINE/Konteradmirals/STEENBOCK_JOHANNES.html He retired in 1919 and wasn't activated again until 1935. But for some reason he isn't listed in the 1918 Rangliste. Why is that? At that time period his rank was Marineingenieuraspirant (are officers of that rank not listed in the 1918 Rangliste?). On the only known photo of him he is wearing a ribbon bar. Unfortunately I can't take a good photo of it from the book "Deutschlands Admirale" because the quality is pretty bad and the ribbon bar is barely visible. But these are the ribbons I can make out: - EK 2. Klasse (I can't be sure if this is the 1914 or 1939 EK 2., and I can't check the Class because he is not listed in any of the Rangliste. If anyone has additional info please comment) - Kriegsverdienstkreuz (1939) 2. Klasse mit Schwertern - then a dark, one colour ribbon that blends in with the colour of the uniform (no idea what it might be) - ribbon with white edges (I assume this is the Ehrenkreuz für Frontkämpfer) - there is at least 1 more ribbon after the Ehrenkreuz, my guess would be the Wehrmacht Dienstauszeichnung 4. Klasse (for 4 years of service) (Steenbock was in active service from 01.10.1913 until 31.03.1919 = 5 full years, and he was reactivated to active service on 01.04.1935, giving him just 9 full years of service until August 1939, which was not enough for the 3. Class of the Wehrmacht DA, which was awarded for 12 years of service) My questions regarding the awards: 1. Does anyone know if his EK 2. is the 1914 or 1939 version? During WW1 he served on board the Liner "Oldenburg" (03 January 1914-30 September 1916). That ship was present at the Battle of Jutland. It is quite possible that during this period he would be eligible for the EK 2. 2. Is it more likely his Ehrenkreuz is for Frontkämpfer (Combatants) or Kriegsteilnehmer (Non-Combatants)? Again, the service on the "Oldenburg" should indicate it's the version for Frontkämpfer. The rest of WW1 he spent in the Engineer and Deck Officer School and Submarine School. 3. Do you agree he would only be eligible for the 4. Class of the Wehrmacht DA, based on the information I provided above? Thanks for any help.
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